24JEWISH ALERTS videos and feeds Jewish News חדשות יהודיות

Egypt: New Book Deals with Jews in CinemaArutz Sheva

Egypt’s state-owned General Authority for Cultural Palaces has recently released a book on Jews in Egyptian cinema, the local Al-Masry Al-Youmnewspaper 
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Shomron Conference Held in NYCArutz Sheva

They were unified by a common commitment to the Shomron region based upon its religious, historical, and security importance to Israel and the Jewishpeople.
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Synagogue service times – Week of Nov. 22Cleveland Jewish News

AGUDATH B’NAI ISRAEL: Meister Road at Pole Ave., Lorain.  THE SHUL-An Innovative Center forJewish Outreach: 30799 Pinetree Road, #401., Pepper Pike 
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Israelis Ask: Time to Accept Messianic Jews?Israel Today

At least two Israeli news agencies on Thursday ran the same story wondering whether it was time for the mainstream Jewish community to finally accept 
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Thanksgiving meats ChanukahCleveland Jewish News

Sawyer, who isn’t Jewish, provided the Cleveland Jewish News with an  a member of The Temple-Tifereth Israel in Beachwood and Cleveland, in an email.
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Israel ViewpointJewish Times of Southern New Jersey

According to Dr. John Ruskay, the outgoing executive vice president and CEO of the UJA-Federation of New York, “Jews in North America are in an entirely new 
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Campaign for Jewish Refugees Gains MomentumArutz Sheva

The facts: It is estimated that Jews lost twice as much property as Palestinian Arabs. Arab states have offered neither apology for expelling their Jews nor 
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50 years ago – a bullet changed the world
“Where were you when JFK was shot?” I was in second grade at Taylor Elementary School in Cleveland Heights when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. (full story)Thanksgiving meats Chanukah
Ask Jewish families across Northeast Ohio what they plan on preparing to eat for an occasion some 79,000 years in the making and you’re likely to receive hundreds of different answers – all of which will be undoubtedly delicious. (full story)
For more Chanukah coverage, visit cjn.org/features/holidays.Michael Weiner, MLB Players’ Association executive director, dead at 51
Michael Weiner, who lost his courageous battle with brain cancer Thursday, was executive director of the Major League Baseball Players’ Association for barely four years. (full story)Orange council, schools races subject to automatic recounts
The votes are in and both the Orange Village Council and Orange City School District races from the Nov. 5 election are officially too close to call. (full story)

Weekend’s Best Bet
Sunday, Nov. 24: The arts of thanksgiving “Festival of Faith,” 2-5 p.m., B’nai Jeshurun Congregation, 27501 Fairmount Blvd., Pepper Pike. Free. 216-831-6555 or www.bnaijeshurun.org.
This Day in History
1917: Woodrow Wilson became the first president to publicly endorse a national Jewish philanthropic campaign when he sent a letter to Jacob Schiff, calling for wide support of the United Jewish Relief Campaign, which was raising funds for European war relief.

Select Section Jewish Culture & Yiddish: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section


Imparting Jewish culture to an unschooled worldJweekly.com

My intercultural experience may seem insignificant, but it points to a global challenge for us Jews. How do we identify in a world full of other culturesand 
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Breakthrough Jew – Vanessa Hidary aka “Hebrew Mamita”Shalom Life

Her parents, who are liberal Sephardic secular Jews, sent her to both Hebrew school and an experimental public school that was predominantly a melting pot of 
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Guest column: Hanukkah falls early this yearTahoe Daily Tribune

So early, the popular Jewish culture has celebrated the upcoming Thanksgivingukah! that’s because the first night of the eight-day holiday falls a full day before 
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People’s Sexiest Man Alive Is Adam Levine. Good for the Jews? Hint Tablet Magazine

Rachel Shukert, a Tablet Magazine columnist on pop culture, is the author of the memoirs Have You No Shame? and Everything Is Going To Be Great.
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World Zionist Organization establishes council to promote Hebrew Jerusalem Post

Leibovich told the Post that the WZO decided to focus on the Jewish tongue because, among other reasons, “Hebrew is not a language, it’s a culture. It is the 
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Select Section Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section


Clifton Jewish Center holds series of discussionsNorthJersey.com

The Clifton Jewish Center, a Conservative Egalitarian synagogue, located at 18 Delaware St. will have a series of discussions on American Jewish History led 
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3000 years of history comes to Utah with Dead Sea ScrollsSalt Lake Tribune

Three thousand years of history — and a glimpse at the source material of scripture read by Jews, Christians and Muslims — goes on public view in Salt Lake 
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This Day, November 22, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. LevinCleveland Jewish News (blog)

[For more information about Denver Jewry see the website of the Rocky Mountain Jewish HistoricalSociety and Pioneer Jews by Harriet and Fred Rochlin.].
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Bookworm: The Trip of a Lifetime and the history of HanukkahNaples Daily News

On one hand, author Dianne Ashton reaches way back into ancient Jewish history to show the roots of the original Hanukkah story, its mythology and its truths.
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Coming together over Chanukah, ThanksgivingCleveland Jewish News

This year, all parents have the opportunity to share some amazing features of our Jewish tradition, American history, and the clock of the cosmos. This will be the 
See all stories on this topic »

Adult ed series to probe American Jewish experienceJewish Post

The series continues with “How the Pioneer Jews Became the Power Brokers of Southern Arizona” by Eileen Warshaw, executive director of the Jewish History 
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Lecture examines the ‘Changing Face of the Middle East’Scranton Times-Tribune

David Myers, Ph.D., professor of Jewish history and chair of the History Department at the University of California, Los Angeles, Calif., presented “Israel, 
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To Save the Peace Process, Get ReligionTablet Magazine

They call on Palestinian leaders to publicly recognize Judaism’s historicalties to the land, and to “refrain from denying Jewish history, including the existence of 
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Council of Jews in Germany honoring bris-defending pastorJewish Telegraphic Agency

He said this “attack on Jewish identity” upset him “greatly, given history, and our German history with Jewry.” Bucking popular opinion, Schneider also said he 
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Klezmatics Given Lifetime Achievement Award at YIVOJewish Daily Forward (blog)

After cocktails and dinner at the Center for Jewish History’s atrium on West 16th Street, the band performed a lively set in an auditorium after being introduced by 
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Section Events, Jewish Life : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

Musical treat at Shir MadnessAustralian Jewish News

“It’s a Jewish cultural event that builds a positive Jewish image.” The festival covers a wide variety of musical styles including Yiddish, klezmer, Ladino, 
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Cantor to highlight Jewish world music for HadassahJewish Post

Cantor Avi Alpert will speak on “Jewish Music Around the World” at Hadassah Southern Arizona’s luncheon on Sunday, Dec. 8 at noon at McMahon’s Restaurant 
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Music festival expands repertoire with home concertsJweekly.com

The Jewish Music Festival will launch a series of intimate concerts by Bay Area performers, with each show staged in a private home. The series kicks off 
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Chanukah Music, Shira Chadasha, MBD, Yehuda! & MoreArutz Sheva

Your weekly hour of great Jewish music from Mordechai Ben David to Yehuda!, packed with news about new releases, Chanukah concerts and tours + the 
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Jewish outcry against Bush appearance before Messianics lowers Intermountain Jewish News

George W. Bush WASHINGTON — George W. Bush granted Messianic Jews a brief shining moment in the spotlight last week — and then just as quickly sent 
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Home News Come “Light up the Night” with Kingston’s Jewishwww.kingstonregion.com/

Heritage Events -The year 2013 brings a rather unusual Hanukkah forJewish people all over the world. The annual eight-day holiday, which this year begins on 
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Temple Emanu-El Sandy fundraiser set for Sundayliherald.com

The fundraiser, called “A Spiritual Journey Through Jewish Music,” will begin at 5 p.m. and will feature harmonies by the temple’s cantor, Lisa Klinger-Kantor, 
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Chelsea Handler’s Torah | Jewish Journalwebmaster@jewishjournal.com

The Torah, was really offered by her sister, Simone, who taught Handler that she  Straight from her quivering lips, here’s Chelsea Handler’s Torah uncut and 
Jewish Journal News and Blog Feed
When We Can’t See the Good in Things – The Torah on Challenge blifshitz

Spotting an extraordinary teacup, a middle age couple who shared a deep appreciation for fine antiques and pottery, asked the proprietor of a local antique shop 
CrownHeights.info – Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News
torah | Jacob’s story weaves complex issues of family, clothingJweekly.com

kohane_michal_177 In another life, I would have liked to be a family therapist to Jacob. “See,” he might say, slumping in the straw chair that I have right near the 
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Torah Mitzion Torani Tzioni MovementBe Remembered at the Right Arutz Sheva

 Thursday, November 21, 2013 1:02 PM. This week’s dvar Torah is by Rabbi Daniel Mann, former Rosh Kollel and Ram (Gemara lecturer) at Eretz Chemda.
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Court asks state: Why King’s Torah authors not indicted?Haaretz

The High Court of Justice on Wednesday evening ordered Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein to explain why he has not idicted the authors of “Torat Hamelech” 
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Community rallies around Beth Torah teen recovering from strokeKansas City Jewish Chronicle (blog)

A member of Congregation Beth Torah, she became a Bat Mitzvah and was confirmed there earlier this year. All those activities and more have been put on hold 
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This Thanksgivukkah Manicure Is The Absolute Cutest Thing Huffington Post

Inspired by the Torah portion <em>Ki Tavo</em>. A city skyline, based on the verse, “Blessed shall you be in the city and blessed shall you be in the country” 
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Living Like A RockThe Jewish Press

Rashi tells us that after the Torah described the life of Eisav in an abbreviated manner, it then told over the events of the life of Yaakov in full detail. The reason 
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From The Rebbe’s PenThe Jewish Press

Letters in the Torah and Science section run the gamut of physics, chemistry, biology (genetics), medicine, the cosmos, and psychology. This section deals with 
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All Who Mourn Over Jerusalem, Merit & See Its HappinessChabad.org (blog)

Artist’s Statement: We read in the Torah several times that the Ten Commandments  The reason it’s mentioned a few times is to teach us that the holy Torah is 
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Judaism: Dreams Can Reflect RealityArutz Sheva

Thoughts on the parsha from the first Chief Rabbi of Israel, the iconic Torah sage, poet, philosopher and religious Zionist leader for whom Merkaz Harav Yeshiva 
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Judaism: The Land of Our ForefathersArutz Sheva

The Torah parsha begins with the simple narrative statement that Yaakov settled and “dwelled in the land of the sojourn of his forefathers, the Land of Canaan.
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Chai Center for Jewish Life volunteers in Bound BrookNJ.com

Members of Chai Center for Jewish Life, Warren, recently provided and served dinner at the Soup Kitchen at The Reformed Church of Bound Brook, South 
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Getting a New Perspective on Jewish Holidays—Through the Eyes Tablet Magazine

 neighborhood with lots of Jews (my parents didn’t deliberately choose a Jewish neighborhood, it was just a good neighborhood), and for the first time in my life 
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Rabbi -friend of Pope Francis: pontiff is strong, will make reforms Montreal Gazette

But, Jewish leaders say, this is the first pope so personally involved withJews before he was elected. “For Pope Francis, this is just part of his life. He was a 
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Israel: The bright side of lifeJerusalem Post

This masterful volume, long out of print, is an ardent and closely reasoned rejoinder to an imaginary friend’s defense of Jewish life in the Diaspora and his 
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Anglo life in Tel Aviv, under one umbrellaThe Times of Israel

It’s got the Sons of Abraham, which pushes for Arab-Jewish dialogue. And if you want to explore your Jewish roots, it offers the Jewish Life Series, which 
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Dutch TV Apologizes for Airing ‘Jews Killed Jesus’ VideoShalom Life

Earlier this month, a television station under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church Association, Rooms-Katholiek Kerkgenootschap (RKK), aired a video 
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Council of Jews in Germany honoring bris-defending pastorJewish Telegraphic Agency

The recognition is for his support of Jewish life in Germany, his dedication to Israel and his “unconditional solidarity in the circumcision debate” that embroiled 
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Ukrainian Game Lists Jews As National EnemiesShalom Life

A Ukrainian shooter video game has just been released that sees players killing ‘enemies’ of the Ukraine, including Jews, Russians, members of the LGBT 
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Swedish Jewish woman is applying for asylum in her own countryJewish Chronicle

“Culturally, Jewish life in Sweden is thriving,” said Ms Hernroth-Rothstein. “There’s a Jewish film festival, a Jewish museum, klezmer concerts and so on. So, I’m 
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World Zionist Organization establishes council to promote Hebrew Jerusalem Post

 in Hebrew to forge deeper connections to Judaism and the Jewish people, Dr.  for the Advancement of Hebrew and Steinhardt Foundation for Jewish Life
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Thanksgiving meats ChanukahCleveland Jewish News

In the coming days, the strikingly rare occurrence in which the Jewish holiday of Chanukah and the American holiday of Thanksgiving start at nearly the same 
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Eight miraculously weird Hanukkah productsHaaretz

Marketers and inventors find all sort of wacky ways to promote the Jewish holiday with products for people, pets and homes. By Anat Rosenberg | Nov. 21, 2013 
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Jews will light grand menorah in Mission Valley on Dec. 1ScoopSanDiego.com

Hanukah is just one of many holidays on the Jewish calendar, and it is certainly not the most important. Nonetheless, due to its proximity to one of the most 
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Hanukkah | Take best of both holidays to create a meaningful Jweekly.com

But Jewish tradition doesn’t love conflating holidays. In fact, there’s a concept — “ein mearvin simcha b’simcha” — that we shouldn’t mix one happy occasion 
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Thanksgiving + Chanukah = ThanksgivikuhCleveland Jewish News

This has not happened since 1861, or at least not since Thanksgiving was declared a federal holidayby President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, according to The 
See all stories on this topic »
Coming together over Chanukah, ThanksgivingCleveland Jewish News

This year, all parents have the opportunity to share some amazing features of our Jewish tradition, American history, and the clock of the cosmos. This will be the 
See all stories on this topic »
Early Chanukah shopping means early gelt for storesCleveland Jewish News

Decorations, children’s items, traditional menorahs, sacred oil and Yiddish magnets are among the big sellers in a Chanukah season that started unusually early 
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Section Jewish Communities: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

Polish Forbes mag issues apology to Jewish communityJweekly.com

The Polish edition of Forbes magazine apologized for three articles about the restitution of prewar property of Jewish communities that targeted the leaders of 
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Fearing lawsuit, Forbes Polska publishes apology and retractions European Jewish Press

WARSAW (EJP)—The monthly Polish edition of Forbes magazine apologized for three articles accusing Jewish community leaders of corruption practices in the 
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3rd Annual Jewish and Muslim Christmas Day of Service and Jewishinstlouis.org

On Christmas Day, the Islamic Foundation of Greater Saint Louis and theJewish Community Relations Council of St. Louis (JCRC) and its Milford and Lee Bohm 
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‘Asylum’ request focusing attention on anti-Semitism in SwedenJewish Telegraphic Agency

A spokesman for the Council of Jewish Communities in Sweden told JTA that the organization had no comment on Hernroth-Rothstein’s asylum request.
See all stories on this topic »
Shomron Conference Held in NYCArutz Sheva

 Regional Council, featured a variety of speakers, both Jewish and non-Jewish, representing organizations that assist Jewish communities in the Shomron.
See all stories on this topic »
Ukraine Shines With Latest ORT Tech CenterChabad.org (blog)

ORT was the first international Jewish organization to set up a presence in the world’s largest Jewish community center—a seven-towered, 538,000-square-foot 
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Valley Chabad celebrates holidaysNorthJersey.com

 a program offering events and volunteer opportunities to Jewish teens throughout the Pascack and Saddle River communities, is hosting twocommunity wide 
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Wendy’s WindowInland Valley News

This week I had two excellent meetings connecting me with the Jewish community here in Southern California. It’s amazing the network that oftentimes lies 
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Select Section Tanya Shiurim: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section



Kislev 20, 5774 · November 23, 2013
Today’s Tanya Lesson
Likutei Amarim, Approbations (cont’d)

הסכמת הרבנים שיחיו
בני הגאון המחבר זכרונו לברכה
נשמתו עדן

Approbation of the rabbis, long may they live
Sons of the author of blessed memory
Whose soul is in Eden

היות שהוסכם אצלינו ליתן רשות והרמנא להעלות על מכבש הדפוס

Whereas it has been agreed by us to grant permission and authorization to bring to the printing press,

לזכרון לבני ישראל

for a remembrance for the Children of Israel

כתוב דברי יושר ואמת, דברי אלקים חיים של אדוננו אבינו מורנו ורבנו, ז״ל

the1 written works of uprightness and truth,2 “words of the living G‑d”(as chassidic discourses are called) by our lord our father, master and teacher, of blessed memory,

כתובים בכתב ידו הקדושה בעצמו ולשונו הקדוש

recorded personally by his own holy hand in his own saintly expression,

שכל דבריו כגחלי אש בוערות ילהיבו הלבבות לקרבן לאביהן שבשמים

whose words are all like burning fiery coals which ignite people’s hearts, to draw them near to our Father in heaven; —

ובשם אגרת הקדש נקראו, שרובם היו אגרת שלוח מאת כבוד קדושתו להורות לעם ה׳ הדרך ילכו בה והמעשה אשר יעשון

These discourses are collectively entitled Iggeret HaKodesh (“the holy epistle”), being mostly epistles sent by his holy eminence to teach the people of G‑d the way by which they should walk and the deed which they should do; —

“The way…” probably refers to the chassidic paths of self-perfection, those letters offering guidance in attaining love and awe of G‑d and in the proper service of G‑d through prayer and Torah study; while “the deed…” refers to the inspirational letters dealing with charity and the like.

ומחמת שבכמה מקומות הציב לו ציונים בספר לקוטי אמרים שלו, ודברי תורה עניים במקום אחד ועשירים במקום אחר

Inasmuch as [our father] has made reference, in many places,3 to hisSefer Likutei Amarim, and since4 “the words of Torah are scanty in one place and ample in another,” so that some subjects in Iggeret HaKodeshare more fully elucidated in Likutei Amarim, and vice versa; —

—ומה גם בשביל דבר שנתחדש בו קונטרס אחרון על איזה פרקים אשר כתב בעת חיברו הספר לקוטי אמרים

Especially also since the [Iggeret HaKodesh] introduces new material (pertaining to Likutei Amarim) in the form of a Kuntres Acharon (“Later Pamphlet”) on certain chapters, which he wrote when he composed theSefer Likutei Amarim; —

פלפול ועיון עמוק על מאמרי זהר ועץ חיים ופרי עץ חיים שנראים כסותרים זה את זה

[The Kuntres Acharon] consists of profound discussions and insights in passages of the Zohar and Etz Chayim which appear to contradict one another,

וברוח מבינתו מישבם כל דיבור על אופניו שכתב בלקוטי אמרים

and in his understanding spirit [the author] resolves each passage according to its context as explained in Likutei Amarim — and thus this part of Iggeret HaKodesh is certainly directly connected to Likutei Amarim; 5 —

ראו ראינו שראוי ונכון לחברם עם ספר לקוטי אמרים ואגרת התשובה של כבוד קדושת אדוננו אבינו מורנו ורבנו זכרונו לברכה

Accordingly, we have deemed it proper to join [the discourses in Iggeret HaKodesh] to the Sefer Likutei Amarim and Iggeret HaTeshuvah of his saintly eminence our lord father, master and teacher (i.e., to print them together).

אי לזאת באנו להטיל גודא רבה וגזרת נח״ש דרבנן דלית לה אסוותא

Therefore we hereby place a great fence (i.e., prohibition) and the נח״ש6 (i.e., excommunication) of the Rabbis for which there is no remedy,

שלא ירים איש את ידו להדפיס כתבניתם או זה בלא זה

that no man lift his hand7 to print [these discourses] in their present form together with the Likutei Amarim, or one without the other,

משך חמשה שנים מיום דלמטה

for a period of five years from the date below.8

ברם כגון דא צריך לאודועי

This, however, must be made known:

שבעוונותינו הרבים ספו תמו כתבי ידו הקדושה בעצמו, אשר היו בדקדוק גדול לא חסר ולא יתיר אות אחת

To our misfortune9 the manuscripts written by his personal saintly hand which were composed with great precision without a superfluous or deficient letter, have become extinct.

ולא נשאר כי אם זה המעט מהרבה אשר נלקטו אחד לאחד מהעתקות המפוזרים אצל התלמידים

All that has remained from the abundance of material is this small number of writings, which have been collected one by one from the copies spread amongst the disciples.

ואם המצא תמצא איזה טעות שגיאות מי יבין , ימצא הטעות דמוכח מטעות סופר והכוונה תהיה ברורה

Should, therefore, an error be discovered — for “who can avoid errors”10 — the obvious error will be identified as deriving from a scribal slip, but the meaning will be clear.

נאום דוב בער בן אדוני אבי מורי ורבי הגאון החסיד קדוש ישראל, מרנא ורבנאשניאור זלמן, זכרונו לברכה, נשמתו בגנזי מרומים

Declared by Dov Ber, the son of my lord father, teacher and master,gaon and chassid, saint of Israel, our teacher and master Shneur Zalman, of blessed memory, whose soul rests in the hidden treasurehouses of heaven.

ונאום חיים אברהם בן אדוני אבי מורי ורבי הגאון החסיד מרנא ורבנא שניאור זלמן, זכר צדיק לברכה, נשמתו בגנזי מרומים

Declared also by Chayim Avraham, the son of my lord father, teacher and master, gaon and chassid, our teacher and master Shneur Zalman; may the memory of the tzaddik be blessed, whose soul rests in the hidden treasurehouses of heaven.

ונאום משה בן אדוני אבי מורי ורבי הגאון החסיד שניאור זלמן זכרונו לברכה, נשמתו בגנזי מרומים

Declared also by Moshe, the son of my lord father, teacher and master,gaon and chassid, Shneur Zalman, of blessed memory, whose soul rests in the hidden treasurehouses of heaven.11

——— ● ———

1. Paraphrase of Kohelet 12:10.
2. Siddur, from the passage preceding Keriat Shema.
3. In sections 3, 5, 6, 17, 18, 20, (25?), 29, and in” Kuntres Acharon, sec. beg. “And charity like a mighty stream…”
4. Paraphrase of Talmud Yerushalmi, Rosh HaShanah 3:5, which is quoted inTosafot on Keritot 14a, s.v. אלא.
5. Howerver, see the passage that introduces Kuntres Acharon, Essay One, in Vol. V of this series, p. 259.
6. נדוי, חרם, שמתא — three forms of excommunication, which also form in acrostic the word נח״ש — “snake”, hence the expression “for which (i.e. ‘for whose bite’) there is no remedy” (cf. Tractate Shabbat 110a).
7. From Bereishit 41:44; i.e., “shall take any liberties.”
8. The Shklov 5574 edition bears the date “Thursday, the 22nd of Iyar, 5574,” subsequently omitted.
9. Literally, “on account of our many sins.”
10. Tehillim 19:13.
11. “To date, I have found no explanation for the variations in the titles with which each of the Alter Rebbe’s sons describes his father in his signature, and why each in succession omits two words from the signature of the one before him (as the text appears in all editions beginning with that of 5660 1900).” (— Comment by the Rebbe)

It has been suggested that at the time of signing the approbation, the first signatory, as the Alter Rebbe’s successor, was himself a Rebbe, a “saint in Israel”; he therefore emphasizes the Alter Rebbe’s greatness in being a “saint in Israel.” The second signatory was at the time a rav and a halachic authority, and he therefore places the emphasis on the Alter Rebbe’s greatness as “our master and teacher.” The third signatory was then a gaon and a chassid (as is known from the traditions handed on by the leaders of Chabad), and he therefore emphasizes the Alter Rebbe’s greatness as a gaon and chassid.

In the same vein we could also understand the distinctive phrase, “the memory of the tzaddik be blessed,” in the second signature — based on the tradition that the second signatory was outstanding in his righteousness and humility.

The Tanya of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, elucidated by Rabbi Yosef Wineberg    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author

Translated from Yiddish by Rabbi Levy Wineberg and Rabbi Sholom B. Wineberg. Edited by Uri Kaploun.
Published and copyright by Kehot Publication Society, all rights reserved.
Kislev 19, 5774 · November 22, 2013
Today’s Tanya Lesson
Likutei Amarim, beginning of Approbations

Title Page

The title page written by the Alter Rebbe reads as follows:

לקוטי אמרים
חלק ראשון
הנקרא בשם
ספר של בינונים
מלוקט מפי ספרים ומפי סופרים קדושי עליון נ״ע
מיוסד על פסוק כי קרוב אליך הדבר מאד בפיך ובלבבך לעשותו
לבאר היטב איך הוא קרוב מאד בדרך ארוכה וקצרה בעזה״י


LIKUTEI AMARIM (“A Compilation of Teachings”)

SEFER SHEL BEINONIM (“The Book of the Intermediates”)

Compiled from sacred books and from teachers of heavenly saintliness, whose souls are in Eden; based upon the verse,1 “For this thing is very near to you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may do it”; explaining clearly how it is exceedingly near, in both a lengthy and a short way, with the aid of the Holy One, blessed be He.

* * *

This verse on which the Tanya is based speaks of the obligation to fulfill G‑d’s commandments, saying that it is very “near”, i.e., accessible, to every Jew to do so — through three channels, which are here alluded to by the three phrases, “your heart,” “your mouth,” and “to do it.” These phrases represent, respectively, the three faculties of thought, speech and action. These are, as it were, the functional organs of the soul; the soul vests itself in them in order to implement its wishes.

In a deeper sense, “your heart” refers to the emotions — experienced in the heart — of love of G‑d and awe of Him.

When one fulfills a mitzvah out of his love of G‑d, knowing that the only way to unite with Him is by fulfilling His commands, he will do so with an inner vitality and pleasure, just as one does when he fulfills the wishes of a dear friend. The love of G‑d is thus a channel for the performance of the positive mitzvot. On the other hand, one’s awe of G‑d will prevent him from acting in violation of His wishes. He who is pervaded by this sense of awe will be most vigilant in avoiding any transgression of the prohibitivemitzvot.

The verse thus declares that acquiring these two emotions of love and awe of G‑d, so that they motivate one’s observance of the mitzvot, is likewise “very near to you.”

This declaration is the basis of the Tanya. The Alter Rebbe now sets out to explain, in both a lengthy and a brief way, how it is very near.

By nature, man’s heart desires material things. To develop a love and a desire for G‑dliness is actually to shift one’s natural desire from one extreme — worldliness, to another — G‑dliness. Nor is awe of G‑d easily attainable. As the Gemara attests, “Is awe of G‑d such a small matter” How then does the verse state that it is, indeed, “very near to you”

The Alter Rebbe will explain two ways by which the attainment of love and fear is very near: one “lengthy”, and the other “brief”.

The lengthy route is contemplation; by pondering deeply on the greatness of G‑d and His kindness, one will generate within himself a love and awe of Him. The shorter route consists of arousing and bringing to the surface the hidden love and awe of G‑d inherent in the soul of every Jew; it is “short” because in this case he does not create these feelings but merely reveals them.

This, then, is the basis of the Tanya.

In his modesty, the Alter Rebbe named the book Likutei Amarim — “A Compilation of Teachings,” claiming that he did no more than collect teachings “from books and teachers.” Chassidic tradition understands “books” as a reference to the works of theMaharal, and the Shelah, and “teachers” as the Baal Shem Tov and the Maggid of Mezritch.

The book is popularly called Tanya, for the word with which it begins.


Concerning the approbations of the tzaddikim, Rabbi Yehudah Leib HaKohen2 and Rabbi Zusya,3 the previous Rebbe4 cites a tradition originating with the Mitteler Rebbe, the son of the author of the Tanya, as follows.

For twenty years the Alter Rebbe wrote the Tanya, revising, adding and deleting,5critically examining every word and even (literally) every letter, so that in the final manuscript there was neither a missing nor a superfluous letter, not even the seemingly optional letter vav. Only then did he permit it to be copied and distributed to the public. As a result of the many copies and copyists, however, a great many errors found their way into the text. (It is recorded elsewhere that there were those who intentionally corrupted the text in order to ascribe to the Alter Rebbe heretical views, so that they could later attack him.)6 At that point the Alter Rebbe sent messengers7 to the aforementioned tzaddikkim, to confer with them on the printing of the Tanya and to request their approbations.

Both his colleagues expressed their enthusiasm over the book. R. Yehudah Leib HaKohen said: “The Tanya is an incense to counter all the spiritual plagues besetting the generations just before the arrival of Mashiach.” R. Zusya predicted: “With theTanya the Jewish people will go out to greet the righteous Mashiach.”

Both indicated in their approbations that they were writing in the week of Parshat Ki Tavo (“when you enter the Land”). One of the emissaries, R. Moshe Vilenker, gave two reasons for this: Firstly, by studying the Tanya thoroughly one “enters the Land” in a spiritual sense, meaning that he makes the essential will of his soul manifest — for the word רצון (“will”) is related to ארץ (“land”).8 Secondly, the ways of serving G‑d taught in the Tanya serve to transmute the curses enumerated in Parshat Ki Tavo into blessings.

Both tzaddikkim, R. Moshe Vilenker went on to explain, similarly indicated their esteem for the Tanya in the way they dated their approbations. R. Yehudah Leib HaKohen wrote “the year תקנ״ו,”‎9 which is an acrostic for תניא קטורת נשמה ורוח — “Tanyais the incense for the spirit and soul” — in keeping with his comment quoted above; R. Zusya wrote the date as שנת פדותינו — “the year of our Redemption” — indicating, as above, that the Jewish people will greet Mashiach with the Tanya.

הסכמת הרב החסיד המפורסם
איש אלקי, קדוש יאמר לו
מורנו הרב רבי משולם זוסיל מאניפאלי

Approbation by the famous rabbi and chassid A G‑dly man of saintly renown Our teacher Rabbi Meshulam Zusil of Anipoli

הנה בראותי את הכתבים של הרב האי גאון איש אלקים קדוש וטהור, אספקלריא המאירה

I have seen the writings of this rabbi10 and gaon; this G‑dly man, saintly and pure; this luminous lens11 who brings every subject into sharp focus.

וטוב אשר עשה, ואשר הפליא ה׳ חסדו ונתן בלבו הטהור לעשות את כל אלה

He with his own talents has done well, and moreover G‑d in his wonderful kindness has placed in his pure heart additional strength to do all this (i.e., to write the Tanya),

להראות עם ה׳ דרכיו הקדושים

in order to show G‑d’s People His holy ways.

ורצונו היה שלא להעלות את הכתבים ההם לבית הדפוס מחמת שאין דרכו בכך

It was [the Alter Rebbe’s] intention not to publish these writings, for it is not his custom.

רק מחמת התפשטות הקונטרסים ההם בקרב כל ישראל בהעתקות רבות מידי סופרים משונים

But because these pamphlets12 have spread amongst all Israel in numerous copies by sundry copyists,

ומחמת ריבוי העתקות שונות רבו הטעותי סופרים במאד

and, as a result of the many and various transcriptions, the copyists‘ errors have multiplied exceedingly,

והוכרח להביא הקונטרסים ההם לבית הדפוס

he was compelled to bring these pamphlets to the printing press.

והעיר ה׳ את רוח השותפים, ה״ה הרבני המופלג הותיק מורנו הרב רבי שלום שכנאבן מורנו הרב רבי נח, וה״ה הרבני המופלג הותיק מורנו הרב רבי מרדכי בן מורנו הרב רבי שמואל הלוי

G‑d has aroused the spirit of the [two] partners, the outstanding and distinguished scholar, R. Shalom Shachna, son of R. Noach, and the outstanding and distinguished scholar R. Mordechai, son of R. Shmuel HaLevi,13

להביא הקונטרסים ההם לבית הדפוס בסלאוויטא

to bring these pamphlets to the printing house in Slavita.

ולפעלא טבא אמרתי יישר חילא

I congratulate them on this good deed.

אך עלו בלבם מגור מסביב מן הדפוסים אשר רבו, שדרכן להזיק ולקלקל המאושרים

They were, however, apprehensive of the growing number of printing establishments which are wont to cause damage and ruin to the accredited ones.

אי לזאת גמרנו בלבנו ליתן הסכמה לבל ירים איש את ידו ואת רגלו

In view of this we have resolved to give this approbation so that no man shall lift hand or foot14

לגרום להמדפיסים הנ״ל שום היזק חס ושלום בהשגת גבול בשום אופן

to cause any damage, G‑d forbid, to the aforementioned printers by encroaching upon their exclusive right in any manner.

ואסור לשום אדם לדפוס הספר הנ״ל בלתי ידיעת המדפיסים הנ״ל עד משך חמש שנים רצופים מיום דלמטה

It is forbidden to any person to reprint this book without the knowledge of the said printers for a period of five full years from the date below.

ושומע לדברי אלה יבא עליו ברכת טוב

May he who heeds these words of mine be blessed with good.

הלא כה דברי הדורש זאת לכבוד התורה

These are the words of one who demands this for the glory of the Torah,

היום יום ג׳ שנכפל בו כי טוב פרשת תבא, שנת פדותינו לפ״ק

this day, Tuesday — the day on which the Creator twice saw that “it is good”15 — of the weekly portion Tavo, in the year פדותינ״ו (556)16 of the [sixth] millenium.

הקטן משולם זוסיל מאניפאלי

The insignificant Meshulam Zusil of Anipoli

——— ● ———

הסכמת הרב החסיד המפורסם
איש אלקי, קדוש יאמר לו
מורנו הרב רבי יהודא ליב הכהן

Approbation by the famous rabbi and chassid
A G‑dly man of saintly renown
Our teacher Rabbi Yehudah Leib HaKohen17

חכמת אדם תאיר פני הארץ

The wisdom of the man illumines the face of the earth—

בראותי ידי קדש המחבר הרב הגאון איש אלקים קדוש וטהור חסיד ועניו

when one sees the hand[writing]s18 of the author, the rabbi and gaon,this G‑dly man, saintly and pure, pious and humble,

אשר מכבר נגלה מסתריו

whose hidden [powers] have been revealed long ago (i.e., despite his efforts to the contrary),

יושב בשבת תחכמוני אצל אדונינו מורינו ורבינו גאון עולם

when he sat at the seat of wisdom19 with our lord, master and teacher, the world gaon (i.e., the Maggid of Mezritch, who was a world authority in the revealed aspects of Torah, as well as the supreme authority in the realm of chassidic thought),

ודלה מים מבאר מים חיים

and he drew water from the well of living waters (— some understand this as an allusion to R. Avraham “the angel,” son of the Maggid, for the letters מבאר , meaning “from the well,” also spell אברם).

וכעת ישמח ישראל בהגלות דברי קדשו

Now Israel (an allusion to the Baal Shem Tov, whose name was Israel) will rejoice in the revelation of his holy words — for in Tanya, the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov find lucid intellectual expression,

המחובר להביא לבית הדפוס ללמד לעם ה׳ דרכי קדש

which have been compiled in preparation for the press, to teach the nation of G‑d the ways of holiness,

כאשר כל אחד יחזה בפנימיות דבריו

as anyone can perceive in the inner meaning of [the author’s] words.

והמפורסם אין צריך ראיה

That which is common knowledge needs no proof, and thus the Tanya would actually need no approbation,

רק מחשש קלקול הדבר, שלא יגרום היזק למדפיסים

but for the fear of damage, so that no harm be caused to the printers,

באתי ליתן תוקף ואזהרה לבל ירים איש את ידו ורגלו לדפוס

I hereby sound a firm warning — that no man raise his hand or foot20 to print [the Tanya]

עד משך חמש שנים מיום דלמטה

for a period of five years from the date below.

ושומע לדברי אלה יבוא עליו ברכת טוב

May he who heeds these words of mine be blessed with good.

הלא כה דברי המדבר זאת לכבוד התורה

These are the words of one who speaks thus for the glory of the Torah,

היום יום ג׳ פרשה תבא תקנ”ו לפרט קטן

This day, Tuesday, of the weekly portion Tavo, in the year 556 of the [sixth] millenium.

יהודא ליב הכהן

Yehudah Leib HaKohen

——— ● ———

1. Devarim 30:14.
2. The Alter Rebbe’s colleague, and a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch.
3. The Alter Rebbe’s colleague, and a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch.
4. Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn of Lubavitch. See Iggerot Kodesh — Admur HaRayatz (KPS, Brooklyn, N.Y., 5742/1982), Vol. IV, pp. 264-267.
5. Examine well the first redaction of Likutei Amarim (reproduced by KPS, Brooklyn, N.Y. 5742/1982), and notes there. It is reasonable to assume that there were also many emendations in the text before the manuscript was released to the public to be copied. (— Comment by the Rebbe)
6. This adds insight to the Alter Rebbe’s reference — at the end of his Compiler’s Foreword — to “sundry and diverse” copyists (who caused errors to creep into the text), and likewise his statement that the printed Tanya would be “cleared of dross and errors.” (— Comment by the Rebbe)
7. As recorded in Iggerot Kodesh, loc. cit., the messengers were three renowned chassidim — R. Moshe Vilenker, R. Pinchas of Shklov and R. Yitzchak Moshe of Yass (Jassy).
8. See Bereishit Rabbah 5:7: “Why is it calledd ארץ (land)? שרצתה לעשות רצון קונה — Because it desired to do the Will of its Creator.”
9. I.e., the year 556 (corresponding to 1796); if written in full (ה׳תקנ״ו) it would appear as 5556.
10. Note that the author’s name appeared in neither the title page nor the approbations in the first seven editions. Only beginning with the eighth edition (Shklov, 5574/1814) was the author’s name included, posthumously, when also the approbation by the Alter Rebbe’s sons first appeared.
11. See Yevamot 49b on the superiority of Moshe Rabbeinu: “All the prophets gazed at Divinity through a non-luminous (or reflective‘) lens; Moshe Rabbeinu gazed through a luminous (or clear) lens.” Rambam defines this superiority in his Yad, Yesodei HaTorah, ch. 6; Moreh Nevuchim II, ch. 35; and his commentary on theMishnah, introduction to the chapter known as Chelek, in Tractate Sanhedrin,Principle 7. (— Comment by the Rebbe)
12. The Tanya was first distributed in the form of kuntreisim (“pamphlets”). SeeTanya, KPS edition (Brooklyn, N.Y. 1958), p. 407.
13. The first is the Alter Rebbe’s son-in-law and father of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, third leader of Chabad; the second is R. Mordechai Gorowitz, the printer of Shklov.
14. From Bereishit 41:44; i.e., “shall take any liberties.”
15. Bereishit 1:10, 12.
16. I.e., 1796
17. Author of Or HaGanuz. Perhaps this approbation explains the most unusual phenomenon of the Tzemach Tzedek’s granting an approbation to the above work. (— Comment by the Rebbe)
18. The original reads, “the hands of” — perhaps a copyist’s error. (— Comment by the Rebbe)
19. From II Shmuel 23:8.
20. From Bereishit 41:44; i.e., “shall take any liberties.”
The Tanya of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, elucidated by Rabbi Yosef Wineberg    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author

Translated from Yiddish by Rabbi Levy Wineberg and Rabbi Sholom B. Wineberg. Edited by Uri Kaploun.
Published and copyright by Kehot Publication Society, all rights reserved.

Select Section Shiurim Hayom Yom, Today’s Day ,Today’s Mitzvah : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

Kislev 20, 5774 · 11/23/2013
“Today’s Day”
Sunday Kislev 20 5703
Torah lessons: Chumash: Vayeishev, first parsha with Rashi.
Tehillim: 97-103.
Tanya: Approbation by the rabbis…of blessed memory (p.x).

The first printing of the “Book of the Intermediates” – Tanya – was completed on Tuesday, Kislev 20, 5557 (1796) in Slavita. It included Part I – Sefer Shel Benonim, – Part II – Chinuch Katan – and Shaar Hayichud Veha’emunah.

Igeret Hateshuvah, first edition, was printed in Zolkvi 5559 (1799); second edition, first printing, Shklov 5566 (1806).

Igeret Hakodesh, first printing, Shklov 5574 (1814).

The corrected edition of all four parts was printed in Vilna (Rom edition) in 5660 (1900) and has been reprinted many times since.

Compiled by the Lubavitcher Rebbe; Translated by Yitschak Meir Kagan   More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author
Compiled and arranged by the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, in 5703 (1943) from the talks and letters of the sixth Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, of righteous memory.
Kislev 19, 5774 · 11/22/2013
“Today’s Day”

From a letter by my father:*

The 19th of Kislev…the festival on which “He redeemed our soul in peace,”1 and our soul’s illumination and vitality were given to us, this day is Rosh Hashana for Chassidus bequeathed us by our sacred forebears,2 identical with the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov.3

“This day is the beginning of Your works,”4 the fulfillment of the true intention behind the creation of man on earth, which is to call forth revelation of the light of the inward part5 of our holy Torah.

On this day, that light is called forth, in a general way, for the entire year. It is our duty, on this day, to awaken our hearts with an innermost, elemental desire and will, in the very core of our heart, that G-d illuminate our souls with the light of His Inner Torah.

“From the depths I called to You, O G-d,”6 to elicit the depth and inwardness of G-d’s Torah and G-d’s mitzvot from the inwardness and essence of the Infinite (May He be blessed), to illuminate the inwardness of our souls. That all our being (meaning our total existence, the essence and the extensions)7 be devoted to Him alone, to banish from within us any of the natural traits that are evil and unworthy. Instead, all our works and affairs (our Avoda, meaning – davening and Torah and mitzvot, and our worldly undertakings necessary for the maintenance of the body), be with sincere intention for the sake of Heaven, as G-d wishes.

May G-d the Merciful Father have compassion upon us and lead us along the good and righteous path and may we “see His face in uprightness.Tehillim 11:7.

* Dated, Wednesday, Kislev 16, 5662.

Shabbat Kislev 19 5703
Haftora: Chazon Ovadya. Av harachamim (Siddur p. 191) and Tzidkat’cha (p. 209) are not said.
Torah lessons: Chumash: Vayishlach, Shevi’i with Rashi.
Tehillim: 90-96.
Tanya: Title page, Approbation by a) Rabbi Meshulam… b) Rabbi… HaCohen (p. viii).

The chazan does not wear a tallit for Mincha or Maariv – neither on weekdays, Shabbat and festivals, or Rosh Hashana.

Yahrzeit of the Mezritcher Maggid,8 Tuesday, Parshat Vayeishev 5533 (1772). He is interred in Anipoli.

The Alter Rebbe9 was released from his first imprisonment, Kislev 19, Tuesday, Parshat Vayeishev 5559 (1798) towards evening.

From the Alter Rebbe’s letter: This indeed must be made known, that on the day G-d made for us, the 19th of Kislev, Tuesday (the day on which “it was good” was said twice in Torah10) yahrzeit of our holy teacher whose soul is in eden, while I was reading in the book of Tehillim the verse “He redeemed my soul in peace,”11 before beginning the following verse, I emerged in peace by (the act of) the G-d of peace.

* * *

A day of farbrengen and good resolutions towards establishing times to study the revealed Torah12 and Chassidus publicly, and in bolstering the ways of chassidim in true friendship.

It is customary to apportion volumes for the study of the Talmud, according to the procedure set out in Igeret Hakodesh “Hochei’ach Tochi’ach”13. In Lubavitch, since the year 5663 (1902-03) this allocation was made on Tevet 24, yahrzeit of the Alter Rebbe, there not being time on Kislev 19.

1. Tehillim 55:19.
2. I.e. the Rebbe’im of Chabad. In the Hebrew there appears after “forebears,” this phrase: “May the memory of those saintly and holy ones be a blessing for life inolam haba – the spiritual Hereafter; their souls rest in eden; may their merit protect us.”
3. In the Hebrew: “…of the Baal Shem Tov – may his memory be a blessing.”
4. Siddur p. 288.
5. See “On the Teachings on Chassidus, Kehot.
6. Tehillim 130:1.
7. See translator’s notes, p. 122.
8. Rabbi Dov Ber, successor to the Baal Shem Tov.
9. Rabbi Schneur Zalman, founder of Chabad Chassidus. For a full biography, seeRabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, by Nissan Mindel, Kehot, New York, 1969.
10. See Rashi, Bereishit 1:7.
11. Tehillim 55:19.
12. Talmud, halacha etc.
13. Tanya p. 633.
Compiled by the Lubavitcher Rebbe; Translated by Yitschak Meir Kagan   More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author
Compiled and arranged by the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, in 5703 (1943) from the talks and letters of the sixth Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, of righteous memory.
Today’s Mitzvah
Kislev 20, 5774 · November 23, 2013
A daily digest of Maimonides’ classic work “Sefer Hamitzvot”

Negative Commandment 219
Muzzling a Working Animal

“You shall not muzzle the ox when it is threshing”—Deuteronomy 25:4.

It is forbidden to prevent an animal from eating from produce upon which it is working—e.g., if it is threshing grain or carrying a bundle of hay. It is even forbidden to prevent it by verbally [shouting at it when it wishes to eat].

Full text of this Mitzvah »

Positive Commandment 244
The Borrower

“And if a man borrows from his neighbor…”—Exodus 22:13.

We are commanded [to follow all the laws outlined in the Torah] regarding one who borrows an object from his fellow.

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Today’s Mitzvah
Kislev 19, 5774 · November 22, 2013
A daily digest of Maimonides’ classic work “Sefer Hamitzvot”

Negative Commandment 267
A Worker Eating from the Employer’s Crops while Working

“You shall not waive a sickle to your neighbor’s standing grain”—Deuteronomy 23:26.

[Though a worker may eat from the produce on which he is working (see Positive Commandment 201), this is subject to two rules: 1) If he is working on produce that is still attached to the ground, he may only eat from it after he has finished his work with that produce (e.g., once he has filled a basket with grapes that he is harvesting, he may eat of the grapes in there). 2) If he is working with already harvested produce, he may eat of the produce as long as he hasn’t completely finished his work on the produce.]

It is forbidden for a worker to eat of produce he is working on [if it doesn’t meet the two criteria established above, and it is also forbidden for him to take a break in order to eat from the produce, rather he must eat as he works].

Full text of this Mitzvah »

Negative Commandment 268
A Worker Eating More than Allowed from his Employer’s Crops

“You may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you shall not put in your container”—Deuteronomy 23:25.

[Though a worker may eat from the produce on which he is working (see Positive Commandment 201)], he may not take more than he eats while working [to bring home to eat later].

Full text of this Mitzvah »

Listen Online | MP3 DownloadWant even more? These mitzvot are discussed at length in today’s three-chapter Maimonides study regimen