Select Section Events, Jewish Life : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

 

[Video] Six 13 – The Thanksgivukkah Anthem – Jewish Music ReportKol Isha

Don’t ever underestimate the appeal of an event that isn’t going to happen for another 79000+ years. You had to know Six 13 was going to take this one on, 
Jewish Music Report
Battle of the Thanksgivukkah balladsNew York Daily News

First on the Thanksgivukkah music scene was Rabbi David Paskin, co-head of the Kehillah Schechter Academy. As the closest Jewish Day center to the 
See all stories on this topic »
Classicalite’s 8 Best: Musical Works for ChanukahClassicalite

Expecting a Classicalite’s Five Best? It’s Chanukah! And even though there’s a shocking paucity of decent music for this particular Jewishfestival, 8 is indeed the 
See all stories on this topic »
J Jam Music! The Best Chanukah Show Since the Oil Lasted 8 Days!Arutz Sheva

Beloved classics & brand new releases, surprise Chanukah artists to J-JAM regulars, this show is like a sufganya filling of gooey, tasty Jewish music and topped 
See all stories on this topic »
Sunrise temple features musical ShabbatsSun-Sentinel

The service, titled “Feelin’ Groovy Shabbat,” was part of the musical “Thank G-d It’s Shabbat” service, which the Sunrise Jewish Center holds on the first Friday of 
See all stories on this topic »
Comedian Rachel Bloom’s Chanukah Version of ‘Santa Baby Music Times

Comedian and writer, Rachel Bloom, has released another one of her comedic music videos. This time it’s a song from her Chanukah and Jewish themed album 
See all stories on this topic »
Rescuer of Humanity Awards event Dec. 10Cleveland Jewish News

Project Love will host its 19th annual Rescuer of Humanity Awards Dinner at 6:15 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 10 at Executive Caterers at Landerhaven, 6111 
See all stories on this topic »
Jspace News Relaunches With Multi-Faceted New SiteDigitalJournal.com

 and articles organized by categories like Current Events, Business, Judaism and  Bridging the gap between Jewish-American and Diaspora readers and 
See all stories on this topic »
Israeli Consulate to Host Event Strengthening Israel-India RelationshipShalom Life

Israeli Consulate to Host Event Strengthening Israel-India Relationship the Rajasthan Association of North America and the Jewish community’s Centre for 
See all stories on this topic »
Holiday eventsCleveland Jewish News

Family Chanukah potluck dinner, 6-6:45 p.m., Temple Beth Shalom, 50 Division St., Hudson. Followed by Chanukah service. 330-656-1800 or 
See all stories on this topic »
Books are big at the JCCsSun-Sentinel

The Mandel Jewish Community Centers in Palm Beach Gardens and Raton both hosted recent successful book and author events that prove the printed word 
See all stories on this topic »
MK Calderon Comments on Chilul Hashem & Bitul TorahY.W. Editor

It drives me crazy and it is an embarrassment to talmidei chachamim and it is bitul Torah. I am calling on you to either bring a sefer with you or return to beis 
Yeshiva World News
Video: Rabbi Benny’s Holiday Torah Thought | CrownHeights.info zalman

Video: Rabbi Benny’s Holiday Torah Thought. benny chanukah. Rabbi Benny Hershcovich, Shliach in Cabo, Mexico, delivers his brief and hilarious thoughts on 
CrownHeights.info – Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News
Congressman Ted and Jill Deutch to be honoredSun-Sentinel

“Ted works as a Congressman with a framework that includes the values that define his life,” said Rabbi David Steinhardt of B’nai Torah Congregation, the 
See all stories on this topic »
Judaica on view during Hanukkah at Metropolitan MuseumeTurboNews

The first appears in a copy of the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides that is on loan from The Jewish Theological Seminary Library (Gallery 304). The Mishneh Torah 
See all stories on this topic »
Lunch and Learn with Rabbi Yisroel JungreisNY Blueprint

Explore the timeless wisdom of Torah and in-depth commentaries though Rabbi  Due to the renovations on the conference floors at JP Morgan the Torah class 
See all stories on this topic »
Temple Beth Torah hosts special ‘Post Hanukkah’ celebrationYour Houston News

At Temple Beth Torah, however, the celebrating doesn’t stop. Most years, the temple – since 1983, the only Humble/Kingwood area synagogue – has a big 
See all stories on this topic »
Torah lishma: Study group marks 50 yearsNew Jersey Jewish News

It was an unusual day for the Bible study group at the Millburn home of Renee and Kopel Burke. Rusty Pusin, whose parents were among the group’s founders, 
See all stories on this topic »
Remaining true to our rootsSun-Sentinel

When Yosef (Joseph) is appointed second to the king by Pharaoh he is given an Egyptian name. In the words of the Torah; “and Pharaoh called Yosef — Tzafnat 
See all stories on this topic »
MK Dr. Ruth Calderon: The Knesset’s Guardian against Bittul TorahJewschool

*Bittul Torah — “wasting Torah”; it means slacking off when you could be learning Torah; this is the ultimate insult in the yeshiva world, what overbearing rabbis 
See all stories on this topic »
Becoming a parent: Parashat Miketz (Genesis 41:1-44:17)The Jewish Journal of Greater L.A.

His father, Jacob, was a poor role model; Torah speaks frankly about Jacob’s  to teach the childTorah, to find the child a spouse [others add: a partner], and to 
See all stories on this topic »

Week of November 25th: Jewish Life in the 京 | KehillatJake

Week of November 25th: Jewish Life in the 京. Click Here for the latest schedule and events for Jewish events in Beijing! ← Previous Post. Jewish Sports!
Kehillat
Israel changes livesSun-Sentinel

Alan Goch, editor of the Jewish Journal, recently returned to South Florida following a mission to Israel with the Jewish Federation of Broward County. He shares 
See all stories on this topic »
Menorah To Light Up Westport For HanukkahThe Daily Voice

The Schneerson Center for Jewish Life is hosting special menorah-lighting ceremonies in Westport, Weston and Wilton. Photo Credit: File: Liana Sonenclar 
See all stories on this topic »
Funny, you don’t look PewishNew Jersey Jewish News

Last month, the Pew Research Center’s Religion and Public Life Project released “A Portrait ofJewish Americans,” the first major study of the American-Jewish 
See all stories on this topic »
Hanukkah decor has yet to find its creative groove: Style CzarToronto Star

Not so for Hanukkah, the Jewish Festival of Lights that, although having been  tree than the branched offering known in the old testament as the “tree of life”.
See all stories on this topic »
Let’s Drink A L’Chaim To Conservative JudaismThe Jewish Week

Too many Jews are opting out of Jewish life. Too few are Jewishly literate. Most have never experienced live study of a Jewish text or a Jewish ritual that touched 
See all stories on this topic »
Mumbai Jewish community marks 5 years since terror attack CBS News

MUMBAI – Members of the Jewish community in India’s largest city remembered the lives lost on the 5th anniversary of the Mumbai attacks Tuesday, holding a 
See all stories on this topic »
Stop worrying – life is good for Jews in BritainJewish Chronicle

So, antisemitism is on the march again. Or so it seems according to a recent survey conducted for the EU by the Institute for Jewish Policy Research. A fifth of 
See all stories on this topic »
Museum in Antwerp Recalls the Ships That Brought Einstein and Tablet Magazine

So, the Red Star Line Museum partnered with the Ellis Island Museum and the YIVO Institute forJewish Research. “We got life stories and oral histories of 
See all stories on this topic »
Early Hanukkah: Freshman nets free tuition with halfcourt heaveJewish Post

 by the Schneeweis family’s Denver synagogue, Hebrew Educational Alliance,  Being together for the two holidays “is what’s really important in life,” their 
See all stories on this topic »

A Basket Of Treats — And MemoriesThe Jewish Week

This is the first year that the organization, which sends checks to thousands of recipients every year before major Jewish holidays, started distributing the holiday 
See all stories on this topic »

A Mash-up Of The HolidaysThe Jewish Week

Brandon Zelman, who is Jewish, is hosting the third show, “A Blue Christmas Without Jew,” on Dec. 17. Zelman, who is currently working on a play about the 
See all stories on this topic »
Chabad.org
Your Chanukah Guide – 2013
Editor’s Note

Chanukah begins this year on Wednesday evening, November 27, 2013, and continues through Thursday, December 5, 2013. What follows is a how-to guide to the basics of Chanukah observance.

The Chabad.org staff wishes you and yours a Happy Chanukah!

Chanukah in a Nutshell

 

Chanukah — the eight-day festival of light that begins on the eve of the 25th of the Jewish month of Kislev — celebrates the triumph oflight over darkness, of purity overadulteration, of spirituality over materiality.

More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Holy Land was ruled by the Seleucids (Syrian-Greeks), who sought to forcefully Hellenize the people of Israel. Against all odds, a small band of faithful Jews defeated one of the mightiest armies on earth, drove the Greeks from the land, reclaimed the Holy Temple in Jerusalem and rededicated it to the service of G-d.

When they sought to light the Temple’s menorah (the seven branched candelabrum), they found only a single cruse of olive oil that had escaped contamination by the Greeks; miraculously, the one-day supply burned for eight days, until new oil could be prepared under conditions of ritual purity.

To commemorate and publicize these miracles, the sages instituted the festival of Chanukah. At the heart of the festival is the nightly menorah (candelabrum) lighting: a single flame on the first night, two on the second evening, and so on till the eighth night of Chanukah, when all eight lights are kindled.

On Chanukah we also add the Hallel and Al HaNissim in our daily prayers to offer praise and thanksgiving to G-d for “delivering the strong into the hands of theweak, the many into the hands of the few… the wicked into the hands of therighteous.”

Chanukah customs include eating foods fried in oil — latkes (potato pancakes) and sufganiot (doughnuts); playing with the dreidel (a spinning top on which are inscribed the Hebrew letters nungimmelhei and shin, an acronym for Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, “a great miracle happened there”); and the giving ofChanukah gelt, gifts of money, to children.

Click here for the complete story of Chanukah, and here for a comprehensive “How To” guide for the observances and customs of Chanukah.

The Menorah

The basic elements of a kosher menorah are eight holders for oil or candles and an additional holder, set apart from the rest, for theshamash (“attendant”) candle.

The Chanukah lights can either be candle flames or oil-fueled. Since the miracle of Chanukah happened with olive oil – the little cruse of oil that lasted for eight days – an oil menorah is preferable to a candle one, and olive oil is the ideal fuel. Cotton wicks are preferred because of the smooth flame they produce.

Whenever purchasing a mitzvah article, we try to buy the most beautiful one that is within our means. So, if at all possible, go for the silver menorah. Beautifying a mitzvah is our way of expressing our appreciation to G‑d, and showing how dearly we hold His commandments.

The eight candles of the menorah must be arranged in a straight, even line, not in a zigzag or with some lights higher than others. If it is an oil menorah, the oil cups must hold enough oil to burn for the required time – at least 30 minutes on weeknights, and up to one-and-a-half hours on Friday evening (see Special Shabbat Rules). If it is a candle menorah, the candles should be large enough to burn for the required time.

Electric menorahs are great for display purposes, and are a wonderful medium for publicizing the Chanukah miracle. But the Chanukah lights used to fulfill the mitzvah should be real flames fueled by wax or oil – like the flames in the Holy Temple.

 

The Shamash

The shamash – the “attendant” candle that is used to kindle the other lights – sits a bit higher or lower than the other candles, on the ninth branch of the menorah. Many Jews have a tradition to use a beeswax candle for the shamash.

Though the shamash’s primary function has been served once the candles have been lit, we don’t extinguish the shamash. Instead, we set it in its place adjacent to the other lights, ready to “serve” in case a candle blows out. Another reason why we leave the shamash lit is because it is forbidden to use the Chanukah lights for any practical reason. This way, if a candle is needed, the shamash is available for use, preserving the sanctity of the mitzvah lights.

Who

Men and women alike are obligated to participate in the menorah lighting. In some families, the head of the household lights the family menorah while everyone else listens to the blessings and answers, “Amen.” In many other families, all members of the household, including children, light their own menorahs. Either way, it is important for everyone to be present and involved when the Chanukah miracle is festively commemorated.

Where

Light Up Your Home

Light the menorah in your own home. If you are traveling out of town, set up your menorah wherever you will be staying for the night. If you will be spending the night in a Jewish home, you have the option of giving your host a dollar or so, a symbolic contribution towards the menorah expenses, and then you are covered by his/her menorah lighting – or better yet, light your own menorah too. Two candles are more powerful than one!

Students who live in dormitories or their own apartments should kindle menorahs in their own rooms or in a communal dining area. In places where this is prohibited, a rabbi should be consulted as to where to kindle the menorah.

Window or Door

In the home, there are two preferred locations for the menorah.

You can set up the menorah in a central doorway. Place it on a chair or small table near the doorpost that is opposite the mezuzah. This way, when you pass through the doorway, you are surrounded by two mitzvot – the mezuzah and the menorah. Ideally, the menorah lights should be between 12 and 40 inches off the ground.

Or you can set up your menorah on a windowsill facing the street. This option should only be exercised if the window is less than thirty feet above ground-level.

When

The Chanukah lights are kindled every night of Chanukah. The Maccabees chased away the forces of darkness with swords; we do it with light.

The custom of many communities (and such is the Chabad-Lubavitch custom) is to light the menorah shortly after sunset. In other communities, the menorah is kindled after nightfall (approximately thirty minutes after sunset). Either way, the menorah must contain enough fuel to burn for at least thirty minutes after nightfall. Note: The standard Chanukah candles only last approximately 30 minutes. If using those candles, then light after nightfall every night (aside for Friday).

Regardless of the custom you follow on other Chanukah nights, on Friday night the menorah is lit before sunset, and on Saturday night it is lit after nightfall. SeeSpecial Shabbat Rules for more information.

Ideally, you should light the menorah at the earliest possible opportunity. Only delay if you are awaiting the arrival of family members who wish to be present when the menorah is lit. The Chanukah lights may be lit as long as there are people in the streets, or as long as there is another family member awake to participate – but no later than one half hour before dawn. (If no other household member is awake and the streets are already quiet, light the menorah without reciting the blessing.)

Lighting the Menorah

1. Arrange the lights on the menorah. Ensure that there is enough oil, or that the candles are big enough, for the lights to burn until half an hour after nightfall (or, if lighting after nightfall, for one half hour). On the first night, set one candle to the far right of the menorah. On the following night, add a second light to the left of the first one, and then add one light each night of Chanukah – moving from right to left.

2. Gather everyone in the house around the menorah.

3. Light the shamash candle. Then hold it in your right hand (unless you are left-handed).

4. While standing, recite the appropriate blessings.

5. Light the candles. Each night, light the newest (left-most) candle first and continue lighting from left to right. (We add lights to the menorah from right to left, while we light from left to right.)

The Blessings

Before lighting the Chanukah candles, we thank G‑d for giving us this special mitzvah, and for the incredible Chanukah miracles:

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-he-nu Me-lech ha-olam a-sher ki-de-sha-nu be-mitz-vo-tav ve-tzi-va-nu le-had-lik ner Chanukah.

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech ha-olam she-a-sa ni-sim la-avo-te-nu ba-ya-mim ha-hem bi-z’man ha-zeh.

[Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the Chanukah light.

Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who performed miracles for our forefathers in those days, at this time.]

On the first night of Chanukah, Wednesday November 27, 2013 (or the first time on Chanukah you perform this mitzvah), add the following blessing:

Ba-ruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-he-nu Me-lech ha-olam she-heche-ya-nu ve-ki-yi-ma-nu ve-higi-a-nu liz-man ha-zeh.

[Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion.]

Relish the Lights

After you finish kindling the menorah lights, place the shamash candle in its designated place on the menorah. At this point it is traditional to sing Chanukah hymns such as Haneirot Halaluand orMaoz Tzur.

Linger around the menorah for about half an hour (aside for Friday afternoon, when Shabbat preparations are in full gear). Share some Chanukah stories with your family, enjoy a draidel game and indulge in some traditional hot latkes(fried potato pancakes) orsufganiot (fried donuts)! (See Chanukah Foods.)

For the first half hour after the candles are lit (or until half an hour after nightfall, if the menorah was lit before dark) the menorah should not be transferred from its place. If a flame dies out during this time, it is best to relight it. After this time, the menorah can be moved if necessary, and there’s no need to rekindle extinguished flames.

Many women refrain from performing household chores during the first half hour that the lights are burning, to honor the brave Jewish women who played a significant role in the Chanukah victory.

Special Shabbat Rules

It is forbidden to light a fire on Shabbat, which extends from sunset on Friday evening until nightfall of Saturday night. Therefore, on Friday afternoon, light the menorah before the Shabbat candles. Shabbat candles are traditionally lit eighteen minutes before sundown. Use additional oil or larger candles for the Friday night Chanukah lights, as they must remain lit until one half hour after nightfall – approximately 1½ hours after the Friday afternoon lighting time. Note: The standard 30-minute Chanukah candles cannot be used on Friday.

For the duration of Shabbat, do not relight any flames that have gone out or move the menorah, nor should you prepare the Saturday night Chanukah lights during the Day of Rest.

On Saturday night, light the menorah after Shabbat ends at nightfall. Traditionally, the menorah is kindled immediately after the havdalah service.

 

Blessings on the Kindling of the Menorah

Click here for the blessings in Hebrew, transliteration and translation of the blessings on the kindling of the menorah.

V’al Hanissim

During the eight days of Chanukah, we add the V’al Hanissim (“And for the miracles…”) section in the amidah (daily silent prayers) and in the Grace after Meals. In this section we summarize the miracles of the Maccabee victory, and thank G‑d for the “miracles, redemption, mighty deeds, saving acts and wonders” that He wrought for our ancestors.

Click here for the Hebrew text of the V’al Hanissim, as well as an English translation.

Hallel

Every day of Chanukah, we recite the complete Hallel in the course of the morning prayers. The Hallel is a sequence of praise and gratitude-themed psalms (Psalms 113-118) that is recited on Jewish holidays.

Torah Reading

The Torah is read every day immediately following the Hallel. The Chanukah readings are from the Book of Numbers (7:1-8:4), and discuss the dedication of the Tabernacle, the gifts that the tribal leaders brought in honor of the inauguration, and the command to Aaron to kindle the Tabernacle Menorah daily.

On Chanukah, too, we celebrate the dedication (or, to be precise, the re-dedication) of the Temple by the Maccabees after it had been defiled and contaminated by the Greeks. And the command to Aaron to kindle the Menorah is also an allusion to the Chanukah Menorah, a mitzvah that we have thanks to the bravery of Aaron’s descendants—the priestly Hasmonean family that led the Maccabeean armies in battle against the Greeks.

Click here for the Chanukah readings along with commentary and contemporary insights.

Chanukah Hymns

Various hymns have been composed in honor of Chanukah. The two most popular ones are Maoz Tzur and Haneirot Halalu, which are traditionally sung after the lighting of the Menorah.

Chanukah Gelt

During Chanukah it is customary to give gelt(money) to children, so that we can teach them to give some of it to charity—and just to keep things festive and happy. Some have the admirable custom of gelt-giving each weeknight of Chanukah. In Chabad, it is customary to give gelt every night, but to hand out a heftier sum on the fourth or fifth night.

Click here for some deeper reasons for the Chanukah gelt custom.

On Chanukah, it is also customary to increase one’s daily disbursement to charity.

Chanukah Foods

Oil played a significant role in the Chanukah story—the small jug of oil that miraculously provided fuel for the Temple Menorah for eight days. It is a Jewish tradition to eat foods that reflect the significance of a holiday – such as matzah on Passover, and apple dipped in honey on Rosh Hashanah – and Chanukah is no exception. For at least the last thousand years, Jews have traditionally eaten oily foods on Chanukah.

Among the most popular Chanukah dishes are potato latkes (pancakes) and sufganiot(deep-fried doughnuts).

Actually, oil is also symbolic of the spiritual war waged by the Maccabees. SeeThe War Is All About The Oil for more on this topic.

It is also customary to eat dairy foods on Chanukah, in commemoration of the bravery of Yehudit. Click here to read the story of this brave woman whose daring courage led to a great Maccabee victory.

Click here for traditional Chanukah recipes.

Dreidel Playing Guide

The traditional Chanukah dreidel(spinning top) is a throwback to the times when the Greek armies of King Antiochus controlled the Holy Land, before the Maccabees defeated them and sent them packing. The powerful regime passed a series of laws outlawing the study of Torah and many of the mitzvot. The Jews were compelled to take their Torah learning “underground,” for they knew that a Jew without Torah is like a fish out of water.

Jewish children resorted to learning Torah in outlying areas and forests. Even this plan was not foolproof, for the enemy had many patrols. The children therefore brought along small tops that they would quickly pull out and play with after secreting away their texts, so that they could pretend to be merely playing games.

Our Chanukah dreidel games are a salute to these Jewish heroes of yore.

 

The classic dreidel is a four sided spinning top made of wood, plastic, or the proverbial clay. On the four sides of the dreidel appear four letters from the Hebrew alphabet—nun (נ), gimmel (ג), hey (ה)and shin (ש). These four letters are an acronym for “nes gadol hayah sham”—“a great miracle happened there.”

In Israel, the actual setting of the Chanukah miracle, the last letter,shin, is substituted with a pey (פ), which stands for “po”—”here.”

 

  1. All players sit around the playing area.
  2. The “ante” is equally divided amongst all players.
  3. Everyone takes a turn at spinning the dreidel; the one with the highest spin has first turn. (Nun is highest, then gimmel,hey, and shin.) If there is a tie for highest, those who tied spin again.
  4. Everyone puts one unit of the ante (penny, nut, etc.) into the pot.
  5. The one who has first turn is followed in clockwise direction by all the others.
  6. Player A spins the dreidel while everyone waits in utter suspense (in the interest of speeding up the game, some knock down the dreidel mid-spin instead of waiting for it to come to a rest).

If the dreidel lands on a…

Nun – נ

You’ve just wasted your time. Absolutely nothing happens. You may as well have taken a bathroom break instead of that useless spin. Better luck next time!

Nun stands for the Yiddish word nul, which means zero, nothing, nil. After your exercise in futility it’s time now for the player to your left to take a spin.

If however your dreidel landed on a…

Gimmel – ג

Wow! Amazing! You did it! You get to take the whole pot! Take it quick and then do a little victory dance around the room. Pay no attention to the envious stares you are getting. You are an absolute dreidel pro!

Gimmel stands for gantz, which means whole. Everyone, including you, now puts another unit of the ante into the pot, and the person to your left tries his luck at spinning.

But, it’s hard to be so lucky every time. Sometimes your dreidel will land on a…

Hey – ה

Okay, you could have done better, but you could have done worse. You get to take half of the pot. If the pot has an odd amount of units, don’t try to split that penny, nut, or piece of chocolate in half. Leave it there. Take the high road. Let the others believe that it is beneath you to care…

Hey stands for halb, half. The pot has now been diminished, and it’s time for the player to your left to take a stab at riches.

But don’t complain. The dreidel could have landed on a…

Shin – ש

The absolute worst. The dregs. You now have to put another unit into the pot! You better figure out how to improve your spinning technique before you will be forced to take out a second mortgage on your home.

Shin is for shenk; yes, that means give. Your hope now is that the pot will still be around next time it is your turn to spin. Maybe then you’ll get a gimmel and recoup your losses…

 

The absolute worst. The dregs. You now have to put another unit into the pot! You better figure out how to improve your spinning technique before you will be forced to take out a second mortgage on your home.

Shin is for shenk; yes, that means give. Your hope now is that the pot will still be around next time it is your turn to spin. Maybe then you’ll get a gimmel and recoup your losses…

Useful Chanukah Links

How-To and Tools

Global Chanukah Event Search

Holiday E-Greeting Cards

Chanukah 2013 Calendar

Menorah Lighting Guide

Menorah Lighting Guide (Video)

Chanukah Kids’ Zone

Chanukah Recipes

Chanukah Shopping

Chanukah Study

Chanukah FAQ

Story of Chanukah

Chanukah Stories

Insights & Inspiration

Chanukah Videos

Holiday Songs

Audio Classes

Print   |   Read Online   |   

 

Chabad.org
Chanukah (Hanukkah)
Light Over Darkness
Chanukah - Hanukkah

Chanukah this year is Wednesday evening November 27 – Thursday, December 5.


Chanukah — the eight-day festival of light that begins on the eve of the 25th of the Jewish month of Kislev — celebrates the triumph of light over darkness, of purity overadulteration, of spirituality over materiality.

More than twenty-one centuries ago, the Holy Land was ruled by the Seleucids (Syrian-Greeks), who sought to forcefully Hellenize the people of Israel. Against all odds, a small band of faithful Jews defeated one of the mightiest armies on earth, drove the Greeks from the land, reclaimed the Holy Temple in Jerusalem and rededicated it to the service of G-d.

When they sought to light the Temple’s menorah (the seven branched candelabrum), they found only a single cruse of olive oil that had escaped contamination by the Greeks; miraculously, the one-day supply burned for eight days, until new oil could be prepared under conditions of ritual purity.

To commemorate and publicize these miracles, the sages instituted the festival of Chanukah. At the heart of the festival is the nightly menorah (candelabrum) lighting: a single flame on the first night, two on the second evening, and so on till the eighth night of Chanukah, when all eight lights are kindled.

On Chanukah we also add the Hallel and Al HaNissim in our daily prayers to offer praise and thanksgiving to G-d for “delivering the strong into the hands of the weak, the many into the hands of the few… the wicked into the hands of the righteous.”

Chanukah customs include eating foods fried in oil — latkes (potato pancakes) andsufganiot (doughnuts); playing with the dreidel (a spinning top on which are inscribed the Hebrew letters nungimmelhei and shin, an acronym for Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, “a great miracle happened there”); and the giving of Chanukah gelt, gifts of money, tochildren.

Click here for a comprehensive “How To” guide for the observances and customs of Chanukah

Click here to visit www.Chanukah.org

 

Advertisements

Select Section Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

Shalom, Iceland: A Jewish Culture GuideShalom Life

World cities, provincial towns, and even the most unassuming of suburbs are infused with Jewish history and culture, some of which is waiting to be discovered.
See all stories on this topic »
November 27: Repeat of history?Jerusalem Post

King Saul’s failure was that he was unable to complete a task properly, so at a critical period in Jewish history he hesitated. That hesitation changed the course 
See all stories on this topic »
From dashing TV cop to Jewish fiddle playerHenley Standard

But it also means a great deal to Jewish people in particular. “It’s a tale told by Tevye, a story that reflects Jewish history in a very poignant way, in particular 
See all stories on this topic »
PQ is ignoring history’s lessonsToronto Star

Re: Rally behind Montreal’s Jewish General Hospital, Opinion Nov. 24  Have the last seven decades of history taught her nothing of the danger of religious 
See all stories on this topic »
Stop worrying – life is good for Jews in BritainJewish Chronicle

Some might consider me insufferably complacent and ignorant of Jewish history. But it is exactly because of Jewish history that I’m so optimistic about life in 
See all stories on this topic »
Queens Jewish Center’s Rabbi Grunblatt Dies At 86The Jewish Week

He was an adjunct professor at Touro College and the author of “Exile and Redemption: Meditations on Jewish History” (Ktav, 1988). After retiring in 2006 from 
See all stories on this topic »

Select Section This Day, In Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

This Day in Jewish History / The Rabad, sage and critic of Haaretz

November 27, 1198, is the day that the medieval rabbinical sage Abraham ben David died. Known by the Hebrew acronym for his name, Rabad, Ben David was 
See all stories on this topic »

This Day, November 27, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. LevinCleveland Jewish News (blog)

176: Emperor Marcus Aurelius grant his son Commodus the rank of Imperator and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions. To the world at large 
See all stories on this topic »

This Day, November 27, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. LevinCleveland Jewish News (blog)

176: Emperor Marcus Aurelius grant his son Commodus the rank of Imperator and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions. To the world at large 
See all stories on this topic »
This day in Jewish history / An unwitting Jew who made robots Haaretz

This day in Jewish history / An unwitting Jew who made robots possible is born. Norbert Weiner, a scion of Maimonides, died before computers had become 
See all stories on this topic »

Select  24JEWISH ALERTS videos and feeds Jewish News חדשות יהודיות

 

 

Schonberg recalled for mentoring many to successCleveland Jewish News

Schonberg was a past president of JVS, which merged with Jewish Family Service  including the American Jewish Committee and the Cleveland Jewish News. “Alan Schonberg was a lover of Israeland the Jewish people,” said Stephen H.
See all stories on this topic »
 
Steven Grossman GrieshammerCleveland Jewish News

Steven Grossman Grieshammer, son of Susan and Chuck Grieshammer, Saturday morning, Nov. 30 at Temple Israel Ner Tamid. He attends Mayfield Middle 
See all stories on this topic »
 
Rosalind Alexandra MadorskyCleveland Jewish News

Rosalind Alexandra Madorsky, daughter of Elizabeth Stern and Michael Madorsky, Saturday afternoon, Nov. 30 at The Temple-Tifereth Israel in Beachwood.
See all stories on this topic »
 
Peter B. Lewis, Progressive chair, philanthropist rememberedCleveland Jewish News

That is how Senior Rabbi Richard A. Block of The Temple-Tifereth Israel and impeccable honesty,” he said during a 2002 Cleveland Jewish News interview.
See all stories on this topic »
Israel Needs New Tack Post-Deal, Analysts SuggestThe Jewish Week

Tel Aviv — Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s rejection of the Geneva compromise on Iran’s nuclear program was resounding: Iran had emerged with 
See all stories on this topic »
Israeli documentary nabs International EmmyCleveland Jewish News

“5 Broken Cameras,” the controversial 2013 Oscar-nominated documentary film that was co-directed by an Israeli and a Palestinian, has nabbed another honor: 
See all stories on this topic »
 
Israel Dreams Of A Future As An Oil ProducerOPB News

There’s an old joke that if Moses had turned right when he led Jewishtribes out of Egypt, Israel might be where Saudi Arabia is today — and be rich from oil.
See all stories on this topic »
Boker Tov will not be sent out Thursday, Nov. 28 or Friday, Nov. 29. It will return to your mailbox on Monday, Dec. 2. We wish you and your family a happy Chanukah and a happy Thanksgiving!

Peter B. Lewis, Progressive chair, philanthropist remembered
Peter B. Lewis was a kind and generous person, yet “a man of contradictions.” That is how Senior Rabbi Richard A. Block of The Temple-Tifereth Israel recalled the founder and former chairman of Mayfield-based Progressive Corp. during his eulogy Nov. 26. (full story)

Food for thought: More Jews struggle with making ends meet
During the holidays many families gather around the dinner table to share a large meal with relatives and friends. But for some Jewish families, putting food on the table can be a daily struggle. (full story)

Artist opens doors of perception much, much wider
You’ll likely do a double take when you see the Israeli flag on a wall at Contessa Gallery in Lyndhurst. (full story)

G-d delivered the Pilgrims—and my people
The once-in-a-lifetime convergence of Thanksgiving Day with the first day of Hanukkah has inspired culinary fusions like deep-fried turkey, song parodies and clever T-shirts. (full story)


Today’s Best Bet
Public menorah lightings for Wednesday, Nov. 27
1 p.m., Jewish Federation of Cleveland’s Mandel Building, 25701 Science Park Drive, Beachwood.216-593-2900 or www.jewishcleveland.org.
5 p.m., Mandel JCC lobby, 26001 S. Woodland Road, Beachwood. 216-831-0700.
5:30 p.m., Gates Mills Village Hall, 1470 Chagrin River Road. 440-423-4405.
6 p.m., Waterstone Medical Center, 14100 Cedar Road, University Heights. Sponsored by Waxman Chabad Center. 216-381-1770 or www.chabadofcleveland.com.
7 p.m., Mayfield Village Civic Center, 6622 Wilson Mills Road, Mayfield Village. 440-461-2210.

This Day in History
1924: In New York City the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade was held.  Macy’s was not founded by Jews, but it was two Jews, Isidor and Nathan Straus, who took control of the store in 1896 and turned it into what was then the “biggest department store in the world.”

Select Section Tanya Shiurim: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

Chabad.org
Kislev 24, 5774 · November 27, 2013
Today’s Tanya Lesson
Likutei Amarim, beginning of Chapter 1

תניא בסוף פרק ג׳ דנדה: משביעים אותו

We have learned (Niddah, end of ch. 3):1 “An oath is administered to him:

Before a Jew is born an oath is administered to him in heaven, charging him:

תהי צדיק ואל תהי רשע, ואפילו כל העולם כולו אומרים לך צדיק אתה היה בעיניך כרשע

‘Be righteous and be not wicked; and even if the whole world judging you by your actions tells you that you are righteous, regard yourself as wicked.’”

The soul of a Jew descends into a body for a purpose — in order to fulfill a specific spiritual mission in this world. To enable him to fulfill it a heavenly oath is administered to him that he “be righteous and not wicked,” and concurrently, that he regard himself as wicked and not righteous. The root (שׁבע) of the verb משׁביעים (“an oath is administered”) is virtually identical with the root (‏שׂבע) of the verb משׂביעים (“one causes [him] to be sated”). Accordingly, the oath charging him to be righteous may also be understood to mean that the soul is thereby invested (“sated”) with the power that enables it to fulfill its destiny in life on earth.

וצריך להבין, דהא תנן אבות פרק ב׳ : ואל תהי רשע בפני עצמך

This requires to be understood, for we have learned in the Mishnah [Avot, ch. 2],2 “Be not wicked in your own estimation.”

How, then, can we say that an oath is administered to the soul that it regard itself as wicked, when this directly contradicts the Mishnaic injunction not to regard oneself as wicked?3

וגם אם יהיה בעיניו כרשע ירע לבבו ויהיה עצב

Furthermore, if a person considers himself wicked, he will be grieved at heart and depressed,

ולא יוכל לעבוד ה׳ בשמחה ובטוב לבב

and consequently will not be able to serve G‑d joyfully and with a contented heart;

Apart from the previously mentioned contradiction from the Mishnah, an additional question is now raised. A cardinal principle in the service of G‑d is that it be performed with joy — joy at the privilege of serving Him either through performing a positive command or by refraining from that which is prohibited. How then can one be required to take an oath to consider himself wicked, when this will cause him to be depressed, making it impossible for him to serve G‑d with joy?

Furthermore, just as the first part of the oath, “Be righteous and be not wicked,” is vital to his success in realizing his life’s mission, so too the fulfillment of the second part of the oath, that he consider himself wicked, is imperative. How can this possibly be so, when such an attitude hinders his joyful service of G‑d?

ואם לא ירע לבבו כלל מזה

while if his heart will not be at all grieved by this self-appraisal,

I.e., if we should propose that in order to fulfill the oath the person will indeed regard himself as wicked, but at the same time will resolve that his wickedness shall not perturb him, so as not to encumber his joyful service of G‑d,

יכול לבוא לידי קלות חס ושלום

he may be led to irreverence, G‑d forbid, by such an attitude, with sin perturbing him not at all.

For although his original resolve that being wicked will not perturb him stems only from his sincere desire to serve G‑d with joy, yet such a resolution may very well lead to a situation where wickedness will truly not disturb him.

אך הענין

However, the [above] matter will be more clearly understood after a preliminary discussion of the true meaning of “righteous” and “wicked”.

כי הנה מצינו בגמרא ה׳ חלוקות: צדיק וטוב לו, צדיק ורע לו

We find in the Gemara4 five distinct types: a righteous man who prospers, materially as well as spiritually — he knows only good; a righteous man who suffers, in both a material as well as spiritual sense: spiritually, he has not yet vanquished all his evil, and in the material sense too he is wanting;

רשע וטוב לו, רשע ורע לו, ובינוני

a wicked man in whom there is some good and who prospers; a wicked man who suffers spiritually and materially; and an intermediate man — theBeinoni.

ופירשו בגמרא: צדיק וטוב לו — צדיק גמור

The Gemara explains: “the righteous man who prospers” is the consummate lit., “complete” tzaddik;

Once he has achieved this level, physical suffering — to cleanse the soul from the impurities of sin — is unnecessary; he therefore prospers materially as well.

צדיק ורע לו — צדיק שאינו גמור

the “righteous man who suffers” is the imperfect lit., “incomplete” tzaddik.

He therefore experiences some measure of material suffering, thereby cleansing the soul while it is yet clothed in the body, so that he will not have to endure any spiritual suffering in the World to Come.

Accordingly, the Gemara is not referring to two tzaddikim on the same spiritual level, one of whom prospers while the other suffers; rather, it speaks of two distinct levels of tzaddikim. The Gemara thus cites only two characterizations regarding thetzaddik — “consummate” and “imperfect” (lit., “complete” and “incomplete”). The terms “who prospers” or “who suffers” do not indicate his spiritual level: they merely describe his resultant material status.

וברעיא מהימנא פרשת משפטים פירש: צדיק ורע לו — שהרע שבו כפוף לטוב

In Ra‘aya Mehemna (Parshat Mishpatim)5 it is explained that “the righteous man who suffers” is one whose evil nature is subservient to his good nature.6

He is a tzaddik who still retains some vestige of evil, albeit subservient to his good nature. Accordingly, a “righteous man who prospers” is a tzaddik in whom there is only good, since he has totally transformed his evil nature.

According to the Zohar (of which Ra‘aya Mehemna is a part), the terms “who prospers” and “who suffers” also indicate and describe the level of the tzaddik. The“tzaddik who prospers” is a tzaddik in whom there is only good — the evil within him having already been transformed to good; the “tzaddik who suffers” is a tzaddik of lower stature — one who still harbors some evil.

However, we must now understand why redundant titles are given to each level oftzaddik: “complete tzaddik” and “tzaddik who prospers”; “incomplete tzaddik” and“tzaddik who suffers.” If the “complete tzaddik” is the “tzaddik who prospers” (i.e., in whom there is only good) and the “incomplete tzaddik” is the “tzaddik who suffers” (i.e., retains a vestige of evil), why then is it necessary to give each tzaddik two appellations?

The explanation provided further (in ch. 10) is that each descriptive term denotes a specific aspect of the divine service of the tzaddik. The terms “complete tzaddik” and “incomplete tzaddik” denote the level of service of the tzaddik’s G‑dly soul, i.e., thetzaddik’s love of G‑d, for it is by virtue of this love that he is called “tzaddik.” The “complete tzaddik” is he who has attained perfection in his love of G‑d in a manner ofahavah betaanugim (“love of delights”) — the serene love of fulfillment. The tzaddikwhose ahavah betaanugim is as yet imperfect is called the “incomplete (or unperfected)tzaddik.”

The terms “tzaddik who prospers” and “tzaddik who suffers” denote the tzaddik’sstatus vis-à-vis his efforts in transforming his animal soul to holiness. For the tzaddik,through his lofty service of ahavah betaanugim, transforms the evil within him into holiness and good. The designation “tzaddik who prospers” indicates that he has already totally transformed the evil within him and now good alone remains, while the“tzaddik who suffers” is one who has not yet managed to totally transform the evil within him to good; a vestige of it still remains.

The explanations that follow make it abundantly clear that the evil referred to here is no more than an amorphous evil still harbored in the heart of the “incomplete tzaddik.” For the tzaddik has no association with actual evil that manifests itself in thought or speech, and most certainly not with the evil that finds expression in actions.

ובגמרא סוף פרק ט׳ דברכות: צדיקים יצר טוב שופטן כו׳, רשעים יצר הרע שופטן

In the Gemara (end of ch. 9 of Berachot7) [it is stated] that the righteous are “judged” i.e., motivated and ruled by their good nature, their good nature having the final say; the wicked are judged i.e., motivated and ruled by their evil nature, their evil nature having the final say;

בינונים זה וזה שופטן וכו׳

intermediate men are “judged” by both the good and evil nature.8

אמר רבה: כגון אנא בינוני. אמר ליה אביי: לא שביק מר חיי לכל בריה וכו׳

Rabbah declared: “I, for example, am a ‘Beinoni’.” Said Abbaye to him, “Master, you make it impossible for any creature to live.”

Abbaye argued thus: “If you are a Beinoni, then all those on a lower level than you fall into the category of the wicked, concerning whom our Sages say:9 ‘The wicked, even while alive, are considered dead.’ By calling yourself a Beinoni you thus make it impossible for anyone to live.”

ולהבין כל זה באר היטב

To understand all the aforesaid clearly [an explanation is called for].

In addition to the question which will soon follow — that according to the common conception of a Beinoni as a person having half mitzvot and half transgressions, how could a great sage like Rabbah mistake himself for a Beinoni — a further question is implied:

If a Beinoni is simply one having half mitzvot and half transgressions, then his status is readily identifiable, and there is no possible room for debate.

וגם להבין מה שאמר איוב בבא בתרא פרק א׳ : רבונו של עולם, בראת צדיקים בראת רשעים כו׳

And also to understand the statement of Job [Bava Batra ch. 1]10: “L‑rd of the Universe! You have created righteous men, You have created wicked men,….”

והא צדיק ורשע לא קאמר

for He does not decree [which persons are to be] righteous and wicked.

The Gemara11 relates that G‑d decrees that a child about to be born will be wise or foolish, strong or weak, and so on. However, whether the child will be righteous or wicked G‑d does not say: this is not predetermined; rather, it is left to the individual’s free choice.

How, then, are we to understand Job’s plaint, “You have created righteous men, You have created wicked men”?12

וגם להבין מהות מדריגת הבינוני

We must also understand the essential nature (mahut) of the rank of theBeinoni.

The mahut of a tzaddik is righteousness; the mahut of the wicked man is evil. What is the mahut — the essential nature — of the Beinoni?

שבודאי אינו מחצה זכיות ומחצה עוונות, שאם כן איך טעה רבה בעצמו לומר שהוא בינוני

He is certainly not one whose deeds are half virtuous and half sinful; for if this were so, how could Rabbah err in [classifying] himself as a Beinoni?

ונודע דלא פסיק פומיה מגירסא, עד שאפילו מלאך המות לא היה יכול לשלוט בו

— when it is known that his mouth never ceased studying [the Torah], so much so that even the Angel of Death had no dominion over him.13

Such was Rabbah’s diligence that he did not neglect his studies for even one moment. Qualitatively too, his learning was on so high a plane that the Angel of Death was unable to overpower him.

ואיך היה יכול לטעות במחצה עוונות, חס ושלום

How, then, could he err in considering that half his deeds were sinful, G‑d forbid?

ועוד, שהרי בשעה שעושה עונות נקרא רשע גמור

Furthermore, when can a person be considered a Beinoni? For at the time one sins until he repents he is deemed completely wicked,

ואם אחר כך עשה תשובה נקרא צדיק גמור

(and if he was sinful and then repented, thus ceasing to be wicked, he is deemed completely righteous14).

ואפילו העובר על איסור קל של דברי סופרים מקרי רשע, כדאיתא בפרק ב׳ דיבמות ובפרק קמא דנדה

Even he who violates a minor prohibition of the Rabbis is termed wicked, as is stated in Yevamot, ch. 2,15 and in Niddah, ch. 1.16

ואפילו מי שיש בידו למחות ולא מיחה נקרא רשע בפרק ו׳ דשבועות

Moreover, even he who himself does not sin, but has the opportunity to forewarn another against sinning and fails to do so is termed wicked[Shevuot, ch. 617].

וכל שכן וקל וחומר במבטל איזו מצות עשה שאפשר לו לקיימה

All the more so he who neglects any positive law which he is able to fulfill,

כמו כל שאפשר לו לעסוק בתורה ואינו עוסק

for instance, whoever is able to study Torah and does not do so,

שעליו דרשו רבותינו ז״ל: כי דבר ה׳ בזה וגו׳ הכרת תכרת וגו׳

to whom our Sages18 have applied the verse,19 “Because he has despised the word of the L‑rd (i.e., the Torah),.[that soul] shall be utterly cut off….”

ופשיטא דמקרי רשע טפי מעובר איסור דרבנן

It is thus plain that such a person is called wicked, more so than he who violates a prohibition of the Sages.

ואם כן על כרחך הבינוני אין בו אפילו עון ביטול תורה

This being so, we must conclude that the Beinoni is not guilty even of the sin of neglecting to study Torah;

a sin most difficult to avoid, and counted among those sins that people transgress daily.20

ומשום הכי טעה רבה בעצמו לומר שהוא בינוני

This is why Rabbah mistook himself for a Beinoni.

Since a Beinoni is innocent even of neglecting Torah study, Rabbah could [mistakenly] consider himself a Beinoni, even though he scrupulously observed even the most minor commandments and never ceased from his studies.

הגהה

ומה שכתוב בזהר חלק ג׳ דף רל״א: כל שממועטין עונותיו וכו׳ —

NOTE

As for what is written in the Zohar III, p. 231: “He whose sins are few [is classed as a ‘righteous man who suffers’],”

implying that even according to the Zohar the meaning of a “righteous man who suffers” is one who does have sins, albeit few; and if so, a Beinoni must be one who is in part virtuous and in part sinful,

היא שאלת רב המנונא לאליהו

this is the query of Rav Hamnuna to Elijah.

אבל לפי תשובת אליהו שם הפי’ צדיק ורע לו הוא כמ”ש בר”מ פרשה משפטים דלעיל

But according to Elijah’s answer [ibid.], the meaning of a “righteous man who suffers” is as stated in Ra‘aya Mehemna on Parshat Mishpatim,quoted above,21 i.e., that the “righteous man who suffers” is one whose evil nature is subservient to his good nature.

ושבעים פנים לתורה

And the Torah has seventy facets (modes of interpretation).22

The Rebbe notes that the words, “And the Torah has seventy facets,” help us understand Rav Hamnuna’s query. It is difficult to understand how Rav Hamnuna would even entertain the notion that a “righteous man who suffers” is one who actually sins, inasmuch as all the abovementioned questions clearly lead us to assume the opposite. Rav Hamnuna’s query, however, was prompted only by the fact that “the Torah has seventy facets,” and he thought that this was possibly one of these facets.

END OF NOTE

FOOTNOTES
1. Niddah 30b.
2. Avot 2:13.
3. The apparent contradiction between the two statements is resolved in ch. 13. See also chs. 14, 29 and 34.
4. Berachot 7a.
5. Zohar II, 117b.
6. This is an alternative interpretation of the words ורע לו which may be rendered literally as “evil [belongs] to him”; i.e, he is master of the evil nature in him.
7. 61b.
8. See beginning of ch. 9, and ch. 13.
9. Berachot 18b.
10. Bava Batra 16a.
11. Niddah 16b.
12. The question is answered in ch. 14 and ch. 27.
13. See Bava Metzia 86a.
14. The Rebbe notes that although the Gemara in Kiddushin 49b indicates only that the penitent sinner is considered a tzaddik, it is explicitly stated in Or Zarua, sec. 112, that he is considered a tzaddik gamur.
15. 20a.
16. 12a.
17. 39b.
18. Sanhedrin 99a.
19. Bamidbar 15:31.
20. See below, end of ch. 25.
21. Zohar II, 117b.
22. Otiot deRabbi Akiva; comp. Bamidbar Rabbah 14:12.
The Tanya of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, elucidated by Rabbi Yosef Wineberg    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author

Translated from Yiddish by Rabbi Levy Wineberg and Rabbi Sholom B. Wineberg. Edited by Uri Kaploun.
Published and copyright by Kehot Publication Society, all rights reserved.

Select Section Shiurim Hayom Yom, Today’s Day ,Today’s Mitzvah : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

 

Chabad.org
Kislev 24, 5774 · 11/27/2013
“Today’s Day”
Thursday Kislev 24, Eve of Chanuka 5703
Torah lessons: Chumash: Vayeishev, Chamishi with Rashi.
Tehillim: 113-118.
Tanya: Ch. 1. It has been taught (p. 1)…(modes of interpretation). (p. 3).

(Continuation of Kislev 23): An explanation of the three verses beginning l’chu n’ran’na, in a manner meaningful to everyone, is as follows: Wednesday, we begin thinking: What will we have for Shabbat? This is a concern in the literal sense and also spiritually, “how can we Shabbos” (i.e. make a real Shabbat)? After all, every person is quite different on Shabbat than on a weekday. So we become a bit despondent. The solution is l’chu n’ran’na (“Come let us sing”), have faith, trust. Comes Thursday, it is now closer to Shabbat and we still have nothing. It doesn’t seem to “n’ran’na” so easily and we realize we must do something. So we study Chassidus Thursday night, so that by Friday we sense the depth of “…for the L-rd is a great G-d and a great King1…”; and with this a Jew “can Shabbos.”

During Mincha, tachanun is omitted.

FOOTNOTES
1. Tehillim 95:3, opening Friday-night prayers.
Compiled by the Lubavitcher Rebbe; Translated by Yitschak Meir Kagan   More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author
Compiled and arranged by the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, in 5703 (1943) from the talks and letters of the sixth Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, of righteous memory.
Chabad.org
Today’s Mitzvah
Kislev 24, 5774 · November 27, 2013
A daily digest of Maimonides’ classic work “Sefer Hamitzvot”

Positive Commandment 142
Collecting Loans from Gentiles

“From the foreigner you shall pursue a debt”—Deuteronomy 15:3.

We are commanded to press a gentile to repay a debt that he owes us, and not to have mercy on him [and give him an extension]—as we are commanded regarding a Jew.

[This commandment only applies to a gentile who has not accepted upon himself the observance of the Seven Noahide Laws.]

Full text of this Mitzvah »


Listen Online | MP3 Download

Want even more? These mitzvot are discussed at length in today’s three-chapter Maimonides study regimen

YOUTH/TEEN Select Section WEEKLY Parasha Parashat Miketz Part 4 SHIURIM & COMMENTARIES

Miketz Part 1 (english)   Miketz  Part 2 (hebrew)  

Parashat Miketz  Part 3 (spanish, portugeese, italian, german, russian,  turkish)

 Miketz Part 4 (YOUTH/TEEN)       Miketz   The Jewish Woman

Parshat Miketz: Joseph interprets dreams

http://www.g-dcast.com/miketz
Download the Curriculum: http://www.g-dcast.com/miketz-lesson-…

Parshat Miketz is positively dreamy. From cows to corn, this story is full of enigmatic clues to what’s up in Egypt. Sociologist Tobin Belzer brings us inside the brain of the great dream interpreter: Joseph.

This is Episode 10 of the weekly Torah cartoon from G-dcast.com. Each week, a different storyteller – some musical, some poetic, some just straight-up, tell the story of the current Torah portion…and then we animate it!

Parshat

The Chanukah story for kids, from G-dcast

Share Chanukah story with friends and kids with this easy to understand story about why Jews celebrate miracles. A great introduction for kids 6 and up.

http://www.g-dcast.com/chanukah
Download the Curriculum: http://www.g-dcast.com/chanukah-lesso…

Mikets : La Paracha avec Boubach saison 2 !!

Voici la nouvelle émission de 613tv conçue et présentée par Michael Broll !
Avec Boubach découvrez les trésors de la Torah à travers la paracha de la semaine !!!!!!! Un rendez-vous a ne pas manquer et à partager avec tous vos amis !…

Here is the new issue of 613tv designed and presented by Michael Broll!
With Boubach discover the treasures of the Torah through the parsha of the week!!! An appointment not to be missed and share with all your friends! ..

Hanouka : l’émission spéciale de Boubach !!!

En l’honneur de Hanouka voici une émission spéciale pour tous les fans de Boubach et de ses amis ! Un monde a découvrir sur http://www.boubach.fr

Kislev 23, 5774 · November 26, 2013
Chanukah Begins Wednesday!
Hey Kids!It’s finally here – the first night of Chanukah is Wednesday, November 27!See the links below for instructions on how to light your menorah, how to make latkes or dreidels, and a whole collection of songs and videos for your family to enjoy.Happy Chanukah!Your Friends @ Chabad.org/kids (jewishkids.org
This Week’s Features

AN ANIMATED CHANUKAH ADVENTURE

When, where, and how to light!

Watch Watch (4:34)

Printable guide for Menorah Lighting

Hanukkah songs, blessings, and lyrics for the whole family

Join Ruth in making potato latkes for Chanukah

Origami Chanukah fun!

Chabad.org
Kislev 24, 5774 · November 27, 2013
Living with the Parsha: Captive in New York

Adam unlocked his bicycle and put on his helmet. As he cycled away from the school building, the knot inside his stomach seemed to loosen, and after the ten minute ride home through the leafy park he was beginning to feel almost himself. His father was just parking his car when Adam came up to the house. Adam waved and the two walked into the house together.

The carpet was stiff and the house still smelt of fresh paint. “Welcome home”, called out Judy, Adam’s sister. Home? Adam thought to himself. This isn’t home. Home is in Florida; this is New York. Adam’s family had moved to New York just over a month ago and Adam was having a hard time adjusting. The boys in his new school were very friendly, and they really did try to make him feel comfortable, but they weren’t the same as his old friends – Misha, Rafi, Dan. None of this sort of thing seemed to bother anyone else in the family and Adam was really feeling quite miserable about life in general.

His sister Judy was at a friend’s house that evening, so Adam was eating supper alone with his parents. “So how was the big math test Adam?” his mother asked at supper.

“We only had half of it today.” Adam answered. “The other half is tomorrow, so I’ll have to really revise everything tonight.”

“Well, how was the bit that you did today?” asked his father. Adam made a face. “Awful actually. They seem to be doing things in a completely different order than we did in my old school, and I’m really lost most of the time. They told me what would be on the test, and I have the textbook. It all seemed very straightforward when I read it before, but at the test it was really difficult.”

His mother nodded her head sympathetically. “Well, if you like I’ll be happy to go through the new things with you tonight. How is everything else in school?”

Adam shrugged “couldn’t be much worse”, he mumbled. He had complained quite a bit since the family had moved, and he thought it wise to keep quiet this time. His parents knew what he didn’t like about his new school.

His mother smiled at him. “You know Adam, in the Torah portion this week it’s continuing the story of Joseph. Last week it spoke about Joseph being thrown in a pit by his brothers, being sold into slavery, going down to Egypt, being wrongly accused by Potiphar’s wife, and then being thrown into prison. You can imagine that for Joseph at that time, his life couldn’t have seemed much worse. All of a sudden though, at the beginning of this week’s portion, Joseph is remembered by a former inmate of the prison as a wonderful dream interpreter, who passes on this information to Pharaoh, king of Egypt. Joseph is called on to interpret the Pharaoh’s dreams and in a very short period of time Joseph moves from being a prisoner to the viceroy of Pharaoh. From the bleakest point in his life he moved to suddenly become a wise and powerful leader. I am not trying to suggest that you will suddenly find yourself next week Mayor of New York or something, but maybe if you keep your spirits up then life will begin to get more enjoyable.”

Adam smiled. Well, maybe with a bit more effort on my part, he thought to himself. “Perhaps I should start explaining people’s dreams,” he said.

By Tali Loewenthal    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author
By Dr. Tali Loewenthal, Director of Chabad Research Unit, London, UK.