Select  24JEWISH ALERTS videos and feeds Jewish News חדשות יהודיות


28.11.2013 National Menorah in Washington DC gets lit

The American Friends of Lubavitch sponsor the lighting of the National Menorah in Washington DC with U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman doing the honors and participants listening to a Hanukkah greeting from US President Barack Obama

Chabad National Menorah – Washington, DC

The annual lighting ceremony of the National Menorah took place December 01, 2010, in front of the White House in Washington, DC, with thousands attending. Violinist Itzhak Perlman and cantor Itche Meir Helfgot performed.

Israel News – 27 November 2013 The Jerusalem Post

TJC’s Jewish News Week in Review: November 29, 2013

http://newsdesk.tjctv.com Analyzing the Iranian nuclear deal; backstage with Tovah Feldshuh in “Pippin”; Prof. Alan Dershowitz dishes on Israel, the U.S. Supreme Court, and his new book “Taking the Stand”; Blue Card and one of the country’s oldest congregations help Holocaust survivors this Hanukah; and more.

Beit Shemesh Girls Seek Unity on HannukahArutz Sheva

All, News, Op-Eds, Judaism, News Briefs  Main > News > JewishWorld  Mall – Jewish Gifts,Jewish Music VideoYesha BusinessesKotel Cam,Israel 
See all stories on this topic »

Jewish Home Welcomes Appeal on Beit Shemesh ElectionsArutz Sheva

The Jewish Home faction expressed their satisfaction today (Wednesday) of the decision of the Attorney-General to appeal the results of the recent elections in 
See all stories on this topic »

Russia: Publicizing the Miracle of Hanukkah in MoscowArutz Sheva

The ceremony was broadcast live by tens of news sources, with thousands which sought to erase every Jewish symbol and the fabric of religion itself.
See all stories on this topic »

US Seeks To Reassure Israel And Saudi Arabia After Iran Nuke DealThe Jewish Press

JERUSALEM – For the first time since Israel’s founding in 1948, a high-ranking member of the Saudi royal family has publicly acknowledged that a country other 
See all stories on this topic »
Hanukkah Begins Tonight; Celebrations Commence WorldwideArutz Sheva

Hanukkah has begun in Israel, as most of the Jewish people across the globe prepare to light the first candle Wednesday night. Also known as the Festival of 
See all stories on this topic »
‘Values of Chanukah’ focus of next community learning projectCleveland Jewish News

He made aliyah to Israel with his family in 2010.  understands the perspectives of other streams of Judaism and is committed to the unity of the Jewish people, 
See all stories on this topic »
New TV Series Features Couple Finding G-dArutz Sheva

Israeli media is widely perceived as staunchly secular if not outright anti-religious, but a new television series depicts a couple who make tshuva – i.e., go from 
See all stories on this topic »
Advertisements

Select Section This Day, In Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section


Legends of the Jews (FULL Audiobook) – part (1 of 16)

09.08.2013

Legends of the Jews audiobook
by Louis Ginzberg (1873-1953)
http://free-audio-books.info/religion…
Rabbi Louis Ginzberg was one of the outstanding Talmudists of the twentieth century. He was born on November 28, 1873, in Kovno, Lithuania; he died on November 11, 1953, in New York City. Ginzberg taught at the Jewish Theological seminary from 1903 to 1953. For 50 years, he trained two generations of Conservative Rabbis.

The Legends of the Jews is an epic 7-volume compilation of traditional Jewish stories loosely related to the Bible. Volumes 1-4 contain the stories, while volumes 5-7 contain Ginzberg’s notes and commentary. Over the millenia, these stories, which expand on the Bible, flesh out the lives of biblical figures. In the process, they help bring to life the Bible’s valuable lessons.

The Legends of the Jews has been called a monumental work of scholarship. It is studied by serious students of both Judaism and Christianity. And yet the stories continue to be accessible and understood by all. They were designed to impart lessons of the Torah, and any child or adult will find much to enjoy about this work. (Summary by Scott Sherris and Wikipedia)

This Day in Jewish History / A child prodigy turned Oscar-winning Haaretz

This Day in Jewish History / A child prodigy turned Oscar-winning composer dies. At age 6, Erich Korngold played some of his compositions Gustav Mahler, who 
See all stories on this topic »
 

ERICH WOLFGANG KORNGOLD Symphony F sharp major, 1. Movement

Erich Wolfgang Korngold (1897-1957) : Symphony in F sharp major-
1. Movement “Moderato ma energico”
The Philadelphia Orchestra
Franz Welser-Möst, conductor
recorded: XI. 1995

This Day in Jewish History / A Jewish writer who defied definition is Haaretz

This Day in Jewish History / A Jewish writer who defied definition is born. Louis Ginzberg, writer of ‘Legends of the Jews’, continued the line of the Vilna Gaon 
See all stories on this topic »
This Day in Jewish History / The Rabad, sage and critic of Haaretz

Montpellier, France, where the Ravad – a Hebrew acronym meaning Rabbeinu Abraham ben David – lived for some time. Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
See all stories on this topic »
This Day, November 28, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. LevinCleveland Jewish News (blog)

1095: On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appointed bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First 

 

Select Section Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

I Wanna Be a MaccabeeThe Jewish Voice

The founders of the “Jewish Olympics” had a formidable task. To find a name for the games, they had to pick through Jewish history and find a hero who, if not 
See all stories on this topic »
The Problem with Jewish EducationThe Jewish Voice

I imagined that the wisdom of the Torah would illuminate his mind through a Judaic curriculum ofJewish history and Torah subjects. I believed that Jewish 
See all stories on this topic »
Rowan religious studies professor pens Chanukah history bookJewish Community Voice

“And my favorite subject was often religion, especially the history of Judaism in America,” explains Ashton, now a professor of Religion Studies in the Philosophy 
See all stories on this topic »
Happy Chanukah, with an extra helping of Thanksgiving historyMorristown Green

Happy Chanukah, with an extra helping of Thanksgiving history  A Happy Chanukah to all of our Jewish friends, who this year have the rare circumstance of 
See all stories on this topic »
What is Chanukah? A guide to the Jewish festival of lightsMetro

The festival commemorates a period in Jewish history over 2,500 years ago when the Jewish holy temple was taken over by Syrian-Greek forces whose king, 
See all stories on this topic »
Immersion experience inspires, connects teens to IsraelChicago Tribune

 enabling them to discover first-hand the sites, culture, history and personal  for teens to learn about and form connections to the Jewish state, its history and 
See all stories on this topic »
Israel Center screens award-winning ‘Beaufort’ filmJewish News of Greater Phoenix

‘Signed, Sealed, Delivered: A Jewish Biography Through Stamps’: Noon-3 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays and by appointment. Arizona Jewish Historical Society 
See all stories on this topic »
Israel Dreams Of A Future As An Oil ProducerNorth Country Public Radio

The history of the Jewish people is all around here. HARRIS: She says the offshore gas discoveries in Israel have already changed people’s sense of energy 
See all stories on this topic »

Select Section Jewish Communities: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

President Peres lit the Menorah with members of the Jewish community of Mexico

Channuka – Chinuch And Preparing The Wick ~ TORAH GEM w/R’ Aaron Leibowitz ~ Please share!!

28.11.2013

This TORAH GEM was brought to you by Sulam Yaakov, the Nachlaot Community Beit Midrash for Leadership Development.

For more video’s, classes, and TORAH GEM’s from Sulam Yaakov please view our YouTube channel:http://www.youtube.com/user/sulamyaakov

—————————
In our ongoing efforts to offer our local community and the Jewish community at large ways to integrate Torah into their lives Sulam Yaakov presents: TORAH GEM.

TORAH GEM’s are short and entertaining videos. These videos are relevant and meant to inspire and to educate. They offer questions that can be used by teachers, parents and other educators as tools for learning and discussion.

We hope these TORAH GEM’s are helpful to you. We encourage our viewers to comment on videos and we welcome discussion.

In order to help us expand our reach please like and share our videos. Stay up to date with Sulam Yaakov by regularly visiting our Facebook page:: http://www.facebook.com/YeshivatSulamYaakov

Thank you for your support.

Sulam Yaakov is made possible by people like you. Thank you for your donations 🙂
Even a small donation goes a long way: http://www.sulamyaakov.com/donate

—————————
~ Sulam Yaakov ~
Sulam Yaakov is the Nachlaot Community Beit Midrash for Leadership Development. Located in the heart of Jerusalem Sulam Yaakov offers daily morning meditations, Shaliach Tzibur training, morning seder, self-development workshops and more.

Sulam Yaakov ~ Integrating Torah
The Nachlaot Community Beit Midrash for Leadership Development
http://www.sulamyaakov.com ~ Learn. Grow. Teach.

YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/sulamyaakov
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/YeshivatSula

Sulam Yaakov is made possible by people like you. Thank you for your donations 🙂
Even a small donation goes a long way: http://www.sulamyaakov.com/donate

Chabad of RARA takes Jewish outreach to isolated communitiesABC Online

Jewish group Chabad of RARA travels to Australia’s most isolated areas to find and support its people in rural and remote locations. As Sonja Heydeman writes, 
See all stories on this topic »

Slaughter ban splits Polish Jews, MuslimsJerusalem Post

The Polish Constitutional Tribunal has accepted for review an appeal by the Union of Jewish Religious Communities in Poland on the slaughter ban, while the 
See all stories on this topic »

French Jewish leader : ‘Jews do not feel comfortable in France and European Jewish Press

Around 600,000 Jews live in France, the largest community in Europe. “Jews do not feel comfortable in France and across Europe,” Cukierman said. “Top-down 
See all stories on this topic »

Misha Alexandrovich International Festival of Jewish Music will be The Baltic Course

In 2007 the Misha Alexandrovich International Festival was held in Riga under the auspices of the Council of Jewish Communities and with the support of the 
See all stories on this topic »

Jewish Home MK: Partnership with Yesh Atid ‘a Mistake’Arutz Sheva

According to Muallem, if the government decides to destroy more Jewishcommunities in the region, Jewish Home will leave the current coalition. Muallem also 
See all stories on this topic »

Chanukah Around The WorldLubavitch.com

These lightings, conducted by Chabad-Lubavitch emissaries around the world, showcase the diversity of Jewish communities, and serve as a powerful symbol 
See all stories on this topic »
Jewish outreach to isolated communitiesABC Online

As Jewish communities in major cites celebrate the start of the Chanukah festival this week, one group is heading into country Australia, to support Jewish 
See all stories on this topic »
Kosher Slaughter Gets New Hearing in PolandJewish Daily Forward

“It’s a promising sign on the eve of Chanukah,” Piotr Kadlcik, president of the Union of Jewish Communities in Poland, told JTA. “We believe that this issue can 
See all stories on this topic »
French Jewish leader: Concerns of anti-Semitism keeping Jews from Jerusalem Post

BRUSSELS — Most French Jewish parents enroll their children in private schools because of anti-Semitism, a leader of France’s Jewish community said.
See all stories on this topic »
Remembering Al Chernin, a Giant Among Giants in Jewish Public Jewish Daily Forward

After a stint as executive director of the Indianapolis Jewish CommunityRelations Council, Al moved to New York to work on public policy at the National Jewish 
See all stories on this topic »
German president marvels at return of Jews to countryJweekly.com

German President Joachim Gauck, in an address to a Jewish community conference in Berlin, marveled at the fact that Jews want to live in his country. Gauck’s 
See all stories on this topic »
 
Fill the VoidSydney Morning Herald

There are few films that show orthodox Jewish communities from the inside, and  Burshtein has reportedly been making films within her community for many 
See all stories on this topic »
Camp Sabra awarded $1.5 million matching grantSt. Louis Jewish Light

This is not the first time the Staenbergs have supported Camp Sabra and the Jewish CommunityCenter. In addition to this new matching grant, Michael and 
See all stories on this topic »
Shomron Conference Held in NYCThe Jewish Voice

 featured a variety of speakers, both Jewish and non-Jewish, representing organizations that assistJewish communities in the Shomron. The event was also a 
See all stories on this topic »
Statements On ChanukahNorthumberlandView.ca

“This celebration of triumph over adversity gives all Canadians an opportunity to reflect on the great contributions of our country’s vibrantJewish community.
See all stories on this topic »

TORAH STUDIES: Chanukah Select Section Shiurim: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

Miketz Part 1 (english)   Miketz  Part 2 (hebrew)  

Parashat Miketz  Part 3 (spanish, portugeese, italian, german, russian,  turkish)

 Miketz Part 4 (YOUTH/TEEN)       Miketz   The Jewish Woman

TORAH STUDIES: Chanukah

Chabad.org
Kislev 24, 5774 · November 27, 2013
Chanukah

In this Sicha, the Rebbe explains the Mitzvah of the Chanukah lights, and concentrates on two of their features, that they are to be placed by the door of one’s house that is adjacent to the street, or the public domain, and that they must be placed on the left-hand side of the door. These features have a deep symbolism: The “left-hand side” and the “public domain” both stand for the realm of the profane, and by placing the lights there, we are, as it were, bringing the Divine light into the area of existence which is normally most resistant to it. The Sicha goes on to explain the difference between the positive and negative commandments in their effect on the world, and concludes with a comparison between the Chanukah lights and tefillin.

1. The Chanukah Lights and the Mezuzah

The Mitzvah of the Chanukah lights is similar in two respects to that of the mezuzah: Both have to be placed by the side of the door of a house or a courtyard, and both must be set on the outside.1 But there are also two significant differences between them. The mezuzah must be fixed on the right-hand side of the door, and the Chanukah lights set on the left.2 And though both are placed outside, in the case of the mezuzah, this is only to signify where the house or the courtyard begin—to mark the entrance. On the other hand the Chanukah lights are intended specifically to illuminate the outside, the public domain. The mezuzah, as it were, points inward while the Menorah shines outward.

These two points of difference may be connected. For the “public domain” (reshut ha-rabim; literally, “the domain of the many”) suggests the idea of multiplicity or lack of unity; and the “left-hand side” is the name for the source of that life in which there is separation and disunity. “Public domain” and “left-hand side” are therefore related by being symbolic names for the dimension of division and alienation from G-d.3

2. The Mezuzah and the Other Commandments

The precept of mezuzah is said to be equal in importance to all the other Mitzvot together: It is said to include them all within itself.4 So we would expect to find them all sharing the two features which characterize the mezuzah—the idea of the right hand, and of being directed inward rather than towards the outside.

And almost all of them do.

Most have to be performed with the right hand.5 Indeed, burnt offerings were vitiated if they were not offered with the right hand.6 Also, certain commandments must be performed indoors, while those which may be done outside have no integral connection with the idea of the “public domain,” since they may also be performed indoors—in short, they have no connection with place at all.

It follows that the Chanukah lights—which occupy the left-hand side, and are intended for the outside—have a different character to almost every other precept in Judaism.

3. Positive and Negative Commands

This difference between the mezuzah (and all other Mitzvot) and the Chanukah lights is analogous to another distinction—between the positive and negative commands.

The positive commands (can only be performed with objects which) belong to the domain of the permitted;7 the negative to the (non-performance of the) forbidden.

Every performance of a Mitzvah brings spiritual life to the world—in the form of “Divine light.” And the light which is drawn down by the fulfillment of a positive command is of the kind that can be internalized in the act, “clothed” or contained within it. The act “clothes” the light in the same way as the body “clothes” the soul. But a Divine light which can be contained in such a way is finite, taking on the character of that which contains it.8 It cannot descend to the realm of the impure or forbidden, for the character of the forbidden is that of a negation of G-d’s will, and this is a character which a light which emanates from G-d cannot take on.

On the other hand, the light which inhabits this and which is released by the fulfillment of a negative command, is infinite. It cannot be contained by the forbidden (or indeed by any) act, nor does it share its character, and so it can be released not by performing it, but only by refraining from it. Indeed, only an infinite light could descend this far into impurity, being, as it were, undimmed where it shines.

And the Chanukah light is of this infinite kind, because it brings light to the “left-hand side” and the “public domain”—both symbols of impurity and alienation from G-d.

In fact the Chanukah light goes beyond the negative commandment for it is, in itself, a positive command. Refraining from a forbidden act may negate it. But the Chanukah lights do not negate but illuminate and purify the world of “outside”—just as a positive command purifies the world of “inside” (i.e., the permitted).

And this is the connection between the Chanukah lights and the Torah, which is itself called a “light.”9 For the Torah also concerns itself with (specifying) the acts which are forbidden and the things which are impure. And through studying the Torah, the sparks of holiness embedded in the realm of the forbidden are released and elevated.10

4. The Chanukah Lights and Tefillin

It is known that the seven commandments which the Rabbis instituted, one of which is the command of the Chanukah lights, derive ultimately from commandments to be found in the Torah.11 So there must be amongst the Torah commandments one which is an analogue of the lights of Chanukah, one which brings the Divine light into the “left-hand side” and the “public domain.” And this is the Mitzvah of tefillin. For the hand-tefillin are worn on the left arm (the weaker arm, i.e., the left if the person is right-handed), and the reason is, as explained in the Zohar,12 that the “Evil Inclination” (the “left side of the heart”; the voice of emotional dissent to G-d’s will) should itself be “bound” into the service of G-d. And the head-tefillin must be worn uncovered and exposed so that “all the people of the earth shall see that the name of the L-rd is called upon you; and they shall be in awe of you.”13 Its purpose, then, is to reveal G-dliness to “all the people of the earth” and to cause them to be “in awe.” So it is, that the tefillin, like the Chanukah lights are directed to the “left-hand side” and the “public domain”—towards that which lies “outside” the recognition of G-d.

In the light of this we can understand the Rabbinic saying that “the whole Torah is compared to (the commandment of) tefillin.”14 The tefillin have, like Torah, the power to effect a purification even in the realm of the profane.

5. The Mitzvah of Tefillin

On Chanukah one has to give an extra amount of charity,15 “both in money and in person,”16 both material and spiritual charity. And since the Mitzvah of tefillin has, as we have seen, a special connection with the lights of Chanukah, Chanukah is itself a particularly appropriate and pressing time to devote to the work of the “tefillin campaign,” helping as many other Jews as possible to participate in the Mitzvah.

And when one brings it about that another Jew fulfills the Mitzvah of tefillin, then, as it is recorded in the Mishna, “a Mitzvah draws another Mitzvah in its train.”17 If this is true for any Mitzvah, all the more is it true of tefillin to which are compared all the other Mitzvot.18 And so from the seed of this single observance will grow, in time, the observance of all the others.

The miracle of Chanukah is apparent not only in the fact that “for Your people Israel You worked a great deliverance and redemption as at this day’’—a deliverance from a people who were “impure,” “wicked” and “arrogant,” and despite their being “strong” and “many”; but also in the result that “afterwards Your children came into Your most holy house, cleansed Your Temple, purified Your Sanctuary, and kindled lights in Your holy courtyards.”19

And so it is with tefillin. By the observance of this Mitzvah, not only is a “deliverance and redemption” achieved from “all the people of the earth”—for since they will be “in awe of you,” they will no longer stand in opposition to Israel, but will be as if “our hearts melted, and there was no courage left in any man because of you.”20 But also, and as a consequence of the Mitzvah, “Your children (will come) into Your most holy house”—into the Third Temple which will be revealed speedily on earth, as a sign of the Messianic Age.

(Source: Likkutei Sichot, Vol. V pp. 223-7)

FOOTNOTES
1. Shabbat, 21b; Menachot, 33b.
2. Shabbat, 22a.
3. Torah Or, 42c. Ner Chanukah of 5643 and 5704.
4. Siddur (of Rabbi Schneur Zalman), p. 275a.
5. Cf. Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, ch. 2.
6. Rambam, Hilchot Bi’at Hamikdash, 5:18.
7. Cf. Shabbat, 28b.
8. Torah Or, 52d. Likkutei Torah, Pekudei, 6d.
9. Proverbs 6:23.
10. Cf. also Likkutei Torah, Re’eh, 30b and 31b.
11. Tanya, Part IV, 29.
12. Part III, 283a.
13. Devarim 28:10. Berachot, 6a.
14. Kiddushin, 35a. Cf. also Midrash Tehillim (1:2): “Fulfill the Mitzvah of tefillin, and I will count it as if you had toiled in Torah by day and by night.”
15. Magen Avraham, in Shulchan Aruch, beg. Hilchot Chanukah.
16. Peri Megadim, Ibid.
17. Pirkei Avot, 4:2.
18. As is the literal meaning of the Talmud quoted in note 14, above: that the Mitzvot of the Torah are all compared to tefillin.
19. V’Al Hanissim prayer.
20. Joshuah 2:11.
Adapted by Rabbi Jonathan Sacks; From the teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author

Select Section Events, Jewish Life : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section

Six13 – The Thanksgivukkah Anthem

Send this song as a PERSONALIZED VIDEO CHANUKAH CARD to your friends and family. It’s free!http://www.six13.com/#!/sendcard

Don’t forget to post and share on Facebook and Twitter.
Here’s the link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaFUc…

One should never understate the importance and historical significance of the semi-unprecdented phenomenon that is Thanksgivukkah. Happy Thanksgiving! Or for our non-U.S. fans: Happy Thursday!

To ALL: A very happy Chanukah. Chag Sameach!

Purchase the full-length version of this song on iTunes:
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/tha…

This song and all Six13 songs are completely a cappella — created with nothing but the human voice.

Professional Jewish a cappella group Six13 are the originators of today’s Jewish a cappella sound. They’ve performed to rave reviews for millions of people — at synagogues, religious schools, major sports events, JCCs, fundraising events, B’nai Mitzvah and private affairs alike, received numerous awards for their five best-selling CDs, and been selected as finalists three times for casting in NBC’s “The Sing-Off”. To find out more about how to bring Six13 to your community for an event that’s truly unforgettable, visithttp://www.six13.com.

PRESS CONTACT:
Michael Boxer
(866) 266-5613
info@six13.com

8th day concert Glasgow Scotland

27.11.2013

Lubavitch O Scotland 44th Pre Chanukah event, Featuring 8th day.

 

Boris Johnson speech at Chanukah in the Square – 28/11/2013

Mayor of London Boris Johnon with a speech to the Jewish community at the Chanukah in the Square event in Trafalgar Square

A new world record. The world’s bigest Chanukah menorah was established in Tel Aviv

Chanukah at the King David, Jerusalem

Rabbi Yosef Friedman explains the significance of Chanukah to guests at the King David Hotel, Jerusalem…& 1st candle – 24 Kislev, 5774 (Nov. 27, 2013) – is kindled.
Subscribe free at http://www.YouTube.com/ClipsNBlips or @ClipsNBlips Twitter for over 400 ClipsNBlips videos & updates.

Camerawork: Michael Cohen
Video ©2013 ClipsNBlips, Jerusalem

Sharing the Light: Linking Modern Youth to Chanukah EventsChabad.org

Max is a 30-year-old Jewish financial analyst living and working in Manhattan; Inna is a 21-year-old university student in Perm, Russia; and Fabian is a teenager 
See all stories on this topic »
New York events. Sigmund Freud in Conversation with Jens Yareah Magazine

New York events. Dr. Sigmund Freud in Conversation with Deputy Director Jens Hoffmann Highlight of December Programs at The Jewish Museum. December 
See all stories on this topic »
Tourist tip #387 / Jewish film festival in JerusalemHaaretz

In addition, there will be lectures, meetings with filmmakers and live Jewishmusical events throughout the festival. A special feature of this year’s festival will be 
See all stories on this topic »
Orangetown Jewish Center Holds Annual Mitzvah Day; Pre Rockland County Times

On the blustery Sunday before Thanksgiving, members of the OrangetownJewish Center gathered to participate in the synagogue’s annual “Mitzvah Day,” a day 
See all stories on this topic »
Quincy’s Jewish Heritage: Celebrating HanukkahConnectTriStates.com powered by KHQA

Now centuries later, the miracle of Hanukkah has become one of the most beloved events on the Jewish calendar. For eight nights, the candles of the menorah 
See all stories on this topic »
Israel’s push on moon landing focus of Israel Bonds eventCleveland Jewish News

Israel’s attempt to become the third country to land a spacecraft on the moon will be the focus of a New Leadership event, hosted by the Development Corp. for 
See all stories on this topic »
Misha Alexandrovich International Festival of Jewish Music will be The Baltic Course

In late November – early December 2013 the second festival of Jewish music – the  “Events such as the Alexandrovich Festival have huge public potential and 
See all stories on this topic »
Jewish Hall of Fame: Yitzhak RabinShalom Life

As such, Shalom Life’s Jewish Hall of Fame is our ongoing tribute to the greatest Jews who have ever lived; be sure to catch us weekly with our latest inductees, 
See all stories on this topic »
Alpha males, Sigma females: Jewish Greek life growing on Bay Area Jweekly.com

Greek life provides social outlets and networking advantages, with the bonus of Jewish fellowship. Members often stay in touch for years after graduation, 
See all stories on this topic »
Jews and Christians Team Up to Build Giant MenorahShalom Life

Bucking recent trends in Europe, where Jews are reporting that they actively avoid Jewish gatherings for fear of harassment, a rabbi is planning on lighting a 
See all stories on this topic »
A Hanukkah Story For All: How One Jewish Father’s Legacy Lives Huffington Post

They say you measure the success of a man’s life by the legacy he leaves behind. I hasten to think that this is true. A man’s legacy reveals the story underscoring 
See all stories on this topic »
Jewish leader Guiora Esrubilsky passes away at 66Jerusalem Post

“Giora was a great teammate and a great promoter of Jewish life. I’m sure his legacy will endure for many years,” Jack Terpins, President of the Latin American 
See all stories on this topic »
Lev Tahor settling in, ready to buy propertyChatham Daily News

Life is beginning to settle down for the Lev Tahor group who arrived in Mayer Rosner, the 37-year-old director of the ultra-orthodox Jewishgroup, said 
See all stories on this topic »
 
Hanukkah Calendar 11-29-13Jewish News of Greater Phoenix

Hanukkah boutique: Fountain Hills Chabad Center for Jewish Life, 11010 N. Saguaro Blvd., Suite 105. 10 a.m.-noon Monday-Friday. Hanukkah supplies, gifts.
See all stories on this topic »
Free tuition? Jewish preschool leaders say money’s not the problemJewish Telegraphic Agency

“Many people step away from Jewish life for years after their bar or bat mitzvah, and it’s when they have their own children that they start thinking about what it 
See all stories on this topic »
Lights of RedemptionThe Jewish Voice

To the Jews of Warsaw, the dedication of this palatial shul in 1878 had symbolized the culmination of over 1,000 years of vibrant Jewish life in Poland. To Stroop 
See all stories on this topic »

Życzymy radosnej, pełnej  światła i dobrej energii Chanuki!

Chag Chanuka Sameach!

Janusz Makuch

Kasia, Kornelia, Marysia, Ela, Robert, Paweł

Festiwal Kultury Żydowskiej w Krakowie
www.jewishfestival.pl

Zapraszamy na

CHANUKOWY WEEKEND W CHEDERZE

koncert Malox (IL), turniej rummikuba oraz Latkes Party!

więcej szczegółów

dołącz do wydarzenia na Facebook


We wish you joyous Hanukkah, full of light and positive energy!

Chag Hanukkah Sameach!

Janusz Makuch

Kasia, Kornelia, Marysia, Ela, Robert, Paweł

Jewish Culture Festival in Krakow
www.jewishfestival.pl

We invite you to

HANUKKAH WEEKEND @ CHEDER CAFE

concert: Malox (IL), rummikub and Latkes Party!

more info on Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/events/249268288555013/?fref=ts
Thanksgiving: A Favorite Jewish HolidayThe Jewish Week (blog)

We celebrate two important holidays on the same day this week, both with strong Jewish traditions that can be summed up in two words: freedom and food.
See all stories on this topic »

Hanukah and Thanksgiving: A Possibly Once-in-a-Lifetime EventHuffington Post

Hanukah and Thanksgiving occur simultaneously this year, which puts a twist on an idea that people have in their minds that certain Jewish holidays are the 
See all stories on this topic »

Thanksgivukkah a rare holiday mixDanbury News Times

She said her family respects what Christmas means to her, and she has learned to embrace and love Jewish holidays, including Hanukkah. Those two holidays 
See all stories on this topic »

Israeli MKs Demand Jewish Access to Temple Mount on HanukkahIsrael Today

Jerusalem’s Temple Mount is a focal point of the upcoming holiday of Hannukah, as it is for many aspects of the Jewish faith. As such, Israeli lawmakers are 
See all stories on this topic »

“Thanksgivukkah” Blends Holidayswreg.com

 for a stampede of people coming to pick up pre-packaged holiday meals.  an American Holiday like Thanksgiving with a Jewish holiday like Hannukkah.”.
See all stories on this topic »

Jewish families celebrate overlapping holidaysDaily Mail – Charleston

This week marks the first time since 1888 that the two holidays have overlapped, according to a flurry of media reports as well as Internet research.
See all stories on this topic »

Thanksgivukkah combines religious, national holidaysGoErie.com

Lifshen said this year’s convergence of the U.S. holiday and the Jewish festival is rare. Tonight is the first night of Hanukkah, the eight-day Jewish Festival of 
See all stories on this topic »

Happy (other) holidays!Hopkinsville Kentucky New Era

The Jewish holiday of Hanukkah, which predates Christmas, will also predate Thanksgiving this year, while the celebration of Kwanzaa will take place after 
See all stories on this topic »

Thanksgivukkah: Melding holidaysThe Advocate

With T-shirts proclaiming “Gobble Tov,” the students of Bi-Cultural Day School put on a festival celebrating the mashup of the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah and 
See all stories on this topic »

Happy Thanksgivikkah from Morristown’s Temple B’Nai OrMorristown Green

The Jewish holiday of Hanukkah begins tonight, Nov. 27, 2013, with the lighting of the first candle on our hannukiya (Hanukkah candelabra). That means that the 
See all stories on this topic »
Hanukkah, the Torah and ‘Unscrolled’Los Angeles Times

Such issues emerge also in the new book “Unscrolled; 54 Writers and Artists Wrestle With theTorah” (Workman: 376 pp., $18 paper), a multi-part re-imagining of 
See all stories on this topic »
torah | Having a talent is not enough; using it wisely is the keyJweekly.com

And we see it again in this week’s Torah portion. It opens with Joseph languishing in prison, a slave accused of making advances on his master’s wife. Then he 
See all stories on this topic »
Congregation rededicates Torah during Hanukkah celebrationArizona Daily Star

Congregation Or Chadash was started in 1995 with a dozen founding families. Today the congregation is made up of more than 360 families. Rabbi Thomas A.
See all stories on this topic »
Video Check In: Torah Bright on HP, SS and SBXRed Bull (International)

Torah is taking on her biggest challenge, one that has never been attempted by any rider before. Torah is the only person to ever attempt all three disciplines.
See all stories on this topic »
Rav E. MelamedThe Light of Hanukkah and TorahArutz Sheva

Even in the most somber of times, when the mightiest empires governed the world ruthlessly, we did not despair of the light of Torah and faith, and continued 
See all stories on this topic »
At a GlanceThe Jewish Press

The Gemara (23a) notes that a talmid chacham must also protect his honor because an insult directed at a Torah scholar is akin to an insult of the Torah that he 
See all stories on this topic »
UTJ: Rabbi Verdiger Was the Epitome of a Loyal Public ServantArutz Sheva

Members of the United Torah Judaism faction in the Knesset expressed their regrets over the passing of Rabbi Avraham Verdiger, obm, who served as an MK for 
See all stories on this topic »
Roanoke Synagogue Gets Present For HanukkahWSET

Roanoke, VA – A Roanoke synagogue brings in a specialist to repair a century old torah in time for Hanukkah. Wednesday at sundown marks the beginning of 
See all stories on this topic »
Women of the Wall a crucial voice in fight for equalityJweekly.com

9_V_laurie_leiber_avatar_with_name As an active member of Temple Sinai in Oakland, I take for granted that I can chant Torah, sing out with gusto during 
See all stories on this topic »
The Problem with Jewish EducationThe Jewish Voice

I imagined that the wisdom of the Torah would illuminate his mind through a Judaic curriculum of Jewish history and Torah subjects. I believed that Jewish 

 

Faith and music accompany Hanukkah ceremonyWTOP

Faith and music accompany Hanukkah ceremony  WASHINGTON (AP) — The eight-day Jewish celebration of Hanukkah has begun in Washington with the 
See all stories on this topic »
Music Video: KopShtick Chanuka Rock!The Jewish Press

“I’ve always loved the Christmas tunes,” said KopShtick, of his musical creation. “But as Jews, we sometimes feel guilty enjoying all the holly jolly songs that 
See all stories on this topic »
Borscht Capades: The Mickey Katz ProjectMTPR

(MTPR music host Allen Secher adds: “The word “klezmer” comes from “kley zemer,” Hebrew for “musical instruments.” The word describes both the genre and 
See all stories on this topic »

Select Section Tanya Shiurim: 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection videos and feeds in each section

Chabad.org
Kislev 25, 5774 · November 28, 2013
Today’s Tanya Lesson
Likutei Amarim, end of Chapter 1

והא דאמרינן בעלמא דמחצה על מחצה מקרי בינוני ורוב זכיות מקרי צדיק

As for the well-known saying1 that one [whose deeds and misdeeds are] equally balanced is called a Beinoni, while [he who has] a majority of virtues outweighing his sins is called a tzaddik,

הוא שם המושאל

this is only a borrowed name, i.e., a figurative use of the term borrowed from its true usage in order to emphasize a particular point. Thus the names Beinoni and tzaddik,denoting a balance between merits and sins, are in fact but borrowed names

לענין שכר ועונש

used in regard to reward and punishment,

לפי שנדון אחר רובו

because one is judged according to the majority [of his deeds],

ומקרי צדיק בדינו מאחר שזוכה בדין

and he is termed “righteous” in reference to his verdict, since he is acquitted at his trial.

It is only in this legal sense that the term tzaddik is applied to one who performs more good deeds than evil.

אבל לענין אמיתת שם התואר והמעלה של מעלת ומדריגות חלוקות צדיקים ובינונים

If, however, we seek to truly define the distinct qualities and ranks oftzaddikim and Beinonim,

אמרו רבותינו ז״ל: צדיקים — יצר טוב שופטן, שנאמר: ולבי חלל בקרבי

our Sages have remarked that the righteous are “judged” i.e., motivated and ruled, solely by their good nature, as it is written,2 “And my heart is slain within me,”

שאין לו יצר הרע כי הרגו בתענית

meaning that he i.e., David, the author of this verse was devoid of an evil nature, having slain it through fasting.

David extirpated his evil nature through fasting; other ways too are possible.

We thus see from the Gemara that the definition of tzaddik in its true sense applies to the person who has rid himself of his evil nature.

אבל כל מי שלא הגיע למדרגה זו, אף שזכיותיו מרובים על עונותיו, אינו במעלת ומדריגת צדיק כלל

But whoever has not attained this degree of ridding himself of his evil nature,even though his virtues outnumber his sins, is not at all at the level and rank of tzaddik.

In fact, not only has he not reached the rank of tzaddik: he has not yet attained even the level of Beinoni, as has been demonstrated above.

ולכן אמרו רבותינו ז״ל במדרש: ראה הקדוש ברוך הוא בצדיקים שהם מועטים, עמד ושתלן ככל דור ודור וכו׳

This is why our Sages have expounded:3 “The Almighty saw that the righteous were few, so He arose and planted i.e., and spread them in every generation,”

וכמו שכתוב: וצדיק יסוד עולם

[for,] as it is written,4 “The tzaddik is the foundation of the world.”

Thus, in each generation there must be a tzaddik who serves as the “foundation of the world.”

This paucity of tzaddikim (“The righteous were few”) can be explained only if atzaddik is he who has totally rid himself of his evil nature. Were the term tzaddik to mean one whose good deeds outweigh the evil, why then do our Sages say that “the righteous were few,” when the overwhelming majority of Jews have more good deeds than evil!

אך ביאור הענין

However, the explanation of the matter, so that we better understand the levels of tzaddik and Beinoni, as well as the various gradations within their ranks,

על פי מה שכתב הרב חיים ויטאל ז״ל בשער הקדושה ובע׳ חיים שער נ׳ פרק ב׳

[is to be found] in light of what Rabbi Chayim Vital wrote in Shaar HaKedushah (and in Etz Chayim, Portal 5, ch. 2) —

דלכל איש ישראל אחד צדיק ואחד רשע יש שתי נשמות

that every Jew, whether righteous or wicked, possesses two souls,

וכדכתיב: ונשמות אני עשיתי,

as it is written,5 “And neshamot (souls) which I have made.”

Though the verse speaks of an individual Jew (as is indicated by the singular form of the word ruach (spirit) in the preceding phrase, “When the spirit of a man which emanates from Me will be humbled…”), the plural term souls is nevertheless used, indicating that every Jew possesses two souls.

שהן שתי נפשות

These are two nefashot6 — two souls and life-forces.

נפש אחת מצד הקליפה וסטרא אחרא

One soul originates in the kelipah and sitra achra.

Kelipah” means a shell or peel. G-d created forces which conceal the G-dly life-force found in all creation as a peel covers and conceals a fruit. “Sitra achra” means “the other side” — the side of creation that is the antithesis of holiness and purity. (The two terms are generally synonymous.)

והיא המתלבשת בדם האדם להחיות הגוף

It is this nefesh (which originates in the kelipah and sitra achra) that is clothed in the blood of a human being, giving life to the body;

וכדכתיב: כי נפש הבשר בדם היא

as it is written,7 “For the nefesh of the flesh (i.e., the nefesh that sustains physical and corporeal life) is in the blood.”

וממנה באות כל המדות רעות מארבעה יסודות רעים שבה

From [this nefesh] stem all the evil characteristics, deriving from the four evil elements within it.

Just as the four physical elements of Fire, Air, Water and Earth are the foundation of all physical entities, so too is this nefesh comprised of four corresponding spiritualelements. Since they derive from kelipah and evil, they themselves are evil, and from them in turn one’s evil characteristics come into being.

דהיינו: כעס וגאוה מיסוד האש שנגבה למעלה

Namely: anger and pride [emanate] from the element of Fire which rises upwards;

Once ignited by anger and pride, a man (like fire) soars aloft. Pride is the state of considering oneself superior to others. Anger too is an offshoot of pride. Would a person not be proud, he would not be angered when someone defied his will.

ותאות התענוגים מיסוד המים, כי המים מצמיחים כל מיני תענוג

the appetite for pleasures [emanates] from the element of Water, for water promotes the growth of all kinds of pleasure-giving things.

The ability of water to make pleasurable things grow indicates that concealed within it is the element of pleasure. Thus, the appetite for pleasure derives from the element of Water.

והוללות וליצנות והתפארות ודברים בטלים מיסוד הרוח

frivolity and scoffing, boasting and idle talk [emanate] from the element of Air; like air, they lack substance;

ועצלות ועצבות מיסוד העפר

and sloth and melancholy [emanate] from the element of Earth.

Earth is characterized by heaviness. A man encumbered by sloth and melancholy likewise senses a heaviness of the limbs.

וגם מדות טובות שבטבע כל ישראל בתולדותם, כמו רחמנות וגמילות חסדים, באות ממנה

From this soul stem also the good traits inherent in every Jew’s character, such as compassion and benevolence.

But since this is a nefesh of kelipah and evil, how do good characteristics come from it? This matter is now addressed.

כי בישראל נפש זו דקליפה היא מקליפת נוגה, שיש בה גם כן טוב

For in the [case of the] Jew, this soul of kelipah is derived from thekelipah called “nogah”, which also contains good; and the good within thisnefesh gives rise to these positive natural traits.

והיא מסוד ע׳ הדעת טוב ורע

[This kelipah] is from the esoteric “Tree of Knowledge” [which is comprised] of good and evil.8

מה שאין כן נפשות אומות העולם הן משאר קליפות טמאות שאין בהן טוב כלל

The souls of the nations of the world, however, emanate from the other, unclean kelipot which contain no good whatever,

כמו שכתוב בע׳ חיים שער מ״ט פרק ג׳: וכל טיבו דעבדין האומות לגרמייהו עבדין

as is written in Etz Chayim, Portal 49, ch. 3, that all the good that the nations do, is done out of selfish motives.

Since their nefesh emanates from kelipot which contain no good, it follows that any good done by them is for selfish motives.

וכדאיתא בגמרא על פסוק: וחסד לאומים חטאת — שכל צדקה וחסד שאומות העולם עושין אינן אלא להתייהר כו׳

So the Gemara9 comments on the verse,10 “The kindness of the nations is sin” — that all the charity and kindness done by the nations of the world is only for their self-glorification…

When a Jew acts in a benevolent manner he is motivated mainly out of concern for the welfare of his fellow. The proof of this is that were his fellow not to need his help, this would give him greater pleasure than the gratification derived from his act of kindness.

Concerning the nations of the world, however, this is not so. Their motivation is not the welfare of their fellow; rather, it stems from a self-serving motive — the desire for self-glorification, a feeling of gratification, and the like.

It should be noted that among the nations of the world there are also to be found those whose souls are derived from kelipat nogah.11 Called “the pious ones of the nations of the world,” these righteous individuals are benevolent not out of selfish motives but out of a genuine concern for their fellow.

——— ● ———

FOOTNOTES
1. See Rambam, Hilchot Teshuvah 3:1; Rashi on Rosh HaShanah 16b.
2. Tehillim 109:22. See ch. 13 for the comment of the Rebbe on the interpretation of this verse.
3. Cf. Yoma 38b.
4. Mishlei 10:25.
5. Yeshayahu 57:16.
6. The Rebbe notes: The addition of the words, “These are two nefashot,” makes it clear that the two souls possessed by every Jew are not necessarily of the soul-level of Neshamah, the third highest of the five soul-levels (viz., Nesfesh, Ruach, Neshamah, Chayah and Yechidah), for this soul-level is not necessarily found in every Jew, and certainly not in his animal soul. Rather, this refers to the essential soul-level of Nefesh possessed by every Jew.
7. Vayikra 17:11.
8. See Zohar I, 12b.
9. Bava Batra 10b.
10. Mishlei 14:34
11. See Siddur Im D’ach, Shaar Chag HaMatzot; Lekutei Biurim (By Rabbi Hillel Malisov of Paritch), 47b.
The Tanya of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, elucidated by Rabbi Yosef Wineberg    More articles…  |   RSS Listing of Newest Articles by this Author

Translated from Yiddish by Rabbi Levy Wineberg and Rabbi Sholom B. Wineberg. Edited by Uri Kaploun.
Published and copyright by Kehot Publication Society, all rights reserved.