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By the time of Clement IX, the Jews were made to run along what is today the Corso, a central street in modern Rome, starting at the Piazza San Marco …
Piazza San Marco (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjatt͡sa san ˈmarko], often known in English as the St Mark’s Square), is the principal public square of Venice, Italy, where it is generally known just as “the Piazza” (la Piazza). All other urban spaces in the city (except the Piazzetta and the Piazzale Roma) are called “campi” (fields). The Piazzetta (the ‘little Piazza’) is an extension of the Piazza towards the lagoon in its south east corner (see plan). The two spaces together form the social, religious and political centre of Venice and are commonly considered together. This article relates to both of them.
A remark usually attributed to Napoleon calls the Piazza San Marco “the drawing room of Europe” (the attribution to Napoleon is unproven). Photo by Wikipedia
Piazza San Marco, Venice. Orchestra playing Jewish melodies
Jews Celebrating Sukkot in Piazza San Marco Venice Italy , Feeling right at home
Another such center, this time in Warsaw, was inaugurated in 2013. A year … By focusing on Jewish culture and social history, rather than just World War II, the museum … Thesedays, a few hundred Orthodox Jews worship at Nożyk.
Festival of Jewish Culture in Warsaw – “Singer’s Warsaw” is an annual celebration of Jewish culture that has been held inWarsaw since 2004.
The Festival includes Jewish (both Hebrew and Yiddish) theater, music, films, exhibits and expositions. It attempts to recreate Jewish culture from the period of interwar Poland, complete with historical buildings and atmosphere. Regular features include kosher food(along with instructions as to how to prepare it in one’s own kitchen), dancing, songs, crafts, ceramics and posters. Numerous workshops, discussion groups and seminars are also held on topics related to Yiddish culture.
The festival is organized by the Polish-Israeli-American Shalom Foundation, which began in 1988 on the initiative of Gołda Tencer, an actress and producer of the Jewish Theatre in Warsaw. The purpose of the foundation is the popularization of Jewish culture inPoland, and the remembrance of its Jewish communities. Photo by Wikipedia Photo of the Warsaw Festival of Jewish Culture, “Singer’s Warsaw”
Museum of the History of Polish Jews
Jewish quarter in Warsaw in 1939 – original color footage
912 days of the Warsaw Ghetto
Jewish Quarters of Warsaw and Cracow 1936
A Day in Jewish Warsaw 1939
Holocaust Memorial Day
Jordi Savall – El Male Rahamim (Hymn To The Victims Of Auschwitz)
“El male rachamim” is a funeral prayer used by the Ashkenazi Jewish community. The chazzan recites it, for the ascension of the souls of the dead, during the funeral, going up to the grave of the departed, remembrance days, and other occasions on which the memory of the dead is recalled.
Reportage Auschwitz Birkenau camp documentaire 2014
Reportage amateur Auschwitz Birkenau 2014
Photos / Vidéos / Images d’archive / Extrait de film
International Holocaust Memorial Day, يوم ذكرى الهولوكوست, יום הזיכרון הבינלאומי לשואה.
27 januari 2015
Internationale Herdenkingsdag voor de Holocaust, День памяти жертв Холокоста, International Holocaust Memorial Day, Hari Peringatan Holocaust, يوم ذكرى الهولوكوست, Holokost Anma Günü, יום הזיכרון הבינלאומי לשואה, Holocaust-Gedenktag, Journée commémoration de l’Holocauste, Dzień Pamięci o Ofiarach Holokaustu.
‘Memory is life’: Stephen Spielberg visits Auschwitz memorial
‘Memory is life’: Stephen Spielberg visits Auschwitz memorial
Hollywood director Steven Spielberg has joined world leaders at Auschwitz to mark 70 years since the Nazi death camp was liberated and has condemned the rising tide of anti-Semitism.
Hollywood director Steven Spielberg has joined world leaders at Auschwitz to mark 70 years since the Nazi death camp was liberated and has condemned the rising tide of anti-Semitism.
Mr Spielberg, who won an Oscar for his Holocaust drama Schindler’s List, visited the camp for the unveiling of a memorial plaque to those who lost their lives.
It comes as round 300 people who lived through the horrors of the camp, were expected to pay their respects at Auschwitz, where more than one million people, mainly Jews, were killed during the Second World War.
The commemorations are expected to be the last major anniversary for many of the survivors with heads of state also set to attend.
Yesterday, Mr Spielberg was talking to Holocaust survivors in the southern Polish city of Krakow, ahead of the today’s main event.
The Oscar winning filmmaker said: ‘If you are a Jew today, in fact if you are any person who believes in the freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom in free expression, you know that like many other groups, we are once again facing the perennial demons of intolerance.’
The director won an Academy Award for Best Director for ‘Schindler’s List,’ his 1993 movie about a German who saved more than a thousand mostly Polish-Jewish refugees during the Holocaust, warned of spreading anti-Semitism.
‘(There are) Facebook pages identifying Jews and their geographic locations with the intention to attack and the growing efforts to banish Jews from Europe,’ said Mr Spielberg.
‘My hope for tomorrow’s commemoration is that the survivors will feel confident that we are renewing their call to remember. That we will not only make known their own identities, but in the process help form a meaningful, collective conscience for the generations to come.’
Meanwhile Europe is ‘close to’ a new exodus of Jews, European Jewish Congress chief Moshe Kantor warned at a Holocaust forum in the Czech capital Prague.
‘Jihadism is very close to Nazism. One could even say that they are two faces of the same evil,’ he added.
While German Chancellor Angela Merkel said it was a ‘disgrace’ that Jews in Germany faced insults, threats or violence.
It comes as France’s main Jewish agency CRIF released figures on today that showed anti-Semitic acts in the country, home to Europe’s largest Jewish population, doubled in 2014 to 851, compared to 423 the previous year.
Later today, German prime minister Joachim Gauck and French president Francois Hollande will travel to Poland for the anniversary of Auschwitz’s liberation.
Britain will be represented by Communities Secretary Eric Pickles, while the United States delegation will be led by Treasury Secretary Jack Lew.
El Male-Shoah, Cantor Zevi Muller sings at the UN
Cantor Zev Muller sings at the UN headquarters’ General Assembly in NY on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. The melody was composed by Cantor Benjamin Muller.
Arizona Daily Star
1, the Jewish History Museum, 564 S. Stone Ave., is featuring “Hélène Berr, … This year marks 70 years since the liberation of Auschwitz, and today …
Amazing and touching El male rachamim “Hall of Remembrance”
אֵל מָלֵא רַחֲמִים שׁוֹכֵן בַּמְּרוֹמִים, הַמְצֵא מְנוּחָה נְכוֹנָה עַל כַּנְפֵי הַשְּׁכִינָה, בְּמַעֲלוֹת קְדוֹשִׁים וטְהוֹרִים כְּזוֹהַר הָרָקִיע מַזְהִירִים אֶת כָּל הַנְּשָׁמוֹת שֶׁל שֵׁשֶׁת מִילְיוֹנֵי הַיְּהוּדִים, חַלְלֵי הַשּׁוֹאָה בְּאֵירוֹפָּה, שֶׁנֶּהֶרְגוּ, שֶׁנִּשְׁחֲטוּ, שֶׁנִּשְׂרְפוּ וְשֶׁנִּסְפּוּ עַל קִדּוּשׁ הַשֵׁם, בִּידֵי הַמְרַצְּחִים הַגֶּרְמָנִים הָנַאצִים וְעוֹזְרֵיהֶם מִשְּׁאָר הֶעַמִּים. לָכֵן בַּעַל הָרַחֲמִים יַסְתִּירֵם בְּסֵתֶר כְּנָפָיו לְעוֹלָמִים, וְיִצְרוֹר בִּצְרוֹר הַחַיִּים אֶת נִשְׁמוֹתֵיהֶם, ה’ הוּא נַחֲלָתָם, בְּגַן עֵדֶן תְּהֵא מְנוּחָתָם, וְיַעֶמְדוּ לְגוֹרָלָם לְקֵץ הַיָּמִין, וְנֹאמַר אָמֵן.
God, full of mercy, who dwells in the heights, provide a sure rest upon the Divine Pressence’s wings, within the range of the holy and the pure, whose shining resemble the sky’s, all the souls of the six million Jews, victims of the European Holocaust, who were murdered, slaughtered, burnt and exterminated for the Sanctification of the Name, by the German Nazi assassins and their helpers from the rest of the peoples. Therefore, the Master of Mercy will protect them forever, from behind the hiding of his wings, and will tie their souls with the rope of life. The Everlasting is their heritage, the Garden of Eden shall be their resting room, and they shall rest peacefully upon their lying place, they will stand for their fate in the end of days, and let us say: Amen
Yad Vashem Memorial
Auschwitz 70th anniversary: Drone footage shows scale of camp
Auschwitz wasn’t just a concentration camp set in one location, it was a network of horrifying labor and death camps.CNN’s Atika Shubert explains.
Drone video shows the Auschwitz concentration camp as it is today – 70 years after it was liberated by Soviet troops. Report by Sarah Kerr.
Drone footage of Auschwitz concentration camp shows the scale of the site as Holocaust Memorial Day is marked this week Drone footage of Auschwitz concentration camp shows the scale of the.
Scale Model of Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi Gas Chamber and Crematorium in the Berlin Deutches Historisches Museum filmed March 7th 2014. Viewer discretion is adv. The film takes us over the.
Auschwitz survivors Zigi Shipper and Lily Ebert discuss their experiences
Auschwitz survivors Zigi Shipper and Lily Ebert discuss their experiences
Survivors tell their stories 70 years since the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau
Watch the following video to hear from two survivors on the importance of remembering what happened at Auschwitz and at concentration camps around Europe during the Holocaust
January the 27th marks 70 years since the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, with people from all around the UK, Europe and the world commemorating the day as part of Holocaust Memorial Day.
Auschwitz survivors Zigi Shipper and Lily Ebert have joined with the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust to talk about their experiences at the camp.
Watch the following video where they also talk about why the world should never forget what happened at concentration camps across Europe to make sure everyone is challenged to confront all forms of hatred and discrimination.
Cantor Kutner – Holocaust Prayers for Manievichi 70th Anniversary Memorial
Cantor Kutner chants memorial prayer for the Shoah (Holocaust) using music that he personally wrote and perfected.
How do you respond to powerful stories of genocide? #MemoryMakers artists share their tips
Our Memory Makers project pairs Holocaust and genocide survivors with nine British artists, who will respond to their stories with works of art for Holocaust Memorial Day 2015. Memory Makers ensures that survivors’ experiences are not lost to history, and that a new generation can engage with the stories of genocide.
We are asking you to share these powerful stories of survivors and contribute your own creative responses to Keep the memory alive for Holocaust Memorial Day 2015. In this film the artists taking part in the project reflect on why they chose to take part in the project and share their tips with you.
Play your part, share or respond to a story: http://keepthememoryalive.hmd.org.uk/
Holocaust Memorial Day (HMD) takes place on 27 January each year, marking the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp. On Holocaust Memorial Day we remember the millions of people who have been murdered and whose lives have been changed beyond recognition during the Holocaust, Nazi Persecution and in subsequent genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur. On HMD we honour the survivors of these regimes and challenge ourselves to use the lessons of their experience to inform our lives today.
Find out more about Holocaust Memorial Day: http://www.hmd.org.uk
Drone view of Auschwitz concentration camp
Schindler’s List (1-9) Movie CLIP – That’s Oskar Schindler (1993) HD
Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank (Dutch pronunciation: [ɑnəˈlis maːˈri ˈɑnə ˈfrɑŋk], German: [ʔanəliːs maˈʁiː ˈʔanə ˈfʁaŋk] ( ); 12 June 1929 – early March 1945) was a diarist and writer. She was one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her wartime diary The Diary of a Young Girl has been the basis for several plays and films. Born in the city of Frankfurt in Weimar Germany, she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. Born a German national, Frank lost her citizenship in 1941. She gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published. It documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
The Frank family moved from Germany to Amsterdam in 1933, the year the Nazis gained control over Germany. By May 1940, they were trapped in Amsterdam by the German occupation of the Netherlands. As persecutions of the Jewish population increased in July 1942, the family went into hiding in some concealed rooms in the building where Anne’s father worked. After two years, the group was betrayed and transported to concentration camps. Anne Frank and her sister, Margot Frank, were eventually transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where they died (probably of typhus) in March 1945. Photo by Wikipedia
Anne Frank – The Whole Story -1
Anne Frank – The Whole Story -2
Anne Frank – The Whole Story
Traditional Jewish law, halakha, withholds from women a number of rights and … The ordination of Sara Hurwitz did not challenge this distinction.
How Sara Hurwitz Became an Orthodox Rabba
Sara Hurwitz, an Orthodox rabba and dean of Yeshivat Maharat, explains how she became a woman Orthodox Rabba, during Chautauqua Institution’s 2011 panel discussion, “Jewish, Christian and Muslim Women Seeking Clergy Equality,” moderated by Moment Magazine’s editor and publisher, Nadine Epstein.
Sara Hurwitz speech
Rabba Sara Hurwitz addresses the JOFA conference in New York City, March 14, 2010.
Woman Orthodox “Rabbi” Sara Hurwitz
A conversation with the first woman Orthodox rabbi, Rabba Sara Hurwitz of Hebrew Institute of Riverdale, and Dean of Yeshivat Maharat, who describes her personal journey, her commitment to Jewish Law (Halacha), and issues of concern to Orthodox women.
Rabba Sara Hurwitz is a Modern Orthodox Jewish spiritual leader who received ordination from Rabbi Avi Weiss. She is the “Rabba” at the Hebrew Institute of Riverdale in Riverdale, Bronx, New York and the dean of Yeshivat Maharat in Riverdale, Bronx, New York.
She is the curricular researcher and writer for JOFA’s Gender and Orthodoxy Curriculum Project.
Photo by YouTube
ברל כצנלסון סדרת גדולי העם היהודי – ארכיון המדינה Katznelson Jewish sages series
מרכז פיטר פריישטדט להנצחה קולנועית של גדולי העם היהודי.
Berl Katznelson not only lies behind Zionist institutions from Bank Hapoalim to the Om Oved publishing house: he’s also the reason Israel keeps the …
Berl Katznelson (Hebrew: ברל כצנלסון, 25 January 1887 – died 12 August 1944) was one of the intellectual founders of Labor Zionism, instrumental to the establishment of the modern state of Israel, and the editor of Davar, the first daily newspaper of the workers’
Katznelson was born in Babruysk, Russia, the son of a member of Hovevei Zion. He dreamed of settling in the Jewish homeland from an early age. In Russia, he was a librarian in a Hebrew-Yiddish library and taught Hebrew literature and Jewish history. He made aliyah toOttoman Palestine in 1909, where he worked in agriculture and took an active role in organizing workers’ federations based on the idea of “common work, life and aspirations.”
Photo by Wikipedia
Azrieli Foundation offering two $50000 prizes to promote Jewish music
The Azrieli Prize in Jewish Music will go to a work composed within the last 10 years, while the Azrieli Commissioning Competition is aimed at …
Celebrating a Man of Vision…David Azrieli
David Joshua Azrieli, CM CQ (Hebrew: דוד עזריאלי; May 10, 1922 – July 9, 2014) was a Canadian-Israeli real estate tycoon,developer, designer, architect, and philanthropist. With an estimated net worth of $US 3.1 billion (as of March 2013), Azrieli was ranked by Forbes as the 9th wealthiest Canadian and 401st in the world.
David Azrieli was born into a Jewish family in Maków Mazowiecki, Poland, he fled Europe during World War II for British Mandate Palestine. Between 1943 and 1946, Azrieli briefly studied architecture at the Technion, though did not complete his studies at that time. He fought in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. In 1954, he immigrated to Montreal. Photo by Wikipedia
At the age of 75, he received m/watch?v=musYaGyM27U
Marc Blitzstein – Three-Four dance
Marc Blitzstein – Three-Four dance
Piano: Bennett Lerner
Marc Blitzstein was born in Philadelphia on March 2, 1905, the son of affluent parents. In 1928 his father Sam Blitzstein married Robert Serber’s sister-in-law Madeline Leof. Blitzstein’s musical gifts were apparent at an early age; he had performed a Mozart piano concerto by the time he was seven. He went on to study piano with Alexander Siloti, (a pupil of Tchaikovsky and Liszt), and made his professional concerto debut with the Philadelphia Orchestra in Liszt’s E-flat Piano Concerto when he was 21. His first relationship was in 1924, when he traveled to Europe with conductor Alexander Smallens.
After studying composition at the Curtis Institute of Music, he went to Europe to continue his studies in Berlin with Arnold Schoenberg (with whom he did not get on), and in Pariswith Nadia Boulanger (with whom he did). Despite his later political beliefs, he was, in the early years of his career, a self-proclaimed and unrepentant artistic snob, who firmly believed that true art was only for the intellectual elite. He was vociferous in denouncing composers — in particular Respighi, Ravel, and Kurt Weill — who, he felt, debased their standards to reach a wider public.
His works of this period, mostly pianistic vehicles such as the Piano Sonata (1927) and the Piano Concerto (1931) are typical of the Boulanger-influenced products of American modernism — strongly rhythmic (though not influenced by jazz) and described by himself as “wild, dissonant and percussive.” These early works were far removed from the Schoenberg style.
Although Blitzstein married novelist Eva Goldbeck on March 2, 1933, he was openly gay; they had no children. His mother-in-law was Berlin-born musical star and opera singer Lina Abarbanell. He dedicated a number of works, including Romantic Piece for Orchestra (1930), String Quartet, ‘The Italian’ (1930), the ballet Cain (1930), and the Serenade for String Quartet (1932) to his wife-to-be. She died of anorexia in 1936, and his grief prompted him to throw himself into the work of creating The Cradle Will Rock. He summered at the Pine Brook Country Club located in the countryside near Nichols, Connecticut, which became the summer rehearsal headquarters of the Group Theatre in the 1930s and 1940s.
Leonard Bernstein – Marc Blitzstein’s “Zipperfly”
Rising above society’s early rebuff of his music, Marc Blitzstein composed for the U.S. Air Force and rose to greatness in musical theater for the …
Marcus Samuel Blitzstein, better known as Marc Blitzstein (March 2, 1905 – January 22, 1964), was an American composer, lyricist, and librettist. He won national attention in 1937 when his pro-union musical The Cradle Will Rock, directed by Orson Welles, was shut down by the Works Progress Administration. He is known for The Cradle Will Rock and for his Off-Broadwaytranslation/adaptation of The Threepenny Opera by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill. His works also include the opera Regina, an adaptation of Lillian Hellman’s play The Little Foxes; the Broadway musical Juno, based on Seán O’Casey’s play Juno and the Paycock; and No for an Answer. He completed translation/adaptations of Brecht’s and Weill’s musical play Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny and of Brecht’s play Mother Courage and Her Children with music by Paul Dessau. Blitzstein also composed music for films, such as Surf and Seaweed (1931) and The Spanish Earth (1937), and he contributed two songs to the original 1960 production of Hellman’s play Toys in the Attic.Photo by Wikipedia
Rabbi Isaac Luria (Arizal) Jewish Biography Lecture Dr. Henry Abramson
Emerging from the sixteenth-century Safed Circle of Jewish mystics, Rabbi Isaac Luria (the Arizal) was a pivotal figure in the history of Kabbalah. His influence on later Jewish movements, in particular Hasidism, is still felt to this day.
The chief rabbi also served as a rabbinical authority for Jewish communities in other parts of the British Empire. British Jewry came into its own during …
Rabbi Nathan Marcus hakohen Adler (13 January 1803 – 21 January 1890) was the Orthodox Chief Rabbi of the British Empirefrom 1845 until his death, probably the most prominent 19th century rabbi in the English-speaking world.
A kohen by birth, Rabbi Nathan was born in Hanover, in present-day Germany. He was apparently named after the kabbalist Nathan Adler (according to the biography of the latter in the Jewish Encyclopedia). His distant relative Jacob Adler, who made his acquaintance in the winter of 1883–1884, described him as the “highest religious authority not only of London Jews but of allOrthodox Jews throughout the United Kingdom and the Empire.” He subscribed to what was known as the Frankfurter Orthodoxy.
Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Prodigy who dared formulate a Soviet economic theory is born
Leonid Vitalevich Kantorovich was born into a Jewish family in St. Petersburg in czarist Russia. His father, Vitalij Kantorovich, was a physician who …
Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich (Russian: Леони́д Вита́льевич Канторо́вич; IPA: [lʲɪɐˈnʲit vʲɪˈtalʲɪvʲɪtɕ kəntɐˈrovʲɪtɕ] ( )) (19 January 1912 – 7 April 1986) was a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He is regarded as the founder of linear programming. He was the winner of the Stalin Prize in 1949 and the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975.
Kantorovich was born on 19 January 1912, to a Russian Jewish family. His father was a doctor practicing in Saint Petersburg. In 1926, at the age of fourteen, he began his studies at the Leningrad University. He graduated from the Faculty of Mathematics in 1930, and began his graduate studies. In 1934, at the age of 22 years, he became a full professor. Photo by Wikipedia
Наука и образование СПб – 5 – Математика. Л.В. Канторович
Телекомпания Петербургское Телевидение: http://vk.com/tkptv
Развитие вычислительной математики и её роль в современной жизни.
100 лет со дня рождения Л.В. Канторовича.
Synagogue of Vilnius Photo by Wikipedia
The history of the Jews in Lithuania spans the period from the 8th century to the present day. There is still a small community in that country, as well as an extensive Lithuanian Jewish diaspora in Israel, the United States and other countries. For more detail, see Lithuanian Jews.
As early as the 8th century Jews lived in parts of the Lithuanian territory
. Beginning with that period they conducted trade between Russia, Lithuania, and the Baltic, especially with Danzig, Julin (Vineta or Wollin, in Pomerania), and other cities on the Vistula, Oder, and Elbe.
The origin of the Jews of Lithuania has been the subject of much speculation. It is believed that they were made up of two distinct streams of Jewish immigration. The older and significantly smaller of the two entered the territory that would later become the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the east. These early immigrants spoke Judeo-Slavic dialects which distinguished them from the later Jewish immigrants who entered the region from the Germanic lands. From Wikipedia, Photo by Wikipedia
The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day
Tuesday, October 22, 2013 | 7pm
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Antony Polonsky, Brandeis University
For centuries, Poland and Russia formed the heartland of the Jewish world. Until World War II, this area was home to over forty percent of world Jewry: nearly three and a half million Jews lived in Poland, and nearly three million more lived in the Soviet Union. Although the majority of American and European Jews originate from Eastern Europe, the history of this life and civilization is not well known, or has been reduced to a story of persecution and martyrdom. In his masterful three-volume history, ‘The Jews in Poland and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day’, Polonsky avoids sentimentalism and mythologizing, and provides a comprehensive and detailed account of this great civilization. From the towns and shtetls where Jews lived, to the emergence of Hasidism and the Haskalah movement, to the rise of Jewish urbanization, and Polish-Jewish relations during World War II, Polonsky’s book dispels myths about this culture, while demonstrating the importance of Poland and Russia as a great center of Jewish life.
Winner of the 2011 Kulczycki Book Prize for Polish Studies, and the Pro Historia Polonorum Prize for the best book on the history of Poland published in a foreign language between 2007 and 2011.
Hecht suffered several episodes with mental illness in the decades that followed, but thisdid not prevent him from publishing seven books of poetry …
Anthony Evan Hecht (January 16, 1923 – October 20, 2004) was an American poet. His work combined a deep interest in form with a passionate desire to confront the horrors of 20th century history, with the Second World War, in which he fought, and the Holocaust being recurrent themes in his work.
Hecht was born in New York City to German-Jewish parents. He was educated at various schools in the city – he was a classmate of Jack Kerouac at Horace Mann School – but showed no great academic ability, something he would later refer to as “conspicuous.” However, as a freshman English student at Bard College in New York he discovered the works of Stevens, Auden, Eliot, and Dylan Thomas. It was at this point that he decided he would become a poet. Hecht’s parents were not happy at his plans and tried to discourage them, even getting family friend Ted Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, to attempt to dissuade him. From Wikipedia, Photo by Wikipedia
The Poet’s View — Anthony Hecht
Ede Teller, as he was called in Hungarian, was born in Budapest to a prosperous Jewishfamily. His father, Max Teller, was an attorney; his mother, …
Teller immigrated to the United States in the 1930s, and was an early member of the Manhattan Project charged with developing the first atomic bombs. During this time he made a serious push to develop the first fusion-based weapons as well, but these were deferred until after World War II. After his controversial testimony in the security clearance hearing of his former Los Alamoscolleague J. Robert Oppenheimer, Teller was ostracized by much of the scientific community. He continued to find support from the U.S. government and military research establishment, particularly for his advocacy for nuclear energy development, a strong nuclear arsenal, and a vigorous nuclear testing program. He was a co-founder of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and was both its director and associate director for many years.From Wikipedia, Photo by Wikipedia
Edward Teller – The secret hydrogen bomb lab
The 24th of Tevet marks the anniversary of the passing of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of Chabad. On this day, it is customary to gathe
Niggun “We Want Moshiach Now” Sung In Front Of The Lubavitcher Rebbe
The Tzivos Hashem anthem is sung for the Rebbe for the very first time.
From Living Torah Volume 75 Episode 299
Joseph Lewitzky and the former Nina Ossman were both Jewish immigrants from czarist Russia. The family later moved up the coast to San ..
This Day in Jewish History / Buddhist-turned-rabbi who made meditation Jewish dies. Alan Lew found his heart was in Judaism after all – and founded ..
Rabbi Lew comparing Judaism and Budhism
A lecture given by the late Rabbi Lew, Z”l, Rabbi, author and Zen Roshi, in San Francisco.
at Stanford Hillel in February 2008. He has written amazing books on this subject as well.
I was visiting Palo Alto and extended my trip in order to attend this lecture and I am so glad I did. Rabbi Lew passed away suddenly the following summer. He had a great heart and a great soul.
Videotaped by Abigail Hirsch of AskAbigail Productions.
Charb, Cabu, Tignous et Wolinski, tués pour la liberté d’expression
Parmi les douze personnes tuées dans l’attaque de Charlie Hebdo, des poids-lourds du journal, des collaborateurs de la première heure, qui ont accompagné des générations de lecteurs assidus à leurs caricatures et leur humour grinçant.
World mourns ‘darkest day’ in history of French media
World mourns ‘darkest day’ in history of French media … Among the dead was theJewish caricaturist Georges Wolinski, 81, a French Jew who was …
Georges Wolinski (French: [vɔlɛ̃ski]; 28 June 1934 – 7 January 2015) was a French Jewish cartoonist and comics writer. He was killed on 7 January 2015 in a terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo along with other staff.
Georges David Wolinski was born on 28 June 1934 in Tunis, French Tunisia. His parents, Lola Bembaron and Siegfried Wolinski, were Jewish. His father, who was from Poland, was murdered in 1936 when Woliski was two years old. His mother was a Tunisian of Italian extraction. He moved to metropolitan France in 1945 shortly after World War II. He started studying architecture in Paris and following his graduation he began to deal with cartooning. Photo by Wikipedia
ADOLPH ZUKOR STORY REF 5044
Mary Pickford Speaks to Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor (January 7, 1873 – June 10, 1976) was a Hungarian film mogul and founder of Paramount Pictures.
Zukor was born to a Jewish family in Ricse, Hungary, which was then a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. In 1889, at the age of 16, he promised Mella Baumoel, a girl almost 4 years older than he, that he would send for her one day and they would be married, and he emigrated to the United States. Like most immigrants, he began modestly. When he first landed in New York, he stayed with his family and worked in an upholstery shop. A friend got him a job as an apprentice at a furrier. Mella arrived in the U.S. too late to wed him; they never spoke again.
Mollie Orshansky was born in the Bronx borough of New York, the third of six daughters born to Samuel and Fannie Orshansky, Jewish immigrants ..
Mollie Orshansky (January 9, 1915 – December 18, 2006) was an American economist and statistician who, in 1963–65, developed theOrshansky Poverty Thresholds, which are used in the United States as a measure of the income that a household must not exceed to be counted as poor.
Miss Orshansky was born January 9, 1915, the third of six daughters of Samuel and Fannie Orshansky, Jewish immigrants who settled in the Bronx after leaving Ukraine. She attended Hunter College High School, and received an A.B. in mathematics and statistics from Hunter College in 1935. She continued graduate studies in economics and statistics at the Department of Agriculture Graduate School andAmerican University. From Wikipedia,
Poverty in the United States
elvis presley – in the ghetto
elvis in the early 70s!!!!
“Avaible on Special Edition DVD by Warner Bros”
Elvis Presley Havah Nagila
Elvis Presley Havah Nagila Elvis jamming
Lili Boniche – il n’ya qu’un seul Dieu
Pourquoi se prendre la tête ?
merveilleuse chanson de Lili Boniche
Lili Boniche (Élie Boniche, 1921 – March 6, 2008) was an Algerian singer of Andalusian-Arab music. Boniche was the heir to an erudite, centuries-long tradition of Algerian song and a pillar of Franco-Arab music.
Born into a Sephardic Jewish family in the Casbah area of Algiers, Boniche was a child prodigy who taught himself to play his father’s mandola at the age of seven. Later as an in-demand singer throughout France in the 1940s and during wartime. Boniche incorporated the tango, paso doble and mambo into his repertoire, especially while entertaining the troops. He is known for having sung with Arabic lyrics a number of great Cuban popular songs as part of his regular repertoire. He retired in the 1950s, only to launch a second career in 1990, releasing the album Boniche Dubin 1998, produced by Bill Laswell and fashion doyen Jean Touitou. The album earned him new fans across Europe. This retrospective combining his greatest hits and previously unreleased works not only fills a gap with regard to available recordings, but it pays tribute to an important pioneer of cultural fusion.From Wikipedia
He married Rachel Franks, from a well-regarded Jewish family. … At the time of Haym Salomon’s sudden death on this day in 1784, he was owed ..
Haym Salomon (or Solomon; April 7, 1740 – January 6, 1785) was a Jewish American businessman and political financial broker who immigrated to New York from Poland during the period of the American Revolution. He helped convert the French loans into ready cash by selling bills of exchange for Robert Morris, the Superintendent of Finance. In this way he aided the Continental Armyand was possibly the prime financier of the American side during the American Revolutionary War against Great Britain.
Haym Salomon was born in Leszno (Lissa) Poland in 1740 to an Ashkenazi Jewish family descended from Spanish and Portuguese Jews who migrated to the Jewish communities of Poland as a result of the Spanish Inquisition of 1492 and remained there for many generations. Although all Jews in Eastern Europe spoke Yiddish (Judeo-German), some have claimed that because Salomon left Poland while still young, he could not read and write Yiddish. In his youth, he studied Hebrew. During his travels in western Europe, he acquired a knowledge of finance as well as fluency in several other languages, such as German. He returned to Poland in 1770 but left for England two years later in the wake of the Polish partition. In 1775, he immigrated to New York City, where he established himself as a financial broker for merchants engaged in overseas trade. Photo by Wikipedia
The Jew Who Saved America — Who Was Haym Solomon?
Haym Solomon (or Salomon) (April 7, 1740 — January 6, 1785) was a Spanish and Portuguese Jew who immigrated to New York from Poland during the period of the American Revolution, and who became a prime financier of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War against Great Britain. His contribution to America was rewarded in a curious way that still lives today, hidden on United States currency.
For Karaites, only the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible) has divine authority, … In his response, issued on this day in 1939, the head of the office wrote that ..
The Karaite Synagogue in the Old City (Jerusalem) Photo by Wikipedia
Karaite Judaism or Karaism (// or //; Hebrew: יהדות קראית , Modern Yahadut Qara’it Tiberian Qārāʾîm ; meaning “Readers (of the Hebrew Scriptures”) is a Jewish movement characterized by the recognition of the Tanakh alone as its supreme legal authority in Halakha (Jewish religious law) and theology. It is distinct from mainstream Rabbinic Judaism, which considers theOral Torah, the legal decisions of the Sanhedrin as codified in the Talmud, and subsequent works to be authoritative interpretations of the Torah. Karaites maintain that all of the divine commandments handed down to Moses by God were recorded in the written Torah, without additional Oral Law or explanation. As a result, Karaite Jews do not accept as binding the written collections of the oral tradition in the Midrash or Talmud.
A Taste of Karaite Judaism In 30 Minutes or Less (Part 1)
A Taste of Karaite Judaism In 30 Minutes or Less (Part 2)
I gave a brief intro on Karaite Judaism to a group of 5th-7th graders from a conservative synagogue. The sound is not great, I was a bit rusty, my shirt collar was sticking out of my coat, but there is some good info here.
A few notes:
(1) I had wanted to encourage these students to take pride in their Jewish tradition, even though it is something difficult to do the right thing as a minority. I don’t think that came across as well as I had wanted;
(2) I slipped up at one point and stated that the reason Karaites pray on rugs is likely due to the Rabbinic prohibition of prostrating on “concrete.” I should have said “stone,” as I did elsewhere during the presentation; and
(3) When discussing the differences between Karaite and Rabbanite dietary laws, I was asked why shawarma is generally not permissible for Karaites. I should have just said that it usually seasoned with a particular type of fat that is specifically prohibited in the Torah. Instead I grossed the kids out by telling them where the fat comes from.
There were Jews who served as governor before Alexander: David Emanuel … Moses Alexander was born in Obrigheim, Bavaria (today in Germany’s
Moses Alexander, 11th governor of Idaho.
Moses Alexander (November 13, 1853 – January 4, 1932) was the second elected Jewish governor of a US state, the first who actually practiced that religion. He served as the 11th Governor of Idaho from 1915 until 1919. He was Idaho’s first and so far only Jewish Governor
Alexander was born in Obrigheim, then Bavaria, now Rhineland-Palatinate. He emigrated to the United States in 1867 and settled in New York City, but within a year accepted an invitation from his cousin to work in a clothing store in Chillicothe, Missouri. Alexander showed a talent for the business and was made a partner in the store in 1874. In 1876, he married Helena (née Hedwig) Kaestner, a Christian immigrant from Germany who converted to Judaism. Photo by Wikipedia Moses Alexander circa 1915
This day marks the beginning of the end of the first Jewish Commonwealth – and is one of the … Nebuchadnezzar’s defeat of Judea must have seemed like the end of Jewish history for the Jews of the generation; indeed the Talmud …
Over the next 20 years, before her death on this day in 2009, she remained active in public life and did not hesitate to criticize the ruling ANC when …
Interview with Helen Suzman
Extract from Helen Suzman from DVD ‘Between life and death: stories from John Vorster Square’, developed by Doxa Productions in 2007 on behalf of the South African History Archive (SAHA), as part of the SAHA / Sunday Times Heritage Project.
2014 Helen Suzman Memorial Lecture
The 2014 Helen Suzman Memorial Lecture was delivered by Former Minister in the Presidency Trevor Manuel – The Role of Civil Society in Sustaining our Constitutional Democracy.
Photo by Wikipedia From Wikipedia
Helen Suzman, DBE (7 November 1917 – 1 January 2009) was a liberal South African anti-apartheid activist and politician.
Suzman, a lifelong citizen of South Africa, was born as Helen Gavronsky in 1917 to Samuel and Frieda Gavronsky, Jewish Lithuanian immigrants. Suzman matriculated in 1933 from Parktown Convent, Johannesburg. She studied as an economist andstatistician at Witwatersrand University. At age 19, she married Dr Moses Suzman (died 1994), who was considerably older than she was; the couple had two daughters. She returned to university lecturing in 1944, later giving up her teaching vocation to enter politics. She was elected to the House of Assembly in 1953 as a member of the United Party for the Houghton constituency in Johannesburg. From Wikipedia
Monument at tomb of Rabbi Meir Baal Haness
Rabbi Meir or Rabbi Meir Baal HaNes (Rabbi Meir the miracle maker) was a Jewish sage who lived in the time of theMishna. He was considered one of the greatest of the Tannaim of the third generation (139-163). According to the Talmud, his father was a descendant of the Roman Emperor Nero who had converted to Judaism. His wife Bruriah is one of the few women cited in the Gemara. He is the third most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah.
In the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin p. 4a, it says that all anonymous Mishnas are attributed to Rabbi Meir. This rule was required because, following an unsuccessful attempt to force the resignation of the head of the Sanhedrin, Rabbi Meir’s opinions were noted, but not in his name, rather as “Others say…”.
“Meir” may have been a sobriquet. Rabbi Meir’s real name is thought to have been Nahori or Misha. The name Meir, meaning “Illuminator,” was given to him because he enlightened the eyes of scholars and students in Torah study.
La grande force et l’histoire du Rabbi Meir Baal Haness – 613TV
Rav Itshak Attali et 613TV ont le plaisir de vous partager la grandeur du Rabbi Meir Baal Haness.
Rabanit Iris Odani Elyashiv Rabbi Meir Baal Haness ENGLISH
The Hilula for righteous Baba Sali -Rabbi Israel Abu-Hatzira
Tens of thousands mounted the righteous Baba Sali’s grave in Netivot City for the annually Hilulah
הילולה לכב’ הבבא סאלי בנתיבות עם הזמר ממרוקו פנחס כה
שמחה והילולה בציון הקדוש של רבנו רבי ישראל אבוחצירא זי”ע הבבא סאלי
סעודה כיד המלך ושמחה על לב השמים בנתיבות שנת תשס”ד (2004) עם הפייטן הגדול ממרוקו פנחס כהן הי”ו
בהשתתפות הצדיק רבי יוסף שובלי שליט”א
hilula of the Baba Sali in Netivot (2004) with the great singer from Morocco Pinchas Cohen
With the tzdik Rabbi Yosef shubely Shlita
Rabbi Israel Abuhatzeira (Hebrew: ישראל אבוחצירא), known as the Baba Sali (Arabic: بابا صلى, Hebrew: באבא סאלי, lit. “Praying Father”) (1889–1984) was a leading Moroccan Sephardic rabbi and kabbalist who was renowned for his alleged ability to work miracles through his prayers. His burial place in Netivot, Israel has become a shrine for prayers and petitioners.
Rabbi Israel was the scion of a distinguished family of Sephardic Torah scholars and tzadikkim who were also known as baalei mofet(miracle workers). He is the grandson of Rabbi Yaakov Abu Hasira. The patriarch of this family was Rabbi Shmuel Abuhatzeira. Born in the land of Israel, Rabbi Shmuel lived in Damascus for a while, where he studied Torah together with Rabbi Chaim Vital. InShem Hagedolim, the Chida described Rabbi Shmuel as “an ish Elokim kadosh (a holy man of God). Wise people speak of his might and wonders in saving the Jewish community from many difficulties.” ‘From Wikipedia
Baba Sali tomb in Netivot, men’s half
Baba Sali tomb in Netivot, women’s half
In this 1943 photo, a group of Polish Jews is led away for deportation by German SS soldiers during the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto by German …
Warsaw Ghetto: Possibly corpse of starvation victim in front of building at Leszno 43 street
Photo by Wikipedia
Holocaust Survivor Vladka Meed Testimony
This testimony from Jewish Survivor Vladka Meed is from the archive of the USC Shoah Foundation Institute and is also featured in Echoes & Reflections: A Multimedia Curriculum on the Holocaust. For more information, visit: http://www.echoesandreflections.org
Vladka Meed Memorial 1
Vladka Meed Memorial 2
Vladka Meed (née Feigele Peltel, December 29, 1921 – November 21, 2012) was a member of Jewish resistance in Poland who famously smuggled dynamite into the Warsaw Ghetto, and also helped children escape out of the Ghetto.
Vladka Meed was born in Praga, a district of Warsaw, Poland. At 14, she joined Jewish Labor Bund and in 1942 the Jewish Combat Organization. Vladka’s mother, brother, and sister died in Treblinka extermination camp. Vladka and her future husband Benjamin Meed pretended to be Aryans and helped organize the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. They married in 1945 and survived both the Holocaust and World War II. They arrived in the US in 1946 with $8 between them. In 1981, they founded the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors. From Wikipedia Photo by YouTube
The African-Americans Who Made Israel Their Home
Black Hebrews (2008): Watch the story of African-Americans who immigrated to Israel in the sixties
Ben Ammi Ben Israel, spiritual leader of the African Hebrew Israelites of … in Chicago, and was a co-founder of the Abeta Hebrew Culture Center.
Ben Ammi Ben-Israel (Hebrew: בן עמי בן-ישראל) (October 12, 1939 – December 27, 2014) Born as Ben Carter in the United States of America. He was the founder and spiritual leader of the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem.
Ben Ammi grew up in Chicago. A co-worker introduced him to the idea that African Americans are descendants of the Biblical Israelites. In his early twenties Carter was given the name Ben Ammi Ben-Israel by Rabbi Reuben of the Congregation of Ethopian Hebrews. In 1963 Ben Ammi founded the A-Beta Hebrew Israel Cultural Center in Chicago in an attempt to organize the varied Black Hebrew Israelite groups in the city. From Wikipedia
Jonathan D. Sarna (born 10 January, 1955) is the Joseph H. and Belle R. Braun Professor of American Jewish History in the department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studiesat Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts and director of its Hornstein Jewish Professional Leadership Program
He is the son of Hebrew College librarian Helen Horowitz Sarna, and biblical scholar Nahum Sarna. Born in Philadelphia, and raised in New York and Newton Centre, Massachusetts, Sarna attended Brandeis University, Hebrew College in Newton Centre, Massachusetts, Mercaz HaRav Kook in Jerusalem, Israel and Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, where he obtained his doctorate in 1979 /Foto youtube/.
Carolyn Starman Hessel, Jewish world’s book maven, turns the page
Jonathan Sarna, a professor of Jewish history who has written or edited … said that Hessel has givenAmerican Jewish writers “a home base within the ..
General Grant and the Jews: A Lecture by Jonathan Sarna
Delivered at Columbia University on October 3, 2011. Co-sponsored by the Friends of the Columbia Libraries to celebrate an endowment from Norman E. Alexander for the enrichment of Jewish Studies at Columbia University.
Dr. Jonathan Sarna
Cleveland Jewish News (blog)
175 BCE(Tevet 3585): This day marked the completion of the Septuagint translation of the Bible into the Greek language. According to a letter from
She was born around 1890 in Kovno (today Kaunas,) Lithuania (her birth record was lost with her departure for the U.S. in 1901,) the youngest of four …
On December 28, 1235, the residents of the town of Fulda, today in Hesse state in central Germany, rose up against their Jewish neighbors, burning …
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250), was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. His political and cultural ambitions, based in Sicily and stretching through Italy to Germany, and even to Jerusalem, were enormous; however, his enemies, especially the popes, prevailed, and his dynasty collapsed soon after his death. Historians have searched for superlatives to describe him, as in the case of Professor Donald Detwiler, who wrote: From Wikipedia
Kristallnacht in the City of Fulda
Arnold Goldschmidt was born in Fulda, Germany, in 1922. Arrested during Kristallnacht, he was deported to Buchenwald concentration camp, where he was subjected to a brutal regime of forced labor and beatings. Arnold was eventually released and returned to his hometown of Fulda. He was later sent on a children’s transport to Holland, where he lived in different children’s homes. Immigrating to the United States, he later enlisted in the US Army. Arnold Goldschmidt immigrated to Israel in 1966.
This video is part of “It Came From Within… Exhibition Marking the Events of Kristallnacht”http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhib…
The Media King – Frederick II of Prussia | Arts.21
Pauline M. Newman (October 18, 1887 – April 8, 1986) was an American labor activist. She is best remembered as the first female general organizer of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) and for six decades of work as the education director of the ILGWU Health Center.
Pauline M. Newman was born in Kaunas, in present-day Lithuania, in the early 1890s. She was the youngest of four children. Her father was a teacher and her mother sold produce in the local market. 
Newman fought for her early education. The local public school refused Jews, and Jewish schools refused women. She convinced her father to let her sit in on his classes. She learned to read and write in Hebrew and Yiddish. She also challenged the custom of dividing the congregation along gender lines.  Following the death of her father, Newman, her mother and sisters moved to New York City where her older brother had settled. At age nine, Newman went to work in a brush factory. At 11 she took a job at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory. Disturbed by the miserable conditions, Newman was drawn to the Socialist Party through the popular Yiddish newspaper the Jewish Daily Forward. At age fifteen, she joined a Socialist Literary Society, and organized after-work study groups at the Triangle factory. These became the basis for the women’s unions she would soon organize.From Wikipedia
Richard Newman Speaking at Pauline Newman’s Funeral Stone Unveiling Ceremony
In Jewish tradition, about one year after a person’s death, they put up a funeral stone and have a short ceremony where people speak about memories of the deceased. In this, Richard Newman speaks about the time that he and his brother, Yakov, spent with their mother, Pauline.
Simeon bar Yochai, (Aramaic: רבן שמעון בר יוחאי, Rabban Shimon bar Yochai), also known by his acronym Rashbi, was a 1st-century tannaitic sage in ancient Israel, said to be active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. He was one of the most eminent disciples of Rabbi Akiva, and is pseudepigraphically attributed by many Orthodox Jews with the authorship of the Zohar, the chief work of Kabbalah.
In addition, important legal homilies called Sifre and Mekhilta are attributed to him (not to be confused with the Mekhilta d’Rabbi Ishmael, of which much of the text is the same). In the Mishnah, in which he is the fourth-most mentioned sage, he is often referred to as simply “Rabbi Shimon.” 
According to popular legend, he and his son, Rabbi Eleazar b. Simeon were noted Kabbalists. Both figures are held in unique reverence by kabbalistic tradition. They were buried in the same tomb in Meron, Israel, which is visited by thousands year round.From Wikipedia
Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai Jewish Biography as History Dr. Henry Abramson
Emerging from a cave after twelve years of isolated Torah study, Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai went on to become one of ancient Israel’s most celebrated Kabbalists and a leader of the Jewish people. Part of the Jewish Biography as History series by Dr. Henry Abramson, more available at http://www.jewishhistorylectures.org.
Coming less than 15 years after the end of the Holocaust, this expression of anti-Jewishhatred in Germany was noted internationally, even though the …
Plaza Mayor in Lima, Peru, July 2004. This was the site of executions carried out during the Inquisition. Photo by Wikimedia Commons / Håkan …
The Pogroms of 1881-1884: This Week in Jewish History with Dr. Henry Abramson
Henry Abramson discusses the pogroms of 1881-1884 in the Russian Empire and their implications for Jewish History.
December 22, 1822, is the birthdate of Gerson von Bleichroeder, the German-Jewishbanker who was a close adviser and confidant to Otto von …
Gerson von Bleichröder (22 December 1822 – 18 February 1893) was a Jewish German banker.
Bleichröder was born in Berlin. He was the eldest son of Samuel Bleichröder, who founded the banking firm of S. Bleichröder in 1803 in Berlin. Gerson first joined the family business in 1839. In 1855 upon the death of his father, Gerson became the head of the banking firm. The bank maintained close contacts with the Rothschild family; the banking house of Bleichröder acted as a branch office in Berlin of the Rothschilds’ bank.
Traditionally, the Rothschilds represented the banking interests of the Austrian-controlled German Confederation in Europe. In the conflict between the rapidly rising and expanding nation of Prussia and the “pro-Austrian” German Confederation, the Rothschild Bank was largely caught in an uncomfortable position in the middle of the conflict.,,,,
Emma Goldman was born in Kovno (today Kaunas, Lithuania), in the … Emma studied, and excelled, at a Jewish primary school in Königsberg. Later …
A clip of the famous immigrant anarchist facilitator and organizer.
From the documentary “Anarchism in America” (1983) by Pacific Street Films.
Emma Goldman (June 27 [O.S. June 15], 1869 – May 14, 1940) was an anarchist known for her political activism, writing, and speeches. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the 20th century.,,,,,,,,,,
Emma Goldman’s Orthodox Jewish family lived in the Lithuanian city of Kaunas (called Kovno at the time, part of the Russian Empire). Goldman’s mother Taube Bienowitch had been married before, to a man with whom she had two daughters—Helena in 1860 and Lena in 1862. When her first husband died of tuberculosis, Taube was devastated. Goldman later wrote: “Whatever love she had had died with the young man to whom she had been married at the age of fifteen.”,,,,,,,,,,,From Wikipedia