Section This Day, In Jewish History : 24JEWISH ALERTS large selection in each section


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This Day in Jewish History / Bibi’s father and ideological compass is born

This Day in Jewish History / Bibi’s father and ideological compass is born. Benzion Netanyahu lived in the U.S. and Israel and developed a dark view …

Professor Ben Zion Netanyahu 100 years honored by Benjamin

Ben Zion Netanyahu honored and grandson Avner enters as finalist in world bible youth contest. The Netanyahu family is inspiring and we are all proud of the honor they bring Jews all over the world.

Benzion Netanyahu 2007.jpgBenzion Netanyahu

From Wikipedia

Benzion Netanyahu (Hebrew: בֶּנְצִיּוֹן נְתַנְיָהוּ, IPA: [ˈbentsijon netanˈjahu]; born Benzion Mileikowsky ; March 25, 1910 – April 30, 2012)[2][3] was an Israeli Professor of History at Cornell University. A scholar of Judaic history, he was also an activist in theRevisionist Zionism movement, who lobbied in the United States to support the creation of the Jewish state. His field of expertise was the history of the Jews in Spain, and he served as an editor of the Hebrew Encyclopedia. He spent a significant portion of his life in the United States. Though he became Ze’ev Jabotinsky’s personal secretary, he never got involved directly in Israeli politics. One of his sons is Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Benzion Mileikowsky (later Netanyahu) was born in Warsaw in partitioned Poland which was under Russian control, to Sarah (Lurie) and the writer and Zionist activist Nathan Mileikowsky.

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The Mike Wallace Interview: Erich Fromm (1958-05-25)

The Mike Wallace Interview: Erich Fromm (1958-05-25)

Erich Fromm, psychoanalyst and social critic, talks to Wallace about society, materialism, relationships, government, religion, and happiness.

This Day in Jewish History / A psychoanalyst who couldn’t understand war is born

This Day in Jewish History / A psychoanalyst who couldn’t understand war is … “The irrationality of human behavior impressed me in this way, and I …

File:Erich Fromm .jpgErich Fromm

From Wikipedia,

Erich Seligmann Fromm (German: [fʀɔm]; March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst,sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with what became known as the Frankfurt School ofcritical theory.[1]

Erich Fromm was born on March 23, 1900, at Frankfurt am Main, the only child of Orthodox Jewish parents. He started his academic studies in 1918 at the University of Frankfurt am Main with two semesters of jurisprudence. During the summer semester of 1919, Fromm studied at the University of Heidelberg, where he began studying sociology under Alfred Weber (brother of the better known sociologist Max Weber), psychiatrist-philosopher Karl Jaspers, and Heinrich Rickert. Fromm received his PhD in sociology from Heidelberg in 1922. During the mid-1920s, he trained to become a psychoanalyst through Frieda Reichmann’s psychoanalytic sanatorium in Heidelberg. He began his own clinical practice in 1927. In 1930 he joined the Frankfurt Institute for Social Researchand completed his psychoanalytical training.  Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

Jamaica hopes Jewish tourism can help fading community

The Detroit News
“I had to see this temple for myself,” said the tourist, Melissa Solomon, a former Hebrewteacher … Jamaica’s Jewish community is tightly knit with a strong sense of history — in large part … “I hope to be a Jew until the day I die.”.

History of the Jews in Jamaica

From Wikipedia,

The history of the Jews in Jamaica predominantly dates back to migrants from Portugal and Spain to the island since 1494.

The first Jews came to the island during the Spanish occupation of the Island, 1494-1655. These Jews came from Spain and Portugal. They fled because of the Spanish inquisition. To conceal their identity they referred to themselves as “Portuguese” or “Spanish” and practiced their religion secretly. At the time of the British conquest of the island in 1655, General venables recorded the presence of many “Portuguese” in Jamaica.

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File:Monty Alexander.jpg

Notable Jamaican Jews:

Jewish in Jamaica: Hannah Levy

Interview with a Jamaican woman in Negril, Jamaica. While shopping a woman heard me say Moshe and we explained that it was the Hebrew word for Moses and her eyes just lit up with excitement. Be’chol Lashon

Jews of Jamaica


Life to the Max Show #66 – “Hardwood History”

Senda Berenson is the mother of Womens Basketball. The sport started in 1892, at Smith College. These are just two of the important facts you would learn if you made a pilgrimage to the Womens Basketball Hall of Fame in Knoxville, Tennessee.

This Day in Jewish History / The woman who thought nice women could play basketball is born

Senda Berenson overcame frailness to engage in sports, and thought proper women should play basketball too – albeit politely, and only in the 

File:Senda Berenson.jpgSenda Berenson Abbott

From Wikipedia

Senda Berenson Abbott (March 19, 1868, Butrimonys, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire to a Lithuanian Jewish family – February 16, 1954) was a pioneer of women’s basketball, authoring the first Basketball Guide for Women (1901–07). She was inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor on July 1, 1985, the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1987,[1] and into the Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame in 1999,,,,

Born as Senda Valvrojenski, she immigrated to the United States when she was seven years old.[4] Her parents were Albert and Judith Valvrojenski. When Senda was born, she had an older brother Bernard. She would later have another younger brother and two younger sisters.[5] Albert Valvrojenski grew up following an educational track of classical Jewish learning and at one time contemplated becoming a rabbi. However, he gradually became a practitioner of Haskalah  Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / The first Jewish citizen of Prussia is born

But despite personal success and freedoms accorded to Daniel Itzig for helping King Frederick the Great, within two generations none of his …

File:Daniel Itzig.jpegDaniel Itzig

From Wikipedia,

Daniel Itzig (also known as Daniel Yoffe 18 March 1723 in Berlin – 17 May 1799 in Potsdam) was a Court Jew of Kings Frederick II the Great and Frederick William II of Prussia.

Itzig was born in Berlin. His family was mercantile; His wife Miriam’s ancestors included Rabbi Moses Isserles of Cracow and Joseph ben Mordechai Gershon.[1] Itzig was a banker in partnership with Feitel (Efraim) Heine. Together they owned factories for oil and lead. During the Seven Years’ War he assisted Frederick the Great. Following the war he was appointed in 1756 Master of the Mint,[2] and was made the Prussian court banker by Frederick’s successor, Frederick William II in 1797.Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange



This Day in Jewish History / The first passenger to cross the Atlantic by nonstop flight is born

This Day in Jewish History / The first passenger to cross the Atlantic by … flight, just days after Charles Lindbergh’s historic solo flight landed in Paris.

Bellanca WB-2 “Columbia”, 1927  Transatlantic flight 4th – 6th June 1927 from New York to Eisleben in Germany,,  Photo by Wikipedia

Charles A. Levine

From Wikipedia

Charles Albert Levine (March 17, 1897 – December 6, 1991) was the first passenger aboard a transatlantic flight.[1] He was ready to cross the Atlantic to claim the Orteig prize but a court battle over who was going to be in the airplane allowed Charles Lindbergh to leave first.

Levine was born on March 17, 1897, in North Adams, Massachusetts. He joined his father in selling scrap metal, later forming his own company buying and recycling World War I surplus brass shell casings.[1] By 1927, at age 30, he was a millionaire.

File:Stultz and Levine after returning from Havana in 1928.jpg

Wilmer Stultz and Charles A. Levine after returning from Havana in 1928.  Photo by Wikipedia   Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / Lawyer to Wall Street A-list, who would identify the Nazi t

hreat for what

They were, in fact, the first and only Jewish firm operating on Wall Street toward the end of the 19th century; after Randolph Guggenheimer’s death in …
File:Garden in Untermyer Park, Yonkers, NY.JPG

Untermyer Gardens

Untermyer Gardeners is a 43 acres historic park overlooking the Hudson River in Yonkers, New York. Originally developed as the home of Samuel Untermyer, the Walled Garden includes Water features, Corner Towers, Amphitheater, Round Temple, Sculptures, Terraces, and more. Other gardens and features include a Temple of Love, Vista Walk, Ruins, Rough Hiking Trails, Memorial, and facilities. A great place for a trip.

Samuel Untermyer cph.3b34313.jpgSamuel Untermyer

From Wikipedia,

Samuel Untermyer (March 6, 1858 – March 16, 1940, although some sources cite March 2, 1858,[1] and even others, June 6, 1858[2] also known as Samuel Untermeyer[3]) was an American lawyer and civic leader as well as a millionaire. He was born inLynchburg, Virginia but after the death of his father the rest of the family moved to New York, where he studied law. After admission to the bar, he soon gained fame as a lawyer, focusing on corporate law, and became a staunch advocate of stock marketregulations, government ownership of railroads, and various legal reforms. He was also as a civic leader, frequently attending theDemocratic National Convention as a delegate. An active Zionist Untermyer was an able advocated for the Zionist liberation movement and was President of the Keren Hayesod, the agency through which the movement was conducted in America.

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This Day in Jewish History / The short Jew who invented the Harlem Globetrotters passes on

These were the days before the National Basketball Association, when teams had to fend for themselves, rustling up the competition and the

The Harlem Globetrotters: Biography – 1 – 5

Abe Saperstein.jpegAbe Saperstein

From Wikipedia

Abraham M. Saperstein (July 4, 1902 – March 15, 1966) was an owner and coach of the Savoy Big Five, which later became theHarlem Globetrotters. He was born in London, England to a Jewish family.[1]

Saperstein was the commissioner of the American Basketball League, which he founded in 1961 after repeatedly being denied an NBA expansion franchise. He also owned the Chicago Majors team in that league.[2] In an effort to differentiate the ABL from the NBA and promote it, Saperstein introduced the three-point shot. Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange


This Day in Jewish History / Nazis begin their final assault on Krakow Ghetto

This Day in Jewish History / Nazis begin their final assault on Krakow … Some able Jews were spared for labor, including in Oskar Schindler’s plant, …

Scene from Schindler’s List movie- The liquidation of the Krakow ghetto.

This scene depicts the start of the liquidation of the Krakow, Poland ghetto by the Nazis. Steven Speilberg had to make some artistic choices when he filmed this. He could have shot it so that the entire liquidation was filmed in such a way that no gruesome or graphic horror was shown. He also could have and some people think he did film it to show the horror and terror very graphically. We may be talking about taste here. What is your viewpoint about how he shot the scene? How well did he show the horror? What parts were the most horrific to you as a viewer? Keep in mind that horror can be conveyed by lighting, color, action, background music and camera angle, all while not necessarily showing bodies, and death itself. Is there a line where god taste ends or begins?


The Liquidation of the Krakow Ghetto – Max Richter “Last Days” / scene from “Schindler’s List” [HD]

The Krakow Ghetto was one of five major, metropolitan Jewish ghettos created by Nazi Germany in the new General Government territory during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. It was created for the purpose of exploitation, terror, and persecution of local Polish Jews, as well as the

File:Krakow Ghetto 06694.jpg

Kraków Ghetto

From Wikipedia

The Kraków Ghetto was one of five major, metropolitan Jewish ghettos created by Nazi Germany in the new General Governmentterritory during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. It was created for the purpose of exploitation, terror, and persecution of local Polish Jews, as well as the staging area for separating the “able workers” from those who would later be deemed unworthy of life. The Ghetto was liquidated between June 1942 and March 1943, with most of its inhabitants sent toBełżec extermination camp and Płaszów slave-labor camp,[1] and exterminated also at the Auschwitz concentration camp, 60kilometres distance. Photos by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / Rhode Island court denies citizenship to non-Protestants

Former converso Aaron Lopez made his fortune trading everything from spermaceti to slaves, but his religion made him unwanted in the colony.

Aaron López 2.jpgAaron Lopez

From Wikipedia

Aaron Lopez (1731–1782), born Duarte Lopez, was a Portuguese Jewish merchant and philanthropist. Through his varied commercial ventures, he became the wealthiest person in Newport, Rhode Island, in British America. In 1761 and 1762, Lopez unsuccessfully sued the Colony of Rhode Island for citizenship.

Duarte Lopez was born in 1731 in Lisbon, Portugal.[1] He belonged to a family of conversos who professed Catholicism while theycontinued to practice Judaism in secret.[2] In 1750 Lopez married a woman named Anna, and within two years the couple had a daughter, Catherine.[1] Photo by Wikipedia   Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / Is there a nurse at the kid’s school? Thank Lillian Wald
There, Lillian attended Miss Cruttenden’s English-French Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies. Although the family belonged to the local B’rith …

clip-Lillian Wald

Lillian Wald

From Wikipedia

Lillian D. Wald (March 10, 1867 – September 1, 1940) was an American nurse, humanitarian and author. She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing.[1] She founded the Henry Street Settlement and was an early advocate for nursing in schools.,,,,,

Wald was born into a German-Jewish middle-class family in Cincinnati, Ohio; her father was an optical dealer. In 1878, she moved with her family to Rochester, New York. She attended Miss Cruttenden’s English-French Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies. She applied to Vassar College at the age of 16, but the school thought that she was too young. In 1889, she attended New York Hospital’s School of Nursing. She graduated from the New York Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1891, then took courses at the Woman’s Medical College.[2]Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange


Lillian Wald

Lillian Wald

Sam Simon

From Wikipedia,

Samuel Michael “Sam” Simon (June 6, 1955 – March 8, 2015) was an American director, producer, writer, boxing manager and philanthropist. While at Stanford University, Simon worked as a newspaper cartoonist and after graduating became a storyboard artist at Filmation Studios. Simon submitted a spec script for the sitcom Taxi, which was produced, and later became the series’showrunner. Over the next few years, Simon wrote and produced for Cheers, It’s Garry Shandling’s Show and other programs, as well as writing the 1991 film The Super.

Simon was born Samuel Michael Simon on June 6, 1955 in Los Angeles, California, United States.[3] He grew up in Beverly Hills,[2][4] and Malibu.[1] Simon’s family lived oppositeGroucho Marx.[5] Simon’s father was a cheap clothing manufacturer and was of Estonian Jewish heritage.[6][5] Simon had a childhood which has been described as “comfortable”[7] and “privileged”.[4] Although his parents wanted Simon to become a lawyer,[5] Simon was interested in art from a young age, appearing on televised local art programs at the age of five.[1] Photo by youtubeRead More Button--orange

Sam Simon, Co-Creator of “The Simpsons,” Is Dead at 59

Sam Simon, co-creator of The Simpsons died on Sunday in Los Angeles. The 59-year-old had battled colon cancer since 2012.

This Day in Jewish History / Birth of professor who saw television for what it was

Neil Postman, humanist, writer and educator who wouldn’t publish academic papers, saw culture as struggle between ‘Athenians’ and ‘Visigoths.’.

Neil Postman – technology is no substitute for human values

Neil Postman offers a critique of our modern philosophical condition by challenging our widely held assumptions concerning education, technology and media. His new book is called “Building a Bridge to the Nineteenth Century”. (Original broadcast 2000)

Neil Postman

From Wikipedia,  Photo by youtube

Neil Postman (March 8, 1931 – October 5, 2003) was an American author, media theorist and cultural critic, who is best known by the general public for his 1985 book about television, Amusing Ourselves to Death. For more than forty years, he was associated with New York University. Postman was a humanist, who believed that “new technology can never substitute for human values”.

Postman was born in New York City, where he would spend most of his life.[1] In 1953, he graduated from State University of New York at Fredonia where he played basketball.[2][3] At Teachers College, Columbia University he was awarded a master’s degree in 1955 and an Ed.D in 1958.[2] In 1959, he began teaching at New York University(NYU). Read More Button--orange

Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam, Netherlands     Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Reflections on a visit to Jewish Amsterdam

Jerusalem Post Israel News
AMSTERDAM, WITH SOME 750,000 citizens, is rich with culture, history, … had to enter their community day school with armed guards standing outside. … a positive, in contrast to their mother, who was horrified by the need for this …
Map for Jewish Amsterdam    Photo by GOOGLE

History of the Jews in Amsterdam

From Wikipedia

Amsterdam has historically been the center of the Dutch Jewish community, and has had a continuing Jewish community for the last 370 years.[1] Amsterdam is also known under the name “Mokum”, given to the city by its Jewish inhabitants (“Mokum” is Yiddish for “town”, derived from the Hebrew “makom”, which literally means “place”). Although theHolocaust deeply affected the Jewish community, killing some 80% of the some 80,000 Jews at time present in Amsterdam, since then the community has managed to rebuild a vibrant and living Jewish life for its approximately 15,000 present members. The former Mayor of Amsterdam, Job Cohen, is Jewish. Cohen was runner-up for the award of World

Permanent Jewish life in Amsterdam began with the arrival of pockets of Marranos and Sephardic Jews at the end of the 15th, and beginning of the 16th century. Although many Sephardim (so-called Spanish Jews) had been expelled from Spain and Portugal in 1492 after the fall of Muslim Granada.

From 1497, others remained in the Iberian peninsula, practising Judaism in secret. The newly independent Dutch provinces provided an ideal opportunity for these crypto-Jews to re-establish themselves and practise their religion openly, and they migrated, most notably to Amsterdam. Collectively, they brought trading influence to the city as they established in Amsterdam.   Photo by Wikipedia   Read More Button--orange

History of the Jews in the Netherlands 1900-the present day

Permanent exhibition on the history of the Jews in the Netherlands 1900-the present day at the Jewish Historical Museum in Amsterdam.

ruth weiss – Exclusive Interview

ruth weiss discusses her life as a poet.

This Day in Jewish History / Journalist’s journey ends in adoptive home of China

Love brought Ruth Weiss to China, but she would stay there because of the Holocaust and, later, because she had adopted communist ideology.

Ruth Weiss

From Wikipedia

Ruth F. Weiss, also known as Wèi Lùshī (魏璐诗) (December 11, 1908 – March 6, 2006), was a Jewish Austrian-Chinese educator, journalist, and lecturer. She was the last surviving European eyewitness of the Chinese Communist Revolution and the beginnings of the People’s Republic of China.

Weiss was born in Vienna, and graduated in German and English Studies from the University of Vienna. In 1933 she travelled to Shanghai, a city that before World War IIattracted many European émigrés including revolutionaries from the Spanish Civil War, Jews and other refugees escaping the Nazis. She decided to stay, as did many others, and became fascinated by the social and political goals of the unfolding Chinese Revolution.

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Who Was Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson? Jewish Biography as History

Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson, also known as “Der Frierdiker Rebbe” (The Earlier Rebbe) to distinguish him from his successor, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, was the sixth leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. Living in tumultuous times, he shifted the center of the movement from its Eastern European origins to its current headquarters in the United States. Part of the Jewish Biography as History Series, more available at

This Day in Jewish History / The Jewish grand vizier to the Mongol monarch is murdered

The Islamic people living under Ilkhanid rule never did like having an infidel dog in power, let alone one as skillful in tax collection as Sa’d al-Dawla.

Sa’ad al-Dawla

From Wikipedia

Sa’ad al-Dawla ibn Hibbat Allah ibn Muhasib Ebheri (Arabic: سعد الدولة بن هبة الله بن محاسب ابهري‎) (c. 1240 – March 5, 1291) was a Jewish physician and statesman in thirteenth-century Persia. He was grand vizier from 1289 to 1291 under the Mongolian Ilkhan in Persia, Arghun Khan. According to Abu al-Faraj, Sa’ad was father-in-law of the prefect of Baghdad. Sa’ad held a position in the treasury department, where he so distinguished himself that the Mongolian governor was jealous and recommended him to court as a physician. Here Sa’ad made a friend of Ordu Kia, a powerful general, and through his influence was sent to collect the arrears of taxes in Baghdad. He was so successful in raising money that Arghun appointed him assistant (musharrif) in the department of finances at Baghdad, Ordu Kia being appointed military governor, or emir, of that province. Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

Arghun was a Buddhist, but as did most Turco-Mongols, he showed great tolerance for all faiths, even allowing Muslims to be judged under Koranic law. His grand vizier and minister of finance, Sa’ad al-Dawla, was a Jew. Sa’ad was effective in restoring order to the Ilkhanate’s government, in part by aggressively denouncing the abuses of the Mongol military leaders


From the 14th century Universal History by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, an image representing Arghun (standing, holding his son Ghazan) under a royal umbrella. Beside him is his fatherAbaqa on a horse.

Yiddish Theater

From PBS series on Jewish Americans – excellent piece on Yiddish Theater. Aired in January 2008

The Yiddish theater Great Selection!

This Day in Jewish History / ‘Trashy’ Yiddish playwright of dubious character dies

Did Moshe Horowitz really convert to Christianity, or was that an evil tale spread by his haters? Whatever the case, he didn’t mind utilizing the rumor …

File:Thalia theatre.jpgYiddish theatre

From Wikipedia

Yiddish theatre consists of plays written and performed primarily by Jews in Yiddish, the language of the Central EuropeanAshkenazi Jewish community. The range of Yiddish theatre is broad: operetta, musical comedy, and satiric or nostalgic revues;melodrama; naturalist drama; expressionist and modernist plays. At its height, its geographical scope was comparably broad: from the late 19th century until just before World War II, professional Yiddish theatre could be found throughout the heavily Jewish areas of Eastern and East Central Europe, but also in Berlin, London, Paris and New York City.

Yiddish theatre’s roots include the often satiric plays traditionally performed during religious holiday of Purim (known as Purim spiels); other masquerades such as the Dance of Death; the singing of cantors in the synagogues; Jewish secular song and dramatic improvisation; exposure to the theatre traditions of various European countries, and the Jewish literary culture that had grown in the wake of the Jewish enlightenment (Haskalah).  Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

פורים תל אביב שנת 1930- תהלוכת פורים “העדלאידע” שנות ה-30 ת”א

בשנות ה 30 הפך חג פורים לחגה של ת”א, כאשר הוחלט על הקמת העדלאידע [ע”פ הפסוק התלמודי: ” עד דלא ידע בין ארור המן לברוך מרדכי”]. הייתה זו תהלוכת קרנבל פורים גדושת מסכות ותחפושות, אליה נהרו אלפי אנשים מן הישובים והכפרים שבא”י וגם תיירים יהודיים רבים מארצות רחוקות. האוירה בעיר הייתה מלאת שמחה והומור, חגיגיות של התחדשות והתפעמות

ראיון מיוחד עם מנחם בגין מתוך זהו זה 1979 (המרות ארכיון)

בראיון נדיר עם מיכאל דק, פונה ראש הממשלה מנחם בגין לילדי ישראל ומבקש מהם לקיים את צבאנו כצבא חזק, ויחד עם זאת, לשמור ולהמשיך את תהליך השלום עם כל שכנינו. מתוך פרק היסטורי של זהו זה שהומר במסגרת פרוייקט הדיגיטציה של חינוכית, אשר צולם לכבוד חתימת הסכם השלום בין ישראל למצרים בשנת 1979

This Day in Jewish History / The people of Erfurt slaughter the Jews

This Day in Jewish History / The people of Erfurt slaughter the Jews. As the Black Plague devastated Europe, the popes ruled that the Jews weren’t …

Jüdisches Leben in Erfurt

Pope recognizes first Italian martyr for helping Jews during the Holocaust Odoardo Focherini was an Italian newspaper editor and a father of seven. During World War II, he helped hundreds of Jews escape Nazi persecution by giving them false documents to cross the Swiss border to safety. .

Erfurt massacre (1349)

From Wikipedia,

The Erfurt massacre refers to the massacre of the Jewish community in Erfurt, Germany, on March 21, 1349.[1] Accounts of the number of Jews killed in the massacre vary from over 100 to 1000 to approximately 3000,[2][3] and some Jews set fire to their homes and possessions and perished in the flames before they could be lynched.[4] The many Black Death persecutions and massacres that occurred in France and Germany at that time were sometimes in response to accusations that the Jews were responsible for outbreaks of the Black Death, and other times justified by the belief that killing the local Jews would prevent the spread of the Black Death to that locale.[5] Although these beliefs, and the accompanying massacres, were frequently encouraged by local bishops or itinerant Flagellants, the Catholic Church, including Pope Clement VI under whom the Flagellants and the Black Death began, and his successor, Innocent VI, were firmly against it. In a papal bull condemning the Flagellant movement in late 1349, Pope Clement VI criticized “shedding the blood of Jews” among their other objectionable activities.[6] Erfurt later suffered the ravages of the Black Plague, where over 16,000 residents died during a ten-week period in 1350. Photo by Wikimedia Commons Read More Button--orange


Die Alte Synagoge in der Waagegasse – Erfurt, Thüringen, Deutschland

Erfurt Synagogue

From Wikipedia

The Erfurt Synagogue in Erfurt, Germany, was built c. 1100. It is thought to be the oldest synagogue building still standing in Europe.[1][2] It is used as a museum and permanently houses the Erfurt Treasure.Read More Button--orange


Leonard Nimoy Dead: Spock of ‘Star Trek’ Dies at 83 | The New York Times

Leonard Nimoy, best known for playing the character Spock in the Star Trek television shows and films, died at 83.

File:Leonard Nimoy William Shatner Star Trek 1968.JPGLeonard Nimoy

From Wikipedia,

Leonard Simon Nimoy (/ˈnmɔɪ/; March 26, 1931 – February 27, 2015) was an American actor, film director, poet, singer and photographer. He was known for his role as Spock in the original Star Trek series (1966–69), and in multiple film, television and video game sequels.[1]

Nimoy began his career in his early twenties, teaching acting classes in Hollywood and making minor film and television appearances through the 1950s, as well as playing the title role in Kid Monk Baroni. Foreshadowing his fame as a semi-alien, he played Narab, one of three Martian invaders in the 1952 movie serial Zombies of the Stratosphere.

Leonard Simon Nimoy was born on March 26, 1931 in the West End[7] of Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Yiddish-speaking Orthodox Jewish immigrants from Iziaslav, Soviet Union (now Ukraine).[8][9][10] His parents left Iziaslav separately—his father first walking over the border into Poland—and reunited in the United States.[11] His mother, Dora (née Spinner), was a homemaker, and his father, Max Nimoy, owned a barbershop in the Mattapan section of the city. Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / The prodigy from Kobryn goes to die with his flock

This Day in Jewish History / The prodigy from Kobryn goes to die with his … the last chief rabbi of Kovno (today Kaunas), Lithuania, died at age 69

Avraham Duber Kahana Shapiro.jpgAvraham Duber Kahana Shapiro

From Wikipedia,

Rabbi Avraham Dov-Ber Kahana Shapiro (also spelled Shapira) (1870–1943) was the last Chief Rabbi of Lithuania and the author of the three-volume work entitled Devar Avraham.

He was born in 1873[1] to R’ Shlomo Zalman Sender, on Motzaei Yom Kippur, in the city of Kobryn. R’ Avraham was a descendant of R’Chaim Volozhin.He studied in the famed Volozhin Yeshiva, and was known as the illui m’kobrin, “the genius from Kobryn.” The first volume of his magnum opus, the Devar Avraham, was published in 1906 when he was thirty-five years old.[1]

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File:Bostonerrebbe.jpgLevi Yitzchak Horowitz

From Wikipedia

Levi Yitzchak HeLevi Horowitz (born 3 July 1921, Boston, Massachusetts,[1] died 5 December 2009, Jerusalem[2]) was a rabbi and the second rebbe of the Boston Hasidic dynasty founded by his father, Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz. He was the first American-born Hasidic rebbe[3] and a champion of Orthodox Jewish outreach, reaching out to many students in the Boston area through hisNew England Chassidic Center. He was also the founder of ROFEH International, a community-based medical referral and hospitality liaison support agency

Horowitz’s parents were Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz and Sora Sosha Horowitz. His father, founder of the Boston Hasidic dynasty, died in November 1941. On 17 November 1942[1] he married Raichel Unger Leifer of Cleveland, Ohio,[5][6] daughter of Rabbi Naftali Unger, av beis din of Neumarkt[1] and a descendant of Rabbi Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz.

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Rabbi Levi Yitzhak Horowitz

Rabbi Levi Yitzhak Horowitz, better known as the Bostoner Rebbe, passed away Saturday after struggling to recover from the cardiac arrest he suffered during the summer.

Funeral Of Levi Eshkol (1969)

Jerusalem. Various shots of public filing past coffin of Israel’s third Prime Minister, Levi Eshkol, as it lays in state in front of Parliament building. Seen among mourners is his widow Mrs Miriam Eshkol. Various shots at Mount Herzl Cemetery where the Prime Minister will be buried in the State Heroes Section. A rifle salute is fired off over the flower bedecked coffin.

לוי אשכול סדרת גדולי העם היהודי – ארכיון המדינה Levi Eshkol Jewish sages series

Nasser and Eshkol: A Comparative Analysis of the Influence of Political Leaders in the Six-Day War

Ryan Dolin
POLI3020 Intl. Conflicts
Prof. Alla Rosca
March 2, 2010
Midterm Research Project

The aim of this project is to investigate the influence of political leaders on the Arab-Israeli Conflict, specifically the Six-Day War. An examination of the personal characteristics and foreign policy patterns of Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser will determine the influence of the leaders on all three levels of geopolitical analysis. The first objective of the project will be a breakdown of the two politicians distinct backgrounds and include a demonstration of their backgrounds influence on foreign policy. Next, the project will investigate the leaders roles in deciding to exercise hard power, intertwining personal choice with internal and external force; and finally, it will determine eachs contribution to conflict management in the brief dispute.

פגישת ראש עיריית רחובות ורעיות ניצה עם ראש הממשלה לוי אשכול ועם שמעון פרס,,,,Levi Eshkol with Shimon Peres (1963–68)

This Day in Jewish History / Levi Eshkol, unsung Israeli prime minister, dies

And so he held off, giving himself the reputation – one he has not shaken to this day – of being a ditherer and a weakling, when the very opposite was .

Levi Eshkol

From Wikipedia

 Levi Eshkol  (Hebrew: לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל; born Levi Shkolnik (Hebrew: לֵוִי שׁקוֹלנִיק) 25 October 1895 – 26 February 1969) served as the third Prime Minister of Israel from 1963 until his death from a heart attack in 1969. He was the first Israeli Prime

Levi Eshkol (Shkolnik) was born in the shtetl of Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (now Orativ, Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine). His mother (born as Dvora Krasnyanskaya) came from a Hasidic background and his father (Joseph Shkolnik) came from a family ofMitnagdim. Eshkol received a traditional Jewish education in Vilna (now Vilnius, Lithuania).

In 1914, he left for Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire. He was a leading member of the Judea Workers’ Union in 1915–17. During World War I, he volunteered with the Jewish Legion. Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange


Henny Youngman: King of the One-Liners

This Day in Jewish History / ‘Take my wife… please’ comedian passes on

After realizing that hens lay eggs and weren’t a great metaphor for his career, the London-born comic would change his name – and thus Henny …

Henny Youngman.jpgHenny Youngman

From Wikipedia,

Henry “Henny” Youngman (original Yiddish surname Yungman;[1] 16 March 1906 – 24 February 1998) was a British-born American comedian and violinist famous for his mastery of the “one-liner”. His best known one-liner was “Take my wife…please”.

In a time when many comedians told elaborate anecdotes, Youngman’s routine consisted of telling simple one-liner jokes, occasionally with interludes of violin playing. These depicted simple, cartoon-like situations, eliminating lengthy build-ups and going straight to the punch line. He was known as “The King of the One Liners”, a title conferred to him by columnist Walter Winchell. A stage performance by Youngman lasted only fifteen to twenty minutes but contained dozens of jokes in rapid-fire succession. Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

Debbie Friedman – Mi Shebeirach (2001)

December 9, 2001 at Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA.
With: David Bravo – piano, Jon Nelson – bass, Josh Nelson – drums.
Sign language – E.J. Cohen
Zichronah livrachah. May Debbie’s memory be a blessing.


Debbie Friedman peforming ,,,,,,,

This Day in Jewish History / Woman who changed Jewish liturgical music because she was bored

This Day in Jewish History / Woman who changed Jewish liturgical music … Coupled with several other medical problems, this led to much pain and .

File:Debbie Friedman.jpgDebbie Friedman

From Wikipedia,

Deborah Lynn “Debbie” Friedman (February 23, 1951 – January 9, 2011)[1][2][3][4] was an American singer-songwriter of Jewishreligious songs and melodies. She was born in Utica, New York, but moved with her family to Minnesota at age 6. She is best known for her setting of “Mi Shebeirach”,[4] the prayer for healing, which is used by hundreds of congregations across America.[2] Her songs were used by some Orthodox Jewish congregations, as well as non-Orthodox Jewish congregations.[5] Ms. Friedman was a feminist, and Orthodox Jewish feminist Blu Greenberg noted that while Ms. Friedman’s music impacted most on Reform and Conservative liturgy, “she had a large impact [in] Modern Orthodox shuls, women’s tefillah [prayer], the Orthodox feminist circles…. She was a religious bard and angel for the entire community.” Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange


Mitnagdim Hasidim Maskilim Cultural Geography of Jewish Eastern Europe Henry Abramson

History lecture delivered by Dr. Henry Abramson to the Broward County Jewish Genealogical Society on April 21, 2013. Presents overview of three principal intellectual orientations present in Jewish Eastern Europe during the 19th century: the traditionalist Mitnagdim, the innovative Hasidim, and the modernizing Maskilim.

This Day in Jewish History / Founder of medieval Hasidism dies

This Day in Jewish History / Founder of medieval Hasidism dies. The school of mystical thought flourished in western Germany, though it’s not entirely .

Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg

From Wikipedia,

Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg (1150 in Speyer – February 22, 1217[1] in Regensburg), also called HeHasid or ‘the Pious’ in Hebrew, was a leader of the Chassidei Ashkenaz, a movement of Jewish mysticism in Germany considered different from kabbalistic mysticism because it emphasizes specific prayer and moral conduct.

Judah settled in Regensburg in 1195. He wrote Sefer Hasidim (Book of the Pious), Sefer Gematriyot (a book on astrology) and Sefer Hakavod (Book of Glory), the latter has been lost and is only known by quotations that other authors have made from it. His most prominent students were Elazar Rokeach and Moses ben Jacob of Coucy.

udah was descended from an old family of kabbalists from Northern Italy that had settled in Germany. His grandfather Kalonymus was a scholar and parnas in Speyer (died 1126). His father Samuel, also called HeHasid (“the pious”), HaKadosh, and HaNabi,[2] was president of a bet ha-midrash in Speyer, and from him Judah, together with his brother Abraham, received his early instruction. Samuel[3] died while Judah was still young.[4] About 1195 the latter left his native place and settled in Regensburg (Ratisbon), on account of an “accident”[5] – most probably a ritual murder accusation Feb. 13 1195 (see e.g. Israel Yuval: Two Nations in Your Womb (2006) p. 171) and the following persecution experienced by the Jews of Speyer.Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

The Secrets of Jewish Brownsville

Jewish Daily Forward
What fewer people know is that Brownsville has a vibrant Jewish history: When … Thatday, dressed in a short navy rain jacket, khakis and brown lace-up … Members of this blackHebrew congregation are practicing Jews who are …

File:Street market - Brownsville - 1962.jpgBrownsville, Brooklyn

From Wikipedia

Brownsville is a residential neighborhood located in eastern Brooklyn, New York City. The total land area is 1.163 square miles (3.01 km2), and the ZIP codes for the neighborhood are 11212 and 11233. Brownsville is bordered by Atlantic Avenue to the north, on the Bedford–Stuyvesant and Bushwick border; East 98th Street/Ralph Avenue to the west, on the Flatbush, Weeksville, and Crown Heights borders; the freight rail Bay Ridge Branch of the Long Island Rail Road and Linden Boulevard to the south, adjacent to the neighborhood of Canarsie; and Van Sinderen Avenue to the east, next to East New York.[2] It is part of Brooklyn  Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

An Extensive Tour Of Brooklyn New York City By Bicycle

“The Education of Hyman Kaplan” NCFCA Humorous Interpretation

This Day in Jewish History / ‘Joys of Yiddish’ author Leo Rosten dies

Leo Calvin Rosten was born on April 11, 1908, in Lodz, then part of the Russian empire,today in Poland. He was the first of the two children of Samuel …

File:Leo Rosten 1959.JPGLeo Rosten

From Wikipedia

Leo Calvin Rosten (April 11, 1908 – February 19, 1997) was born in Łódź, Russian Empire (now Poland) and died in New York City. He was a teacher and academic, but is best known as a humorist in the fields of scriptwriting, storywriting, journalism and Yiddishlexicography.

Rosten was born into a Yiddish-speaking family in what is now Poland, but emigrated to the U.S. with his family in 1911 at age three. His parents were Samuel C. Rosenberg and Ida (Freundlich) Rosenberg, both trade unionists. They opened a knitting shop in the Greater Lawndale area of Chicago, where Rosten and his younger sister grew up among other working-class Jewish families. Like their neighbors, the children spoke both English and Yiddish. Rosten showed an interest in books and language very early, and began writing stories when he was only nine. He put himself through school and earned degrees from both the University of Chicago, where he obtained his doctorate, and the London School of Economics. Photo by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

Jewish History Manifesto by Dr. Henry Abramson

“Imagine that, while browsing in the library, you come across one book unlike the rest, which catches your eye because on its spine is written the name of your family. Intrigued, you open it and see many pages written by different hands in many languages. You start reading it, and gradually you begin to understand what it is. It i the story each generation of your ancestors has told for the sake of the next, so that everyone born into this family can learn where they came from, what happened to them, what they lived for and why. As you turn the pages, you reach the last, which carries no entry but a heading. It bears your name.” Jonathan Sacks, _A Letter in the Scroll_

This Day in Jewish History / The ‘mother’ of collective farming in the Land of Israel dies

Manya Shochat, a daring pioneer from the Second Aliya, also furthered the development ofJewish self-defense. By David B. Green | Feb. 17, 2015 …

Berlin-Jerusalem (sub ita), Amos Gitai FILM COMPLETO

Two women, the German Else Lasker-Schüler and the Russian Mania Shohat, are each travelling to Jerusalem, a mythical but also very real city that they must confront… Based on the biographies of these two women, one of the first Russian Zionists and a German Expressionist poetess, the film moves back and forth between the dim cafés of Berlin in the 1930s and the hills of Jerusalem. Berlin Jerusalem or the history of crushed utopias…

“In Berlin Jerusalem, the city [of Jerusalem] organises the narrative: that is where the film’s two heroines want to go, where they meet each other and where the narrative ends. In this film, Jerusalem appears in all its chimerical aspects. It is a mythical city, Else Lasker-Schüler’s poetic city, but also the city of the first Jewish migrants, an Arab city and a contemporary megalopolis. Its appearance in the end and its mirage, which appears from the beginning, bind the entire narrative into parallel layers (…). Reality erupts into the film as something sudden and lethal, like the gunshots, the explosions, the chaos (…) A conventional world of ruins is transformed into a convulsive world of violence.”
Mikhail Iampolski, “The Road to Jerusalem”, in “The Films of Amos Gitai”, edited by Paul Willemen, BFI, London, 1993

Cast Liza Kreuzer, Rivka Neuman, Markus Stockhausen, Benjamin Levy, Vernon Dobtcheff, Veronica Lazare, Bernard Eisenschitz, la Pina Bausch Company Screenplay Amos Gitai, Gudie Lawaetz Cinematography Henri Alekan, Nurith Aviv Sound Antoine Bonfanti Music Markus Stockhausen Editing Luc Barnier Production design Marc Petit Jean, Emanuel Amrami Costumes Gisela Storch Production Agav Films, Channel Four (UK), La Sept (France), Nova Films (Italy), Rai2 (Italy), Orthel Films, NOS (The Netherlands) Executive producer(s) Laurent Truchot Producer(s) Ilan Moscovitch, Amos Gitai

Venice : Biennale di Venezia / Mostra d’arte cinematografica 1989 – In competition. Critics’ Award
Istanbul International Film Festival 1989 – Grand Prix

File:Manya Shochat.jpgManya Shochat

From Wikipedia,

Manya Shochat (1880–1961) was a Belarusian-Jewish politician and the “mother” of the collective settlement in Palestine, the forerunner of the kibbutz movement.

Manya Wilbuszewitch (also Mania, Wilbuszewicz/Wilbushewitz; later Shochat) was born in the Grodno Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus) to middle-class Jewish parents, and grew up on the family estate of “Łosośna”. One brother, Isaac, studied agriculture in Russia. He was expelled for slapping a professor who, in the course of a lecture, stated that the zhids (a derogatory term for Jews) were sucking the blood of the farmers in Ukraine. In late 1882, he left for Palestine and joined the Bilumovement. His letters home were a powerful influence on young Manya.[1] Another brother, the engineer Gedaliah, went there in 1892, and helped fund his younger siblings’ education. As a young adult, she went…….Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

Reb Moshe Weinberger – The Message of Purim

Fighting the coldness of Amalek by appreciating the little good deeds of life
The Shtiebel 7 Adar 5773 די שטיבל ז’ אדר תשע”ג

Purim in the streets of Jerusalem   Photos by Wikipedia 

File:V08p430002 Megillot.jpgPurim

From Wikipedia

Purim (/ˈpʊərɪm/; Hebrew: About this sound פּוּרִים  Pûrîm “lots”, from the word פור pur,[2] related to Akkadian: pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the deliverance of the Jewish people in the ancient Persian Empire where a plot had been formed to destroy them. The story is recorded in the Biblical Book of Esther (Megillat Ester מגילת אסתר in Hebrew).

According to the Book of Esther, Haman, royal vizier to King Ahasuerus (presumed to be Xerxes I of Persia[3][4][5]), planned to kill all the Jews in the empire, but his plans were foiled by Mordecai and his cousin and adopted daughter Esther, who had risen to become Queen of Persia. The day of deliverance became a day of feasting and rejoicing.



Based on the conclusions of the Scroll of Esther (Esther 9:22): “[…] that they should make them days of feasting and gladness, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.” Purim is therefore celebrated among Jews by:

  • Exchanging reciprocal gifts of food and drink known as mishloach manot
  • Donating charity to the poor known as mattanot la-evyonim[6]
  • Eating a celebratory meal known as a se’udat Purim
  • Public recitation (“reading of the megillah”) of the Scroll of Esther, known as kriat ha-megillah, usually in synagogue
  • Reciting additions, known as Al HaNissim, to the daily prayers and the grace after meals Photos by Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

Copenhagen shooting Gunman named as 22yo omar EL hussein a report



Image showing flowers in front of Great Synagogue, Copenhagen, 15 February 2015, after the shooting last night killing one Danish Jew

the shooting last night killing one Danish Jew Date Source In front of the CopenhagenSynagogue #cphshootings Author Kim Bach from Taastrup, Denmark,,,.Photo by Wikipedia

Denmark’s Jews vow to stay as reports name Copenhagen killer as Palestinian

“I feel just as safe on the streets today as I did the day before yesterday,” said Jewish community member Bent Bograd as he laid flowers at the ..

Rebbe Lubavitch


File:Rabbi Meir tomb interior.JPG

Monument at tomb of Rabbi Meir Baal Haness

Rabbi Meir

From Wikipedia,

Rabbi Meir or Rabbi Meir Baal HaNes (Rabbi Meir the miracle maker) was a Jewish sage who lived in the time of theMishna. He was considered one of the greatest of the Tannaim of the third generation (139-163). According to the Talmud, his father was a descendant of the Roman Emperor Nero who had converted to Judaism. His wife Bruriah is one of the few women cited in the Gemara. He is the third most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah.[1]

In the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin p. 4a, it says that all anonymous Mishnas are attributed to Rabbi Meir. This rule was required because, following an unsuccessful attempt to force the resignation of the head of the Sanhedrin, Rabbi Meir’s opinions were noted, but not in his name, rather as “Others say…”.[2]

“Meir” may have been a sobriquet. Rabbi Meir’s real name is thought to have been Nahori or Misha. The name Meir, meaning “Illuminator,” was given to him because he enlightened the eyes of scholars and students in Torah study.[3]

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La grande force et l’histoire du Rabbi Meir Baal Haness – 613TV

Rav Itshak Attali et 613TV ont le plaisir de vous partager la grandeur du Rabbi Meir Baal Haness.

Rabanit Iris Odani Elyashiv Rabbi Meir Baal Haness ENGLISH

The Hilula for righteous Baba Sali -Rabbi Israel Abu-Hatzira

Tens of thousands mounted the righteous Baba Sali’s grave in Netivot City for the annually Hilulah

הילולה לכב’ הבבא סאלי בנתיבות עם הזמר ממרוקו פנחס כה

שמחה והילולה בציון הקדוש של רבנו רבי ישראל אבוחצירא זי”ע הבבא סאלי
סעודה כיד המלך ושמחה על לב השמים בנתיבות שנת תשס”ד (2004) עם הפייטן הגדול ממרוקו פנחס כהן הי”ו
בהשתתפות הצדיק רבי יוסף שובלי שליט”א
hilula of the Baba Sali in Netivot (2004) with the great singer from Morocco Pinchas Cohen
With the tzdik Rabbi Yosef shubely Shlita

File:Israel Abuhatzeira.jpgBaba Sali

From Wikipedia

Rabbi Israel Abuhatzeira (Hebrew: ישראל אבוחצירא‎), known as the Baba Sali (Arabic: بابا صلى‎, Hebrew: באבא סאלי‎, lit. “Praying Father”) (1889–1984) was a leading Moroccan Sephardic rabbi and kabbalist who was renowned for his alleged ability to work miracles through his prayers.[1] His burial place in Netivot, Israel has become a shrine for prayers and petitioners.

Rabbi Israel was the scion of a distinguished family of Sephardic Torah scholars and tzadikkim who were also known as baalei mofet(miracle workers). He is the grandson of Rabbi Yaakov Abu Hasira.[2] The patriarch of this family was Rabbi Shmuel Abuhatzeira. Born in the land of Israel, Rabbi Shmuel lived in Damascus for a while, where he studied Torah together with Rabbi Chaim Vital. InShem Hagedolim, the Chida described Rabbi Shmuel as “an ish Elokim kadosh (a holy man of God). Wise people speak of his might and wonders in saving the Jewish community from many difficulties.” Read More Button--orangeFrom Wikipedia

File:BabaSaliTomb men.jpg

Baba Sali tomb in Netivot, men’s half

File:BabaSaliTomb women.jpg

Baba Sali tomb in Netivot, women’s half

File:Israel Tomb of Rabbi Meir Shimon bar Yochai candle.jpgSimeon bar Yochai

From Wikipedia

Simeon bar Yochai, (Aramaic: רבן שמעון בר יוחאי, Rabban Shimon bar Yochai), also known by his acronym Rashbi,[1] was a 1st-century tannaitic sage in ancient Israel, said to be active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. He was one of the most eminent disciples of Rabbi Akiva, and is pseudepigraphically attributed by many Orthodox Jews with the authorship of the Zohar, the chief work of Kabbalah.

In addition, important legal homilies called Sifre and Mekhilta are attributed to him (not to be confused with the Mekhilta d’Rabbi Ishmael, of which much of the text is the same). In the Mishnah, in which he is the fourth-most mentioned sage, he is often referred to as simply “Rabbi Shimon.” [2]

According to popular legend, he and his son, Rabbi Eleazar b. Simeon were noted Kabbalists.[3] Both figures are held in unique reverence by kabbalistic tradition. They were buried in the same tomb in Meron, Israel, which is visited by thousands year round.From Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange


File:קבר רשב"י.jpg

Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai Jewish Biography as History Dr. Henry Abramson

Emerging from a cave after twelve years of isolated Torah study, Rabbi Shimon bar Yohai went on to become one of ancient Israel’s most celebrated Kabbalists and a leader of the Jewish people. Part of the Jewish Biography as History series by Dr. Henry Abramson, more available at

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Aharon Rokeach.jpgAharon Rokeach

From Wikipedia

Aharon Rokeach (19 December 1880[2] – 18 August 1957) was the fourth Rebbe of the Belz Hasidic dynasty. He led the movement from 1926 until his death in 1957.

Rebbe Aharon inherited the mantle of leadership from his father, Yissachar Dov Rokeach, upon the latter’s death in 1926. Known for his piety and mysticism, Rebbe Aharon was called the “Wonder Rabbi” by Jews and gentiles alike for the miracles he performed.

His reign as Rebbe saw the devastation of the Belz community, along with that of many other Hasidic sects in Galicia and elsewhere in Poland during the Holocaust. During the Holocaust, Rebbe Aharon was high on the list of Gestapo targets as a high-profile Rebbe. With the support and financial assistance of Belzer Hasidim in Israel, England and the United States, he and his half-brother, RabbiMordechai of Bilgoray, managed to escape from Poland into Hungary, then into Turkey, Lebanon, and finally into Israel in February 1944. After Rabbi Mordechai’s sudden death in November 1949, Rebbe Aharon raised his half-brother’s year-old son, Yissachar Dov, and groomed him to succeed him as Belzer Rebbe.

Aharon was the first child born to his parents, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach and Basha Ruchama Twersky, after 12 years of marriage. He was named after his mother’s great-grandfather, Rebbe Aharon of Chernobyl, although his father later revealed that he intended to name the boy after Rabbi Aharon of Karlin. Aharon had a younger sister, Chana Rachel, who later married Rabbi Pinchas Twersky of Ostilla.[2]  From Wikipedia  

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