UPCOMING HOLIDAY Shavuot May 23 – May 25
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This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board…
This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board… …Yet of the 937 passengers, nearly a third wound up …
When Canada Said No: The Abandoned Jews of the MS St. Louis
In May 1939, the oceanliner MS St. Louis departed Hamburg, Germany carrying Jewish refugees desperate to flee Nazi Germany.
They tried to escape any way they could.
But the world did not want them.
This is their story.
▶ ▶ ▶ Holocaust Task Force
The MS St. Louis was a German ocean liner most notable for a single voyage in 1939, in which her captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for 915 Jewish refugees from Germany, after they were denied entry to Cuba, the United Statesand Canada, until finally accepted in various European countries, which were later engulfed in World War II. Historians have estimated that, after their return to Europe, approximately a quarter of the ship’s passengers died in concentration camps. The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. It was adapted for a 1976 American film of the same title. Photos by Wikipedia
Wysinfo Docuwebs: Yigael Yadin on the Dead Sea History
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
Follow an expedition to a remote cave in the Judean desert, first excavated by the famed Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin in 1960-61. Yadin uncovered a cache of ancient documents, human skulls, and artifacts that shed light on a legendary revolt by Jews against the Roman Empire in the year 132. The uprising, led by Jewish patriot Shimon Bar-Kokhba, is said to have resulted in the Roman slaughter of 580,000 Jews. Explore t
The Temple Scroll
A description of the Temple Scroll one of the longest of the scrolls purchased by Professor Igael Yadin
Yigael Yadin (Hebrew: יִגָּאֵל יָדִין, born Yigael Sukenik (Hebrew: יגאל סוקניק) 20 March 1917 – 28 June 1984) was an Israeliarcheologist, politician, and the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
Yadin was born in 1917 to noted archeologist Eleazar S ukenik and educationalist and women’s rights activist Hasya Feinsod Sukenik. He joined the Haganah at age 15, and served there in a variety of different capacities. In 1946, however, he left the Haganah following an argument with its commander Yitzhak Sadeh over the inclusion of a machine gun as part of standard squad equipment. Photos by Wikipedia The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin(1949)
A Tribute to Artist Menashe Kadishman
Iconic Israeli painter and sculpture Kadishman died at the age of 82
Popular Jewish Museum, Berlin & Menashe Kadishman videos
Menashe Kadishman (August 21, 1932 – May 8, 2015) (Hebrew: מנשה קדישמן;) was an Israeli sculptor and painter.
Kadishman artworks are presented in central locations in Israel, such as Habima Square and his paintings can be found in many different galleries in Israel. He is most famous for his metallic sculptors and colorful sheep paintings.
From 1947 to 1950, Kadishman studied with the Israeli sculptor Moshe Sternschuss at the Avni Institute of Art and Design in Tel Aviv, and in 1954 with the Israeli sculptor Rudi Lehmann in Jerusalem.
In 1959, he moved to London, where he attended Saint Martin’s School of Art and the Slade School of Art. During 1959 and 1960 he also studied with Anthony Caro and Reg Butler. He remained here until 1972; he had his first one-man show there in 1965 at theGrosvenor Gallery. . Photos by Wikipedia
NASA | Theodore von Kármán and the Creation of JPL [HD]
The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Theodore Von Karman’s death. Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary in 1881, Von Karman emigrated to the United States in 1930, joining the faculty of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech, where he remained until 1944. He then gradually moved to Washington, DC., to head the Air Force’s Scientific Advisory Group. He was ultimately awarded the first Medal of Science by President Kennedy in 1963. Von Karman was also the first director of JPL. This talk will tell the story of Von Karman’s role in founding rocketry at Caltech, and Caltech’s role in developing rocket weapons for the U.S. Military during World War II.
Theodore von Kármán (Hungarian: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; May 11, 1881 – May 6, 1963) was a Hungarian-Americanmathematician, aerospace engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics. He is responsible for many key advances in aerodynamics, notably his work on supersonic and hypersonic airflow characterization. He is regarded as the outstanding aerodynamic theoretician of the twentieth century
Von Kármán was born into a Jewish family in Budapest, Austria-Hungary as Kármán Tódor. One of his ancestors was RabbiJudah Loew ben Bezalel. He studied engineering at the city’s Royal Joseph Technical University, known today as Budapest University of Technology and Economics. . Photos by Wikipedia
The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Moses Schorr, Polish: Mojżesz Schorr (May 10, 1874 – July 8, 1941) was a rabbi, Polish historian, politician, Bible scholar,assyriologist and orientalist. Schorr was one of the top experts on the history of the Jews in Poland. He was the first Jewish researcher of Polish archives, historical sources, and pinkasim. The president of the 13th district B’nai B’rith Poland, he was a humanist and modern rabbi who ministered the central synagogue of Poland during its last years before the Holocaust. Photos by Wikipedia
H. Robert Horvitz (MIT/HHMI): When Stockholm Called
Lecture Summary: Have you ever wondered how scientists react when they discover that they have been awarded a Nobel Prize? Horvitz, one of the winners of the 2002 Prize for Medicine or Physiology, tells us where he was and what he did when he found out he had won.
Howard Robert Horvitz (born May 8, 1947) is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode wormCaenorhabditis elegans.
Horvitz was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Mary R. (Savit), a school teacher, and Oscar Freedom Horvitz, a GAO accountant.He did his undergraduate studies at MIT in 1968, where he joined Alpha Epsilon Pi. He obtained his PhD in Biology from Harvard University in 1974. Photos by youtube
MGM 90th Anniversary – Official® [HD]
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) announced today a yearlong global campaign to honor the studio’s storied 90-year legacy. Founded in 1924 when theater magnate Marcus Loew bought and merged Metro Pictures Corp. with Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer Productions, MGM and its legendary roaring lion logo signify the golden era of Hollywood to film lovers around the world. Since its inception, the company has led the industry in creating some of Hollywood’s greatest stars and is home to over 175 Academy Award-winning films, including 14 Best Pictures.
The celebration of 90 extraordinary years kicks off today, as the MGM icon, Leo the Lion, is immortalized with a paw print ceremony at the world famous TCL Chinese Theater in Hollywood, cementing his place in Hollywood history. Sylvester Stallone, writer and star of Rocky (1976), one of MGM’s most iconic and enduring characters, is also on hand to commemorate the special occasion.
MGM is debuting a special 90th anniversary trailer which will play in theaters, on MGM channels including MGM’s 24/7 movie network, MGM HD its action-themed VOD channel, Impact and its premiere multicast programming service dedicated to movies, THIS TV as well as on DVD products and across social media. The trailer includes a tapestry of iconic images and scenes from films in MGM’s library, evoking a deep emotional connection and celebrating the company’s extensive contributions to the entertainment world.
Additionally, several of MGM’s signature films including Rocky, Rain Man, Fargo, RoboCop and The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, have been meticulously restored in 4K resolution (four times the clarity of HD) and will be presented on Blu-ra for a high-definition home viewing experience. These re-releases will be issued through MGMs home entertainment partner, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, and are now available for pre-order on Amazon.
Other initiatives to mark the companys 90th anniversary include:
– MGM will complement its already vast collection of films currently available on Blu-ray by releasing new titles across all genres throughout the year. Upcoming titles for release include In the Heat of the Night, A Chorus Line, and The Birdcage.
– MGM has created a one-of-a-kind collector’s book and bonus video disc companion commemorating 90 amazing years, featuring interviews from award-winning filmmakers, directors, and actors discussing the significance of their contributions to MGM’s legacy. The book and video highlight the evolution and history of the legendary studio and provide an extensive look into the studio’s golden years, classics, iconic franchises and much more. Interviews include Sylvester Stallone on Rocky, Clint Eastwood on The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis on Thelma and Louise, and Walter Mirisch on The Pink Panther. The bonus disc will also be available accompanying select DVD offerings.
– Fans can also relive their favorite film moments at MGM90th.com, a unique Tumblr website and the first Tumblr integration to feature a studios full library. The MGM 90th Tumblr site’s dynamic design encourages fans to explore and immerse themselves into rich content celebrating 90 years of MGM filmmaking. As fans integrate socially with the yearlong celebration, the Tumblr site will serve as an active aggregator showcasing all of the current sharing and postings.
Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loews Theatres and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).
Marcus Loew was born into a poor Polish Jewish family who had emigrated to the U.S. And settled in New York City just a year before. He was forced by circumstances to work at a very young age and had little formal education. Nevertheless, beginning with a small investment from money saved from menial jobs, he bought into the penny arcade business. Shortly after, in partnership withAdolph Zukor and others, Loew acquired a nickelodeon and over time he turned Loew’s Theatres into a leading chain of vaudeville and movie theaters in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Vom Wiener Lehrling zum Friedensnobelpreisträger
(c) Andreas H. Landl für friedensnews.at:
AK Präsident Herbert Tumpel erwies Wiens Friedensnobelpreisträger die Ehre. Tumpels Vater war Esperantist und ein Mann er Lettern, sprich gelernter Drucker wie der Friedensnobelpreisträger. Tumpel ist ein Anliegen, dass die von den Nazis verbrannten Bücher der Pazifisten in Österreich wieder zugänglich gemacht werden. Denn was nicht gedruckt vorliegt ist nicht zugänglich und kann tot geschwiegen werden. Ab jetzt wir “zurückgedruckt”, denn:
Im Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten schaffte ein Bursche aus elendigen Verhältnissen eine Karriere mit Lehre. Er wurde der einzige Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger. Bis 2006 war das in Wien kaum jemandem bekannt. Denn der war Freidenker aus einer jüdischen Familie, Pazifist, Gewerkschafter, Friedensjournalist, Internationalist und Freimauerer. Soviel Friedensengagement war natürlich für die Militaristen im deutschsprachigen Raum ab 1914 zuviel des Guten. Fried und seine Werke wurden bekämpft. Er musste zweimal fliehen. Einmal aus Österreich und einmal aus Bayern. Rechtsextreme aller Couleur säuberten die Bibliotheken in vier Wellen von seinen Werken. So kam es, dass selbst Friedensbeweger wie ich oder Herbert Tumpel der Präsident der Arbeiterkammer bis 2006 nichts über den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger wussten. Walter Göhring stieß bei der Recherche über Ferdinand Hanusch auf den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger und macht erstmals 2006 breiter publik, was fast vollkommen verdrängt war.
Am 11.04.2012 18:00 Uhr gab es eine hochkarätige Veranstaltung des
Instituts für Gewerkschafts- und AK Geschichte und derAlfred Hermann Fried Gesellschaft Löcker Verlag in der AK Bibiliothek in Wien.
“Zwei Mal in der Geschichte ging der begehrte Friedensnobelpreis auch an ÖsterreicherInnen:
1905 an Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) und 1911 an
Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921).
Die Leistungen des Friedensnobelpreisträgers Alfred Hermann Fried standen lange Zeit im Schatten Bertha von Suttners. Vielfach unbekannt ist, dass Fried
* als Buchhandelslehrling eine Jugendgewerkschaft gründete, die in die Gewerkschaft der Kaufmännischen Angestellten mündete, eine der Vorläufer organisationen der heutigen GPA-djp.
* Ab 1892 gab er gemeinsam mit Bertha von Suttner die pazifistische Zeitschrift „Die Waffen nieder!” heraus, in der er u.a. seine pazifistischen Ideen artikulierte.
Dass Fried damit zu den Vorkämpfern der europäischen Friedensbewegung gehörte, ist heute ebenfalls vielfach vergessen: mit seiner
Zeitschrift “Die Friedenswarte”
schuf Fried ein Organ, in dem die Ideen für ein neues demokratisch geeintes Europa ihren Niederschlag fanden.
Der Zeithistoriker Walter Göhring hat sich in Archiven und Bibliotheken in der Schweiz, in den USA, den Niederlanden, Ungarn, der Slowakei und Österreich auf die Spuren Alfred Hermann Frieds begeben. Ergebnis dieser Spurensuche sind Publikationen und Beiträge sowie eine Ausstellung über Alfred Hermann Fried, der mit seinen Arbeiten bis in die Gründung der UNO und der Europäischen Union hineingewirkt hat.
Sein Werk ist heute aktueller denn je.”
Entfetzung für Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger Alfred Hermann Fried nach 100 Jahren
Wien – 1911 vor 100 Jahren erhielt der Wiener Pazifist Alfred Hermann Fried den Friedensnobelpreis. Der revolutionäre Pazifist, Friedensforscher und erste Friedensjournalist von Weltrang erhielt nun gestern nach fast 100 Jahren seine 1. Gedenktafel in Wien.
Vor Widerhofergasse 5 wo Fried 1911 wohnte versammelten sich am 25.5.2011 abends über 200 Menschen und nahmen am Festakt teil.
Klaus Maria Brandauer enthüllte die Gedenktafel während der Brunnenchor
Kayra Silo (Mandingo/En: The Way of Peace)
Hevenu Shalom (Wir haben Euch Frieden gebracht) sang.
Alfred Hermann Fried (11 November 1864 – 5 May 1921) was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.
Born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a bookshop. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a bookshop of his own in 1887. Following the publication by Bertha von Suttner of Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms) in 1889, he and von Suttner began in 1892 to print a magazine of the same name. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hetty Goldman wanted to write novels but thought she had ‘nothing to say.’ Then she discovered human history – and war. And found she had something to say.
Hetty Goldman (December 19, 1881 – May 4, 1972) was an American archaeologist. She was the first woman faculty member at the Institute for Advanced Study and one of the first female archaeologists to undertake excavations in Greece and the Middle East.
Israeli players mark Holocaust Remembrance Day at Prague tournament
And the personal history of two of the players made the tour especially … to legend, the famous Maharal of Prague created a golem to protect the Jews. … Slovakia, so it is possible that the teammates’ ancestors met during this period.
La biographie du Maharal de Prague
Sinai, Purim & The MaHaRaL of Prague
Le Maharal de Prague sur Pourim: La force de la pensée
Prague Maharal Synagogue
CEMENTERIO JUDIO DE PRAGA
El cementerio judío se ubica en el distrito de Josefor de Praga y se creó en 1439. El poeta y erudito Avigdor Karo fue la primera persona enterrada en este lugar. El cementerio estuvo activo hasta 1787, cuando fue clausurado definitivamente con la tumba de Moses Beck. Debido a la falta de espacio los cuerpos se enterraban unos encima de otros llegando a más de 11 capas de enterramientos. Cientos de nombres célebres descansan en este lugar, como el sabio del Renacimiento, historiador, matemático y astrónomo David Gans (d.1613), o el erudito e historiador José Salomón Delmedigo (d.1655), y el rabino y coleccionista de manuscritos y libros impresos en hebreo David Oppenheim (m. 1736). Aunque sin duda el más conocido de todos es el gran erudito y maestro religioso Judá Loew ben Bezalel, conocido como el rabino Loew (d. 1609), que se asocia con la leyenda del Golem, un muñeco de barro creado por Loew para defender a los judíos de Praga, pero que enloqueció y no pudo cumplir su tarea.A día de hoy se pueden ver más de 12.000 lápidas y se estima que puede haber enterradas unas 100.000 personas
Maharal of Prague’s Netivot Olam w/R. Daniel Kohn
Judah Loew ben Bezalel, alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, (c. 1520 – 17 September 1609) widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of the initials of “Moreinu Ha-Rav Loew,” (“Our Teacher, Rabbi Loew”) was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leadingrabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia.
Within the world of Torah and Talmudic scholarship, he is known for his works on Jewish philosophy and Jewish mysticism and his work Gur Aryeh al HaTorah, a supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary.
The Maharal is the subject of a nineteenth-century legend that he created The Golem of Prague, an animate being fashioned from clay. Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Benjamin Franklin helps save floundering Philly synagogue
This led to large numbers of Jews seeking refuge in Philadelphia. Among … The letter included a brief history of the synagogue, and explained that the …
Congregation Mikveh Israel, Mikveh Israel synagogue, officially called Kahal Kadosh Mikveh Israel (Hebrew: קהל קדוש מקוה ישראל, which translates as “Holy Community of the Hope of Israel”, is a synagogue founded in the 1740s inPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania. Established by Spanish and Portuguese Jews, the congregation practices according to theSpanish and Portuguese rite. The congregation conducts daily, Sabbath, and Jewish holy day services. The synagogue will host the Abrams Hebrew Academy Center City Jewish elementary day school beginning in September 2014. The congregation is also responsible for Mikveh Israel Cemetery, the second oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Miles Davis’ All Blues performed at ‘Jazz in the Sukkah” in Philly in America’s oldest synagogue
America’s oldest synagogue, Congregation Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia, founded in 1740, hosts a Jazz Night to celebrate the Jewish holiday Sukkot. A six piece band entertains the crowd, lead by the temple’s talented maintenance man. Here’s the jam on a legendary Miles Davis song. An amazing celebration of cultures and community.
Congregation Mikveh Israel
Congregation Mikveh Israel’s Second Cemetery Philadelphia, PA
Uriah P. Levy Statue Dedication – Mikveh Israel
This Day in Jewish History / A polyglot cultural mongrel who would take Paris and Piaf by storm is …
Georges Moustaki : Les Mères Juives
Georges Moustaki (born Giuseppe Mustacchi; (May 3, 1934 – May 23, 2013) was an Egyptian-French singer-songwriter ofItalo-Greek origin, best known for the poetic rhythm and simplicity of the romantic songs he composed and often sang. Moustaki gave France some of its best-loved music by writing about 300 songs for some of the most popular singers in that country, such asÉdith Piaf, Dalida, Françoise Hardy, Yves Montand, Barbara, Brigitte Fontaine, Herbert Pagani, France Gall, Cindy Daniel, Juliette Greco, Pia Colombo, and Tino Rossi, as well as for himself.
Georges Moustaki was born Giuseppe Mustacchi in Alexandria, Egypt on May 3, 1934. His parents, Sarah and Nessim Mustacchi, were Francophile, Italo-Greek Sephardic Jews from the island of Corfu, Greece. They moved to Egypt, where their young child first learned French. They owned the Cité du livre – one of the finest book shops in the Middle East – in the cosmopolitan city ofAlexandria where many ethnic communities lived together.
Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS
VIDEO: The Universe Of Art – Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS;
Graphics: Th3Mirr0r [& crediting other artists]
Music: Song: “Moon Phases – New Moon, Third Quarter, Full Moon”
/ Album: “Eclipse” ©Th3Mirr0r
Avigdor Arikha was born to German-speaking Jewish parents in Rădăuţi, but grew up in Czernowitz in Bukovina, Romania (now inUkraine). His family faced forced deportation in 1941 to the Romanian-run concentration camps of Transnistria, where his father died. He survived thanks to the drawings he made of deportation scenes, which were shown to delegates of the International Red Cross.
Arikha emigrated to Palestine in 1944, together with his sister. Until 1948, he lived in Kibbutz Ma’ale HaHamisha. In 1948 he was severely wounded in Israel’s War of Independence. From 1946 to 1949, he attended the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem Photos by Wikipedia
Red Auerbach’s last interview (from ‘Basketball Man’)
NBA giant Red Auerbach gave his last filmed interview to Burt Kearns & Brett Hudson of Frozen Pictures for inclusion in the documentary feature, Basketball Man, about the life and legacy of basketball’s inventor, Dr. James Naismith (on DVD in February).
This clip is but a small portion of the complete, comprehensive, interview, which will be featured as a bonus extra on the DVD set.
Larry Bird, Red Auerbach & The Boston Celtics – Winning Basketball (COMPLETE )
VHS – Released in 1987.
“You play as you practice” (Mr. ‘Red’ Auerbach)
“It’s about whether you win or lose, not about how you play the game” (Mr. Larry Bird)
9/1/2012: Thanks to http://www.celticslife.com for sharing this video on their website:
Arnold Jacob “Red” Auerbach (September 20, 1917 – October 28, 2006) was an American basketball coach of theWashington Capitols, the Tri-Cities Blackhawks and the Boston Celtics. After he retired from coaching, he served as president and front office executive of the Celtics until his death. As a coach, he won 938 games (a record at his retirement) and nine National Basketball Association (NBA) championships in ten years (a number surpassed only by Phil Jackson, who won 11 in twenty years). As general manager and team president of the Celtics, he won an additional seven NBA titles, for a grand total of 16 in a span of 29 years, making him one of the most successful team officials in the history of North American professional sports.
Arnold Jacob Auerbach was one of the four children of Marie and Hyman Auerbach. Hyman was a Russian Jewish immigrant from Minsk, Belarus, and Marie Auerbach, Photos by Wikipedia
Kurt Waldheim, a commission of enquiry parts 1-9
These nine films are part of a much larger programme that was aired in 1988 which looks into allegations that the recently elected president of Austria Kurt Waldheim was a Nazi war criminal. Waldheim had previously been the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981. I do not possess any more of this programme which I ‘rediscovered’ in 2008 on a VHS cassette used some 20 years earlier.
Waldheim had unsuccessfully sought election as President of Austria in 1971, but his second attempt on 8 June 1986 proved successful. During his campaign for the presidency in 1985, the events started that marked the beginning of what became known internationally as the “Waldheim Affair”. Before the presidential elections, Alfred Worm revealed in the Austrian weekly news magazine Profil that there had been several omissions about Waldheim’s life between 1938 and 1945 in his recently-published autobiography. A short time later, the World Jewish Congress alleged that Waldheim had lied about his service as an officer in the mounted corps of the SA, and his time as an ordnance officer for Army Group E in Saloniki, Greece, from 1942 to 1943 based in files from the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Waldheim called the allegations “pure lies and malicious acts”. Nevertheless he admitted that he had known about German reprisals against partisans: “Yes, I knew. I was horrified. But what could I do? I had either to continue to serve or be executed.” He said that he had never fired a shot or even seen a partisan. His former immediate superior at the time stated that Waldheim had “remained confined to a desk”.
Part of the reason for the controversy was Austria’s refusal to address its national role in the Holocaust – which was the home not only of Adolf Hitler but also many other leading Nazis. Austria refused to pay compensation to Nazi victims and from 1970 onwards refused to investigate Austrian citizens who were senior Nazis.
Because the revelations leading to the Waldheim affair came shortly before the presidential election there has been speculation about the background of the affair.
Declassified CIA documents show that the CIA had been aware of his war time past since 1945. Some sources report information about Waldheim’s wartime past was also previously published by a right wing Austrian newspaper during the 1971 presidential election campaign – including the claim of an SS membership.
Kurt Josef Waldheim (German pronunciation: [ˈkʊɐ̯t ˈvaldhaɪm]; 21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and the ninth President ofAustria from 1986 to 1992. While he was running for president in Austria in 1985, his service as an intelligence officer in theWehrmacht during World War II raised international controversy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen
In rare and moving footage dated to April 20th 1945, inmates at Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp sing the anthem of hope ‘Hatikva.’
Memorial stone at the entrance to the historical camp area
Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp, in 1943, parts of it became a concentration camp. Initially this was an “exchange camp”, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. The camp was later expanded to accommodate Jews from other concentration camps.
The Liberation of Bergen-belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945
Cheerful women inmates collect their bread ration from one of the five camp cookhouses.
After 1945, the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp. From 1941 to 1945, almost 20,000 Soviet prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there, with up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945, shortly before and after the liberation Photos by Wikipedia
|At Bergen-Belsen, where tens of thousands perished… and others began their lives|
|REPORTER’S NOTEBOOK Ahead of the 70th anniversary of its liberation, a visit to the German camp with what is Europe’s largest Jewish cemetery, accompanied by some of the ‘babies’ born in the DP camp after the war|
By RENEE GHERT-ZAND
EDDIE STRAIGHT – BELSEN LIBERATOR TTTV
Eddie Straight age 94 of Saltburn, a former Company Sgt. Major of the 11th Armoured Division, recalls liberating Bergen-Belsen on the 70th anniversary.
Bergen Belsen Liberation
Bergen-Belsen was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Between 1943 and the war’s end, an estimated 50,000 Russian Prisoners of War and a further 50,000 inmates died there,up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945.
The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945 by the British 11th Armoured Division.60,000 prisoners were found inside, most of them seriously ill, and another 13,000 corpses lay around the camp unburied.When the British and Canadians advanced on Bergen-Belsen in 1945, the German army negotiated a truce and exclusion zone around the camp to prevent the spread of typhus. Under the agreement, Hungarian and regular German troops guarding the camp returned to German lines when Allied troops liberated the camp on April 15, 1945.
(Uploader note: Ripped from youtube, comments were disabled – not sure why. Video’s like this must be commented and be reflected so that we can never forget history, otherwise we are condemned to relive this.)
Belsen Nazi Concentration Camp Footage – stock footage – http://www.PublicDomainFootage.com
Eva Kor speaks about Auschwitz, medical experiments, and forgiveness
At the age of 10, Eva and her twin sister Miriam were taken to Auschwitz, the concentration camp where Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele used them for medical experiments.
Nazi Experiment Survivor Eva Mozes Kor Speaks at Clarkson University
Auschwitz survivor Eva Mozes Kor delivered a powerful message of forgiveness on October 8 at Clarkson University, while speaking before a large audience of students, faculty, staff and community members.
When she was about 10 years old, Kor and her family were taken by the Nazis to the Auschwitz slave labor and extermination camp, where her parents and two older sisters were quickly sent to the gas chambers.
Kor and her sister, Miriam, were twins, so they were of chilling interest to Dr. Josef Mengele, who subjected them to a series of heinous human experiments.
Her talk, “The Journey from Auschwitz & Mengele to Forgiveness,” told the amazing story of what she endured and how she eventually came to forgive Mengele and the Nazis.
Sheila Faith Weiss, professor of history in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson, arranged for Kor to share her story.
“I received a $277,000 National Science Foundation grant to write a biography of Dr. Mengele’s mentor, the German human geneticist Baron Otmar von Verschuer, and I had been in contact with Eva Mozes Kor,” Weiss says. “Because I am teaching a seminar on the Holocaust this semester, I asked Eva whether she might be willing to give a lecture at Clarkson. Normally, she would have charged more for her talk, but generously agreed to accept significantly less so we could bring her here. Her message is especially important for our students to hear.”
Trained in German history and the history of biology, Weiss has written a book which explores the background that led to the kind of bestial human experimentation Kor was subjected to in Auschwitz. The Nazi Symbiosis, Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010) raises compelling questions about medicine and ethics.
Forgiving Dr. Mengele
Eva Mozes Kor, who survived Josef Mengele’s cruel twin experiments in the Auschwitz concentration camp, shocks other Holocaust survivors when she decides to forgive the perpetrators as a way of self-healing.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, a former Foreign Minister of Poland, noted historian, journalist, …
Władysław Bartoszewski [vwaˈdɨswaf bartɔˈʂɛfskʲi] ( listen) (19 February 1922 – 24 April 2015) was a Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer, and historian. He was born in Warsaw.
He was a former Auschwitz concentration camp prisoner. He was a World War II Resistance fighter and Polish undergroundactivist. Bartoszewski participated in the Warsaw Uprising. He was wrongly convicted as a spy and was imprisoned for some years before being released due to medical problems and for being wrongly convicted during the 1950s.
Bartoszewski served twice as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from March through December 1999 and again from 2000 to 2001. He was also an ambassador and a member Photo by Wikipedia
Władysław Bartoszewski nie żyje
Nie żyje Władysław Bartoszewski, działacz społeczny, historyk, więzień Auschwitz i żołnierz Armii Krajowej. Profesor Bartoszewski odszedł w wieku 93 lat. Wspominają Go nie tylko media polskie, ale i zagraniczne, bo Bartoszewski znany był świetnie poza granicami kraju. Odejście Władysława Bartoszewskiego to wielka strata, a w naszej pamięci Profesor zapisze się jako jeden z największych Polaków.
Trauer um WLADYSLAW BARTOSZEWSKI – Ehemaliger POLNISCHER Außenminister gestorben – 25.04.2015
Er kämpfte im polnischen Widerstand, wurde 1940 ins KZ Auschwitz verschleppt – und machte sich später um die Aussöhnung mit Deutschland verdient: Polens Ex-Außenminister Bartoszewski, der nun im Alter von 93 Jahren gestorben ist.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski war ein äußerst engagierter, manchmal gar impulsiver Politiker und trotzdem ein großartiger Diplomat. Er war kein Polterer – vielmehr einer, der seine Zuhörer zum Nachdenken zwang.
Sein Motto lautete: Es lohnt sich, anständig zu sein. “Neun Mal habe ich meinen Geburtstag in verschiedenen Gefängnissen und Lagern erlebt. Aber ich bin stets optimistisch geblieben. Meine Haft hat weder Hitler noch Stalin geholfen. Und mir hat sie nicht geschadet – ich bin weiterhin derselbe geblieben.”
Widerstand gegen deutsche Besatzer
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski wurde im Februar 1922 in Warschau als Sohn einer polnischen Beamtenfamilie geboren. Eigentlich wollte er Journalist werden. Doch der Zweite Weltkrieg machte seine Zukunftspläne zunichte. Im polnischen Widerstand kämpfte er gegen die deutschen Besatzer, wurde 1940 verhaftet und ins Konzentrationslager Auschwitz verschleppt.
Trotz oder vielleicht doch eher wegen der Erfahrungen des Krieges wurde Bartoszewski zu einem hervorragenden Anwalt der Aussöhnung mit Deutschland: “Eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in meinem Leben war der Kriegsausbruch 1939. Dann kam das Kriegsende und das Gefühl der großen Verluste und der brennenden Ungerechtigkeit, die unser Vaterland getroffen haben. Das nächste wichtige Ereignis für mich war das Jahr 1989 – die politische Wende, die etwa anderthalb Jahre dauerte. Ich meine damit den Umbruch in Europa, den Fall der Berliner Mauer und die Emanzipation Polens.”
Geduld und Gelassenheit
Zur Geschichte gehöre immer auch Geduld und die Gelassenheit, pflegte Bartoszewski zu sagen. Missstimmungen in bilateralen Beziehungen sollte man daher nicht allzu viel Gewicht einräumen. “Wenn es um die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen geht: Was erwarten wir eigentlich noch von ihnen? 250 Millionen Mal wird die Oder-Neiße-Grenze in beide Richtungen überschritten und zwar ohne jegliche Zwischenfälle. Die Deutschen denken in sehr rationalen Kategorien. Und wir Polen sollten uns nicht das Recht nehmen, über die Gedanken der Deutschen mehr wissen zu wollen, als sie selbst.”
Bartoszewski fühlte sich in seinem politischen Leben nie einer Partei verpflichtet. Im Vordergrund stand für ihn immer das Wohl des Landes. Welcher Regierung er als Außenminister nach der Wende diente, war für den ehemaligen Solidarnosc-Mitstreiter unerheblich.
Außenpolitischer Berater noch im hohen Alter
Nach den Wahlen 2007 berief Premierminister Donald Tusk den damals 85-Jährigen zum außenpolitischen Berater. Sein Alter spielte keine Rolle. Gefragt war vielmehr sein Verhandlungsgeschick, um auf europäischer Ebene die Scherben wegzuräumen, die die abgewählte Kaczynski-Regierung hinterlassen hatte.
Nur in einem Punkt, da fiel es Bartoszewski schwer, Contenance zu bewahren: beim Thema Erika Steinbach. Seiner Mission schadete das aber nie. Wenn die Deutschen heute Polen aus einer ganz anderen Perspektive betrachten, dann ist das auch sein Verdienst.
Genau dafür erhielt Wladyslaw Bartoszewski 1986 den Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels – eine Auszeichnung, die er mit dem Satz kommentierte: “Es scheint das Wichtigste zu sein, all das zu unterstützen, was die Menschen verbindet, und sich all dem zu widersetzen, was die Menschen gegen ihren Willen trennt.”
Exodus 1947 Documentary Trailer
Exodus 1947 Documentary Film narrated by Morley Safer. Filmmakers: Elizabeth Rodgers & Robby Henson. PBS broadcast.
To buy the DVD, please go to http://www.exodus1947.com
After World War II, a group of private American citizens banded together in a clandestine effort to transport Holocaust survivors to Palestine.
On July 11, 1947, in the port of Sête, France, 4,500 Jewish refugees were crammed into the hull of a decrepit steamship, later named Exodus 1947.
A British blockade intercepted Exodus 1947 in international waters off the coast of Palestine. The tense standoff culminated in a direct attack by military personnel against the unarmed civilians on the Exodus 1947. This highly publicized international incident heavily influenced the United Nations resolution authorizing the partitioning of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Thus, the Exodus 1947 voyage acted as a catalyst in forming a new nation. The program focuses on clandestine and illegal American efforts to finance and crew the most infamous of ten American ships that attempted to bring Jewish refugees to Palestine.
EXODUS 1947 is a one hour documentary narrated by Morley Safer with a score by Ilan Rechtman. The film is a richly layered program, constructed with first person accounts to recall events that shaped world history.
Yossi Harel (Hebrew: יוסי הראל) (January 4, 1918 – April 26, 2008), born Yosef Hamburger, was the supervisor of the Exodus 1947 operation and a leading member of theIsraeli intelligence community.
Yossi Harel was born in Jerusalem in 1918. He was a sixth generation Jerusalemite. At the age of 15, he joined the Haganah. Later, he fought under Orde Wingate. Between 1945 and 1948, he played a leading role in the clandestine immigration enterprise in Palestine, commanding four Aliyah Bet ships: Knesset Israel, the Exodus, Atzma’ut and Kibbutz Galuyot. After the establishment of the State of Israel Harel studied mechanical engineering at M.I.T in the United States. Just before he finished his studies, Moshe Dayan, as Chief of Staff, called him back to Israel to investigate the Lavon Affair and made him head of Unit 131, an Israel Defense Forces intelligence unit.Photo by Wikipedia
Beauty Queens: Estée Lauder
A Film by Eila Hershon and Roberto Guerra
Subtitles: DE, FR
What’s New at Estee Lauder
Estée Lauder (/ˈɛsteɪ ˈlɔːdər/; July 1, 1908 – April 24, 2004) was an American businesswoman. She was the co-founder, along with her husband, Joseph Lauter (later Lauder), of Estée Lauder Companies, her eponymous cosmetics company. Lauder was the only woman on Time magazine’s 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of thePresidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988.Photos by Wikipedia
Israel celebrates 67th Independence Day
PM Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Israel Independence Day Fireworks 2015
David Ben-Gurion declaring independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl, founder of modern Zionism
Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות Yōm hā-ʿAṣmāʾūṯ lit. “Independence Day”) is the national day of Israel, commemorating theIsraeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated either on the 5th of Iyar, according to the Hebrew calendar, or on one of the preceding or following days, depending on which day of the week this date falls on. Yom Ha’atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.
The Israeli Declaration of Independence (Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות, Hakhrazat HaAtzma’ut or Hebrew: מגילת העצמאות Megilat HaAtzma’ut), formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) byDavid Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.It declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel, which would come into effect on termination of the British Mandate at midnight that day. The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות, lit. Independence Day) on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar.Photos by Wikipedia
Large celebratory crowd outside the Dizengoff House (now called Independence Hall) to hear the declaration and signing of Israel’s Declaration of Independence, dated May 14, 1948.
The original document of Israel’s Declaration of Independence
Francisco Lopes Suasso, second Baron d’Avernas le Gras (ca. 1657 – 22 April 1710) was a banker and financier of theDutch Republic. He was also known within the Sephardic community as Abraham Israel Suasso.
After being expelled from the Iberian Peninsula, most of the Sephardic Jews settled in trading cities such as London andAntwerp. By the late sixteenth century they were arriving in Amsterdam and The Hague. The Lopes Suassos were a rich old Sephardic family of Marranos, or Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity under pressure from the Portuguese Inquisition, but once in Amsterdam they openly returned to their true religion, Judaism.Photo by Wikipedia
Aharon Lichtenstein (May 24, 1933 – April 20, 2015) was a noted Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva. He was an authority inJewish law (“Halacha”).
Rabbi Lichtenstein was born in Paris, France, but grew up in the United States, studied in Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin under RabbiYitzchok Hutner. He earned a BA and semicha (“rabbinic ordination”) at Yeshiva University and a PhD in English Literature atHarvard University, where he studied under Photo by Wikipedia
<h1Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein: Love of the Torah and Love to a Fellow Jew
Interview with Rabbi Moshe Taragin, Yeshivat Har Etzion
Shock and Emptiness – Students Eulogize Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein
A Hesped on Rabbi Ahron Lichtenstein by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader
Baruch Dayan Emet. One of the greatest has left us. This is a Hesped said by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader, in the Beit Midrash of Akiva Hebrew day school in Southfield Michigan.
The photo is from a Shiur that Rav Lichtenstein gave in the Beit Midrash of the Hesder Yeshivah of Yerucham
Rav Aaron Lichtenstein zt”l
Toaff with Oscar Luigi Scalfaro in 2007.
Elio Toaff (30 April 1915 – 19 April 2015) was the Chief Rabbi of Rome from 1951 to 2002.
In 1947 Toaff served as a rabbi in Venice and in 1951 became the Chief Rabbi of Rome.
One of his children is Israeli-Italian professor Ariel Toaff.
On 17 May 2012 he was awarded the Prize Culturae within the Italian National Festival of Cultures in Pisa.
Toaff died on 19 April 2015, 11 days before his 100th birthday.Photo by Wikipedia
Elio Toaff, l’addio del Ghetto romano al suo rabbino
Il Papa ricorda il rabbino Toaff uomo di pace e dialogo
Esprimo le mie sentite condoglianze per la scomparsa, ieri sera, del Rabbino Elio Toaff, già Rabbino Capo di Roma. Sono vicino con la preghiera al Rabbino Capo Riccardo di Segni – che avrebbe dovuto essere qui con noi – e all’intera comunità ebraica di Roma, nel ricordo riconoscente di quest’uomo di pace e di dialogo, che accolse il Papa Giovanni Paolo II nella storica visita al Tempio Maggiore.
Papa Francesco ricorda così la figura del Rabbino Toaff nell’incontro con la delegazione della Conferenza dei Rabbini europei. Sottolinea poi i progressi fatti e l’amicizia che lega la Chiesa Cattolica e le Comunità ebraiche a 50 anni dalla Dichiarazione conciliare Nostra aetate. Il Ponte …
Addio a Elio Toaff, la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in Italia dal secondo dopoguerr
Fra pochi giorni avrebbe compiuto 100 anni. Parliamo dell’addio a Elio Toaff, rabbino emerito di Roma considerato la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in italia dal secondo dopoguerra. Dalle 11 di oggi, 20 aprile 2015, il feretro esposto sotto il colonnato del tempio maggiore di Roma per l’ultimo saluto
Da Giorgio Napolitano a Laura Boldrini, da Emma Bonino a Marco Pannella, da Ignazio Marino a Pierferdinando Casini, in tanti sono venuti al Ghetto per rendere omaggio al rabbino emerito Elio Toaff
Remembering Israel’s fallen soldiers and victims of terror.
Yom Hazikaron (Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה, lit. Day of Remembrance for Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism) is Israel’s official Memorial Day. The national observance was enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of the ongoing armed dispute.
IDF soldiers at Yom Hazikaron ceremony, 2007
An IDF officer places new flags on the graves of IDF soldiers for Yom Hazikaron.
Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l’Chalalei Ma’arachot Yisrael ul’Nifgaei Peulot Ha’eivah Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה; lit. “Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”) is Israel’s officialMemorial Day, enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of political violence, Palestinian political violence, and terrorism in general Photo by Wikipedia
Edna Ferber – Long Distance
Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical), Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).
Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper and his Milwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Jacob Charles and Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where she graduated from high school and briefly attended Lawrence University. She took newspaper jobs at the Appleton Daily Crescent and the Milwaukee Journal before publishing her first novel. She covered the 1920 Republican National Convention and 1920 Democratic National Convention for the United Press Association.
Ferber’s novels generally featured strong female protagonists, along with a rich and diverse collection of supporting characters. She usually highlighted at least one strong secondary character who faced discrimination ethnically or for other reasons; through this technique, Ferber demonstrated her belief that people are people and that the not-so-pretty persons have the best character. Several theatrical and film productions have been based on her works, including Show Boat, Giant, Ice Palace, Saratoga Trunk, Cimarron (which won an Oscar) and the 1960 remake. Three of these works – Show Boat, Saratoga Trunk and Giant – have been developed into musicals.
When composer Jerome Kern proposed turning the very serious Show Boat into a musical, Ferber was shocked, thinking it would be transformed into a typical light entertainment of the 1920s. It was not until Kern explained that he and Oscar Hammerstein II wanted to create a different type of musical that Ferber granted him the rights. Saratoga, based on Saratoga Trunk, was written at a much later date, after serious plots had become acceptable in stage musicals. In 1925, she won the Pulitzer Prize for her book So Big, which was made into a silent film starring Colleen Moore that same year. An early talkie movie remake followed, in 1932, starring Barbara Stanwyck and George Brent, with Bette Davis in a supporting role. A 1953 remake of So Big starred Jane Wyman in the Stanwyck role, and is the version most often seen today.
David Émile Durkheim (French: [emil dyʁkɛm] or [dyʁkajm]; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and — with Karl Marx and Max Weber — is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology.,,,,,
Emile Durkheim was born in Épinal in Lorraine, coming from a long line of devout French Jews; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had been rabbis. He began his education in a rabbinical school, but at an early age, he decided not to follow in his family’s footsteps and switched schools. Durkheim led a completely secular life. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.Photo by Wikipedia
Sociological Theory: Emile Durkhiem and Social Solidarity
Conceptual art and historical imagery vivifies a discussion of Emile Durkhiem’s Division of Labour in Society. The video focuses upon differences between traditional “mechanical” solidarity and modern “organic” solidarity.
Nathan the Wise (original German title: Nathan der Weise) is a play published by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in 1779. It is a fervent plea for religious tolerance. Its performance was forbidden by the church during Lessing’s lifetime; it was first performed in 1783 inBerlin. In 1922 it was adapted into a silent film of the same title.
Set in Jerusalem during the Third Crusade, it describes how the wise Jewish merchant Nathan, the enlightened sultan Saladin, and the (initially anonymous) Templar bridge their gaps between Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Its major themes are friendship, tolerance, relativism of God, a rejection of miracles and a need for communication.
Recha Welcoming Her Father. From an incomplete series of illustrations for the play Nathan the Wise. Photo by Wikipedia
Nathan the Wise by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (This Week in Jewish History)
In August of 1778, the non-Jewish writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing wrote to his brother of a new literary project designed to further tolerance of Jews in German society. The result was Nathan the Wise, a sensation that was initially banned by the Church and heavily criticized by antisemites of the day.
Evelyn Einstein (28 March 1941 – 13 April 2011) was the adopted daughter of Hans Albert Einstein, the son of Albert Einstein
Einstein was born in Chicago; after her birth she was adopted by Hans Albert Einstein. She obtained a Master’s degree in Medieval literature at University of California, Berkeley. She was married to Grover Krantz for 13 years. She then worked briefly as an animal control officer, as a cult deprogrammer and as a Berkeley, California reserve police officer.
Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (Hebrew: אליעזר בן־יהודה pronounced [ɛli’ʕɛzeʁ bɛn jɛhu’da]; 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Litvaklexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era.
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda was born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman (Yiddish אליעזר יצחק פערלמאן), in Luzhki (Belarusian Лужкі (Lužki), PolishŁużki), Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus). He attended cheder where he studied Hebrew and the Bible from the age of three, as was customary among the Jews of Eastern Europe. Photo by Wikipedia
Revival of Hebrew
While Hebrew had remained the language of study and prayer, it had not been a spoken language for centuries. Few believed it could again become a tongue of everyday speech, but one man did, and dedicated his life to reviving Hebrew. His name was Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.
Please visit http://www.Zionism101.org for more videos on Zionist history.
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 1 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 2 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 3 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 4 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 5 of 5
Itamar Ben-Avi (Also Ittamar, Hebrew: איתמר בן אב”י; born Ben-Zion Ben-Yehuda, בן-ציון בן-יהודה on 31 July 1882, died 8 April 1943) was the son of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda. Eliezer is credited with reviving the Hebrew language and brought up Itamar to be the first native speaker of what would become Modern Hebrew. Ben-Avi worked as a journalist (starting with his father’s newspaper HaZvi), and as a Zionist activist.
Ben-Zion grew up speaking modern Hebrew with his parents, making him the first native speaker of the Hebrew language in over a thousand years. When he was very young, Photo by Wikipedia