UPCOMING HOLIDAY The Three Weeks Jul. 4 – Jul. 25
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Baroness Franziska “Fanny” von Arnstein, born Vögele Itzig (September 29, 1758, Berlin – June 8, 1818, near Vienna) was a leader of society in Vienna.
Fanny Arnstein was born the daughter of Daniel Itzig, and was a member of the extensive and influential JewishItzig family.
She married the banker Nathan Adam von Arnstein, a partner in the firm of Arnstein and Eskeles; her sister Caecilie (Zipperche) was married to the other partner, Bernhard von Eskeles. They brought the social influences of Berlin to Vienna, notably the concept of the intellectual salon, to the Vienna of Joseph II. The Arnstein mansion at Vienna and her villas at Schönbrunn and Baden bei Wien were regularly used for hospitality. She was also involved in charitable
Baroness Fanny von Arnstein
Image of the Jewish Cemetery in the Viennese district Währing and Döbling (Israelitischer Friedhof Währing). Parts of it were destroyed by the Nazis between 1938-45, the cemetery lay neglected as of September 2005.
לוח זיכרון המוקדש למרדכי גבירטיג, שהוצבה בעת פסטיבל התרבות היהודי השלישי בקרקוב (14 ביוני 1992) על קיר ביתו של גבירטיג ברח’ ברק יוסלביץ’ מס’ 5 בקרקוב.
בלוח תבליט דיוקנו, שעליו מצוין “מרדכי גבירטיג: נגר, משורר, זמר”; על פני הקשתות שמעל הדיוקן מתנוססות מילות הפואמה שלו “בלייב געזונט מיר, קראקע!” (ובפולנית: “Bądź zdrów mój Kraokwie”) – “היי לי בריאה, קרקוב”, או במשמעות האירונית של השיר: “היי שלום” [או “שלום ולא להתראות”], קרקוב”.
This Day in Jewish History / A man of the people who sang of fire is murdered by Nazis
A German soldier shot down folk hero Mordechai Gebirtig and his wife in Krakow Ghetto as Jews were boarding a train for deportation to the east.Photo by Wikipedia
Mordechai Gebirtig, born Mordecai Bertig (Yiddish: מרדכי געבירטיג, b. 4 May 1877, Kraków, Austria Hungary; d. 4 June 1942, Kraków Ghetto, General Government) was an influential Yiddish poet and songwriter.
Mordecai Gebirtig (1877–1942) was born in Krakow and lived in its Jewish working-class quarter all his life, one which was ended by a Nazi bullet in the Kraków Ghetto on the infamous “Bloody Thursday” of June 4, 1942. He is the preeminent “folk” artist in Yiddish literature and song. Gebirtig served for five years in the Austro-Hungarian army. He was self-taught in music, played the shepherd’s pipe well, and tapped out tunes on the piano with one finger. He earned his livelihood as a furniture worker; music and theater were avocations.
Yakov Sverdlov ☭
Yakov Sverdlov, Bolshevik activist.
“AN IMPERIOUS CHAIRMAN
Sverdlov had to preside a great deal. He was Chairman of many bodies and at many meetings. He was an imperious Chairman. Not in the sense that he shut off discussion, or curbed the speakers, and so on. Not at all. On the contrary, he never quibbled or insisted on formalities. His imperiousness as Chairman consisted in this, that he always knew exactly what practical decision was before the body; he understood who would speak, what would be said, and why; he was quite familiar with the backstage aspects of the issue — and every big and complex issue has its own backstage; he was adept at giving the floor in time to speakers who were needed; he knew how to put the proposition to a vote in time; he knew what could be carried and he was able to carry what he wanted. These traits of his as Chairman were bound up indissolubly with all his qualities as a practical leader, with his ability to appraise people in the flesh, realistically, with his inexhaustible inventiveness in the field of organizational and personnel combinations.
During stormy sessions he was adept at permitting the assembly to become noisy and let off steam; and then at the proper moment he would intervene to restore order with a firm hand and a metallic voice.
Sverdlov was of medium height, of dark complexion, thin and gaunt; his face, lean; his features, angular. His powerful and even mighty voice might have seemed out of consonance with his physique. To an even greater degree this might be said of his character. But such an impression could be only fleeting. And then the physical image became fused with the spiritual. Nor is this all, for this gaunt figure with its calm unconquerable and inflexible will and with its powerful but not flexible voice would then stand forth as a finished image.
“Nichevo,” Valdimir Ilyich would sometimes say in a difficult situation. “Sverdlov will tell them about it in his Sverdlovian bass and the matter will be settled …”
In these words there was affectionate irony.
In the initial post-October period the Communists were, as is well-known, called “leatherites,” by our enemies, because of the way in which we dressed. I believe that Sverdlov”s example played a major role in introducing the leather “uniform” among us. At all events he invariably walked around encased in leather from head to toe, from his leather cap to his leather boots. This costume, which somehow corresponded with the character of those days, radiated far and wide from him, as the central organizational figure.
Comrades who knew Sverdlov in the underground days remember a different Sverdlov. But in my memory Sverdlov remains clothed in leather as in an armor grown black under the blows of the first years of the Civil War.
We were gathered at a session of the Political Bureau when Sverdlov, who was burning up with fever at home, took a turn for the worse. E.D. Stassova, the then Secretary of the Central Committee, came in during the session. She had come from Sverdlov”s apartment. Her face was unrecognizable.
“Jacob Mikhailovich feels poorly, very poorly,” she said. A glance at her sufficed to understand that there was no hope. We cut the session short. Vladimir Ilyich went to Sverdlov”s apartment, and I left for the Commissariat to prepare to depart immediately to the front. In about 15 minutes a phone call came from Lenin, who said in that special muted voice which meant great strain: “He is gone.” “He is gone.” “He is gone.” For a while each of us held the receiver in our hands and each could feel the silence at the other end. Then we hung up. There was nothing more to say. Jacob Mikhailovich was gone. Sverdlov was no longer among us.”
March 13, 1925
Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov (Russian: Я́ков Миха́йлович Свердло́в; IPA: [ˈjakəf mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ svʲɪrdˈlof]; known under pseudonyms “Andrei”, “Mikhalych”, “Max”, “Smirnov”, “Permyakov”; 3 June [O.S. 22 May] 1885 – 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik party leader and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee.
Sverdlov was born in Nizhny Novgorod as Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov to Jewish parents Mikhail Izrailevich Sverdlov and Elizaveta Solomonova. His father was a politically active engraver who eventually went into forgery, and arms storage and dealing partially to support his family. The Sverdlov family had six children
Shoah-Part 2: Interview with Raul Hilberg
Director Claude Lanzmann interviews Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg about the train schedules that represent the deaths of thousands of Jews, calling into question Walter Stier’s and other Germans’ claims that they knew nothing about the Final Solution.
Raul Hilberg (June 2, 1926 – August 4, 2007) was an Austrian-born American political scientist and historian. He was widely considered to be the world’s preeminent scholar of the Holocaust, and his three-volume, 1,273-page magnum opus, The Destruction of the European Jews, is regarded as a seminal study of the Nazi Final Solution.
Hilberg was born to a Polish–Romanian Jewish family in Vienna, Austria.
Hilberg was very much a loner, pursuing solitary hobbies such as geography, music and train spotting. Though his parents attended synagogue on occasion, he personally found the irrationality of religion repellent and developed an allergy to it. He did however attend a Zionist school in Vienna, which inculcated the necessity of defending against, rather than surrendering to, the rising menace of Nazism .Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Enigmatic ‘living work of art’ and savior of German Jews shot down by …
Trailer: Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero
Trailer of the new film: “Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero”. Learn more at http://www.wilfridisraelfilm.org.
Currently the film runs in its Hebrew version with English subtitles.
Soon enough, the English version, and a bit later the German version will be available.
Wilfrid Berthold Jacob Israel (11 July 1899 – 1 June 1943) was an Anglo-German businessman and philanthropist, born into a wealthy Anglo-German Jewish family, who was active in the rescue of Jews from Nazi Germany, and who played an important role in the Kindertransport.
Described as “gentle and courageous” and “intensely secretive”, Wilfrid Israel avoided public office and shunned publicity, but had, according to his biographer Naomi Shepherd, an “almost hypnotic” ability to influence friends and colleagues. Martin Buber described him as “a man of great moral stature, dedicated to the service of others”.
He was killed when his civilian passenger plane, en route from Lisbon to Bristol, was shot down by a Luftwaffe fighter patrol over the Bay of Biscay.Photo by Wikipedia
This is the essence:
to have compassion
upon all beings
~ Moshe Cordovero (neohasid.org )
Moses ben Jacob Cordovero (Hebrew: משה קורדובירו; 1522–1570), was a central figure in the historical development of Kabbalah, leader of a mystical school in 16th-century Safed, Israel. He is known by the acronym the Ramak.
After the Medieval flourishing of Kabbalah, centered on the Zohar, attempts were made to give a complete intellectual system to its theology, such as by Meir ibn Gabbai. Influenced by the earlier success of Jewish philosophy in articulating a rational study of Jewish thought, Moshe Cordovero produced the first full integration of the previous differing schools in Kabbalistic interpretation. While he was a mystic inspired by the opaque imagery of the Zohar Photo by Wikipedia
Rabbi Moshe Cordovero and the Tomer Devorah Dr. Henry Abramson
This video concentrates on the life and work of Rabbi Moshe Cordovero (1522-1570), a prominent Kabbalist of Safed, Israel. This lecture was originally delivered at Young Israel of Bal Harbour but technical difficulties rendered the audio portion inaudible (which is the point of audio, after all) so this is a replacement lecture. Delivered by Dr. Henry Abramson of Touro College South.
Madonna: Driven (2001) Part 3 of 7
Madonna moves to New York to pursue her dreams of becoming a professional dancer. Also covers her brief time in Paris as a back singer/dancer for the Patrick Hernandez Revue and the nude modeling she did to support herself during this time. Includes interviews with: Pearl Lang, Stephen Bray, and painter/photographer Anthony Panzera.
MADONNA DRIVEN 2001 television special on Madonna’s early years and her drive to succeed: from her childhood in Detroit, to her days as a struggling dancer in New York and the beginnings of her music career.
Pearl Lang (May 29, 1921 – February 24, 2009) was an American dancer, choreographer and teacher renowned as an interpreter and propagator of the choreography style of Martha Graham, and also for her own longtime dance company, the Pearl Lang Dance Theater
A native of Chicago, Lang began her dance training as a child and studied acting at the Goodman Theatre Her dance teacher was Frances Allis who taught movement for actors as well as her own modern dance technique which has many similarities to Graham’s. Lang studied Allis technique and performed with her company in Chicago. In 1938, at the age of 17, she enrolled in a program for gifted students at the University of Chicago, where she remained until 1941, the year of her move to New York. Born Pearl Lack, she adopted the stage name, “Pearl Lang”, s Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / A biologist who decided that capitalism is environmentally disastrous is …
Barry Commoner (May 28, 1917 – September 30, 2012) was an American biologist, college professor, and politician. He was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement. He ran for president of the United States in the1980 U.S. presidential election on the Citizens Party ticket. He served as editor of Science Illustrated magazine.
Commoner was born in Brooklyn, New York, on May 28, 1917, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia. He received hisbachelor’s degree in zoology from Columbia University in 1937 and his master’s and doctoral degrees from Harvard University in 1938 and 1941, respectively.Photo by Wikipedia
Barry Commoner – Scientist, Candidate and Planet Earth’s Lifeguard
Herman Wouk (/ˈwoʊk/; born May 27, 1915) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author whose novels include The Caine Mutiny,The Winds of War and War and Remembrance.
Herman Wouk was the son of Esther (née Levine) and Abraham Isaac Wouk. His family was Jewish and had emigrated fromRussia. After a childhood and adolescence in the Bronx and a high school diploma from Townsend Harris High School, he earned aB.A. from Columbia University in 1934, where he was a member of the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity Photo by Wikipedia Herman Wouk in Jerusalem, 1955
Readings by Herman Wouk
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Herman Wouk presents A Short Ramble Through a Long Literary Life, readings from his works. Wouk won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1952 for The Caine Mutiny. Among his other best-selling novels are The Winds of War (1971), War and Remembrance (1978) and Marjorie Morningstar (1955). [9/2001] [Humanities] [Show ID: 5824]
What’s My Line? – Herman Wouk; Van Heflin (Oct 23, 1955)
Herman Wouk, author of “The Caine Mutiny”, appears as the first mystery guest. Wouk got his start as a professional writer on the staff of Fred Allen’s radio show.
This Day in Jewish History / The town of Blois kills its Jews
The murders in 1171 were the first case of blood libel in continental Europe — though no crime had been reported, let alone associated with the Jews.
Jews in the Medieval Economy (Essential Lectures in Jewish History) by Dr. Henry Abramson
An introductory lecture on the role of Jews in the medieval European economy. Part of the Essential Lectures in Jewish History series. More available at http://www.henryabramson.com.
French Jews of the Middle Ages. From the 1901-1906 Jewish Ecyclopedia.
The history of Jews in the Middle Ages spans the timeframe of approximately 500 CE to 1750 CE. This article covers the medieval history of Jews in the Christian-dominated Western European region. See the History of the Jews in the Byzantine Empire forEastern Europe. The other two themes that comprise the history of Jews during the Middle Ages include Jewish history in MuslimArab lands, mainly Islamic Spain, and the Jewish history in North Africa.
From the fall of Rome to the Late Middle Ages (500-1500)
Historically, Jews are believed to have originated from the Israelite tribes of the Land of Israel. Their first migration to Europe began when large amounts of them moved to Italy, France, and Germany in the early 4th century. Afterwards, due to various pogroms that took place during the early Middle Ages, they fled mostly to Poland and Lithuania, and from there spread over the rest of Eastern Europe. These European Jews later came to be known as Ashkenazi Jews. Photos by Wikipedia
This was meant to be uploaded for John’s birthday but it is probably a little too sad for that. However it is a celebration of his wonderful, underappreciated talent, showcased best when playing down-to-earth, yet troubled characters. I don’t really know what else to say, except that in the few films of his I’ve seen, I have been consistently impressed. I think it’s terrible that he died so young and was so ruined by the McCarthy witch-hunts. On the bright side, he’s still quite valued today and a few of his films are very well remembered. He’s not my favourite actor, but he certainly is one of the best.
The Postman Always Rings Twice
He Ran All The Way
Music is the title theme from ‘Midnight Cowboy’
John Garfield (March 4, 1913 – May 21, 1952) was an American actor adept at playing brooding, rebellious, working-class characters. He grew up in poverty in Depression-era New York City and in the early 1930s became an important member of theGroup Theater. In 1937, he moved to Hollywood, eventually becoming one of Warner Bros.’ major stars. Called to testify before the U.S. Congressional House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he denied Communist affiliation and refused to “name names,” effectively ending his film career,,,,,,
Garfield was born Jacob Julius Garfinkle in a small apartment on Rivington Street in Manhattan’sLower East Side, to David and Hannah Garfinkle, Russian Jewish immigrants Photos by Wikipedia
Cropped screenshot of John Garfield from the trailer for the film Gentleman’s Agreement.
Top 10 Bob Dylan Songs
Bob Dylan (/ˈdɪlən/; born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist, and writer. He has been influential in popular music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when his songs chronicled social unrest, although Dylan repudiated suggestions from journalists that he was a spokesman for his generation. Nevertheless, early songs such as “Blowin’ in the Wind” and “The Times They Are a-Changin'” became anthems for the American civil rights and anti-war movements ………..
Bob Dylan and the Band touring in Chicago, 1974
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman (Hebrew name שבתאי זיסל בן אברהם [Shabtai Zisl ben Avraham]) in St Mary’s Hospital on May 24, 1941, the first of two boys, inDuluth, Minnesota, and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior. Dylan’s paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa in the Russian Empire now Ukraine, Photos by Wikipedia
Secret World of Hasidism
An in depth documentary on the world of Hasidism, ,,,,
It explains what Hasidism is, and how it differs to contemporary Judaism. It covers the laws of Judaism, Kosher food, weddings and those who have embraced and left Judaism. It features Luzer Twersky and Jewish author Simon Jacobson.
Esriel Hildesheimer (also Azriel and Israel, Yiddish: עזריאל הילדעסהיימער; May 20 1820 – July 12 1899) was a German rabbi and leader ofOrthodox Judaism. He is regarded as a pioneering moderniser of Orthodox Judaism in Germany and as a founder of Modern Orthodox Judaism.
Hildesheimer was born in Halberstadt, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, the son of Rabbi Löb Glee Hildesheimer, a native ofHildesheim, Electorate of Hanover, a city near Hanover. He attended the Hasharat Zvi school in Halberstadt, and, from age seventeen, theYeshiva of Rabbi Jacob Ettlinger in Altona; Chacham Isaac Bernays was one of his teachers and his model as a preacher. While studying in yeshiva Hildesheimer also studied classical languages. In 1840 he returned to Halberstad Photos by Wikipedia
Abraham Pais (May 19, 1918 – July 28, 2000) was a Dutch-born American physicist and science historian. Pais earned his Ph.D. from University of Utrecht just prior to a Nazi ban on Jewish participation in Dutch universities during World War II. When the Nazis began the forced relocation of Dutch Jews, he went into hiding, but was later arrested and saved only by the end of the war. He then served as an assistant to Niels Bohr in Denmark and was later a colleague of Albert Einstein at the Institute for Advanced Studyin Princeton, New Jersey. Pais wrote books documenting the lives of these two great physicists and the contributions they and others made to modern physics. He was a physics professor at Rockefeller University until his retirement. Photos by Wikipedia
American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary)
American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) Ameri.
Eli Cohen tried and executed as Israeli spy in 1965.
In the early 1960’s Eli Cohen became a spy for Israel. Posing as a wealthy Arabic businessman, he gained the confidence of many prominent government officials in Syria. Cohen learned many military secrets before he was caught, tortured and executed in 1965. Two years later during the Six Day War, Israel used Cohen’s information to easily defeat the overconfident Syrian army. One of his brilliant feats was to recommended that trees be planted to shade the soldiers’ outposts. The Israeli army then knew the exact location of every one of them because of the trees. To this day his body is still in Syria. His widow has been campaigning for its release and return but stated that it should not in exchange for freeing terrorists. This Jewish History Moment was brought to you by Israel National Radio. For more news and politics on Israel and the Jewish world visit http://www.IsraelNationalRadio.com for free streaming a audio and podcasts.
Israel, Syria and The Bible~The Eli Cohen Story
The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie
The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie
Director: Jim Goddard
Stars: John Shea, Eli Wallach, Sasson Gabai
Eliahu (Eli) ben Shaoul Cohen (Hebrew: אֱלִיָּהוּ בֵּן שָׁאוּל כֹּהֵן, 16 December 1924 – 18 May 1965) (Arabic:ايلي كوهين) was an Israelispy. He is best known for his espionage work in 1961 – 1965 in Syria, where he developed close relationships with the political andmilitary hierarchy there and became the Chief Adviser to the Minister of Defense. Syrian counter-intelligence authorities eventually uncovered a spy conspiracy, tried and convicted Cohen under pre-war ‘martial law’ to death penalty in 1965. The intelligence he gathered is claimed to have been an important factor in Israel’s success in the Six Day War.
Eli Cohen was born in Alexandria to a devout Jewish and Zionist family in 1924. His father had moved there from Aleppo in 1914. In January 1947, he chose to enlist in theEgyptian Army as an alternative to paying the prescribed sum all young Jews were supposed to pay, but was declared ineligible on grounds of questionable loyalty. Later that year, he left university and began studying at home after facing harassment by the Muslim Brotherhood. In the years following the creation of Israel, many Jewish families left Egypt. Though his parents and three brothers left for Israel in 1949 Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / An actress so moving that anti-Semites pelted her — with flowers — is …
YIDDISH THEATRE, New York…memories
Bertha Kalich, (also spelled Kalish) (17 May 17, 1874 – 18 April 1939) was a Jewish actress, born in Lemberg, Galicia (now Lviv,Ukraine). Though she was well-established as an entertainer in Eastern Europe, she is best remembered as one of the several “larger-than-life” figures that dominated New York stages during the “Golden Age” of American Yiddish Theatre during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Historians estimate that, during her career, Kalich performed more than 125 different roles in seven different languages.
Kalich was born Beylke Kalakh in what was then Austria-Hungary, the only child of Solomon Kalakh, a poor brush manufacturer and amateur violinist. Photos by Wikipedia
Images from Jerusalem right after the war in 1967. The kotel, Western Wall, being reopened to Jews.
Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu et Yerushalaim – Givat Hatakhmoshet
This is a compilation of short clips about Jerusalem Day.
Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu Et Yerushalayim – Givat Hatachmoshet – Har HaBait Beyadenu – Am Israel Chai
ריקוד דגלים- Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day
ריקוד הדגלים ביום ירושלים
Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day
סלפי ירושלמי – יום ירושלים Jerusalem Day
Jerusalem Day (Hebrew: יום ירושלים, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalemand the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War. The day is officially marked by state ceremonies and memorial services. The Chief Rabbinate of Israel declared Jerusalem Day a minor religious holiday to mark the regaining of access to the Western Wall. While the day has lost its significance for most secular Israelis, the day is still very much celebrated by Israel’s Religious Zionist community with parades and additional prayers in the synagogue.Under International Law, in the San Remo agreement in 1920, Jerusalem and Israel was given to the Jews for a homeland and is therefor still legally Jewish land . Under the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which proposed the establishment of two states in the British Mandate of Palestine—a Jewish state and an Arab state—Jerusalem was to be an international city, neither exclusively Arab nor Jewish for a period of ten years Photos by Wikipedia
Hayyim Selig Slonimski (Hebrew: חיים זעליג סלונימסקי, also known by his acronym CHaZaS) (1810-1904) was a Hebrew publisher,astronomer, inventor, and science author
Hayyim Selig Slonimski was born in Białystok, in the Grodno Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Poland) on March 31, 1810.
He pioneered the education of Jews in Eastern Europe in science; to do this, he introduced a vocabulary of technical terms created partly by himself into the Hebrew language. His reputation as a strictly orthodox rabbi assured fellow Jews that his scientific teachings would not undermine religion. . Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board…
This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board… …Yet of the 937 passengers, nearly a third wound up …
When Canada Said No: The Abandoned Jews of the MS St. Louis
In May 1939, the oceanliner MS St. Louis departed Hamburg, Germany carrying Jewish refugees desperate to flee Nazi Germany.
They tried to escape any way they could.
But the world did not want them.
This is their story.
▶ ▶ ▶ Holocaust Task Force
The MS St. Louis was a German ocean liner most notable for a single voyage in 1939, in which her captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for 915 Jewish refugees from Germany, after they were denied entry to Cuba, the United Statesand Canada, until finally accepted in various European countries, which were later engulfed in World War II. Historians have estimated that, after their return to Europe, approximately a quarter of the ship’s passengers died in concentration camps. The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. It was adapted for a 1976 American film of the same title. Photos by Wikipedia
Wysinfo Docuwebs: Yigael Yadin on the Dead Sea History
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
Follow an expedition to a remote cave in the Judean desert, first excavated by the famed Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin in 1960-61. Yadin uncovered a cache of ancient documents, human skulls, and artifacts that shed light on a legendary revolt by Jews against the Roman Empire in the year 132. The uprising, led by Jewish patriot Shimon Bar-Kokhba, is said to have resulted in the Roman slaughter of 580,000 Jews. Explore t
The Temple Scroll
A description of the Temple Scroll one of the longest of the scrolls purchased by Professor Igael Yadin
Yigael Yadin (Hebrew: יִגָּאֵל יָדִין, born Yigael Sukenik (Hebrew: יגאל סוקניק) 20 March 1917 – 28 June 1984) was an Israeliarcheologist, politician, and the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
Yadin was born in 1917 to noted archeologist Eleazar S ukenik and educationalist and women’s rights activist Hasya Feinsod Sukenik. He joined the Haganah at age 15, and served there in a variety of different capacities. In 1946, however, he left the Haganah following an argument with its commander Yitzhak Sadeh over the inclusion of a machine gun as part of standard squad equipment. Photos by Wikipedia The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin(1949)
A Tribute to Artist Menashe Kadishman
Iconic Israeli painter and sculpture Kadishman died at the age of 82
Popular Jewish Museum, Berlin & Menashe Kadishman videos
Menashe Kadishman (August 21, 1932 – May 8, 2015) (Hebrew: מנשה קדישמן;) was an Israeli sculptor and painter.
Kadishman artworks are presented in central locations in Israel, such as Habima Square and his paintings can be found in many different galleries in Israel. He is most famous for his metallic sculptors and colorful sheep paintings.
From 1947 to 1950, Kadishman studied with the Israeli sculptor Moshe Sternschuss at the Avni Institute of Art and Design in Tel Aviv, and in 1954 with the Israeli sculptor Rudi Lehmann in Jerusalem.
In 1959, he moved to London, where he attended Saint Martin’s School of Art and the Slade School of Art. During 1959 and 1960 he also studied with Anthony Caro and Reg Butler. He remained here until 1972; he had his first one-man show there in 1965 at theGrosvenor Gallery. . Photos by Wikipedia
NASA | Theodore von Kármán and the Creation of JPL [HD]
The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Theodore Von Karman’s death. Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary in 1881, Von Karman emigrated to the United States in 1930, joining the faculty of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech, where he remained until 1944. He then gradually moved to Washington, DC., to head the Air Force’s Scientific Advisory Group. He was ultimately awarded the first Medal of Science by President Kennedy in 1963. Von Karman was also the first director of JPL. This talk will tell the story of Von Karman’s role in founding rocketry at Caltech, and Caltech’s role in developing rocket weapons for the U.S. Military during World War II.
Theodore von Kármán (Hungarian: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; May 11, 1881 – May 6, 1963) was a Hungarian-Americanmathematician, aerospace engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics. He is responsible for many key advances in aerodynamics, notably his work on supersonic and hypersonic airflow characterization. He is regarded as the outstanding aerodynamic theoretician of the twentieth century
Von Kármán was born into a Jewish family in Budapest, Austria-Hungary as Kármán Tódor. One of his ancestors was RabbiJudah Loew ben Bezalel. He studied engineering at the city’s Royal Joseph Technical University, known today as Budapest University of Technology and Economics. . Photos by Wikipedia
The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Moses Schorr, Polish: Mojżesz Schorr (May 10, 1874 – July 8, 1941) was a rabbi, Polish historian, politician, Bible scholar,assyriologist and orientalist. Schorr was one of the top experts on the history of the Jews in Poland. He was the first Jewish researcher of Polish archives, historical sources, and pinkasim. The president of the 13th district B’nai B’rith Poland, he was a humanist and modern rabbi who ministered the central synagogue of Poland during its last years before the Holocaust. Photos by Wikipedia
H. Robert Horvitz (MIT/HHMI): When Stockholm Called
Lecture Summary: Have you ever wondered how scientists react when they discover that they have been awarded a Nobel Prize? Horvitz, one of the winners of the 2002 Prize for Medicine or Physiology, tells us where he was and what he did when he found out he had won.
Howard Robert Horvitz (born May 8, 1947) is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode wormCaenorhabditis elegans.
Horvitz was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Mary R. (Savit), a school teacher, and Oscar Freedom Horvitz, a GAO accountant.He did his undergraduate studies at MIT in 1968, where he joined Alpha Epsilon Pi. He obtained his PhD in Biology from Harvard University in 1974. Photos by youtube
MGM 90th Anniversary – Official® [HD]
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) announced today a yearlong global campaign to honor the studio’s storied 90-year legacy. Founded in 1924 when theater magnate Marcus Loew bought and merged Metro Pictures Corp. with Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer Productions, MGM and its legendary roaring lion logo signify the golden era of Hollywood to film lovers around the world. Since its inception, the company has led the industry in creating some of Hollywood’s greatest stars and is home to over 175 Academy Award-winning films, including 14 Best Pictures.
The celebration of 90 extraordinary years kicks off today, as the MGM icon, Leo the Lion, is immortalized with a paw print ceremony at the world famous TCL Chinese Theater in Hollywood, cementing his place in Hollywood history. Sylvester Stallone, writer and star of Rocky (1976), one of MGM’s most iconic and enduring characters, is also on hand to commemorate the special occasion.
MGM is debuting a special 90th anniversary trailer which will play in theaters, on MGM channels including MGM’s 24/7 movie network, MGM HD its action-themed VOD channel, Impact and its premiere multicast programming service dedicated to movies, THIS TV as well as on DVD products and across social media. The trailer includes a tapestry of iconic images and scenes from films in MGM’s library, evoking a deep emotional connection and celebrating the company’s extensive contributions to the entertainment world.
Additionally, several of MGM’s signature films including Rocky, Rain Man, Fargo, RoboCop and The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, have been meticulously restored in 4K resolution (four times the clarity of HD) and will be presented on Blu-ra for a high-definition home viewing experience. These re-releases will be issued through MGMs home entertainment partner, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, and are now available for pre-order on Amazon.
Other initiatives to mark the companys 90th anniversary include:
– MGM will complement its already vast collection of films currently available on Blu-ray by releasing new titles across all genres throughout the year. Upcoming titles for release include In the Heat of the Night, A Chorus Line, and The Birdcage.
– MGM has created a one-of-a-kind collector’s book and bonus video disc companion commemorating 90 amazing years, featuring interviews from award-winning filmmakers, directors, and actors discussing the significance of their contributions to MGM’s legacy. The book and video highlight the evolution and history of the legendary studio and provide an extensive look into the studio’s golden years, classics, iconic franchises and much more. Interviews include Sylvester Stallone on Rocky, Clint Eastwood on The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis on Thelma and Louise, and Walter Mirisch on The Pink Panther. The bonus disc will also be available accompanying select DVD offerings.
– Fans can also relive their favorite film moments at MGM90th.com, a unique Tumblr website and the first Tumblr integration to feature a studios full library. The MGM 90th Tumblr site’s dynamic design encourages fans to explore and immerse themselves into rich content celebrating 90 years of MGM filmmaking. As fans integrate socially with the yearlong celebration, the Tumblr site will serve as an active aggregator showcasing all of the current sharing and postings.
Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loews Theatres and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).
Marcus Loew was born into a poor Polish Jewish family who had emigrated to the U.S. And settled in New York City just a year before. He was forced by circumstances to work at a very young age and had little formal education. Nevertheless, beginning with a small investment from money saved from menial jobs, he bought into the penny arcade business. Shortly after, in partnership withAdolph Zukor and others, Loew acquired a nickelodeon and over time he turned Loew’s Theatres into a leading chain of vaudeville and movie theaters in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Vom Wiener Lehrling zum Friedensnobelpreisträger
(c) Andreas H. Landl für friedensnews.at:
AK Präsident Herbert Tumpel erwies Wiens Friedensnobelpreisträger die Ehre. Tumpels Vater war Esperantist und ein Mann er Lettern, sprich gelernter Drucker wie der Friedensnobelpreisträger. Tumpel ist ein Anliegen, dass die von den Nazis verbrannten Bücher der Pazifisten in Österreich wieder zugänglich gemacht werden. Denn was nicht gedruckt vorliegt ist nicht zugänglich und kann tot geschwiegen werden. Ab jetzt wir “zurückgedruckt”, denn:
Im Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten schaffte ein Bursche aus elendigen Verhältnissen eine Karriere mit Lehre. Er wurde der einzige Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger. Bis 2006 war das in Wien kaum jemandem bekannt. Denn der war Freidenker aus einer jüdischen Familie, Pazifist, Gewerkschafter, Friedensjournalist, Internationalist und Freimauerer. Soviel Friedensengagement war natürlich für die Militaristen im deutschsprachigen Raum ab 1914 zuviel des Guten. Fried und seine Werke wurden bekämpft. Er musste zweimal fliehen. Einmal aus Österreich und einmal aus Bayern. Rechtsextreme aller Couleur säuberten die Bibliotheken in vier Wellen von seinen Werken. So kam es, dass selbst Friedensbeweger wie ich oder Herbert Tumpel der Präsident der Arbeiterkammer bis 2006 nichts über den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger wussten. Walter Göhring stieß bei der Recherche über Ferdinand Hanusch auf den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger und macht erstmals 2006 breiter publik, was fast vollkommen verdrängt war.
Am 11.04.2012 18:00 Uhr gab es eine hochkarätige Veranstaltung des
Instituts für Gewerkschafts- und AK Geschichte und derAlfred Hermann Fried Gesellschaft Löcker Verlag in der AK Bibiliothek in Wien.
“Zwei Mal in der Geschichte ging der begehrte Friedensnobelpreis auch an ÖsterreicherInnen:
1905 an Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) und 1911 an
Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921).
Die Leistungen des Friedensnobelpreisträgers Alfred Hermann Fried standen lange Zeit im Schatten Bertha von Suttners. Vielfach unbekannt ist, dass Fried
* als Buchhandelslehrling eine Jugendgewerkschaft gründete, die in die Gewerkschaft der Kaufmännischen Angestellten mündete, eine der Vorläufer organisationen der heutigen GPA-djp.
* Ab 1892 gab er gemeinsam mit Bertha von Suttner die pazifistische Zeitschrift „Die Waffen nieder!” heraus, in der er u.a. seine pazifistischen Ideen artikulierte.
Dass Fried damit zu den Vorkämpfern der europäischen Friedensbewegung gehörte, ist heute ebenfalls vielfach vergessen: mit seiner
Zeitschrift “Die Friedenswarte”
schuf Fried ein Organ, in dem die Ideen für ein neues demokratisch geeintes Europa ihren Niederschlag fanden.
Der Zeithistoriker Walter Göhring hat sich in Archiven und Bibliotheken in der Schweiz, in den USA, den Niederlanden, Ungarn, der Slowakei und Österreich auf die Spuren Alfred Hermann Frieds begeben. Ergebnis dieser Spurensuche sind Publikationen und Beiträge sowie eine Ausstellung über Alfred Hermann Fried, der mit seinen Arbeiten bis in die Gründung der UNO und der Europäischen Union hineingewirkt hat.
Sein Werk ist heute aktueller denn je.”
Entfetzung für Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger Alfred Hermann Fried nach 100 Jahren
Wien – 1911 vor 100 Jahren erhielt der Wiener Pazifist Alfred Hermann Fried den Friedensnobelpreis. Der revolutionäre Pazifist, Friedensforscher und erste Friedensjournalist von Weltrang erhielt nun gestern nach fast 100 Jahren seine 1. Gedenktafel in Wien.
Vor Widerhofergasse 5 wo Fried 1911 wohnte versammelten sich am 25.5.2011 abends über 200 Menschen und nahmen am Festakt teil.
Klaus Maria Brandauer enthüllte die Gedenktafel während der Brunnenchor
Kayra Silo (Mandingo/En: The Way of Peace)
Hevenu Shalom (Wir haben Euch Frieden gebracht) sang.
Alfred Hermann Fried (11 November 1864 – 5 May 1921) was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.
Born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a bookshop. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a bookshop of his own in 1887. Following the publication by Bertha von Suttner of Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms) in 1889, he and von Suttner began in 1892 to print a magazine of the same name. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hetty Goldman wanted to write novels but thought she had ‘nothing to say.’ Then she discovered human history – and war. And found she had something to say.
Hetty Goldman (December 19, 1881 – May 4, 1972) was an American archaeologist. She was the first woman faculty member at the Institute for Advanced Study and one of the first female archaeologists to undertake excavations in Greece and the Middle East.
Israeli players mark Holocaust Remembrance Day at Prague tournament
And the personal history of two of the players made the tour especially … to legend, the famous Maharal of Prague created a golem to protect the Jews. … Slovakia, so it is possible that the teammates’ ancestors met during this period.
La biographie du Maharal de Prague
Sinai, Purim & The MaHaRaL of Prague
Le Maharal de Prague sur Pourim: La force de la pensée
Prague Maharal Synagogue
CEMENTERIO JUDIO DE PRAGA
El cementerio judío se ubica en el distrito de Josefor de Praga y se creó en 1439. El poeta y erudito Avigdor Karo fue la primera persona enterrada en este lugar. El cementerio estuvo activo hasta 1787, cuando fue clausurado definitivamente con la tumba de Moses Beck. Debido a la falta de espacio los cuerpos se enterraban unos encima de otros llegando a más de 11 capas de enterramientos. Cientos de nombres célebres descansan en este lugar, como el sabio del Renacimiento, historiador, matemático y astrónomo David Gans (d.1613), o el erudito e historiador José Salomón Delmedigo (d.1655), y el rabino y coleccionista de manuscritos y libros impresos en hebreo David Oppenheim (m. 1736). Aunque sin duda el más conocido de todos es el gran erudito y maestro religioso Judá Loew ben Bezalel, conocido como el rabino Loew (d. 1609), que se asocia con la leyenda del Golem, un muñeco de barro creado por Loew para defender a los judíos de Praga, pero que enloqueció y no pudo cumplir su tarea.A día de hoy se pueden ver más de 12.000 lápidas y se estima que puede haber enterradas unas 100.000 personas
Maharal of Prague’s Netivot Olam w/R. Daniel Kohn
Judah Loew ben Bezalel, alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, (c. 1520 – 17 September 1609) widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of the initials of “Moreinu Ha-Rav Loew,” (“Our Teacher, Rabbi Loew”) was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leadingrabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia.
Within the world of Torah and Talmudic scholarship, he is known for his works on Jewish philosophy and Jewish mysticism and his work Gur Aryeh al HaTorah, a supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary.
The Maharal is the subject of a nineteenth-century legend that he created The Golem of Prague, an animate being fashioned from clay. Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Benjamin Franklin helps save floundering Philly synagogue
This led to large numbers of Jews seeking refuge in Philadelphia. Among … The letter included a brief history of the synagogue, and explained that the …
Congregation Mikveh Israel, Mikveh Israel synagogue, officially called Kahal Kadosh Mikveh Israel (Hebrew: קהל קדוש מקוה ישראל, which translates as “Holy Community of the Hope of Israel”, is a synagogue founded in the 1740s inPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania. Established by Spanish and Portuguese Jews, the congregation practices according to theSpanish and Portuguese rite. The congregation conducts daily, Sabbath, and Jewish holy day services. The synagogue will host the Abrams Hebrew Academy Center City Jewish elementary day school beginning in September 2014. The congregation is also responsible for Mikveh Israel Cemetery, the second oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Miles Davis’ All Blues performed at ‘Jazz in the Sukkah” in Philly in America’s oldest synagogue
America’s oldest synagogue, Congregation Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia, founded in 1740, hosts a Jazz Night to celebrate the Jewish holiday Sukkot. A six piece band entertains the crowd, lead by the temple’s talented maintenance man. Here’s the jam on a legendary Miles Davis song. An amazing celebration of cultures and community.
Congregation Mikveh Israel
Congregation Mikveh Israel’s Second Cemetery Philadelphia, PA
Uriah P. Levy Statue Dedication – Mikveh Israel
This Day in Jewish History / A polyglot cultural mongrel who would take Paris and Piaf by storm is …
Georges Moustaki : Les Mères Juives
Georges Moustaki (born Giuseppe Mustacchi; (May 3, 1934 – May 23, 2013) was an Egyptian-French singer-songwriter ofItalo-Greek origin, best known for the poetic rhythm and simplicity of the romantic songs he composed and often sang. Moustaki gave France some of its best-loved music by writing about 300 songs for some of the most popular singers in that country, such asÉdith Piaf, Dalida, Françoise Hardy, Yves Montand, Barbara, Brigitte Fontaine, Herbert Pagani, France Gall, Cindy Daniel, Juliette Greco, Pia Colombo, and Tino Rossi, as well as for himself.
Georges Moustaki was born Giuseppe Mustacchi in Alexandria, Egypt on May 3, 1934. His parents, Sarah and Nessim Mustacchi, were Francophile, Italo-Greek Sephardic Jews from the island of Corfu, Greece. They moved to Egypt, where their young child first learned French. They owned the Cité du livre – one of the finest book shops in the Middle East – in the cosmopolitan city ofAlexandria where many ethnic communities lived together.
Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS
VIDEO: The Universe Of Art – Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS;
Graphics: Th3Mirr0r [& crediting other artists]
Music: Song: “Moon Phases – New Moon, Third Quarter, Full Moon”
/ Album: “Eclipse” ©Th3Mirr0r
Avigdor Arikha was born to German-speaking Jewish parents in Rădăuţi, but grew up in Czernowitz in Bukovina, Romania (now inUkraine). His family faced forced deportation in 1941 to the Romanian-run concentration camps of Transnistria, where his father died. He survived thanks to the drawings he made of deportation scenes, which were shown to delegates of the International Red Cross.
Arikha emigrated to Palestine in 1944, together with his sister. Until 1948, he lived in Kibbutz Ma’ale HaHamisha. In 1948 he was severely wounded in Israel’s War of Independence. From 1946 to 1949, he attended the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem Photos by Wikipedia
Red Auerbach’s last interview (from ‘Basketball Man’)
NBA giant Red Auerbach gave his last filmed interview to Burt Kearns & Brett Hudson of Frozen Pictures for inclusion in the documentary feature, Basketball Man, about the life and legacy of basketball’s inventor, Dr. James Naismith (on DVD in February).
This clip is but a small portion of the complete, comprehensive, interview, which will be featured as a bonus extra on the DVD set.
Larry Bird, Red Auerbach & The Boston Celtics – Winning Basketball (COMPLETE )
VHS – Released in 1987.
“You play as you practice” (Mr. ‘Red’ Auerbach)
“It’s about whether you win or lose, not about how you play the game” (Mr. Larry Bird)
9/1/2012: Thanks to http://www.celticslife.com for sharing this video on their website:
Arnold Jacob “Red” Auerbach (September 20, 1917 – October 28, 2006) was an American basketball coach of theWashington Capitols, the Tri-Cities Blackhawks and the Boston Celtics. After he retired from coaching, he served as president and front office executive of the Celtics until his death. As a coach, he won 938 games (a record at his retirement) and nine National Basketball Association (NBA) championships in ten years (a number surpassed only by Phil Jackson, who won 11 in twenty years). As general manager and team president of the Celtics, he won an additional seven NBA titles, for a grand total of 16 in a span of 29 years, making him one of the most successful team officials in the history of North American professional sports.
Arnold Jacob Auerbach was one of the four children of Marie and Hyman Auerbach. Hyman was a Russian Jewish immigrant from Minsk, Belarus, and Marie Auerbach, Photos by Wikipedia
Kurt Waldheim, a commission of enquiry parts 1-9
These nine films are part of a much larger programme that was aired in 1988 which looks into allegations that the recently elected president of Austria Kurt Waldheim was a Nazi war criminal. Waldheim had previously been the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981. I do not possess any more of this programme which I ‘rediscovered’ in 2008 on a VHS cassette used some 20 years earlier.
Waldheim had unsuccessfully sought election as President of Austria in 1971, but his second attempt on 8 June 1986 proved successful. During his campaign for the presidency in 1985, the events started that marked the beginning of what became known internationally as the “Waldheim Affair”. Before the presidential elections, Alfred Worm revealed in the Austrian weekly news magazine Profil that there had been several omissions about Waldheim’s life between 1938 and 1945 in his recently-published autobiography. A short time later, the World Jewish Congress alleged that Waldheim had lied about his service as an officer in the mounted corps of the SA, and his time as an ordnance officer for Army Group E in Saloniki, Greece, from 1942 to 1943 based in files from the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Waldheim called the allegations “pure lies and malicious acts”. Nevertheless he admitted that he had known about German reprisals against partisans: “Yes, I knew. I was horrified. But what could I do? I had either to continue to serve or be executed.” He said that he had never fired a shot or even seen a partisan. His former immediate superior at the time stated that Waldheim had “remained confined to a desk”.
Part of the reason for the controversy was Austria’s refusal to address its national role in the Holocaust – which was the home not only of Adolf Hitler but also many other leading Nazis. Austria refused to pay compensation to Nazi victims and from 1970 onwards refused to investigate Austrian citizens who were senior Nazis.
Because the revelations leading to the Waldheim affair came shortly before the presidential election there has been speculation about the background of the affair.
Declassified CIA documents show that the CIA had been aware of his war time past since 1945. Some sources report information about Waldheim’s wartime past was also previously published by a right wing Austrian newspaper during the 1971 presidential election campaign – including the claim of an SS membership.
Kurt Josef Waldheim (German pronunciation: [ˈkʊɐ̯t ˈvaldhaɪm]; 21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and the ninth President ofAustria from 1986 to 1992. While he was running for president in Austria in 1985, his service as an intelligence officer in theWehrmacht during World War II raised international controversy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen
In rare and moving footage dated to April 20th 1945, inmates at Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp sing the anthem of hope ‘Hatikva.’
Memorial stone at the entrance to the historical camp area
Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp, in 1943, parts of it became a concentration camp. Initially this was an “exchange camp”, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. The camp was later expanded to accommodate Jews from other concentration camps.
The Liberation of Bergen-belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945
Cheerful women inmates collect their bread ration from one of the five camp cookhouses.
After 1945, the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp. From 1941 to 1945, almost 20,000 Soviet prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there, with up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945, shortly before and after the liberation Photos by Wikipedia
|At Bergen-Belsen, where tens of thousands perished… and others began their lives|
|REPORTER’S NOTEBOOK Ahead of the 70th anniversary of its liberation, a visit to the German camp with what is Europe’s largest Jewish cemetery, accompanied by some of the ‘babies’ born in the DP camp after the war|
By RENEE GHERT-ZAND
EDDIE STRAIGHT – BELSEN LIBERATOR TTTV
Eddie Straight age 94 of Saltburn, a former Company Sgt. Major of the 11th Armoured Division, recalls liberating Bergen-Belsen on the 70th anniversary.
Bergen Belsen Liberation
Bergen-Belsen was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Between 1943 and the war’s end, an estimated 50,000 Russian Prisoners of War and a further 50,000 inmates died there,up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945.
The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945 by the British 11th Armoured Division.60,000 prisoners were found inside, most of them seriously ill, and another 13,000 corpses lay around the camp unburied.When the British and Canadians advanced on Bergen-Belsen in 1945, the German army negotiated a truce and exclusion zone around the camp to prevent the spread of typhus. Under the agreement, Hungarian and regular German troops guarding the camp returned to German lines when Allied troops liberated the camp on April 15, 1945.
(Uploader note: Ripped from youtube, comments were disabled – not sure why. Video’s like this must be commented and be reflected so that we can never forget history, otherwise we are condemned to relive this.)
Belsen Nazi Concentration Camp Footage – stock footage – http://www.PublicDomainFootage.com
Eva Kor speaks about Auschwitz, medical experiments, and forgiveness
At the age of 10, Eva and her twin sister Miriam were taken to Auschwitz, the concentration camp where Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele used them for medical experiments.
Nazi Experiment Survivor Eva Mozes Kor Speaks at Clarkson University
Auschwitz survivor Eva Mozes Kor delivered a powerful message of forgiveness on October 8 at Clarkson University, while speaking before a large audience of students, faculty, staff and community members.
When she was about 10 years old, Kor and her family were taken by the Nazis to the Auschwitz slave labor and extermination camp, where her parents and two older sisters were quickly sent to the gas chambers.
Kor and her sister, Miriam, were twins, so they were of chilling interest to Dr. Josef Mengele, who subjected them to a series of heinous human experiments.
Her talk, “The Journey from Auschwitz & Mengele to Forgiveness,” told the amazing story of what she endured and how she eventually came to forgive Mengele and the Nazis.
Sheila Faith Weiss, professor of history in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson, arranged for Kor to share her story.
“I received a $277,000 National Science Foundation grant to write a biography of Dr. Mengele’s mentor, the German human geneticist Baron Otmar von Verschuer, and I had been in contact with Eva Mozes Kor,” Weiss says. “Because I am teaching a seminar on the Holocaust this semester, I asked Eva whether she might be willing to give a lecture at Clarkson. Normally, she would have charged more for her talk, but generously agreed to accept significantly less so we could bring her here. Her message is especially important for our students to hear.”
Trained in German history and the history of biology, Weiss has written a book which explores the background that led to the kind of bestial human experimentation Kor was subjected to in Auschwitz. The Nazi Symbiosis, Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010) raises compelling questions about medicine and ethics.
Forgiving Dr. Mengele
Eva Mozes Kor, who survived Josef Mengele’s cruel twin experiments in the Auschwitz concentration camp, shocks other Holocaust survivors when she decides to forgive the perpetrators as a way of self-healing.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, a former Foreign Minister of Poland, noted historian, journalist, …
Władysław Bartoszewski [vwaˈdɨswaf bartɔˈʂɛfskʲi] ( listen) (19 February 1922 – 24 April 2015) was a Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer, and historian. He was born in Warsaw.
He was a former Auschwitz concentration camp prisoner. He was a World War II Resistance fighter and Polish undergroundactivist. Bartoszewski participated in the Warsaw Uprising. He was wrongly convicted as a spy and was imprisoned for some years before being released due to medical problems and for being wrongly convicted during the 1950s.
Bartoszewski served twice as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from March through December 1999 and again from 2000 to 2001. He was also an ambassador and a member Photo by Wikipedia
Władysław Bartoszewski nie żyje
Nie żyje Władysław Bartoszewski, działacz społeczny, historyk, więzień Auschwitz i żołnierz Armii Krajowej. Profesor Bartoszewski odszedł w wieku 93 lat. Wspominają Go nie tylko media polskie, ale i zagraniczne, bo Bartoszewski znany był świetnie poza granicami kraju. Odejście Władysława Bartoszewskiego to wielka strata, a w naszej pamięci Profesor zapisze się jako jeden z największych Polaków.
Trauer um WLADYSLAW BARTOSZEWSKI – Ehemaliger POLNISCHER Außenminister gestorben – 25.04.2015
Er kämpfte im polnischen Widerstand, wurde 1940 ins KZ Auschwitz verschleppt – und machte sich später um die Aussöhnung mit Deutschland verdient: Polens Ex-Außenminister Bartoszewski, der nun im Alter von 93 Jahren gestorben ist.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski war ein äußerst engagierter, manchmal gar impulsiver Politiker und trotzdem ein großartiger Diplomat. Er war kein Polterer – vielmehr einer, der seine Zuhörer zum Nachdenken zwang.
Sein Motto lautete: Es lohnt sich, anständig zu sein. “Neun Mal habe ich meinen Geburtstag in verschiedenen Gefängnissen und Lagern erlebt. Aber ich bin stets optimistisch geblieben. Meine Haft hat weder Hitler noch Stalin geholfen. Und mir hat sie nicht geschadet – ich bin weiterhin derselbe geblieben.”
Widerstand gegen deutsche Besatzer
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski wurde im Februar 1922 in Warschau als Sohn einer polnischen Beamtenfamilie geboren. Eigentlich wollte er Journalist werden. Doch der Zweite Weltkrieg machte seine Zukunftspläne zunichte. Im polnischen Widerstand kämpfte er gegen die deutschen Besatzer, wurde 1940 verhaftet und ins Konzentrationslager Auschwitz verschleppt.
Trotz oder vielleicht doch eher wegen der Erfahrungen des Krieges wurde Bartoszewski zu einem hervorragenden Anwalt der Aussöhnung mit Deutschland: “Eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in meinem Leben war der Kriegsausbruch 1939. Dann kam das Kriegsende und das Gefühl der großen Verluste und der brennenden Ungerechtigkeit, die unser Vaterland getroffen haben. Das nächste wichtige Ereignis für mich war das Jahr 1989 – die politische Wende, die etwa anderthalb Jahre dauerte. Ich meine damit den Umbruch in Europa, den Fall der Berliner Mauer und die Emanzipation Polens.”
Geduld und Gelassenheit
Zur Geschichte gehöre immer auch Geduld und die Gelassenheit, pflegte Bartoszewski zu sagen. Missstimmungen in bilateralen Beziehungen sollte man daher nicht allzu viel Gewicht einräumen. “Wenn es um die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen geht: Was erwarten wir eigentlich noch von ihnen? 250 Millionen Mal wird die Oder-Neiße-Grenze in beide Richtungen überschritten und zwar ohne jegliche Zwischenfälle. Die Deutschen denken in sehr rationalen Kategorien. Und wir Polen sollten uns nicht das Recht nehmen, über die Gedanken der Deutschen mehr wissen zu wollen, als sie selbst.”
Bartoszewski fühlte sich in seinem politischen Leben nie einer Partei verpflichtet. Im Vordergrund stand für ihn immer das Wohl des Landes. Welcher Regierung er als Außenminister nach der Wende diente, war für den ehemaligen Solidarnosc-Mitstreiter unerheblich.
Außenpolitischer Berater noch im hohen Alter
Nach den Wahlen 2007 berief Premierminister Donald Tusk den damals 85-Jährigen zum außenpolitischen Berater. Sein Alter spielte keine Rolle. Gefragt war vielmehr sein Verhandlungsgeschick, um auf europäischer Ebene die Scherben wegzuräumen, die die abgewählte Kaczynski-Regierung hinterlassen hatte.
Nur in einem Punkt, da fiel es Bartoszewski schwer, Contenance zu bewahren: beim Thema Erika Steinbach. Seiner Mission schadete das aber nie. Wenn die Deutschen heute Polen aus einer ganz anderen Perspektive betrachten, dann ist das auch sein Verdienst.
Genau dafür erhielt Wladyslaw Bartoszewski 1986 den Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels – eine Auszeichnung, die er mit dem Satz kommentierte: “Es scheint das Wichtigste zu sein, all das zu unterstützen, was die Menschen verbindet, und sich all dem zu widersetzen, was die Menschen gegen ihren Willen trennt.”
Exodus 1947 Documentary Trailer
Exodus 1947 Documentary Film narrated by Morley Safer. Filmmakers: Elizabeth Rodgers & Robby Henson. PBS broadcast.
To buy the DVD, please go to http://www.exodus1947.com
After World War II, a group of private American citizens banded together in a clandestine effort to transport Holocaust survivors to Palestine.
On July 11, 1947, in the port of Sête, France, 4,500 Jewish refugees were crammed into the hull of a decrepit steamship, later named Exodus 1947.
A British blockade intercepted Exodus 1947 in international waters off the coast of Palestine. The tense standoff culminated in a direct attack by military personnel against the unarmed civilians on the Exodus 1947. This highly publicized international incident heavily influenced the United Nations resolution authorizing the partitioning of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Thus, the Exodus 1947 voyage acted as a catalyst in forming a new nation. The program focuses on clandestine and illegal American efforts to finance and crew the most infamous of ten American ships that attempted to bring Jewish refugees to Palestine.
EXODUS 1947 is a one hour documentary narrated by Morley Safer with a score by Ilan Rechtman. The film is a richly layered program, constructed with first person accounts to recall events that shaped world history.
Yossi Harel (Hebrew: יוסי הראל) (January 4, 1918 – April 26, 2008), born Yosef Hamburger, was the supervisor of the Exodus 1947 operation and a leading member of theIsraeli intelligence community.
Yossi Harel was born in Jerusalem in 1918. He was a sixth generation Jerusalemite. At the age of 15, he joined the Haganah. Later, he fought under Orde Wingate. Between 1945 and 1948, he played a leading role in the clandestine immigration enterprise in Palestine, commanding four Aliyah Bet ships: Knesset Israel, the Exodus, Atzma’ut and Kibbutz Galuyot. After the establishment of the State of Israel Harel studied mechanical engineering at M.I.T in the United States. Just before he finished his studies, Moshe Dayan, as Chief of Staff, called him back to Israel to investigate the Lavon Affair and made him head of Unit 131, an Israel Defense Forces intelligence unit.Photo by Wikipedia
Beauty Queens: Estée Lauder
A Film by Eila Hershon and Roberto Guerra
Subtitles: DE, FR
What’s New at Estee Lauder
Estée Lauder (/ˈɛsteɪ ˈlɔːdər/; July 1, 1908 – April 24, 2004) was an American businesswoman. She was the co-founder, along with her husband, Joseph Lauter (later Lauder), of Estée Lauder Companies, her eponymous cosmetics company. Lauder was the only woman on Time magazine’s 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of thePresidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988.Photos by Wikipedia
Israel celebrates 67th Independence Day
PM Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Israel Independence Day Fireworks 2015
David Ben-Gurion declaring independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl, founder of modern Zionism
Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות Yōm hā-ʿAṣmāʾūṯ lit. “Independence Day”) is the national day of Israel, commemorating theIsraeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated either on the 5th of Iyar, according to the Hebrew calendar, or on one of the preceding or following days, depending on which day of the week this date falls on. Yom Ha’atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.
The Israeli Declaration of Independence (Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות, Hakhrazat HaAtzma’ut or Hebrew: מגילת העצמאות Megilat HaAtzma’ut), formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) byDavid Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.It declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel, which would come into effect on termination of the British Mandate at midnight that day. The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות, lit. Independence Day) on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar.Photos by Wikipedia
Large celebratory crowd outside the Dizengoff House (now called Independence Hall) to hear the declaration and signing of Israel’s Declaration of Independence, dated May 14, 1948.
The original document of Israel’s Declaration of Independence
Francisco Lopes Suasso, second Baron d’Avernas le Gras (ca. 1657 – 22 April 1710) was a banker and financier of theDutch Republic. He was also known within the Sephardic community as Abraham Israel Suasso.
After being expelled from the Iberian Peninsula, most of the Sephardic Jews settled in trading cities such as London andAntwerp. By the late sixteenth century they were arriving in Amsterdam and The Hague. The Lopes Suassos were a rich old Sephardic family of Marranos, or Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity under pressure from the Portuguese Inquisition, but once in Amsterdam they openly returned to their true religion, Judaism.Photo by Wikipedia
Aharon Lichtenstein (May 24, 1933 – April 20, 2015) was a noted Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva. He was an authority inJewish law (“Halacha”).
Rabbi Lichtenstein was born in Paris, France, but grew up in the United States, studied in Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin under RabbiYitzchok Hutner. He earned a BA and semicha (“rabbinic ordination”) at Yeshiva University and a PhD in English Literature atHarvard University, where he studied under Photo by Wikipedia
<h1Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein: Love of the Torah and Love to a Fellow Jew
Interview with Rabbi Moshe Taragin, Yeshivat Har Etzion
Shock and Emptiness – Students Eulogize Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein
A Hesped on Rabbi Ahron Lichtenstein by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader
Baruch Dayan Emet. One of the greatest has left us. This is a Hesped said by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader, in the Beit Midrash of Akiva Hebrew day school in Southfield Michigan.
The photo is from a Shiur that Rav Lichtenstein gave in the Beit Midrash of the Hesder Yeshivah of Yerucham
Rav Aaron Lichtenstein zt”l
Toaff with Oscar Luigi Scalfaro in 2007.
Elio Toaff (30 April 1915 – 19 April 2015) was the Chief Rabbi of Rome from 1951 to 2002.
In 1947 Toaff served as a rabbi in Venice and in 1951 became the Chief Rabbi of Rome.
One of his children is Israeli-Italian professor Ariel Toaff.
On 17 May 2012 he was awarded the Prize Culturae within the Italian National Festival of Cultures in Pisa.
Toaff died on 19 April 2015, 11 days before his 100th birthday.Photo by Wikipedia
Elio Toaff, l’addio del Ghetto romano al suo rabbino
Il Papa ricorda il rabbino Toaff uomo di pace e dialogo
Esprimo le mie sentite condoglianze per la scomparsa, ieri sera, del Rabbino Elio Toaff, già Rabbino Capo di Roma. Sono vicino con la preghiera al Rabbino Capo Riccardo di Segni – che avrebbe dovuto essere qui con noi – e all’intera comunità ebraica di Roma, nel ricordo riconoscente di quest’uomo di pace e di dialogo, che accolse il Papa Giovanni Paolo II nella storica visita al Tempio Maggiore.
Papa Francesco ricorda così la figura del Rabbino Toaff nell’incontro con la delegazione della Conferenza dei Rabbini europei. Sottolinea poi i progressi fatti e l’amicizia che lega la Chiesa Cattolica e le Comunità ebraiche a 50 anni dalla Dichiarazione conciliare Nostra aetate. Il Ponte …
Addio a Elio Toaff, la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in Italia dal secondo dopoguerr
Fra pochi giorni avrebbe compiuto 100 anni. Parliamo dell’addio a Elio Toaff, rabbino emerito di Roma considerato la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in italia dal secondo dopoguerra. Dalle 11 di oggi, 20 aprile 2015, il feretro esposto sotto il colonnato del tempio maggiore di Roma per l’ultimo saluto
Da Giorgio Napolitano a Laura Boldrini, da Emma Bonino a Marco Pannella, da Ignazio Marino a Pierferdinando Casini, in tanti sono venuti al Ghetto per rendere omaggio al rabbino emerito Elio Toaff
Remembering Israel’s fallen soldiers and victims of terror.
Yom Hazikaron (Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה, lit. Day of Remembrance for Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism) is Israel’s official Memorial Day. The national observance was enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of the ongoing armed dispute.
IDF soldiers at Yom Hazikaron ceremony, 2007
An IDF officer places new flags on the graves of IDF soldiers for Yom Hazikaron.
Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l’Chalalei Ma’arachot Yisrael ul’Nifgaei Peulot Ha’eivah Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה; lit. “Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”) is Israel’s officialMemorial Day, enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of political violence, Palestinian political violence, and terrorism in general Photo by Wikipedia
Edna Ferber – Long Distance
Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical), Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).
Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper and his Milwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Jacob Charles and Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where she graduated from high school and briefly attended Lawrence University. She took newspaper jobs at the Appleton Daily Crescent and the Milwaukee Journal before publishing her first novel. She covered the 1920 Republican National Convention and 1920 Democratic National Convention for the United Press Association.
Ferber’s novels generally featured strong female protagonists, along with a rich and diverse collection of supporting characters. She usually highlighted at least one strong secondary character who faced discrimination ethnically or for other reasons; through this technique, Ferber demonstrated her belief that people are people and that the not-so-pretty persons have the best character. Several theatrical and film productions have been based on her works, including Show Boat, Giant, Ice Palace, Saratoga Trunk, Cimarron (which won an Oscar) and the 1960 remake. Three of these works – Show Boat, Saratoga Trunk and Giant – have been developed into musicals.
When composer Jerome Kern proposed turning the very serious Show Boat into a musical, Ferber was shocked, thinking it would be transformed into a typical light entertainment of the 1920s. It was not until Kern explained that he and Oscar Hammerstein II wanted to create a different type of musical that Ferber granted him the rights. Saratoga, based on Saratoga Trunk, was written at a much later date, after serious plots had become acceptable in stage musicals. In 1925, she won the Pulitzer Prize for her book So Big, which was made into a silent film starring Colleen Moore that same year. An early talkie movie remake followed, in 1932, starring Barbara Stanwyck and George Brent, with Bette Davis in a supporting role. A 1953 remake of So Big starred Jane Wyman in the Stanwyck role, and is the version most often seen today.
David Émile Durkheim (French: [emil dyʁkɛm] or [dyʁkajm]; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and — with Karl Marx and Max Weber — is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology.,,,,,
Emile Durkheim was born in Épinal in Lorraine, coming from a long line of devout French Jews; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had been rabbis. He began his education in a rabbinical school, but at an early age, he decided not to follow in his family’s footsteps and switched schools. Durkheim led a completely secular life. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.Photo by Wikipedia
Sociological Theory: Emile Durkhiem and Social Solidarity
Conceptual art and historical imagery vivifies a discussion of Emile Durkhiem’s Division of Labour in Society. The video focuses upon differences between traditional “mechanical” solidarity and modern “organic” solidarity.
Nathan the Wise (original German title: Nathan der Weise) is a play published by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in 1779. It is a fervent plea for religious tolerance. Its performance was forbidden by the church during Lessing’s lifetime; it was first performed in 1783 inBerlin. In 1922 it was adapted into a silent film of the same title.
Set in Jerusalem during the Third Crusade, it describes how the wise Jewish merchant Nathan, the enlightened sultan Saladin, and the (initially anonymous) Templar bridge their gaps between Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Its major themes are friendship, tolerance, relativism of God, a rejection of miracles and a need for communication.
Recha Welcoming Her Father. From an incomplete series of illustrations for the play Nathan the Wise. Photo by Wikipedia
Nathan the Wise by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (This Week in Jewish History)
In August of 1778, the non-Jewish writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing wrote to his brother of a new literary project designed to further tolerance of Jews in German society. The result was Nathan the Wise, a sensation that was initially banned by the Church and heavily criticized by antisemites of the day.
Evelyn Einstein (28 March 1941 – 13 April 2011) was the adopted daughter of Hans Albert Einstein, the son of Albert Einstein
Einstein was born in Chicago; after her birth she was adopted by Hans Albert Einstein. She obtained a Master’s degree in Medieval literature at University of California, Berkeley. She was married to Grover Krantz for 13 years. She then worked briefly as an animal control officer, as a cult deprogrammer and as a Berkeley, California reserve police officer.
Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (Hebrew: אליעזר בן־יהודה pronounced [ɛli’ʕɛzeʁ bɛn jɛhu’da]; 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Litvaklexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era.
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda was born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman (Yiddish אליעזר יצחק פערלמאן), in Luzhki (Belarusian Лужкі (Lužki), PolishŁużki), Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus). He attended cheder where he studied Hebrew and the Bible from the age of three, as was customary among the Jews of Eastern Europe. Photo by Wikipedia
Revival of Hebrew
While Hebrew had remained the language of study and prayer, it had not been a spoken language for centuries. Few believed it could again become a tongue of everyday speech, but one man did, and dedicated his life to reviving Hebrew. His name was Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.
Please visit http://www.Zionism101.org for more videos on Zionist history.
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 1 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 2 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 3 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 4 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 5 of 5
Itamar Ben-Avi (Also Ittamar, Hebrew: איתמר בן אב”י; born Ben-Zion Ben-Yehuda, בן-ציון בן-יהודה on 31 July 1882, died 8 April 1943) was the son of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda. Eliezer is credited with reviving the Hebrew language and brought up Itamar to be the first native speaker of what would become Modern Hebrew. Ben-Avi worked as a journalist (starting with his father’s newspaper HaZvi), and as a Zionist activist.
Ben-Zion grew up speaking modern Hebrew with his parents, making him the first native speaker of the Hebrew language in over a thousand years. When he was very young, Photo by Wikipedia