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This Day in Jewish History / Human chameleon Peter Sellers dies: ‘There is no me … I had it

Haaretz
This day in Jewish history / ‘Dr. Strangelove’ premieres. By David B. Green | Jan. 29, 2013 | 8:57 AM. On July 24, 1980, the comic actor Peter Sellers …
Peter Sellers, CBE (born Richard Henry Sellers; 8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was a British film actor, comedian and singer. He performed in the BBC Radio comedy series The Goon Show, featured on a number of hit comic songs and became known to a world-wide audience through his many film characterisations, among them Chief Inspector Clouseau in The Pink Panther series of films.
Sellers was born on 8 September 1925, in Southsea, a suburb of Portsmouth. His parents were Yorkshire-born William “Bill” Sellers (1900–62) and Agnes Doreen “Peg” (née Marks, 1892–1967). Both were variety entertainers; Peg was in the Ray Sisters troupe.[3] Although christened Richard Henry, his parents called him Peter, after his elder stillborn brother.[4] Sellers remained an only child.[5] Peg Sellers was related to the pugilist Daniel Mendoza (1764–1836), whom Sellers greatly revered, and whose engraving later hung in his office. At one time Sellers planned to use Mendoza’s image for his production company’s logo. Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

Top 10 Peter Sellers Performances

He has been hailed as the best British comedian since Charlie Chaplin. Join http://www.WatchMojo.com as we count down our top 10 favorite Peter Sellers Performances.

Israel blasts Iran deal as ‘one of the darkest days in history‘ – The Washington Post

This Day in Jewish History / Irgun blows up British headquarters at King David Hotel
The Irgun, headed by Menachem Begin, tried to warn the British to evacuate the King David in advance. But nobody listened, and 91 people died.
http://www.haaretz.com/news/features/this-day-in-jewish-history/.premium-1.667111

 

King David Hotel bombing
From Wikipedia,
The King David Hotel bombing was an terrorist attack carried out on Monday July 22, 1946 by the militant Zionist underground organization, the Irgun, on the British administrative headquarters for Palestine, which was housed in the southern wing[1] of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem.[2][3][4] 91 people of various nationalities were killed and 46 were injured.[5]

The hotel was the site of the central offices of the British Mandatory authorities of Palestine, principally the Secretariat of the Government of Palestine and the Headquarters of the British Armed Forces in Palestine and Transjordan.[5][6] The attack initially had the approval of the Haganah (the principal Jewish paramilitary group in Palestine). It was conceived as a response to Operation Agatha (a series of widespread raids, including one on the Jewish Agency, conducted by the British authorities) and was the deadliest directed at the British during the Mandate era (1920–1948)
Photo by Wikipedia read more… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_David_Hotel_bombing

Palestine 1946: King David Hotel Bomb Warning Controversy

The King David Hotel bombing (July 22, 1946) was a bomb attack against the British Mandate government of Palestine and its armed forces by members of the Irgun, a militant Zionist organization, which was led at the time by Menachem Begin, a future Prime Minister of Israel.

Members of the Irgun, commanded by Yosef Avni and Yisrael Levi [1] and dressed as ‘Arabs’ and as the Hotel’s distinctive Sudanese waiters, planted a bomb in the basement of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, part of which was being used as the base for the Mandate Secretariat, the British military headquarters and a branch of the police Criminal Investigation Division. The ensuing explosion caused the collapse of the south-western corner of the southern wing of the hotel. 91 people were killed, most of them staff of the secretariat and the hotel: 28 British, 41 Arab, 17 Jewish, and 5 others. Around 45 people were injured. Some of the deaths and injuries occurred in the road outside the hotel and in adjacent buildings.

The attack on the hotel was the deadliest attack against the British in the history of the Mandate and is often credited as being a major factor in the British decision to relinquish the Mandate. If classed as terrorism, the attack was the most cowardly & deadliest of that kind anywhere in the world.

Prime Minister Clement Attlee commented on the attack to the House of Commons:
Hon. Members will have learned with horror of the brutal and murderous crime committed yesterday in Jerusalem. Of all the outrages which have occurred in Palestine against the Arabs, and they have been many and horrible in the last few months, this is the worst. By this insane act of terrorism 93 innocent people have been killed or are missing in the ruins. The latest figures of casualties are 41 dead, 52 missing and 53 injured. I have no further information at present beyond what is contained in the following official report received from Jerusalem:

“It appears that after exploding a bomb in the street, presumably as a diversionary measure — this did virtually no damage — a lorry drove up to the tradesmen’s entrance of the King David Hotel and the occupants, after holding up the staff at pistol point, entered the kitchen premises carrying a number of milk cans. At some stage of the proceedings, they shot and seriously wounded a British soldier who attempted to interfere with them. All available information so far is to the effect that they were Jews. Somewhere in the basement of the hotel they planted bombs which went off shortly afterwards. They appear to have made good their escape.”

The Zionist Irgun issued an initial statement accepting responsibility for the attack, blaming the British for the deaths due to failure to respond to the warning and mourning only the Jewish victims. A year later, on July 22, 1947, they issued a new statement saying that they were acting on instructions from “a letter from the headquarters of the United Resistance, demanding that we carry out an attack on the British at the King David Hotel as soon as possible.”

In July 2006, Israelis including former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and former members of Irgun attended a 60th anniversary celebration of the bombing, which was organized by the Menachem Begin Centre. The British Ambassador in Tel Aviv and the Consul-General in Jerusalem dissented, saying “We do not think that it is right for an act of terrorism, which led to the loss of so many lives, to be commemorated.” They also protested against an Israeli plaque that claims that people died because the British ignored warning calls, saying it was untrue and “did not absolve those who planted the bomb.” The plaque read “For reasons known only to the British, the hotel was not evacuated.” City officials agreed to amend the wording on the plaque?

Washington Post
Israel blasts Iran deal as ‘one of the darkest days in history‘ … over Iran — whose leaders often have called for the annihilation of the Jewish state. … “This is under attack by people who really don’t know the terms of the agreement,” …

This Day in Jewish History / Russia releases ‘counter-revolutionary’ Lubavitcher Rebbe  – Haaretz
Haaretz

Yosef Schneersohn was born on June 21, 1880, in the town of Lyubavichi, in what is todaythe Smolensk oblast of Russia. He was the only son of …

FrierdigerRebbePassportPic.jpgYosef Yitzchak Schneersohn

From Wikipedia,

Yosef Yitzchak (Joseph Isaac)[1] Schneersohn (Hebrew: יוסף יצחק שניאורסאהן‎) was an Orthodox rabbi and the sixth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement. He is also known as the Frierdiker Rebbe (Yiddish for “Previous Rebbe”), the Rebbe RaYYaTz, or the Rebbe Rayatz (an acronym for Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak). After many years of fighting to keep Orthodox Judaism alive from within the Soviet Union, he was forced to leave; he continued to conduct the struggle from Latvia, and then Poland, and eventually the United States, where he spent the last ten years of his life.Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

Who Was Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson? Jewish Biography as History

03.03.2015
Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson, also known as “Der Frierdiker Rebbe” (The Earlier Rebbe) to distinguish him from his successor, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, was the sixth leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. Living in tumultuous times, he shifted the center of the movement from its Eastern European origins to its current headquarters in the United States. Part of the Jewish Biography as History Series, more available at http://www.henryabramson.com.

This Day in Jewish History / A rabbi too shocking for Bavaria delivers his last sermon  – Haaretz
Haaretz

Einhorn was something of a revolutionary in his readiness to re-imagine Jewish theology and law for a new age and a young country, with a vision that …

This Day in Jewish History / Nazi-hunters bombed, their car dies – This Day in Jewish – Haaretz

Haaretz
They didn’t desist, of course. In fact, 55 years after they first met, on a Paris Metro platform, Serge and Beate are still active, though these days, they are …

Serge and Beate Klarsfeld

From Wikipedia

Serge Klarsfeld (born 17 September 1935) and Beate Klarsfeld (née Künzel, born 13 February 1939) are activists known for documenting the Holocaust in order to establish the record and to enable the prosecution of war criminals. Since the 1960s, they have been famous Nazi hunters, have made notable efforts to commemorate the Jewish victims from France of the Occupation, and have been supporters of Israel.Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

File:Klarsfelds.jpg

Only by removing the Confederate flag can the U.S. be who she says she is – Rabbis’ Round Table

Haaretz
In Jewish history, we too have had moments where our refusal to let go of old habits has prevented us from … The calendar coincidence this year in which the Fourth of July fell on the first day of Bein Hametzarim calls our attention all …

Serge and Beate Klarsfeld publish memoirs of Nazi-hunting years

21.04.2015
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FOCUS : Serge and Beate Klarsfeld are France’s most famous Nazi hunters. They have just published their memoirs, recounting their decades spent tracking down Hitler’s henchmen and dragging them out of hiding into the public glare. Serge Klarsfeld is a Romanian-born Jew whose father was killed at Auschwitz and Beate is the daughter of a former German soldier.

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English: The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans Under the Command of Titus, A.D. 70, Oil on canvas
Deutsch: Belagerung und Zerstörung von Jerusalem durch die Römer unter Titus, 70 n. Chr., Öl auf Leinwand

The Seventeenth of Tammuz (Hebrew: שבעה עשר בתמוז‎, Shiv’ah Asar b’Tammuz) is a Jewish fast day commemorating the breach of the walls of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Second Temple.[1] It falls on the 17th day of the Hebrew month of Tammuz and marks the beginning of the three-week mourning period leading up to Tisha B’Av.[2]

This day also commemorates the destruction of the Twin Tablets of the Ten Commandments. The Seventeenth of Tammuz occurs forty days after the Jewish holiday of Shavuot. Moses ascended Mount Sinai on Shavuot and remained there for forty days. The Children of Israel made the Golden Calf on the afternoon of the sixteenth of Tammuz when it seemed that Moses was not coming down when promised. Moses descended the next day (forty days by his count), saw that the Israelites were violating many of the laws he had received from God, and smashed the tablets.[3]Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

הרשל”צ הרה”ג יצחק יוסף שליט”א ימי בין המיצרים Av Bein Hametzarim התשע”ד

  This Day in Jewish History / A Russian who founded a Yiddish newspaper in America is born – This 
Haaretz

Abraham Cahan was born in Podberez’ye, a village outside Vilna — today in Lithuania. His father, Scharkne Cahan, was a teacher of Hebrew and ..

Abraham Cahan

From Wikipedia,

Datei:Abraham Cahan NYWTS.jpg

 

Abraham Cahan, half-length portrait, looking down at printed material on desk / World Telegram & Sun photo.

Abraham “Abe” Cahan (July 7, 1860 – August 31, 1951) was a Belarusian-born Jewish-American socialist newspaper editor, novelist, and politician.[1],,,

Abraham Cahan was born July 7, 1860, in Podberezhie in Belarus (at the time in Vilnius Governorate, Russian Empire), into an orthodox Litvak family. His grandfather was a rabbi in Vidz, Vitebsk, his father a teacher of Hebrew language and the Talmud. The devoutly religious family moved in 1866 to Vilnius, where the young Cahan received the usual Jewish preparatory education for the rabbinate. He, however, was attracted by secular knowledge and clandestinely studied the Russian language, ultimately prevailing on his parents to allow him to enter the Teachers Institute of Vilnius, from which he was graduated in 1881. He was appointed teacher in a Jewish government school in Velizh, Vitebsk, in the same year.[2] Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

Abe Cahan Exhibit

We had the opportunity to check out the Forward’s exhibit of its founder Abe Cahan. It is an amazing exhibit showcasing the beginning of The Forward. During his years of activity, Cahan was either originator, collaborator, or editor of almost all the earlier socialist periodicals published in that language in the United States.Abraham Cahan in his later years. From 1903 until 1946, Cahan ran the Jewish Daily Forward (Forverts), a socialist Yiddish-language daily in New York. In 1906 he introduced an advice column named A Bintel Brief. As a rule, Cahan was one of the more temperate voices in the Socialist Party of America, respecting his readers’ religious beliefs and preaching an increasingly moderate version of the socialist gospel as time progressed. By 1924 Forverts had over a quarter of a million readers, making it the most successful non-English-language newspaper in the U.S. and the leading Yiddish paper in the world. Cahan quickly mastered the English language, and four years after his arrival in New York taught immigrants in one of the evening schools. Later he began to contribute articles to the Sun and other newspapers printed in English, and was for several years employed in a literary capacity by the Commercial Advertiser, where we was a regular contributor.

All About Ab (Cahan)

Yiddish

What’s Jewish about The Grateful Dead? – Music & Theater – Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News

Haaretz
Still, Jews were, and to this day remain, a visible presence among the … a number of touchpoints to make for a kind of parallel Jewish history of the …

 

Grateful Dead in 1970. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh.

From Wikipedia,
The Grateful Dead are an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.[1][2] Ranging from quintet to septet, the band was known for its unique and eclectic style, which fused elements of country, folk, bluegrass, blues, reggae, rock, improvisational jazz, psychedelia, space rock,[3][4] for live performances of lengthy instrumental jams,[5][6] and for their devoted fan base, known as “Deadheads”. “Their music,” writes Lenny Kaye, “touches on ground that most other groups don’t even know exists.”[7] These various influences were distilled into a diverse and psychedelic whole that made the Grateful Dead “the pioneering Godfathers of the jam band world”.[8] They were ranked 57th in the issue The Greatest Artists of all Time by Rolling Stone magazine.[9] Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

The Grateful Dead – American Beauty (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]

This Day in Jewish History / Israel enacts a law welcoming all Jews – This Day in Jewish – Haaretz

Haaretz
… which established the terms that largely apply today. According to that amendment, anyone born to a Jewish mother, or who had at least one Jewish
File:PikiWiki Israel 20841 The Palmach.jpg
English: The Palmach, Immigration to Israel
עברית: האוניה נקשרה לרציף והצטרפה ל”צי הצללים”, Original Image Name:האנייה אקסודוס קשורה לרציף, Notes:נתקבל מ: א. הציוני, נוסח הקרדיט:אוצר תמונות הפלמ”ח The Palmach Photo Gallery

Law of Return

From Wikipedia

The Law of Return (Hebrew: חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת, ḥok ha-shvūt) is Israeli legislation, passed on 5 July 1950, that gives Jews the right of return and the right to live in Israel and to gain citizenship.[1] In 1970, the right of entry and settlement was extended to people of Jewish ancestry, and their spouses.

The Law of Return 5710-1950 was enacted by the Knesset, Israel’s Parliament, on July 5, 1950.[2] The Law declares the right of Jews to come to Israel: “Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh.” Follow-up legislation on immigration matters was contained in the Nationality Law of 1952. The Law of Return was modified in 1970 to extend the right of return to non-Jews with a Jewish grandparent, and their spouses.

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Professor Michael Sandel “The Law of Return and the Right of Return”

http://www.makomisrael.org Professor Michael Sandel “The Law of Return and the Right of Return” Jerusalem June 25th, 2012
Global Jewish Forum: A Free People In Our Land?
Exploring Liberalism and Zionism

Youth Aliyah

File:First Youth-Aliyah group walking to Ein Harod.JPG

English: The first German Youth-Aliyah group walking to Kibbutz Ein Harod.
Deutsch: Die erste Jugend-Alijah Gruppe aus Deutschland, unterwegs nach Kibbutz Ein Harod.
עברית: הקבוצה הראשונה של “עליית הנוער” מגרמניה צועדת לעבר קיבוץ עין חרוד.

Youth Aliyah (Hebrew: עלית הנוער, Aliyat Hano’ar) is a Jewish organization that rescued thousands of Jewish children from the Nazis during the Third Reich. Youth Aliyah arranged for their resettlement in Palestine in kibbutzim and youth villages that became both home and school.

Recha Freier, a rabbi’s wife, founded Youth Aliyah in Berlin on the same day that Adolf Hitler took power, Monday 30 January 1933. The organisation was founded to protect German Jewish youth from the impending Holocaust by sending them to pioneer training programs in Palestine after completing elementary school. The idea was supported by the World Zionist Organization. Freier supervised the organization’s activities in Germany, and Henrietta Szold in Jerusalem.

Israeli postage stamps celebrating Youth Aliyah
Youth Aliyah by ship
Youth Aliyah by plane (“Flying Carpet”)
Szold was skeptical about the merits of Freier’s proposal because, as the person responsible for social services by the Jewish Agency for all of Palestine, she was extremely pressed for funds and loath to take on a new untried program for German Jewish children.

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Popular Aliyah & Jewish Agency for Israel videos ▶ ▶ ▶more videos in this playlist

The Miracle of Stalin’s Death

Nobody understood why, all of a sudden, in the middle of a winter day, … This maamar is about the self-sacrifice of the Jewish people in a time when it .

This Day in Jewish History / The great provocateur of Montreal dies – This Day in Jewish – Haaretz

Haaretz
After completing a Jewish primary school, Mordecai attended Baron Byng High School, followed by Montreal’s Sir George Williams University (today …

Mordecai RichlerMordecai Richler

From Wikipedia

Mordecai Richler, CC (January 27, 1931 – July 3, 2001) was a Canadian writer. His best known works are The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1959) and Barney’s Version (1997); his 1989 novel Solomon Gursky Was Here was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize in 1990. He was also well known for the Jacob Two-Two children’s stories.

The son of Lily (née Rosenberg) and Moses Isaac Richler,[1] a Jewish scrap yard dealer, Richler was born on January 27, 1931[2] and raised on St. Urbain Street in the Mile End area of Montreal. He learned Yiddish and English, and graduated from Baron Byng High School. Richler enrolled in Sir George Williams College (now Concordia University) to study English but dropped out before completing his degree. Years later, Richler’s mother published an autobiography, The Errand Runner: Memoirs of a Rabbi’s Daughter (1981), which discusses Mordecai’s birth and upbringing, and the sometimes difficult relationship between them.Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

Mordecai-Richler Interview

Mordecai Richler ▶ ▶ ▶more videos in this playlist

shiurim-threeweeks

24Jewish Watch What Happens ! Rabbanim shiurim Tisha B’Av and the 3 Weeks Part 2 Section on the right side, Torah Learning Channel,Rabbi Michoel Seligson ,,,Great Videos 

17 Tamuz, Rav Sherki – Eng subtitles

The fast of the 17th of Tammuz occurred this year on July 15. The five tragic events listed in the Talmud as having happened on this day can be seen as representing concentric circles, each one at a greater distance from the center of holiness. We pray that with Divine guidance we will be privileged to rebuild what we have lost.

This Day in Jewish History / The father of Feldenkrais dies

Haaretz
Though the charismatic Feldenkrais has been gone for three decades, his philosophy of life and of movement remains influential to this day. Moshe ..

Moshe Feldenkrais.pngMoshé Feldenkrais

From Wikipedia,

Moshé Pinchas Feldenkrais (Hebrew: משה פנחס פלדנקרייז, May 6, 1904 – July 1, 1984) was an Israeli physicist and the founder of the Feldenkrais Method, designed to improve human functioning by increasing self-awareness through movement.

Feldenkrais was born in the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine) city of Slavuta. In 1918, he left his family, then living in Baranovichi, Belarus, to emigrate to Palestine.[1] There he worked as a laborer before obtaining his high-school diploma in 1925. After graduation, he worked as a cartographer for the British survey office. During his time in Palestine he began his studies of self-defense, including Ju-Jitsu. A soccer injury in 1929 would later figure into the development of his method.[2] Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia

The Feldenkrais Institute of NY

http://www.feldenkraisinstitute.com This was filmed at David Zemach-Bersin’s Feldenkrais Training Program in Montclair, NJ in 2001. The Feldenkrais Institute of NY (in Manhattan) is the largest center in North America devoted to the work of Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais.

FeldenkraisInstitute

Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais

Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais beschrieb seine Arbeit so: “Wie kann das Unmögliche möglich, das Mögliche leicht und das Leichte angenehm und elegant werden”. In den Kursen und Einzelstunden finden Sie einen wohlwollenden und guten Kontakt mit sich. In dieser Aufmerksamkeit erforschen wir unsere Bewegungsmöglichkeiten, Einschränkungen und manchmal auch Schmerzen. In einem bewussten Prozess des Spielens mit Bewegungsvariationen entsteht organisches Lernen. d.h. Bewegungsmuster die zu Verspannung und Schmerz führen werden erkannt und neue leichte, angenehme Formen der Bewegung und des Handels entwickelt.

Today is the birthday of the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn of Lubavitch (1880-1950).
This is also the day on which he was liberated from exile to the Soviet 47 years later.Living Torah

Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn

From Wikipedia,

File:FrierdigerRebbePassportPic.jpgYosef Yitzchak (Joseph Isaac)[1] Schneersohn (Hebrew: יוסף יצחק שניאורסאהן‎) was an Orthodox rabbi and the sixth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement. He is also known as the Frierdiker Rebbe (Yiddish for “Previous Rebbe”), the Rebbe RaYYaTz, or the Rebbe Rayatz (an acronym for Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak). After many years of fighting to keep Orthodox Judaism alive from within the Soviet Union, he was forced to leave; he continued to conduct the struggle from Latvia, and then Poland, and eventually the United States, where he spent the last ten years of his life.
Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn was born in Lyubavichi, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Smolensk Oblast, Russia), the only son of Rabbi Sholom Dovber Schneersohn (the Rebbe Rashab), the fifth Rebbe of Chabad. He was appointed as his father’s personal secretary at the age of fifteen; in that year, he represented his father in the conference of communal leaders in Kovno. The following year (1896) he participated in the Vilna Conference, where Rabbis and community leaders discussed issues such as: genuine Jewish education; permission for Jewish children not to attend public school on Shabbat; the creation of a united Jewish organization for the purpose of strengthening Judaism. He participated in this conference again in 1908. Preceded by Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Rebbe of Lubavitch 1920–1950 Succeeded by Menachem Mendel Schneerson

.Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia .

America Is No Different

An excerpt from a new JEM film featuring the films of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, the sixth Rebbe, with original commentary and first-hand interviews.

9 Adar II, 5700 — March 19, 1940

From Living Torah Volume 124 Program 496

This Day in Jewish History / The rabbi who saved the Dachau survivors passes away
Haaretz

On June 28, 2007, Abraham J. Klausner, the rabbi who in the days and years following the liberation of Dachau did so much to assist the survivors .

Abraham Klausner

From Wikipedia

Abraham Judah Klausner (April 27, 1915 – June 28, 2007) was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.

Following ordination, Klausner joined the army and served as a chaplain at the Lawson General Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia. Klausner eventually shipped out to Germany and was assigned to join the 116th Evacuation Hospital, which had just entered Dachau. The 116th Evacuation Hospital arrived at Dachau, which was 10 miles northwest of Munich, in May 1945, three weeks after the camp had been liberated on April 29, 1945. While Rabbi Eli Bohnen was the first Jewish chaplain in the United States Army to arrive at the Dachau concentration camp after its liberation, Bohnen’s unit remained only a short time. Rabbi Klausner arrived soon after.

Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia Klausner photographed in 1945

.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvOlLnPAObI

Interview No. (119)4A5 – Klausner, Abraham (קלאוזנר, אברהם)

Interviewer: Grobman, Alex (גרובמן, אלכס)
Interviewee: Klausner, Abraham (קלאוזנר, אברהם)

This Day in Jewish History / A Yiddish writer dies, not that his widow told anybody – This – Haaretz

Haaretz
Chaim Grade was born on April 5, 1910, in Vilna, in the Russian empire (today, Vilnius, Lithuania). He always told people he was descended from an …

Chaim Grade on Yiddish Literature

Chaim Grade on the significance of modern Yiddish literature in Jewish History. From a lecture held at the Jewish Public Library of Montreal, December 7th, 1958.
חײם גראַדע רעדט איבער דעם באַטײַט פֿון דער מאָדערנער ייִדישער ליטעראַטור װי אַ טײל פֿון דער ייִדישער געשיכטע. די רעקאָרדירונג איז אַן אױסצוג פֿון אַ רעפֿעראַט געהאַלטן בײַ דער ייִדישער פֿאָלקס-ביבליאָטעק פֿון מאָנטרעאַל, דעם 7סטן דעצעמבער 1958

Chaim Grades Legacy Continue’s

Yiddish WritersTribute:Chaim Grade & Isaac Bashives Singer.Prof.David Fishman Part #1.

Yiddish WritersTribute:Chaim Grade & Isaac Bashives Singer.Prof.David Fishman Part #2.

Chaim Grade, author photo.jpgChaim Grade

From Wikipedia,

Chaim Grade (April 4, 1910, in Vilnius, Lithuania (at the time occupied by the Russian Empire) – April 26, 1982, Los Angeles, California, buried in Riverside Cemetery, Saddle Brook, NJ [1]) was one of the leading Yiddish writers of the twentieth century.

Grade was raised Orthodox-leaning, and he studied in yeshiva as a teenager, but ended up secular, in part from his poetic ambitions. Losing his family in the Holocaust, he resettled in New York, and increasingly took to fiction, writing in Yiddish. Initially he was reluctant to have his work translated.[1][2]

He was praised by Elie Wiesel as “one of the great—if not the greatest—of living Yiddish novelists.

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This Day in Jewish History / A Zionist makes a very unfortunate marriage – This Day in – Haaretz

Haaretz
On June 25, 1889, Theodor Herzl married Julie Naschauer, initiating one of history’s most notoriously unhappy unions. At that stage, Herzl had not yet …

Theodor Herzl: Founder of Modern Zionism Jewish History Lecture by Dr. Henry Abramson

File:Herzl-balcony.jpg
File:PikiWiki Israel 6969 Herzl Family.jpg
Herzl and his family, c. 1866–1873

File:Theodor Herzl.jpgTheodor Herzl

From Wikipedia,

Theodor Herzl (Hebrew: תאודור הֶרְצֵל, Theodor Hertzel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904), born Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב הֶרְצֵל, also known in Hebrew as חוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה, Khozeh HaMedinah, lit. “Visionary of the State”) was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, politic

al activist, and writer. He was one of the fathers of modern political Zionism. Herzl formed the World Zionist Organization and promoted Jewish migration to Palestine in an effort to form a Jewish state (Israel).

He was born in Pest, the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (now Hungary), to a secular Jewish family originally from Zimony (today Zemun, Serbia).[1] He was the second child of Jeanette and Jakob Herzl, who were German-speaking, assimilated Jews.

File:Theodor Herzl Grab 20032005.JPG

File:Herzldohanyi.jpg

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This Day in Jewish History / Murder of Weimar minister shocks Germany – This Day in – Haaretz

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / Police presumably relieved as Kid Cann, bad to the last, passes on. By David B. Green | Jun. 21, 2015 | 1:19 AM. On June ..

File:Walther Rathenau.jpgWalther Rathenau

From Wikipedia,

Walther Rathenau (September 29, 1867 – June 24, 1922) was a German industrialist, politician, writer, and statesman who served as Foreign Minister of Germany during the Weimar Republic. He was assassinated on June 24, 1922, two months after the signing of the Treaty of Rapallo.

Rathenau was born in Berlin. His parents were Emil Rathenau and Mathilde Nachmann.[1] His father, Emil Rathenau was a prominent Jewish businessman and founder of the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG), an electrical engineering company.

He studied physics, chemistry, and philosophy in Berlin and Strasbourg. His German Jewish heritage and his wealth[2] were both factors in establishing his deeply divisive reputation in German politics at a time of antisemitism. Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhotos by Wikipedia 

Part 6 of 10 — The Kahn Family: Lili Deutsch and Walther Rathenau

Coda: The Kahn Family

This Day in Jewish History / A Jew and an anti-Semite duel in Paris

Haaretz
On June 23, 1892, a duel took place in Paris that pitted a young Jewish army officer against one of the more notorious anti-Semites of the day. At the …

Marquis de Mores

From Wikipedia

Antoine-Amédée-Marie-Vincent Manca Amat de Vallombrosa, Marquis de Morès et de Montemaggiore (June 14, 1858 – June 9, 1896), commonly known as the Marquis de Morès, was a famous duelist, frontier ranchman in the Badlands of Dakota Territory during the final years of the American Old West era, a railroad pioneer in Vietnam, and an anti-Semitic politician in his native France.

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This Day in Jewish History / The Altalena arms ship reaches Israel – and is attacked with friendly fire

Haaretz
The bitterness caused by the incident remains fresh for many people even today. The Altalena, which was attacked off the coast of Tel Aviv, had been .

Speech by PM Netanyahu at Memorial for Victims of the Altalena

04.06.2015
נאום ראש הממשלה בנימין נתניהו בטקס האזכרה לחללי אלטלנה
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speech at the memorial ceremony for the victims of the Altalena

וידאו: רועי אברהם, לע”מ
סאונד: איתמר בוטון, לע”מ

File:Altalena off Tel-Aviv beach.jpg

June 1948. The ship Altalena on fire after being shelled near Tel-Aviv. Altalena was a ship of the right wing zionist organisation “Irgoun”, which tried to give weapons to the fighters of irgoun in Isel. The Israeli government refused the existence of weapons furnitures without the control of IDF, and fight against the boat.

File:Atalena crew.jpg

Crew members of the Altalena. Bottom row center is Captain Monroe Fein

File:PikiWiki Israel 32281 Altalena memorial at Tel Aviv beach.jpg

Altalena memorial at Tel Aviv beach
עברית: אנדרטת אלטלנה בתל אביב, Original Image Name:אנדרטת אלטלנה בתל אביב, Location:חוף תל אביב

Altalena Affair

From Wikipedia

The Altalena Affair was a violent confrontation that took place in June 1948 by the newly created Israel Defense Forces against theIrgun (also known as IZL), one of the Jewish paramilitary groups that were in the process of merging to form the IDF. The confrontation involved a cargo ship, Altalena, captained by Monroe Fein and led by senior IZL commander Eliyahu Lankin, which had been loaded with weapons and fighters by the independent Irgun but arrived during the murky period of the Irgun’s absorption into the IDF   Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhotos by Wikipedia 

 

This Day in Jewish History / Police presumably relieved as Kid Cann, bad to the last, passes on

Haaretz
He made regular visits back home to Minneapolis, where he died on this date in 1981. Blumenfeld had a traditional Jewish burial, presided over by ..

Isadore "Kid Cann" Blumenfield.jpgKid Cann

From Wikipedia

Isadore Blumenfeld (September 8, 1900 – June 21, 1981), commonly known as Kid Cann, was a Jewish-American organized crime figure based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, for over four decades and remains the most notorious mobster in the history of Minnesota. The power and influence he held in Minneapolis were often compared to that of Al Capone in Chicago and were associated with several high-profile crimes in the city’s history, including his alleged involvement in the 1924 murder of cab driver Charles Goldberg, the attempted murder of police officer James H. Trepanier, and the December 1935 killing of newspapermanWalter Liggett. He is also thought to have participated in the fraudulently dismantling of the Twin City Rapid Transit street railway during the early 1950s.  Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

 

This Day in Jewish History / Good communist-turned-rights activist dies

Elena Bonner, disabled war veteran-turned-pediatrician, is best known for her activism — and for having been the voice of her exiled dissident …

Yelena Bonner

From Wikipedia

Yelena Bonner (Russian: Елена Георгиевна Боннэр; 15 February 1923 – 18 June 2011)[1][2][3][4] was a human rights activist in the former Soviet Union and wife of the noted physicist Andrei Sakharov. During her decades as a dissident, Bonner was noted for her characteristic blunt honesty and courage

Bonner was born Lusik Georgievna Alikhanova[7] in Merv, Turkmen SSR, USSR (now Mary, Turkmenistan). Her father, Georgy Alikhanov (Armenian name Gevork Alikhanyan), [8] was an Armenian who founded the Soviet Armenian Communist Party,[3] and was a highly placed member of the Comintern; her mother, Ruf, (Ruth Bonner), was a Jewish Communist activist. She had a younger brother, Igor, who became a career naval officer. Her family had a summer dacha in Sestroretsk and Bonner had fond memories there  Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by youtube

Elena Bonner – Internal Exile in the Soviet Union

Elena Bonner speaks at Oslo Freedom Forum 2009
Internal Exile in the Soviet Union

Reb Gavrial Saidov – Jewish History – Chabad.org

Chabad.org
His brother, R. Yehuda Saidov, today a Chabad rabbi in Netanya and the spiritual leader of the local Bucharian community, relates the brilliant

Kirk-kerkorian.jpgKirk Kerkorian

From Wikipedia,

Kerkor “Kirk” Kerkorian (June 6, 1917 – June 15, 2015) was an American businessman. He was the president/CEO of Tracinda Corporation, his private holding company based in Beverly Hills, California. Kerkorian is known as one of the important figures in shaping Las Vegas and, with architect Martin Stern, Jr.[3] the “father of the mega-resort”.[4] He built the world’s largest hotel in Las Vegas three times: the International Hotel (opened in 1969), the MGM Grand Hotel (1973) and the MGM Grand (1993).[5]

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Kirk Kerkorian, Billionaire and Las Vegas Casino Mogul, Dies

16.06.2015

Billionaire Kirk Kerkorian, an eighth-grade dropout who built Las Vegas’ biggest hotels, tried to take over Chrysler and bought and sold MGM at a profit three times, has died. He was 98. He died Monday night in Beverly Hills. The reserved, unpretentious Kerkorian spent much of his life trying to stay out of the spotlight and rarely gave interviews. He called himself a “small-town boy who got lucky.” He shunned glitzy Hollywood parties and movie premieres in favor of making deals. He also gave back, forming The Lincy Foundation at UNLV in 1989 to support Armenian causes. After shutting down in 2011, his assets went to The Dream Fund at the University of California, Los Angeles, that supports research and charitable projects.

http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/386c2…
http://www.wochit.com

KIRK KERKORIAN BIOGRAPHY

Pictures slide show

This Day in Jewish History / Artist enchanted by celestial objects is born

Haaretz
Beginning with what he identified in 1852 as a planet that was given the name Lutetia —today it is recognized as an asteroid — he went on to …

File:Le Procope Cafe Procope.jpg

Le Procope /Cafe Procope

Hermann Goldschmidt

From Wikipedia,

Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt (June 17, 1802 – April 26, 1866) was a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a painter, but after attending a lecture by the famous French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier turned to astronomy. His discovery of the asteroid Lutetia in 1852 was followed by further findings and by 1861 Goldschmidt had discovered 14 asteroids. He received the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1861 for having discovered more asteroids than any other person up to that time. He died from complications of diabetes.   Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

Chicago Blackhawks beat Tampa Bay Lightning to win NHL Stanley Cup (Reuters)

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / Scion of famous U.S. Jewish family, who gave money to charity … Reina was the daughter of the Jewish New York businessman Judah Hays. … And this is but a very partial list of his beneficiaries. … Unbeknownst to Judah, however, Catherine had died 16 days before him.

Judah Touro of Newport Rhode Island.jpgJudah Touro

From Wikipedia

Judah Touro 

(Newport, Rhode Island, June 16, 1775 – New Orleans, January 19, 1854) was an American businessman and philanthropist.[1],,,

His father, Isaac Touro of Holland, was chosen in 1762 as the hazzan at the Touro Synagogue, a Portuguese Sephardiccongregation in Newport.[2][3] After the British captured Newport, Isaac and his family moved to New York in 1780, and then in 1782 to Kingston, Jamaica. In 1783 Isaac died and his wife, Reyna, moved the family to Boston, to live with her brother, Moses Michael Hays. Reyna Touro died in 1787, and Judah and his siblings were raised by his uncle, a merchant who helped found Boston’s firstbank.[4] ,,,,,,

Judah Touro’s lasting fame, however, was as a philanthropist. He contributed $40,000—an immense sum at the time—to the Jewish cemetery at Newport, and bought the Old Stone Mill there, at that time thought to have been built by Norsemen, giving it to the city.[6] The park surrounding it is still known as Touro Park.,,,,,

The Jewish-American Hall of Fame-Part 1

,
Features Columbus, Haym Salomon, Emma Lazarus, Levi Strauss, Touro Synagogue, Gershom Seixas, Rebecca Gratz, Uriah P. Levy, Adolph Ochs and Judah Magnes. Visit our web site http://www.amuseum.org/jahf.

This Day in Jewish History / Music stars on solidarity visit to Israel spontaneously marry

Haaretz
The Six-Day War began a week later, on June 5, 1967, and lasted until June 10. Barenboim and du Pre remained in Israel and continued to perform .

File:Barenboim Vienna.jpgDaniel Barenboim

From Wikipedia

Daniel Barenboim (German: [baːrənboim], Hebrew: דניאל ברנבוים; born 15 November 1942) is an Argentine pianist and conductor. Currently, he is general music director of La Scala in Milan,[2] the Berlin State Opera, and the Staatskapelle Berlin; he previously served as Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Orchestre de Paris. Barenboim is also known for his work with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, a Seville-based orchestra of young Arab and Israeli musicians, and as a resolute critic of theIsraeli occupation of Palestinian territories. ,,,,,,,,

Daniel Barenboim was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to parents of Russian Jewish descent, Aida (née Schuster) and Enrique Barenboim.[5] He started piano lessons at the age of five with his mother, continuing to study with his father, who remained his only teacher. On 19 August 1950, at the age of seven, he gave his first formal concert in his hometown, Buenos Aires…….

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Jacqueline du Pre – Kol nidrei (orchestral version)

Jacqueline du Pre & Daniel Barenboim ▶ ▶ selection videos in this playlist

File:Jacquelinedupredavidoff.jpgJacqueline du Pré

From Wikipedia,

Jacqueline Mary du Pré, OBE (26 January 1945 – 19 October 1987) was an English cellist. At a young age, she achieved enduring mainstream popularity unusual for a classical performer. Despite her short career, she is regarded as one of the more uniquely talented cellists of the second half of the twentieth century.

Du Pré is most famous for her iconic recording of Elgar’s Cello Concerto in E Minor, her interpretation of which has been described as “definitive” and “legendary”

Du Pré was born in Oxford, England, the second child of Iris Greep and Derek du Pré. Derek was born in Jersey, where his family had lived for generations. After working as an accountant at Lloyds Bank in St Helier and London, he became assistant editor and later editor of The Accountant. Iris was a talented concert pianist who taught at the Royal Academy of Music.[2]Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / A diamond magnate drowns under mysterious circumstances

Haaretz
Barnett attended the Jews‘ Free School, under its legendary headmaster … a model of trade that still largely characterizes the gem market today.

File:Barney Barnato00.jpgBarney Barnato

From Wikipedia,

Barney Barnato (21 February 1851 – 14 June 1897), born Barnet Isaacs, was a British Randlord, one of the entrepreneurs who gained control of diamond mining, and later gold mining, in South Africa from the 1870s. He is perhaps best remembered as being a rival of Cecil Rhodes.

Barney Barnato claimed he had the same birthday as Cecil Rhodes (5 July 1853). Most biographies give his date of birth as 5 July 1852. However, his birth certificate (supported by census data) shows he was born Barnet Isaacs in Aldgate, London on 21 February 1851,[1] the son of Isaac and Leah Isaacs. He was educated by Moses Angel at the Jews’ Free School.Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

BARNEY BARNATO (TV Drama series) Barnato & Rhodes

Africa Travel Channel 24

Diamond Fields Tourism – South Africa Travel Channel 24

 

Casale Monferrato Synagogue in Piedmont, Italy, May 18, 2008

I gave two concerts in this synagogue, in 2007 and 2008 – it’s known to some as the most beautiful
synagogue in the world, and is more than 400 years old.
Owner and Camera: Alex Jacobowitz

This Day in Jewish History / An artist who sought to connect the ‘English’ with the ‘Jewish’ dies

Haaretz
Solomon Hart, the first Jew accepted to the Royal Academy of Arts, expressed these ties in such masterpieces as ‘The Conference of Menasseh ben …
File:Solomon Alexander Hart - The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy - Google Art Project.jpg
The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy

File:Milton visiting Galileo when a prisoner of the Inquisition. Wellcome M0006601.jpg

Milton visiting Galileo when a prisoner of the Inquisition. Oil painting by Solomon Alexander Hart, 1847.

Solomon Hart

From Wikipedia

Hart Self Portrait.jpgSolomon Alexander Hart (April 1806 – 11 June 1881) was a British painter and engraver. He was the first Jewish member of theRoyal Academy in London and was probably the most important Jewish artist working in England in the 19th century.

He was born at Plymouth, the son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. He remained an observant Jew all his life. He served as an engraver’s apprentice in London where he studied at the Royal Academy, and excelled in miniature painting. Hart became celebrated as a painter of historical scenes and characters, and in 1854 was appointed professor of Painting in the Royal Academy, and subsequently librarian.

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This Day in Jewish History / Air Force pioneer Al Schwimmer is born

Haaretz
What began as aircraft-maintenance company Bedek in 1953 soon became Israel Aviation Industries, today the enormous Israel Aerospace Industries,

Al Schwimmer – 1917-2011

Al (Adolph) Schwimmer, one of the founders of the Israel Air Force and the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and an Israel Prize laureate, died, Friday. He was 94.

Schwimmer, an American citizen, was born in New York in 1917. An aeronautics graduate and a licensed pilot, he served in the US Air Force during WWII, and was awarded a medal of valor.

In 1947 he volunteered to help the Haganah paramilitary group to acquire aircraft. Schwimmer formed an aviation company, purchased war surpluses and smuggled them to Israel via then-Czechoslovakia.

In 1950, however, he was convicted by US authorities of violating the UN imposed embargo for smuggling the planes. He was stripped of his rights, but not imprisoned. In 2001 he was pardoned by then President Bill Clinton.

“Ordered” by Israeli PM, David Ben-Gurion to leave the USA and start an aircraft overhauling facility in Israel, Schwimmer came to Israel and founded ‘Bedek National Aviation Institute’ – later to become the IAI.

He served as the technological advisor to the prime minister in two different governments in the 1970s, and founded the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering at the Israel Institute of Technology.

In 2006 he was awarded the Israel Prize for his contributions to Israeli society.

File:Al Schwimmer.jpgAl Schwimmer

From Wikipedia

Adolph William “Al” Schwimmer (Hebrew: אל שווימר‎;‎ 10 June 1917 – 10 June 2011) was an American-born Israeli engineer and businessman. He was the founder and first CEO of Israel Aerospace Industries.

Schwimmer was born in New York in 1917 to Jewish parents who had emigrated to the United States from Eastern Europe. He never used his given birth name of Adolph, preferring the nickname “Al”.[1]

In 1939, Schwimmer began his aerospace career at Lockheed Corporation as an engineer and also received his civilian pilot license. During World War II, he worked for TWA and assisted the U.S. Air Transport Command as a flight engineer.[2]Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

File:IAI-Kfir-hatzerim-1.jpg

An Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir C2 at the Muzeyon Heyl ha-Avir (Israeli Air Force Museum), Hatzerim Air Base, Israel, in 2006.

Israel Aerospace Industries BEDEK

Israel Aerospace Industries

From Wikipedia,

Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל ha-ta’asiya ha-avirit le-yisra’el) or IAI (תע”א) is Israel’s primeaerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. It has 16,000 employees as of 2013. IAI is wholly owned by the government of Israel.

In addition to local construction of fighter aircraft, IAI also designs and builds civil aircraft (including for Gulfstream with aircraft such as the G100/G150 and G200/G250 mid-sized business jets) and performs local maintenance and reconfiguration of foreign-built military and civilian aircraft. In addition, the company works on a number of missile, avionics, and space-based systems.

Although IAI’s main focus is aviation and high-tech electronics, it also manufactures military systems for ground and naval forces. Many of these products are specially suited for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) needs, while others are also marketed to foreign militaries.  Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / A master of high comedy may have been born

Haaretz
S.N. Behrman, a child of Orthodox, Lithuanian immigrants, discovered a knack for knocking the higher classes, which he did with brilliant wit. By David ..

S. N. Behrman

From Wikipedia

Samuel Nathaniel Behrman (June 9, 1893 – September 9, 1973) was an American playwright, screenwriter, biographer, and longtime writer for for The New Yorker.  Behrman’s family immigrated from what is now Lithuania to the United States, where Samuel Nathaniel Behrman was born, the youngest of three sons, in a tenement in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1893.[1] His parents spoke little English, and his father was a Talmudic scholar. (Though known for his sophisticated comedies and worldly characters, Behrman fondly dramatized his family-centered, impoverished childhood in one of his last plays, the 1958 The Cold Wind and the Warm, an autobiographical drama starring Eli Wallach, Maureen Stapleton, and Morris Carnovsky.[2]) His own path, however, took him far from the Orthodox world of his parents. Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

‘No Time for Comedy’

Princeton Summer Theater will perform S.N. Behrman’s “No Time for Comedy” through Aug. 2 at the Hamilton Murray Theater as part of a series of student productions.

This Day in Jewish History / The ultimate hostess of enlightened Vienna dies

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / The ultimate hostess of enlightened Vienna dies. Fanny von Arnstein brought together European greats, from Mozart to …

File:Fanny Arnstein Litho.jpgFanny von Arnstein

From Wikipedia

Baroness Franziska “Fanny” von Arnstein, born Vögele Itzig (September 29, 1758, Berlin – June 8, 1818, near Vienna) was a leader of society in Vienna.

Fanny Arnstein was born the daughter of Daniel Itzig, and was a member of the extensive and influential JewishItzig family.

She married the banker Nathan Adam von Arnstein, a partner in the firm of Arnstein and Eskeles; her sister Caecilie (Zipperche) was married to the other partner, Bernhard von Eskeles. They brought the social influences of Berlin to Vienna, notably the concept of the intellectual salon, to the Vienna of Joseph II. The Arnstein mansion at Vienna and her villas at Schönbrunn and Baden bei Wien were regularly used for hospitality. She was also involved in charitable

works.

 

 

Datei:Fanny von ARNSTEIN.jpg

Baroness Fanny von Arnstein

Datei:Israelitischer Friedhof Währing September 2006 014.jpg

 

Image of the Jewish Cemetery in the Viennese district Währing and Döbling (Israelitischer Friedhof Währing). Parts of it were destroyed by the Nazis between 1938-45, the cemetery lay neglected as of September 2005.

Mordechai Gebirtig

קובץ:Mordechai Gebirtig plaque by Maire.jpg

לוח זיכרון המוקדש למרדכי גבירטיג, שהוצבה בעת פסטיבל התרבות היהודי השלישי בקרקוב (14 ביוני 1992) על קיר ביתו של גבירטיג ברח’ ברק יוסלביץ’ מס’ 5 בקרקוב.
בלוח תבליט דיוקנו, שעליו מצוין “מרדכי גבירטיג: נגר, משורר, זמר”; על פני הקשתות שמעל הדיוקן מתנוססות מילות הפואמה שלו “בלייב געזונט מיר, קראקע!” (ובפולנית: “Bądź zdrów mój Kraokwie”) – “היי לי בריאה, קרקוב”, או במשמעות האירונית של השיר: “היי שלום” [או “שלום ולא להתראות”], קרקוב”.

  This Day in Jewish History / A man of the people who sang of fire is murdered by Nazis
Haaretz

A German soldier shot down folk hero Mordechai Gebirtig and his wife in Krakow Ghetto as Jews were boarding a train for deportation to the east.Photo by Wikipedia


Mordechai Gebirtig

From Wikipedia,

 

Mordechaj Gebirtig

 

Mordechai Gebirtig, born Mordecai Bertig[1] (Yiddish: מרדכי געבירטיג‎, b. 4 May 1877, Kraków, Austria Hungary; d. 4 June 1942, Kraków Ghetto, General Government[1]) was an influential Yiddish poet and songwriter.

Mordecai Gebirtig (1877–1942) was born in Krakow and lived in its Jewish working-class quarter all his life, one which was ended by a Nazi bullet in the Kraków Ghetto on the infamous “Bloody Thursday” of June 4, 1942.[1] He is the preeminent “folk” artist in Yiddish literature and song. Gebirtig served for five years in the Austro-Hungarian army.[1] He was self-taught in music, played the shepherd’s pipe well, and tapped out tunes on the piano with one finger. He earned his livelihood as a furniture worker; music and theater were avocations.

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This Day in Jewish History / A Jew becomes leader of Russia, if not for long

Haaretz
Perhaps Yakov Sverdlov’s stint as top Bolshevik was dimmed in memory by his untimely death at age 33, under very mysterious circumstances indeed …
File:Ekaterinbourg.jpeg
Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov inYekaterinburg, formerly Sverdlovsk.

Yakov Sverdlov ☭

Yakov Sverdlov, Bolshevik activist.

***

http://www.marxists.org/archive/trots…

“AN IMPERIOUS CHAIRMAN

Sverdlov had to preside a great deal. He was Chairman of many bodies and at many meetings. He was an imperious Chairman. Not in the sense that he shut off discussion, or curbed the speakers, and so on. Not at all. On the contrary, he never quibbled or insisted on formalities. His imperiousness as Chairman consisted in this, that he always knew exactly what practical decision was before the body; he understood who would speak, what would be said, and why; he was quite familiar with the backstage aspects of the issue — and every big and complex issue has its own backstage; he was adept at giving the floor in time to speakers who were needed; he knew how to put the proposition to a vote in time; he knew what could be carried and he was able to carry what he wanted. These traits of his as Chairman were bound up indissolubly with all his qualities as a practical leader, with his ability to appraise people in the flesh, realistically, with his inexhaustible inventiveness in the field of organizational and personnel combinations.

During stormy sessions he was adept at permitting the assembly to become noisy and let off steam; and then at the proper moment he would intervene to restore order with a firm hand and a metallic voice.

Sverdlov was of medium height, of dark complexion, thin and gaunt; his face, lean; his features, angular. His powerful and even mighty voice might have seemed out of consonance with his physique. To an even greater degree this might be said of his character. But such an impression could be only fleeting. And then the physical image became fused with the spiritual. Nor is this all, for this gaunt figure with its calm unconquerable and inflexible will and with its powerful but not flexible voice would then stand forth as a finished image.

“Nichevo,” Valdimir Ilyich would sometimes say in a difficult situation. “Sverdlov will tell them about it in his Sverdlovian bass and the matter will be settled …”

In these words there was affectionate irony.

In the initial post-October period the Communists were, as is well-known, called “leatherites,” by our enemies, because of the way in which we dressed. I believe that Sverdlov”s example played a major role in introducing the leather “uniform” among us. At all events he invariably walked around encased in leather from head to toe, from his leather cap to his leather boots. This costume, which somehow corresponded with the character of those days, radiated far and wide from him, as the central organizational figure.

Comrades who knew Sverdlov in the underground days remember a different Sverdlov. But in my memory Sverdlov remains clothed in leather as in an armor grown black under the blows of the first years of the Civil War.

We were gathered at a session of the Political Bureau when Sverdlov, who was burning up with fever at home, took a turn for the worse. E.D. Stassova, the then Secretary of the Central Committee, came in during the session. She had come from Sverdlov”s apartment. Her face was unrecognizable.

“Jacob Mikhailovich feels poorly, very poorly,” she said. A glance at her sufficed to understand that there was no hope. We cut the session short. Vladimir Ilyich went to Sverdlov”s apartment, and I left for the Commissariat to prepare to depart immediately to the front. In about 15 minutes a phone call came from Lenin, who said in that special muted voice which meant great strain: “He is gone.” “He is gone.” “He is gone.” For a while each of us held the receiver in our hands and each could feel the silence at the other end. Then we hung up. There was nothing more to say. Jacob Mikhailovich was gone. Sverdlov was no longer among us.”

March 13, 1925

YakovSverdlov.jpgJakow Swerdlow

 Wikipedia,

Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov (Russian: Я́ков Миха́йлович Свердло́в; IPA: [ˈjakəf mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ svʲɪrdˈlof]; known under pseudonyms “Andrei”, “Mikhalych”, “Max”, “Smirnov”, “Permyakov”; 3 June [O.S. 22 May] 1885 – 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik party leader and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee.

Sverdlov was born in Nizhny Novgorod as Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov to Jewish parents Mikhail Izrailevich Sverdlov and Elizaveta Solomonova. His father was a politically active engraver who eventually went into forgery, and arms storage and dealing partially to support his family. The Sverdlov family had six children

Lesen Sie weiter Button - OrangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / The man who realized that mass murder depends on petty bureaucrats

Haaretz
Hilberg understood that Adolf Hitler genuinely intended to eliminate the Jews, but also believed the Holocaust was only made possible by a complex …

Shoah-Part 2: Interview with Raul Hilberg

Director Claude Lanzmann interviews Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg about the train schedules that represent the deaths of thousands of Jews, calling into question Walter Stier’s and other Germans’ claims that they knew nothing about the Final Solution.

File:Hilberg1.jpgRaul Hilberg

From Wikipedia

Raul Hilberg (June 2, 1926 – August 4, 2007) was an Austrian-born American political scientist and historian. He was widely considered to be the world’s preeminent[1][2][3] scholar of the Holocaust, and his three-volume, 1,273-page magnum opus, The Destruction of the European Jews, is regarded as a seminal study of the Nazi Final Solution.

Hilberg was born to a Polish–Romanian Jewish family in Vienna, Austria.

Hilberg was very much a loner, pursuing solitary hobbies such as geography, music and train spotting.[4] Though his parents attended synagogue on occasion, he personally found the irrationality of religion repellent and developed an allergy to it. He did however attend a Zionist school in Vienna, which inculcated the necessity of defending against, rather than surrendering to, the rising menace of Nazism  .Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / Enigmatic ‘living work of art’ and savior of German Jews shot down by

Haaretz
June 1, 1943, is the day on which Wilfrid Israel, the mysterious but saintly savior of many thousands of German Jews in the years leading up to the …

Trailer: Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero

Trailer of the new film: “Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero”. Learn more at http://www.wilfridisraelfilm.org.
Currently the film runs in its Hebrew version with English subtitles.
Soon enough, the English version, and a bit later the German version will be available.

File:Wilfrid Israel - The Savior from Berlin.JPG

Wilfrid Israel

From Wikipedia,

Wilfrid Berthold Jacob Israel (11 July 1899 – 1 June 1943) was an Anglo-German businessman and philanthropist, born into a wealthy Anglo-German Jewish family, who was active in the rescue of Jews from Nazi Germany, and who played an important role in the Kindertransport.

Described as “gentle and courageous” and “intensely secretive”, Wilfrid Israel avoided public office and shunned publicity, but had, according to his biographer Naomi Shepherd, an “almost hypnotic” ability to influence friends and colleagues. Martin Buber described him as “a man of great moral stature, dedicated to the service of others”.[1]

He was killed when his civilian passenger plane, en route from Lisbon to Bristol, was shot down by a Luftwaffe fighter patrol over the Bay of Biscay.Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This is the essence:
to have compassion
upon all beings

~ Moshe Cordovero (neohasid.org )

Moses ben Jacob Cordovero

From Wikipedia

File:ציון הרמק2.JPG

Moses ben Jacob Cordovero (Hebrew: משה קורדובירו‎‎; 1522–1570), was a central figure in the historical development of Kabbalah, leader of a mystical school in 16th-century Safed, Israel. He is known by the acronym the Ramak.

After the Medieval flourishing of Kabbalah, centered on the Zohar, attempts were made to give a complete intellectual system to its theology, such as by Meir ibn Gabbai. Influenced by the earlier success of Jewish philosophy in articulating a rational study of Jewish thought, Moshe Cordovero produced the first full integration of the previous differing schools in Kabbalistic interpretation. While he was a mystic inspired by the opaque imagery of the Zohar Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia 

Rabbi Moshe Cordovero and the Tomer Devorah Dr. Henry Abramson

This video concentrates on the life and work of Rabbi Moshe Cordovero (1522-1570), a prominent Kabbalist of Safed, Israel. This lecture was originally delivered at Young Israel of Bal Harbour but technical difficulties rendered the audio portion inaudible (which is the point of audio, after all) so this is a replacement lecture. Delivered by Dr. Henry Abramson of Touro College South.

This Day in Jewish History / A star dancer who didn’t want to seem ‘less Jewish’ is born

Haaretz
Nonetheless, she agreed to change her name to Pearl Lang – but of the works she choreographed for her own company, most had Jewish themes.

Madonna: Driven (2001) Part 3 of 7

Madonna moves to New York to pursue her dreams of becoming a professional dancer. Also covers her brief time in Paris as a back singer/dancer for the Patrick Hernandez Revue and the nude modeling she did to support herself during this time. Includes interviews with: Pearl Lang, Stephen Bray, and painter/photographer Anthony Panzera.

MADONNA DRIVEN 2001 television special on Madonna’s early years and her drive to succeed: from her childhood in Detroit, to her days as a struggling dancer in New York and the beginnings of her music career.

File:Pearl Lang.jpgPearl Lang

From Wikipedia

Pearl Lang (May 29, 1921 – February 24, 2009) was an American dancer, choreographer and teacher renowned as an interpreter and propagator of the choreography style of Martha Graham, and also for her own longtime dance company, the Pearl Lang Dance Theater

A native of Chicago, Lang began her dance training as a child and studied acting at the Goodman Theatre Her dance teacher was Frances Allis who taught movement for actors as well as her own modern dance technique which has many similarities to Graham’s. Lang studied Allis technique and performed with her company in Chicago. In 1938, at the age of 17, she enrolled in a program for gifted students at the University of Chicago, where she remained until 1941, the year of her move to New York. Born Pearl Lack, she adopted the stage name, “Pearl Lang”, s  Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / A biologist who decided that capitalism is environmentally disastrous is

Haaretz
Barry Commoner was an early ecologist who noticed that everything was connected with everything else, and thus wound up on the cover of Time …

File:Barry Commoner Time Magazine February 2, 1970 Vol 95 No 5.jpgBarry Commoner

From Wikipedia,

Barry Commoner (May 28, 1917 – September 30, 2012) was an American biologist, college professor, and politician. He was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement. He ran for president of the United States in the1980 U.S. presidential election on the Citizens Party ticket.[1] He served as editor of Science Illustrated magazine.[2]

Commoner was born in Brooklyn, New York, on May 28, 1917, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia.[3] He received hisbachelor’s degree in zoology from Columbia University in 1937 and his master’s and doctoral degrees from Harvard University in 1938 and 1941, respectively.Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia 

Barry Commoner – Scientist, Candidate and Planet Earth’s Lifeguard

16.04.2014

Mazal tov, Herman Wouk, on your 100th birthday!

Haaretz
… among more than a dozen other novels – is 100 years old today. … Not a few people in the 1970s and 1980s learned what they knew about the history of … Betty underwent conversion, taking on the additional, traditional Hebrew …

File:Herman Wouk.jpgHerman Wouk

From Wikipedia,

Herman Wouk (/ˈwk/; born May 27, 1915) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author whose novels include The Caine Mutiny,The Winds of War and War and Remembrance.

Herman Wouk was the son of Esther (née Levine) and Abraham Isaac Wouk.[1] His family was Jewish and had emigrated fromRussia. After a childhood and adolescence in the Bronx and a high school diploma from Townsend Harris High School, he earned aB.A. from Columbia University in 1934, where he was a member of the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity    Read More Button--orangePhoto by Wikipedia   Herman Wouk in Jerusalem, 1955

Readings by Herman Wouk

27.07.2014
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Herman Wouk presents A Short Ramble Through a Long Literary Life, readings from his works. Wouk won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1952 for The Caine Mutiny. Among his other best-selling novels are The Winds of War (1971), War and Remembrance (1978) and Marjorie Morningstar (1955). [9/2001] [Humanities] [Show ID: 5824]

What’s My Line? – Herman Wouk; Van Heflin (Oct 23, 1955)

04.12.2013
Herman Wouk, author of “The Caine Mutiny”, appears as the first mystery guest. Wouk got his start as a professional writer on the staff of Fred Allen’s radio show.

This Day in Jewish History / The town of Blois kills its Jews
Haaretz

The murders in 1171 were the first case of blood libel in continental Europe — though no crime had been reported, let alone associated with the Jews.

Jews in the Medieval Economy (Essential Lectures in Jewish History) by Dr. Henry Abramson

07.10.2014
An introductory lecture on the role of Jews in the medieval European economy. Part of the Essential Lectures in Jewish History series. More available at http://www.henryabramson.com.

Jews in the Middle Ages

From Wikipedia

 

French Jews of the Middle Ages. From the 1901-1906 Jewish Ecyclopedia.

The history of Jews in the Middle Ages spans the timeframe of approximately 500 CE to 1750 CE. This article covers the medieval history of Jews in the Christian-dominated Western European region. See the History of the Jews in the Byzantine Empire forEastern Europe. The other two themes that comprise the history of Jews during the Middle Ages include Jewish history in MuslimArab lands, mainly Islamic Spain, and the Jewish history in North Africa.

File:BritLibCottonNeroDiiFol183vPersecutedJews.jpg

The yellow badge Jews were forced to wear can be seen in this marginal illustration from an English manuscript.

From the fall of Rome to the Late Middle Ages (500-1500)

Historically, Jews are believed to have originated from the Israelite tribes of the Land of Israel.[1][2][3][4] Their first migration to Europe began when large amounts of them moved to Italy, France, and Germany in the early 4th century.[5][6][7] Afterwards, due to various pogroms that took place during the early Middle Ages, they fled mostly to Poland and Lithuania, and from there spread over the rest of Eastern Europe.[8][9] These European Jews later came to be known as Ashkenazi Jews.  Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / A brilliant actor who was not a communist dies very young

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / A brilliant actor who was not a communist dies very young. John ‘Julie’ Garfield, who was so picky about his roles that …

John Garfield

This was meant to be uploaded for John’s birthday but it is probably a little too sad for that. However it is a celebration of his wonderful, underappreciated talent, showcased best when playing down-to-earth, yet troubled characters. I don’t really know what else to say, except that in the few films of his I’ve seen, I have been consistently impressed. I think it’s terrible that he died so young and was so ruined by the McCarthy witch-hunts. On the bright side, he’s still quite valued today and a few of his films are very well remembered. He’s not my favourite actor, but he certainly is one of the best.

CLIPS FROM:
The Postman Always Rings Twice
He Ran All The Way
Tortilla Flat
Humoresque

Music is the title theme from ‘Midnight Cowboy’

John Garfield

File:Bette Davis & John Garfield.JPG

From Wikipedia,

John Garfield (March 4, 1913 – May 21, 1952) was an American actor adept at playing brooding, rebellious, working-class characters.[1] He grew up in poverty in Depression-era New York City and in the early 1930s became an important member of theGroup Theater. In 1937, he moved to Hollywood, eventually becoming one of Warner Bros.’ major stars. Called to testify before the U.S. Congressional House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he denied Communist affiliation and refused to “name names,” effectively ending his film career,,,,,,

Garfield was born Jacob Julius Garfinkle in a small apartment on Rivington Street in Manhattan’sLower East Side, to David and Hannah Garfinkle, Russian Jewish immigrants    Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

File:John Garfield in Gentleman's Agreement trailer.jpg

Cropped screenshot of John Garfield from the trailer for the film Gentleman’s Agreement.

This Day in Jewish History / Shabtai Zissel is bar mitzvahed, and turns out to be Bob Dylan

Haaretz
Taught by an Orthodox rabbi who appeared mysteriously, the young Bob Dylan studied Torah upstairs and fell in love with the rock scene in the bar …

Top 10 Bob Dylan Songs

Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpgBob Dylan

From Wikipedia,

Bob Dylan (/ˈdɪlən/; born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist, and writer. He has been influential in popular music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when his songs chronicled social unrest, although Dylan repudiated suggestions from journalists that he was a spokesman for his generation. Nevertheless, early songs such as “Blowin’ in the Wind” and “The Times They Are a-Changin'” became anthems for the American civil rights and anti-war movements ………..

Bob Dylan and the Band touring in Chicago, 1974

Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman (Hebrew name שבתאי זיסל בן אברהם [Shabtai Zisl ben Avraham])[2][3] in St Mary’s Hospital on May 24, 1941, the first of two boys, inDuluth, Minnesota,[4][5] and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior. Dylan’s paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa in the Russian Empire now Ukraine,  Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / A rabbi who urged the Orthodox to join the world is born

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / A rabbi who urged the Orthodox to join the world … Azriel attended a Jewish primary school in Halberstadt, the first in the …

Secret World of Hasidism

An in depth documentary on the world of Hasidism, ,,,,
It explains what Hasidism is, and how it differs to contemporary Judaism. It covers the laws of Judaism, Kosher food, weddings and those who have embraced and left Judaism. It features Luzer Twersky and Jewish author Simon Jacobson.

File:Hildesheimer Azrial enface.jpgAzriel Hildesheimer

From Wikipedia

Esriel Hildesheimer (also Azriel and Israel, Yiddish: עזריאל הילדעסהיימער; May 20 1820 – July 12 1899) was a German rabbi and leader ofOrthodox Judaism. He is regarded as a pioneering moderniser of Orthodox Judaism in Germany and as a founder of Modern Orthodox Judaism.

Hildesheimer was born in Halberstadt, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, the son of Rabbi Löb Glee Hildesheimer, a native ofHildesheim, Electorate of Hanover, a city near Hanover. He attended the Hasharat Zvi school in Halberstadt, and, from age seventeen, theYeshiva of Rabbi Jacob Ettlinger in Altona; Chacham Isaac Bernays was one of his teachers and his model as a preacher. While studying in yeshiva Hildesheimer also studied classical languages. In 1840 he returned to Halberstad    Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / Physicist who wrote movingly about evading the Nazis is born

Haaretz
Abraham Pais was the last Jew to do his PhD in the Netherlands before the Nazi deportations began, and won a reprieve from death due to his genius

Abraham Pais.jpgAbraham Pais

From Wikipedia,

Abraham Pais (May 19, 1918 – July 28, 2000) was a Dutch-born American physicist and science historian. Pais earned his Ph.D. from University of Utrecht just prior to a Nazi ban on Jewish participation in Dutch universities during World War II. When the Nazis began the forced relocation of Dutch Jews, he went into hiding, but was later arrested and saved only by the end of the war.[1] He then served as an assistant to Niels Bohr in Denmark and was later a colleague of Albert Einstein at the Institute for Advanced Studyin Princeton, New Jersey. Pais wrote books documenting the lives of these two great physicists and the contributions they and others made to modern physics. He was a physics professor at Rockefeller University until his retirement.  Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary)

30.12.2014
American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) Ameri.

This Day in Jewish History / A humiliated Syria hangs Israeli spy Eli Cohen

Haaretz
Cohen had penetrated the highest echelons of the Syrian command and suspected they were hunting for a mole. But he went back one more time.

Eli Cohen tried and executed as Israeli spy in 1965.

In the early 1960’s Eli Cohen became a spy for Israel. Posing as a wealthy Arabic businessman, he gained the confidence of many prominent government officials in Syria. Cohen learned many military secrets before he was caught, tortured and executed in 1965. Two years later during the Six Day War, Israel used Cohen’s information to easily defeat the overconfident Syrian army. One of his brilliant feats was to recommended that trees be planted to shade the soldiers’ outposts. The Israeli army then knew the exact location of every one of them because of the trees. To this day his body is still in Syria. His widow has been campaigning for its release and return but stated that it should not in exchange for freeing terrorists. This Jewish History Moment was brought to you by Israel National Radio. For more news and politics on Israel and the Jewish world visit http://www.IsraelNationalRadio.com for free streaming a audio and podcasts.

Israel, Syria and The Bible~The Eli Cohen Story

The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie

The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie
****
Director: Jim Goddard

Stars: John Shea, Eli Wallach, Sasson Gabai

Elicohen.gifEli Cohen

From Wikipedia

Eliahu (Eli) ben Shaoul Cohen (Hebrew: אֱלִיָּהוּ בֵּן שָׁאוּל כֹּהֵן, 16 December 1924 – 18 May 1965) (Arabic:ايلي كوهين) was an Israelispy. He is best known for his espionage work in 1961 – 1965 in Syria, where he developed close relationships with the political andmilitary hierarchy there and became the Chief Adviser to the Minister of Defense. Syrian counter-intelligence authorities eventually uncovered a spy conspiracy, tried and convicted Cohen under pre-war ‘martial law’ to death penalty in 1965. The intelligence he gathered is claimed to have been an important factor in Israel’s success in the Six Day War.[1]

File:Eli cohen22.jpg

Eli Cohen was born in Alexandria to a devout Jewish and Zionist family in 1924. His father had moved there from Aleppo in 1914. In January 1947, he chose to enlist in theEgyptian Army as an alternative to paying the prescribed sum all young Jews were supposed to pay, but was declared ineligible on grounds of questionable loyalty. Later that year, he left university and began studying at home after facing harassment by the Muslim Brotherhood. In the years following the creation of Israel, many Jewish families left Egypt. Though his parents and three brothers left for Israel in 1949  Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / An actress so moving that anti-Semites pelted her — with flowers — is

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / An actress so moving that anti-Semites pelted … But it is said that she was so popular during this period that some of her …

YIDDISH THEATRE, New York…memories

File:Bertha Kalich 1.pngBertha Kalich

From Wikipedia,

Bertha Kalich, (also spelled Kalish) (17 May 17, 1874 – 18 April 1939) was a Jewish actress, born in Lemberg, Galicia (now Lviv,Ukraine). Though she was well-established as an entertainer in Eastern Europe, she is best remembered as one of the several “larger-than-life” figures that dominated New York stages during the “Golden Age” of American Yiddish Theatre during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.[1] Historians estimate that, during her career, Kalich performed more than 125 different roles in seven different languages.

Kalich was born Beylke Kalakh in what was then Austria-Hungary, the only child of Solomon Kalakh, a poor brush manufacturer and amateur violinistRead More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

Jerusalem Day 2015: History And Facts About Israeli National Holiday, Yom Yerushalayim

International Business Times
Forty-eight years ago, Jerusalem was reunited under Jewish sovereignty for the first time in … This year, Jerusalem Day will be observed on May 17.

1967 Jerusalem

Images from Jerusalem right after the war in 1967. The kotel, Western Wall, being reopened to Jews.

Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu et Yerushalaim – Givat Hatakhmoshet

This is a compilation of short clips about Jerusalem Day.
Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu Et Yerushalayim – Givat Hatachmoshet – Har HaBait Beyadenu – Am Israel Chai

ריקוד דגלים- Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day

ריקוד הדגלים ביום ירושלים
Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day

סלפי ירושלמי – יום ירושלים Jerusalem Day

Jerusalem Day

From Wikipedia,

Jerusalem Day (Hebrew: יום ירושלים‎, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalemand the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War. The day is officially marked by state ceremonies and memorial services. The Chief Rabbinate of Israel declared Jerusalem Day a minor religious holiday to mark the regaining of access to the Western Wall.[1] While the day has lost its significance for most secular Israelis,[2][3][4] the day is still very much celebrated by Israel’s Religious Zionist community[5][6] with parades and additional prayers in the synagogue.Under International Law, in the San Remo agreement in 1920, Jerusalem and Israel was given to the Jews for a homeland and is therefor still legally Jewish land[7] . Under the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which proposed the establishment of two states in the British Mandate of Palestine—a Jewish state and an Arab state—Jerusalem was to be an international city, neither exclusively Arab nor Jewish for a period of ten years Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / A rabbi, astronomer and inventor honored by Russia dies – Haaretz

Haaretz
The brilliance of Chaim Selig Slonimski, who loved God and science, is evident in the wild span of his innovations, from advanced metal plating to …

File:Slonimski Chaim Zelig.jpgHayyim Selig Slonimski

From Wikipedia

Hayyim Selig Slonimski (Hebrew: חיים זעליג סלונימסקי‎, also known by his acronym CHaZaS) (1810-1904) was a Hebrew publisher,astronomer, inventor, and science author

Hayyim Selig Slonimski was born in Białystok, in the Grodno Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Poland) on March 31, 1810.

He pioneered the education of Jews in Eastern Europe in science; to do this, he introduced a vocabulary of technical terms created partly by himself into the Hebrew language. His reputation as a strictly orthodox rabbi assured fellow Jews that his scientific teachings would not undermine religion.  . Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board…
Haaretz

This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board… …Yet of the 937 passengers, nearly a third wound up …

When Canada Said No: The Abandoned Jews of the MS St. Louis

In May 1939, the oceanliner MS St. Louis departed Hamburg, Germany carrying Jewish refugees desperate to flee Nazi Germany.
They tried to escape any way they could.
But the world did not want them.
This is their story.

▶ ▶ ▶ Holocaust Task Force

File:StLouisPorthole.jpgMS St. Louis

From Wikipedia

The MS St. Louis was a German ocean liner most notable for a single voyage in 1939, in which her captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for 915 Jewish refugees from Germany, after they were denied entry to Cuba, the United Statesand Canada, until finally accepted in various European countries, which were later engulfed in World War II. Historians have estimated that, after their return to Europe, approximately a quarter of the ship’s passengers died in concentration camps. The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. It was adapted for a 1976 American film of the same title. Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / Archaeologist announces finding 2000-year old letters by Bar Kochba

Haaretz
The letters presented by Yigael Yadin were signed by Bar Kochba, the man revered by modern Israelis — but who led the Jewish nation to disaster.

Wysinfo Docuwebs: Yigael Yadin on the Dead Sea History

CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)

12.04.2015
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)

Follow an expedition to a remote cave in the Judean desert, first excavated by the famed Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin in 1960-61. Yadin uncovered a cache of ancient documents, human skulls, and artifacts that shed light on a legendary revolt by Jews against the Roman Empire in the year 132. The uprising, led by Jewish patriot Shimon Bar-Kokhba, is said to have resulted in the Roman slaughter of 580,000 Jews. Explore t

The Temple Scroll

A description of the Temple Scroll one of the longest of the scrolls purchased by Professor Igael Yadin

File:Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks.jpgYigael Yadin

From Wikipedia,

Yigael Yadin (Hebrew: יִגָּאֵל יָדִין, born Yigael Sukenik (Hebrew: יגאל סוקניק‎) 20 March 1917 – 28 June 1984) was an Israeliarcheologist, politician, and the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.

The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin(1949)

IDF Chief of Staff Yigael Yadin presenting a decoration to actorEdward G. Robinson (1950)

Yadin was born in 1917 to noted archeologist Eleazar S ukenik and educationalist and women’s rights activist Hasya Feinsod Sukenik.[1] He joined the Haganah at age 15, and served there in a variety of different capacities. In 1946, however, he left the Haganah following an argument with its commander Yitzhak Sadeh over the inclusion of a machine gun as part of standard squad equipment. Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia  The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin(1949)

Menashe Kadishman

From Wikipedia,

A Tribute to Artist Menashe Kadishman

10.05.2015
Iconic Israeli painter and sculpture Kadishman died at the age of 82

Popular Jewish Museum, Berlin & Menashe Kadishman videos

Menashe Kadishman (August 21, 1932 – May 8, 2015) (Hebrew: מנשה קדישמן‎;) was an Israeli sculptor and painter.

Kadishman artworks are presented in central locations in Israel, such as Habima Square and his paintings can be found in many different galleries in Israel. He is most famous for his metallic sculptors and colorful sheep paintings.

From 1947 to 1950, Kadishman studied with the Israeli sculptor Moshe Sternschuss at the Avni Institute of Art and Design in Tel Aviv, and in 1954 with the Israeli sculptor Rudi Lehmann in Jerusalem.

In 1959, he moved to London, where he attended Saint Martin’s School of Art and the Slade School of Art.[1] During 1959 and 1960 he also studied with Anthony Caro and Reg Butler.[1] He remained here until 1972; he had his first one-man show there in 1965 at theGrosvenor Gallery. . Read More Button--orangePhotos by Wikipedia

This Day in Jewish History / A Jewish engineer so good the Nazis wanted him back is born

Haaretz
Theodore von Kármán’s insights into aerodynamics, and tinkering, is the reason mankindtoday has jet engines. By David B. Green | May 11, 2015 …

NASA | Theodore von Kármán and the Creation of JPL [HD]

04.01.2014
The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Theodore Von Karman’s death. Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary in 1881, Von Karman emigrated to the United States in 1930, joining the faculty of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech, where he remained until 1944. He then gradually moved to Washington, DC., to head the Air Force’s Scientific Advisory Group. He was ultimately awarded the first Medal of Science by President Kennedy in 1963. Von Karman was also the first director of JPL. This talk will tell the story of Von Karman’s role in founding rocketry at Caltech, and Caltech’s role in developing rocket weapons for the U.S. Military during World War II.

Theodore von Kármán

From Wikipedia,

Theodore von Kármán (Hungarian: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; May 11, 1881 – May 6, 1963) was a Hungarian-Americanmathematician, aerospace engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics. He is responsible for many key advances in aerodynamics, notably his work on supersonic and hypersonic airflow characterization. He is regarded as the outstanding aerodynamic theoretician of the twentieth century

Von Kármán was born into a Jewish family in Budapest, Austria-Hungary as Kármán Tódor. One of his ancestors was RabbiJudah Loew ben Bezalel.[2] He studied engineering at the city’s Royal Joseph Technical University, known today as Budapest University of Technology and Economics. . Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / An extraordinary Jewish leader dies in punitive exile in Uzbekistan

Haaretz
Moses Schorr, rabbi and scholar, Jewish activist and Polish senator, was found guilty by Russia of ‘defending the interests of the bourgeoisie.’.

The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

A middle aged man with glasses and a beard and moustacheMoses Schorr

From Wikipedia

Moses Schorr, Polish: Mojżesz Schorr (May 10, 1874 – July 8, 1941) was a rabbi, Polish historian, politician, Bible scholar,assyriologist and orientalist. Schorr was one of the top experts on the history of the Jews in Poland. He was the first Jewish researcher of Polish archives, historical sources, and pinkasim. The president of the 13th district B’nai B’rith Poland, he was a humanist and modern rabbi who ministered the central synagogue of Poland during its last years before the Holocaust. Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / Biologist who discovered ‘death genes’ through worm research is born

Haaretz
H. Robert Horvitz won the Nobel Prize following a unique insight that mysteries of human genetics could be elucidated by studying lowly animals.

H. Robert Horvitz (MIT/HHMI): When Stockholm Called

Lecture Summary: Have you ever wondered how scientists react when they discover that they have been awarded a Nobel Prize? Horvitz, one of the winners of the 2002 Prize for Medicine or Physiology, tells us where he was and what he did when he found out he had won.

H. Robert Horvitz

From Wikipedia,

Howard Robert Horvitz (born May 8, 1947) is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode wormCaenorhabditis elegans.

Horvitz was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Mary R. (Savit), a school teacher, and Oscar Freedom Horvitz, a GAO accountant.[1]He did his undergraduate studies at MIT in 1968, where he joined Alpha Epsilon Pi. He obtained his PhD in Biology from Harvard University in 1974. Read More Button--orangePhotos by  youtube

This Day in Jewish History / The movie producer who didn’t go to Hollywood but created it is born

Haaretz
Marcus Loew started working at age 6, quit school at 9 and became the quintessential capitalist, building an entertainment empire and creating MGM.

MGM 90th Anniversary – Official® [HD]

22.01.2014
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) announced today a yearlong global campaign to honor the studio’s storied 90-year legacy. Founded in 1924 when theater magnate Marcus Loew bought and merged Metro Pictures Corp. with Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer Productions, MGM and its legendary roaring lion logo signify the golden era of Hollywood to film lovers around the world. Since its inception, the company has led the industry in creating some of Hollywood’s greatest stars and is home to over 175 Academy Award-winning films, including 14 Best Pictures.

The celebration of 90 extraordinary years kicks off today, as the MGM icon, Leo the Lion, is immortalized with a paw print ceremony at the world famous TCL Chinese Theater in Hollywood, cementing his place in Hollywood history. Sylvester Stallone, writer and star of Rocky (1976), one of MGM’s most iconic and enduring characters, is also on hand to commemorate the special occasion.

MGM is debuting a special 90th anniversary trailer which will play in theaters, on MGM channels – including MGM’s 24/7 movie network, MGM HD its action-themed VOD channel, Impact and its premiere multicast programming service dedicated to movies, THIS TV – as well as on DVD products and across social media. The trailer includes a tapestry of iconic images and scenes from films in MGM’s library, evoking a deep emotional connection and celebrating the company’s extensive contributions to the entertainment world.

Additionally, several of MGM’s signature films including Rocky, Rain Man, Fargo, RoboCop and The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, have been meticulously restored in 4K resolution (four times the clarity of HD) and will be presented on Blu-ra for a high-definition home viewing experience. These re-releases will be issued through MGM’s home entertainment partner, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, and are now available for pre-order on Amazon.

Other initiatives to mark the company’s 90th anniversary include:

– MGM will complement its already vast collection of films currently available on Blu-ray by releasing new titles across all genres throughout the year. Upcoming titles for release include In the Heat of the Night, A Chorus Line, and The Birdcage.

– MGM has created a one-of-a-kind collector’s book and bonus video disc companion commemorating 90 amazing years, featuring interviews from award-winning filmmakers, directors, and actors discussing the significance of their contributions to MGM’s legacy. The book and video highlight the evolution and history of the legendary studio and provide an extensive look into the studio’s golden years, classics, iconic franchises and much more. Interviews include Sylvester Stallone on Rocky, Clint Eastwood on The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis on Thelma and Louise, and Walter Mirisch on The Pink Panther. The bonus disc will also be available accompanying select DVD offerings.

– Fans can also relive their favorite film moments at MGM90th.com, a unique Tumblr website and the first Tumblr integration to feature a studio’s full library. The MGM 90th Tumblr site’s dynamic design encourages fans to explore and immerse themselves into rich content celebrating 90 years of MGM filmmaking. As fans integrate socially with the yearlong celebration, the Tumblr site will serve as an active aggregator showcasing all of the current sharing and postings.

File:1914 MarcusLoew his 42ndSt office NYC.pngMarcus Loew

From Wikipedia

Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loews Theatres and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Marcus Loew was born into a poor Polish Jewish family who had emigrated to the U.S. And settled in New York City just a year before. He was forced by circumstances to work at a very young age and had little formal education. Nevertheless, beginning with a small investment from money saved from menial jobs, he bought into the penny arcade business. Shortly after, in partnership withAdolph Zukor and others, Loew acquired a nickelodeon and over time he turned Loew’s Theatres into a leading chain of vaudeville and movie theaters in the United States.  Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / Peace activist unloved by his country dies

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / Peace activist unloved by his country dies. Austria’s Albert Fried performed a scientific analysis of war, and he won a …

Vom Wiener Lehrling zum Friedensnobelpreisträger

11.04.2012
(c) Andreas H. Landl für friedensnews.at:

AK Präsident Herbert Tumpel erwies Wiens Friedensnobelpreisträger die Ehre. Tumpels Vater war Esperantist und ein Mann er Lettern, sprich gelernter Drucker wie der Friedensnobelpreisträger. Tumpel ist ein Anliegen, dass die von den Nazis verbrannten Bücher der Pazifisten in Österreich wieder zugänglich gemacht werden. Denn was nicht gedruckt vorliegt ist nicht zugänglich und kann tot geschwiegen werden. Ab jetzt wir “zurückgedruckt”, denn:

Im Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten schaffte ein Bursche aus elendigen Verhältnissen eine Karriere mit Lehre. Er wurde der einzige Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger. Bis 2006 war das in Wien kaum jemandem bekannt. Denn der war Freidenker aus einer jüdischen Familie, Pazifist, Gewerkschafter, Friedensjournalist, Internationalist und Freimauerer. Soviel Friedensengagement war natürlich für die Militaristen im deutschsprachigen Raum ab 1914 zuviel des Guten. Fried und seine Werke wurden bekämpft. Er musste zweimal fliehen. Einmal aus Österreich und einmal aus Bayern. Rechtsextreme aller Couleur säuberten die Bibliotheken in vier Wellen von seinen Werken. So kam es, dass selbst Friedensbeweger wie ich oder Herbert Tumpel der Präsident der Arbeiterkammer bis 2006 nichts über den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger wussten. Walter Göhring stieß bei der Recherche über Ferdinand Hanusch auf den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger und macht erstmals 2006 breiter publik, was fast vollkommen verdrängt war.

Am 11.04.2012 18:00 Uhr gab es eine hochkarätige Veranstaltung des

Instituts für Gewerkschafts- und AK Geschichte und derAlfred Hermann Fried Gesellschaft Löcker Verlag in der AK Bibiliothek in Wien.

“Zwei Mal in der Geschichte ging der begehrte Friedensnobelpreis auch an ÖsterreicherInnen:
1905 an Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) und 1911 an
Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921).

Die Leistungen des Friedensnobelpreisträgers Alfred Hermann Fried standen lange Zeit im Schatten Bertha von Suttners. Vielfach unbekannt ist, dass Fried
* als Buchhandelslehrling eine Jugendgewerkschaft gründete, die in die Gewerkschaft der Kaufmännischen Angestellten mündete, eine der Vorläufer organisationen der heutigen GPA-djp.
* Ab 1892 gab er gemeinsam mit Bertha von Suttner die pazifistische Zeitschrift „Die Waffen nieder!” heraus, in der er u.a. seine pazifistischen Ideen artikulierte.

Dass Fried damit zu den Vorkämpfern der europäischen Friedensbewegung gehörte, ist heute ebenfalls vielfach vergessen: mit seiner

Zeitschrift “Die Friedenswarte”

schuf Fried ein Organ, in dem die Ideen für ein neues demokratisch geeintes Europa ihren Niederschlag fanden.

Der Zeithistoriker Walter Göhring hat sich in Archiven und Bibliotheken in der Schweiz, in den USA, den Niederlanden, Ungarn, der Slowakei und Österreich auf die Spuren Alfred Hermann Frieds begeben. Ergebnis dieser Spurensuche sind Publikationen und Beiträge sowie eine Ausstellung über Alfred Hermann Fried, der mit seinen Arbeiten bis in die Gründung der UNO und der Europäischen Union hineingewirkt hat.

Sein Werk ist heute aktueller denn je.”

Entfetzung für Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger Alfred Hermann Fried nach 100 Jahren

27.05.2011
Wien – 1911 vor 100 Jahren erhielt der Wiener Pazifist Alfred Hermann Fried den Friedensnobelpreis. Der revolutionäre Pazifist, Friedensforscher und erste Friedensjournalist von Weltrang erhielt nun gestern nach fast 100 Jahren seine 1. Gedenktafel in Wien.

Vor Widerhofergasse 5 wo Fried 1911 wohnte versammelten sich am 25.5.2011 abends über 200 Menschen und nahmen am Festakt teil.

Klaus Maria Brandauer enthüllte die Gedenktafel während der Brunnenchor
Kayra Silo (Mandingo/En: The Way of Peace)

Hevenu Shalom (Wir haben Euch Frieden gebracht) sang.

Alfred Hermann Fried

From Wikipedia,

Alfred Hermann Fried (11 November 1864 – 5 May 1921) was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.

Born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a bookshop. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a bookshop of his own in 1887. Following the publication by Bertha von Suttner of Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms) in 1889, he and von Suttner began in 1892 to print a magazine of the same name. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy. Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / A trailblazing female archaeologist dies

Hetty Goldman wanted to write novels but thought she had ‘nothing to say.’ Then she discovered human history – and war. And found she had something to say.

Hetty Goldman

From Wikipedia

Hetty Goldman (December 19, 1881 – May 4, 1972) was an American archaeologist. She was the first woman faculty member at the Institute for Advanced Study[1] and one of the first female archaeologists to undertake excavations in Greece and the Middle East. Read More Button--orange

Israeli players mark Holocaust Remembrance Day at Prague tournament
Haaretz

And the personal history of two of the players made the tour especially … to legend, the famous Maharal of Prague created a golem to protect the Jews. … Slovakia, so it is possible that the teammates’ ancestors met during this period.

La biographie du Maharal de Prague

Sinai, Purim & The MaHaRaL of Prague

Le Maharal de Prague sur Pourim: La force de la pensée

Prague Maharal Synagogue

CEMENTERIO JUDIO DE PRAGA

El cementerio judío se ubica en el distrito de Josefor de Praga y se creó en 1439. El poeta y erudito Avigdor Karo fue la primera persona enterrada en este lugar. El cementerio estuvo activo hasta 1787, cuando fue clausurado definitivamente con la tumba de Moses Beck. Debido a la falta de espacio los cuerpos se enterraban unos encima de otros llegando a más de 11 capas de enterramientos. Cientos de nombres célebres descansan en este lugar, como el sabio del Renacimiento, historiador, matemático y astrónomo David Gans (d.1613), o el erudito e historiador José Salomón Delmedigo (d.1655), y el rabino y coleccionista de manuscritos y libros impresos en hebreo David Oppenheim (m. 1736). Aunque sin duda el más conocido de todos es el gran erudito y maestro religioso Judá Loew ben Bezalel, conocido como el rabino Loew (d. 1609), que se asocia con la leyenda del Golem, un muñeco de barro creado por Loew para defender a los judíos de Praga, pero que enloqueció y no pudo cumplir su tarea.A día de hoy se pueden ver más de 12.000 lápidas y se estima que puede haber enterradas unas 100.000 personas

Maharal of Prague’s Netivot Olam w/R. Daniel Kohn

File:Loew-rabin-tombstone.jpgJudah Loew ben Bezalel

From Wikipedia

Judah Loew ben Bezalel, alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, (c. 1520 – 17 September 1609)[1] widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of the initials of “Moreinu Ha-Rav Loew,” (“Our Teacher, Rabbi Loew”) was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leadingrabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia.

Within the world of Torah and Talmudic scholarship, he is known for his works on Jewish philosophy and Jewish mysticism and his work Gur Aryeh al HaTorah, a supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary.

The Maharal is the subject of a nineteenth-century legend that he created The Golem of Prague, an animate being fashioned from clay.  Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / Benjamin Franklin helps save floundering Philly synagogue
Haaretz

This led to large numbers of Jews seeking refuge in Philadelphia. Among … The letter included a brief history of the synagogue, and explained that the …

File:Mickve.jpgCongregation Mikveh Israel (Philadelphia)

From Wikipedia

Congregation Mikveh Israel, Mikveh Israel synagogue, officially called Kahal Kadosh Mikveh Israel (Hebrew: קהל קדוש מקוה ישראל‎, which translates as “Holy Community of the Hope of Israel”, is a synagogue founded in the 1740s inPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania.[1] Established by Spanish and Portuguese Jews, the congregation practices according to theSpanish and Portuguese rite. The congregation conducts daily, Sabbath, and Jewish holy day services. The synagogue will host the Abrams Hebrew Academy Center City Jewish elementary day school beginning in September 2014.[2] The congregation is also responsible for Mikveh Israel Cemetery, the second oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in the United States.   Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

 

Miles Davis’ All Blues performed at ‘Jazz in the Sukkah” in Philly in America’s oldest synagogue

America’s oldest synagogue, Congregation Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia, founded in 1740, hosts a Jazz Night to celebrate the Jewish holiday Sukkot. A six piece band entertains the crowd, lead by the temple’s talented maintenance man. Here’s the jam on a legendary Miles Davis song. An amazing celebration of cultures and community.

Congregation Mikveh Israel

Congregation Mikveh Israel’s Second Cemetery Philadelphia, PA

Uriah P. Levy Statue Dedication – Mikveh Israel

This Day in Jewish History / A polyglot cultural mongrel who would take Paris and Piaf by storm is

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / A polyglot cultural mongrel who would take … of Sarah and Nessim Mustacchi, Jews of Italian-Greek Sephardi descent, …
File:Alain Meilland Olympia 1992.jpg
Hommage à Paul Castanier en Février 1992 à l’Olympia avec de gauche à droite : Jacques Serizier – Georges Moustaki – Léo Ferré – Philippe Val – Jacques Higelin – Wasaburo Fukuda – Alain Meilland – Patrick Font –

Georges Moustaki : Les Mères Juives

File:Grand Gala du Disque Populaire 1974 - Georges Moustaki 254-9467.jpgGeorges Moustaki

From Wikipedia,

Georges Moustaki (born Giuseppe Mustacchi;[1] (May 3, 1934 – May 23, 2013) was an Egyptian-French singer-songwriter ofItalo-Greek origin, best known for the poetic rhythm and simplicity of the romantic songs he composed and often sang. Moustaki gave France some of its best-loved music by writing about 300 songs for some of the most popular singers in that country, such asÉdith Piaf,[1] Dalida, Françoise Hardy, Yves Montand, Barbara, Brigitte Fontaine, Herbert Pagani, France Gall, Cindy Daniel, Juliette Greco, Pia Colombo, and Tino Rossi, as well as for himself.[2]

Georges Moustaki was born Giuseppe Mustacchi in Alexandria, Egypt on May 3, 1934. His parents, Sarah and Nessim Mustacchi, were Francophile, Italo-Greek Sephardic Jews from the island of Corfu, Greece. They moved to Egypt, where their young child first learned French. They owned the Cité du livre – one of the finest book shops in the Middle East – in the cosmopolitan city ofAlexandria where many ethnic communities lived together.

  Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

 

This Day in Jewish History / Avigdor Arikha, who survived the Holocaust and painted the Queen, dies

On April 29, 2010, the celebrated French-Israeli painter Avigdor Arikha died, one dayafter his 81st birthday. A Romanian-born Holocaust survivor, …

Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS

26.03.2014
VIDEO: The Universe Of Art – Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS;
Graphics: Th3Mirr0r [& crediting other artists]
Music: Song: “Moon Phases – New Moon, Third Quarter, Full Moon”
/ Album: “Eclipse” ©Th3Mirr0r

File:Avigdor Arikha (Portrait).jpgAvigdor Arikha

From Wikipedia

Avigdor Arikha was born to German-speaking Jewish parents in Rădăuţi, but grew up in Czernowitz in Bukovina, Romania (now inUkraine).[1] His family faced forced deportation in 1941 to the Romanian-run concentration camps of Transnistria, where his father died. He survived thanks to the drawings he made of deportation scenes, which were shown to delegates of the International Red Cross.

Arikha emigrated to Palestine in 1944, together with his sister. Until 1948, he lived in Kibbutz Ma’ale HaHamisha. In 1948 he was severely wounded in Israel’s War of Independence. From 1946 to 1949, he attended the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem     Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / The best basketball coach, if you ask Bostonians, is promoted

Haaretz
Even today, nearly 50 years later, Auerbach is generally remembered as the finest coach professional basketball has ever seen, although his …

Red Auerbach’s last interview (from ‘Basketball Man’)

30.10.2006
NBA giant Red Auerbach gave his last filmed interview to Burt Kearns & Brett Hudson of Frozen Pictures for inclusion in the documentary feature, Basketball Man, about the life and legacy of basketball’s inventor, Dr. James Naismith (on DVD in February).

This clip is but a small portion of the complete, comprehensive, interview, which will be featured as a bonus extra on the DVD set.

Larry Bird, Red Auerbach & The Boston Celtics – Winning Basketball (COMPLETE )

29.03.2012
VHS – Released in 1987.

“You play as you practice” (Mr. ‘Red’ Auerbach)
“It’s about whether you win or lose, not about how you play the game” (Mr. Larry Bird)

9/1/2012: Thanks to http://www.celticslife.com for sharing this video on their website:

File:Auerbach Lipofsky.jpgRed Auerbach

From Wikipedia

Arnold Jacob “Red” Auerbach (September 20, 1917 – October 28, 2006[1]) was an American basketball coach of theWashington Capitols, the Tri-Cities Blackhawks and the Boston Celtics. After he retired from coaching, he served as president and front office executive of the Celtics until his death. As a coach, he won 938 games (a record at his retirement)[1] and nine National Basketball Association (NBA) championships in ten years (a number surpassed only by Phil Jackson, who won 11 in twenty years). As general manager and team president of the Celtics, he won an additional seven NBA titles, for a grand total of 16 in a span of 29 years,[2] making him one of the most successful team officials in the history of North American professional sports.

Arnold Jacob Auerbach was one of the four children of Marie and Hyman Auerbach. Hyman was a Russian Jewish immigrant from Minsk, Belarus, and Marie Auerbach,    Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

This Day in Jewish History / US bans Austrian president for suspected WWII war crimes

Haaretz
If the World Jewish Congress, which was joined by the Simon Wiesenthal Center, in Los Angeles, had meant to torpedo Waldheim’s bid to become …

Kurt Waldheim, a commission of enquiry parts 1-9

These nine films are part of a much larger programme that was aired in 1988 which looks into allegations that the recently elected president of Austria Kurt Waldheim was a Nazi war criminal. Waldheim had previously been the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981. I do not possess any more of this programme which I ‘rediscovered’ in 2008 on a VHS cassette used some 20 years earlier.

Waldheim had unsuccessfully sought election as President of Austria in 1971, but his second attempt on 8 June 1986 proved successful. During his campaign for the presidency in 1985, the events started that marked the beginning of what became known internationally as the “Waldheim Affair”. Before the presidential elections, Alfred Worm revealed in the Austrian weekly news magazine Profil that there had been several omissions about Waldheim’s life between 1938 and 1945 in his recently-published autobiography. A short time later, the World Jewish Congress alleged that Waldheim had lied about his service as an officer in the mounted corps of the SA, and his time as an ordnance officer for Army Group E in Saloniki, Greece, from 1942 to 1943 based in files from the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Waldheim called the allegations “pure lies and malicious acts”. Nevertheless he admitted that he had known about German reprisals against partisans: “Yes, I knew. I was horrified. But what could I do? I had either to continue to serve or be executed.” He said that he had never fired a shot or even seen a partisan. His former immediate superior at the time stated that Waldheim had “remained confined to a desk”.
Part of the reason for the controversy was Austria’s refusal to address its national role in the Holocaust – which was the home not only of Adolf Hitler but also many other leading Nazis. Austria refused to pay compensation to Nazi victims and from 1970 onwards refused to investigate Austrian citizens who were senior Nazis.
Because the revelations leading to the Waldheim affair came shortly before the presidential election there has been speculation about the background of the affair.
Declassified CIA documents show that the CIA had been aware of his war time past since 1945. Some sources report information about Waldheim’s wartime past was also previously published by a right wing Austrian newspaper during the 1971 presidential election campaign – including the claim of an SS membership.

File:Hans Herbert Macholz, Kurt Waldheim, Escola Roncagli, and Artur Phleps in Podgorica, Yugoslavia, 1943.jpg
Waldheim (second from left) with Italian General Ercole Roncaglia, Col. Hans Herbert Macholz, and SS-GruppenführerArtur Phleps at Podgorica airfield, 22 May 1943.

Kurt Waldheim

From Wikipedia

Kurt Josef Waldheim (German pronunciation: [ˈkʊɐ̯t ˈvaldhaɪm]; 21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and the ninth President ofAustria from 1986 to 1992. While he was running for president in Austria in 1985, his service as an intelligence officer in theWehrmacht during World War II raised international controversy.   Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen

In rare and moving footage dated to April 20th 1945, inmates at Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp sing the anthem of hope ‘Hatikva.’

File:Bergen-belsen.jpg

Memorial stone at the entrance to the historical camp area

Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

From Wikipedia,

Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp,[1] in 1943, parts of it became a concentration camp. Initially this was an “exchange camp”, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas.[2] The camp was later expanded to accommodate Jews from other concentration camps.

File:The Liberation of Bergen-belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945 BU4274.jpg

The Liberation of Bergen-belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945
Cheerful women inmates collect their bread ration from one of the five camp cookhouses.

After 1945, the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp. From 1941 to 1945, almost 20,000 Soviet prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there,[3] with up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945, shortly before and after the liberation Read More Button--orangePhotos by  Wikipedia 

At Bergen-Belsen, where tens of thousands perished… and others began their lives
REPORTER’S NOTEBOOK Ahead of the 70th anniversary of its liberation, a visit to the German camp with what is Europe’s largest Jewish cemetery, accompanied by some of the ‘babies’ born in the DP camp after the war

By RENEE GHERT-ZAND

EDDIE STRAIGHT – BELSEN LIBERATOR TTTV

22.04.2015
Eddie Straight age 94 of Saltburn, a former Company Sgt. Major of the 11th Armoured Division, recalls liberating Bergen-Belsen on the 70th anniversary.

Bergen Belsen Liberation

Bergen-Belsen was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Between 1943 and the war’s end, an estimated 50,000 Russian Prisoners of War and a further 50,000 inmates died there,up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945.
The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945 by the British 11th Armoured Division.60,000 prisoners were found inside, most of them seriously ill, and another 13,000 corpses lay around the camp unburied.When the British and Canadians advanced on Bergen-Belsen in 1945, the German army negotiated a truce and exclusion zone around the camp to prevent the spread of typhus. Under the agreement, Hungarian and regular German troops guarding the camp returned to German lines when Allied troops liberated the camp on April 15, 1945.

(Uploader note: Ripped from youtube, comments were disabled – not sure why. Video’s like this must be commented and be reflected so that we can never forget history, otherwise we are condemned to relive this.)

Bergen-Belsen

Belsen Nazi Concentration Camp Footage – stock footage – http://www.PublicDomainFootage.com

Eva Kor speaks about Auschwitz, medical experiments, and forgiveness

At the age of 10, Eva and her twin sister Miriam were taken to Auschwitz, the concentration camp where Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele used them for medical experiments.

Nazi Experiment Survivor Eva Mozes Kor Speaks at Clarkson University

Auschwitz survivor Eva Mozes Kor delivered a powerful message of forgiveness on October 8 at Clarkson University, while speaking before a large audience of students, faculty, staff and community members.

When she was about 10 years old, Kor and her family were taken by the Nazis to the Auschwitz slave labor and extermination camp, where her parents and two older sisters were quickly sent to the gas chambers.

Kor and her sister, Miriam, were twins, so they were of chilling interest to Dr. Josef Mengele, who subjected them to a series of heinous human experiments.

Her talk, “The Journey from Auschwitz & Mengele to Forgiveness,” told the amazing story of what she endured and how she eventually came to forgive Mengele and the Nazis.

Sheila Faith Weiss, professor of history in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson, arranged for Kor to share her story.

“I received a $277,000 National Science Foundation grant to write a biography of Dr. Mengele’s mentor, the German human geneticist Baron Otmar von Verschuer, and I had been in contact with Eva Mozes Kor,” Weiss says. “Because I am teaching a seminar on the Holocaust this semester, I asked Eva whether she might be willing to give a lecture at Clarkson. Normally, she would have charged more for her talk, but generously agreed to accept significantly less so we could bring her here. Her message is especially important for our students to hear.”

Trained in German history and the history of biology, Weiss has written a book which explores the background that led to the kind of bestial human experimentation Kor was subjected to in Auschwitz. The Nazi Symbiosis, Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010) raises compelling questions about medicine and ethics.

Forgiving Dr. Mengele

Eva Mozes Kor, who survived Josef Mengele’s cruel twin experiments in the Auschwitz concentration camp, shocks other Holocaust survivors when she decides to forgive the perpetrators as a way of self-healing.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, a former Foreign Minister of Poland, noted historian, journalist, …

File:Bartoszewski 2004.jpgWładysław Bartoszewski

From Wikipedia,

Władysław Bartoszewski [vwaˈdɨswaf bartɔˈʂɛfskʲi] (19 February 1922 – 24 April 2015) was a Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer, and historian. He was born in Warsaw.

He was a former Auschwitz concentration camp prisoner.[1] He was a World War II Resistance fighter and Polish undergroundactivist. Bartoszewski participated in the Warsaw Uprising. He was wrongly convicted as a spy and was imprisoned for some years before being released due to medical problems and for being wrongly convicted during the 1950s.[2]

Bartoszewski served twice as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from March through December 1999 and again from 2000 to 2001.[3] He was also an ambassador and a member Read More Button--orangePhoto by  Wikipedia 

Władysław Bartoszewski nie żyje

25.04.2015
Nie żyje Władysław Bartoszewski, działacz społeczny, historyk, więzień Auschwitz i żołnierz Armii Krajowej. Profesor Bartoszewski odszedł w wieku 93 lat. Wspominają Go nie tylko media polskie, ale i zagraniczne, bo Bartoszewski znany był świetnie poza granicami kraju. Odejście Władysława Bartoszewskiego to wielka strata, a w naszej pamięci Profesor zapisze się jako jeden z największych Polaków.

Trauer um WLADYSLAW BARTOSZEWSKI – Ehemaliger POLNISCHER Außenminister gestorben – 25.04.2015

25.04.2015
Er kämpfte im polnischen Widerstand, wurde 1940 ins KZ Auschwitz verschleppt – und machte sich später um die Aussöhnung mit Deutschland verdient: Polens Ex-Außenminister Bartoszewski, der nun im Alter von 93 Jahren gestorben ist.

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski war ein äußerst engagierter, manchmal gar impulsiver Politiker und trotzdem ein großartiger Diplomat. Er war kein Polterer – vielmehr einer, der seine Zuhörer zum Nachdenken zwang.

Sein Motto lautete: Es lohnt sich, anständig zu sein. “Neun Mal habe ich meinen Geburtstag in verschiedenen Gefängnissen und Lagern erlebt. Aber ich bin stets optimistisch geblieben. Meine Haft hat weder Hitler noch Stalin geholfen. Und mir hat sie nicht geschadet – ich bin weiterhin derselbe geblieben.”

Widerstand gegen deutsche Besatzer

Wladyslaw Bartoszewski wurde im Februar 1922 in Warschau als Sohn einer polnischen Beamtenfamilie geboren. Eigentlich wollte er Journalist werden. Doch der Zweite Weltkrieg machte seine Zukunftspläne zunichte. Im polnischen Widerstand kämpfte er gegen die deutschen Besatzer, wurde 1940 verhaftet und ins Konzentrationslager Auschwitz verschleppt.

Trotz oder vielleicht doch eher wegen der Erfahrungen des Krieges wurde Bartoszewski zu einem hervorragenden Anwalt der Aussöhnung mit Deutschland: “Eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in meinem Leben war der Kriegsausbruch 1939. Dann kam das Kriegsende und das Gefühl der großen Verluste und der brennenden Ungerechtigkeit, die unser Vaterland getroffen haben. Das nächste wichtige Ereignis für mich war das Jahr 1989 – die politische Wende, die etwa anderthalb Jahre dauerte. Ich meine damit den Umbruch in Europa, den Fall der Berliner Mauer und die Emanzipation Polens.”

Geduld und Gelassenheit

Zur Geschichte gehöre immer auch Geduld und die Gelassenheit, pflegte Bartoszewski zu sagen. Missstimmungen in bilateralen Beziehungen sollte man daher nicht allzu viel Gewicht einräumen. “Wenn es um die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen geht: Was erwarten wir eigentlich noch von ihnen? 250 Millionen Mal wird die Oder-Neiße-Grenze in beide Richtungen überschritten und zwar ohne jegliche Zwischenfälle. Die Deutschen denken in sehr rationalen Kategorien. Und wir Polen sollten uns nicht das Recht nehmen, über die Gedanken der Deutschen mehr wissen zu wollen, als sie selbst.”

Bartoszewski fühlte sich in seinem politischen Leben nie einer Partei verpflichtet. Im Vordergrund stand für ihn immer das Wohl des Landes. Welcher Regierung er als Außenminister nach der Wende diente, war für den ehemaligen Solidarnosc-Mitstreiter unerheblich.

Außenpolitischer Berater noch im hohen Alter

Nach den Wahlen 2007 berief Premierminister Donald Tusk den damals 85-Jährigen zum außenpolitischen Berater. Sein Alter spielte keine Rolle. Gefragt war vielmehr sein Verhandlungsgeschick, um auf europäischer Ebene die Scherben wegzuräumen, die die abgewählte Kaczynski-Regierung hinterlassen hatte.

Nur in einem Punkt, da fiel es Bartoszewski schwer, Contenance zu bewahren: beim Thema Erika Steinbach. Seiner Mission schadete das aber nie. Wenn die Deutschen heute Polen aus einer ganz anderen Perspektive betrachten, dann ist das auch sein Verdienst.

Genau dafür erhielt Wladyslaw Bartoszewski 1986 den Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels – eine Auszeichnung, die er mit dem Satz kommentierte: “Es scheint das Wichtigste zu sein, all das zu unterstützen, was die Menschen verbindet, und sich all dem zu widersetzen, was die Menschen gegen ihren Willen trennt.”

This Day in Jewish History / Yossi Harel, the real person behind Paul Newman’s Ari Ben-Canaan

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / Yossi Harel, the real person behind Paul … However, like so many of his Jewish peers, while he had fought with the British …  

Exodus 1947 Documentary Trailer

Exodus 1947 Documentary Film narrated by Morley Safer. Filmmakers: Elizabeth Rodgers & Robby Henson. PBS broadcast.

To buy the DVD, please go to http://www.exodus1947.com

After World War II, a group of private American citizens banded together in a clandestine effort to transport Holocaust survivors to Palestine.

On July 11, 1947, in the port of Sête, France, 4,500 Jewish refugees were crammed into the hull of a decrepit steamship, later named Exodus 1947.

A British blockade intercepted Exodus 1947 in international waters off the coast of Palestine. The tense standoff culminated in a direct attack by military personnel against the unarmed civilians on the Exodus 1947. This highly publicized international incident heavily influenced the United Nations resolution authorizing the partitioning of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Thus, the Exodus 1947 voyage acted as a catalyst in forming a new nation. The program focuses on clandestine and illegal American efforts to finance and crew the most infamous of ten American ships that attempted to bring Jewish refugees to Palestine.

EXODUS 1947 is a one hour documentary narrated by Morley Safer with a score by Ilan Rechtman. The film is a richly layered program, constructed with first person accounts to recall events that shaped world history.

File:Exodus 1947 ship.jpg

Yossi Harel

From Wikipedia,

Yossi Harel (Hebrew: יוסי הראל‎) (January 4, 1918 – April 26, 2008), born Yosef Hamburger, was the supervisor of the Exodus 1947 operation and a leading member of theIsraeli intelligence community.[1]

Yossi Harel was born in Jerusalem in 1918. He was a sixth generation Jerusalemite. At the age of 15, he joined the Haganah. Later, he fought under Orde Wingate. Between 1945 and 1948, he played a leading role in the clandestine immigration enterprise in Palestine, commanding four Aliyah Bet ships: Knesset Israel, the Exodus, Atzma’ut and Kibbutz Galuyot. After the establishment of the State of Israel Harel studied mechanical engineering at M.I.T in the United States. Just before he finished his studies, Moshe Dayan, as Chief of Staff, called him back to Israel to investigate the Lavon Affair and made him head of Unit 131, an Israel Defense Forces intelligence unit.Photo by  Wikipedia Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / Estee Lauder dies, at some age or other

Haaretz
Born Josephine Mentzer, she may not have finished high school but working with her uncle in developing things from chicken-lice remedy to …

Beauty Queens: Estée Lauder

Art Documentary
A Film by Eila Hershon and Roberto Guerra
Language: GB
Subtitles: DE, FR

What’s New at Estee Lauder

File:Estee Lauder NYWTS.jpg

Estée Lauder (businesswoman)

From Wikipedia,

Estée Lauder (/ˈɛst ˈlɔːdər/; July 1, 1908 – April 24, 2004) was an American businesswoman. She was the co-founder, along with her husband, Joseph Lauter (later Lauder),[2] of Estée Lauder Companies, her eponymous cosmetics company. Lauder was the only woman on Time magazine’s 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of thePresidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988.Photos by  Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

 

 

 

 

 

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24Jewish Video Jewish Event of the Day ! Israel Independence Day Video, Part 2 Section on the right side,Sussex Friends of Israel,., Great Videos Selection

Israel celebrates 67th Independence Day

PM Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015

22.04.2015
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015

Israel Independence Day Fireworks 2015

23.04.2015
This year it was short, and suprising.
File:PikiWiki Israel 2482 independence day aerial demonstration מטס יום העצמאות.JPG

File:DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Israel Wwwm1876.jpg

David Ben-Gurion declaring independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl, founder of modern Zionism

Yom Ha’atzmaut

From Wikipedia,

Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאותYōm hā-ʿAṣmāʾūṯ   lit. “Independence Day”) is the national day of Israel, commemorating theIsraeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated either on the 5th of Iyar, according to the Hebrew calendar, or on one of the preceding or following days, depending on which day of the week this date falls on. Yom Ha’atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.

Israeli Declaration of Independence

From Wikipedia

The Israeli Declaration of Independence (Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות‎, Hakhrazat HaAtzma’ut or Hebrew: מגילת העצמאותMegilat HaAtzma’ut), formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) byDavid Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization[2][3] and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.[4]It declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel, which would come into effect on termination of the British Mandate at midnight that day.[5][6] The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות‎, lit. Independence Day) on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar.Photos by  Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

 

File:Israel -Independence May 14, 1948.jpg

Large celebratory crowd outside the Dizengoff House (now called Independence Hall) to hear the declaration and signing of Israel’s Declaration of Independence, dated May 14, 1948.

The original document of Israel’s Declaration of Independence

 

 

This Day in Jewish History / The banker who helped William of Orange conquer England dies

Haaretz
On April 22, 1710, Francisco Lopes Suasso, scion of one the wealthiest and most influential banking families of the Dutch Golden Age, died in the …
File:Francisco Lopes Suasso.jpg
Suasso as a young man

Francisco Lopes Suasso

From Wikipedia,

Francisco Lopes Suasso, second Baron d’Avernas le Gras (ca. 1657 – 22 April 1710) was a banker and financier of theDutch Republic. He was also known within the Sephardic community as Abraham Israel Suasso.

After being expelled from the Iberian Peninsula, most of the Sephardic Jews settled in trading cities such as London andAntwerp. By the late sixteenth century they were arriving in Amsterdam and The Hague. The Lopes Suassos were a rich old Sephardic family of Marranos, or Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity under pressure from the Portuguese Inquisition, but once in Amsterdam they openly returned to their true religion, Judaism.Photo by  Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

5765 Portrait of Moreinu HaRav Lichtenstein.jpgAharon Lichtenstein

From Wikipedia

Aharon Lichtenstein (May 24, 1933 – April 20, 2015) was a noted Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva.[1] He was an authority inJewish law (“Halacha”).[2]

Rabbi Lichtenstein was born in Paris, France, but grew up in the United States, studied in Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin under RabbiYitzchok Hutner. He earned a BA and semicha (“rabbinic ordination”) at Yeshiva University and a PhD in English Literature atHarvard University, where he studied under Photo by  Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

<h1Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein: Love of the Torah and Love to a Fellow Jew

20.04.2015
Interview with Rabbi Moshe Taragin, Yeshivat Har Etzion
http://www.israelnationalnews.com

Shock and Emptiness – Students Eulogize Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein

20.04.2015

A Hesped on Rabbi Ahron Lichtenstein by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader

20.04.2015
Baruch Dayan Emet. One of the greatest has left us. This is a Hesped said by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader, in the Beit Midrash of Akiva Hebrew day school in Southfield Michigan.
The photo is from a Shiur that Rav Lichtenstein gave in the Beit Midrash of the Hesder Yeshivah of Yerucham

Rav Aaron Lichtenstein zt”l

20.04.2015

File:Toaff e Scalfaro.jpg

Toaff with Oscar Luigi Scalfaro in 2007.

Elio Toaff

From Wikipedia

Elio Toaff (30 April 1915 – 19 April 2015) was the Chief Rabbi of Rome from 1951 to 2002.

In 1947 Toaff served as a rabbi in Venice and in 1951 became the Chief Rabbi of Rome.

One of his children is Israeli-Italian professor Ariel Toaff.

On 17 May 2012 he was awarded the Prize Culturae within the Italian National Festival of Cultures in Pisa.

Toaff died on 19 April 2015, 11 days before his 100th birthday.Photo by   Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

Elio Toaff, l’addio del Ghetto romano al suo rabbino

20.04.2015
http://www.meridiananotizie.it

Il Papa ricorda il rabbino Toaff uomo di pace e dialogo

20.04.2015
(Papa Francesco)
Esprimo le mie sentite condoglianze per la scomparsa, ieri sera, del Rabbino Elio Toaff, già Rabbino Capo di Roma. Sono vicino con la preghiera al Rabbino Capo Riccardo di Segni – che avrebbe dovuto essere qui con noi – e all’intera comunità ebraica di Roma, nel ricordo riconoscente di quest’uomo di pace e di dialogo, che accolse il Papa Giovanni Paolo II nella storica visita al Tempio Maggiore.

Papa Francesco ricorda così la figura del Rabbino Toaff nell’incontro con la delegazione della Conferenza dei Rabbini europei. Sottolinea poi i progressi fatti e l’amicizia che lega la Chiesa Cattolica e le Comunità ebraiche a 50 anni dalla Dichiarazione conciliare Nostra aetate. Il Ponte …

Addio a Elio Toaff, la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in Italia dal secondo dopoguerr

20.04.2015
Fra pochi giorni avrebbe compiuto 100 anni. Parliamo dell’addio a Elio Toaff, rabbino emerito di Roma considerato la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in italia dal secondo dopoguerra. Dalle 11 di oggi, 20 aprile 2015, il feretro esposto sotto il colonnato del tempio maggiore di Roma per l’ultimo saluto
Da Giorgio Napolitano a Laura Boldrini, da Emma Bonino a Marco Pannella, da Ignazio Marino a Pierferdinando Casini, in tanti sono venuti al Ghetto per rendere omaggio al rabbino emerito Elio Toaff

Yom Hazikaron

Remembering Israel’s fallen soldiers and victims of terror.

Yom Hazikaron

Yom Hazikaron (Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎, lit. Day of Remembrance for Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism) is Israel’s official Memorial Day. The national observance was enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of the ongoing armed dispute.

File:Soldier zikaron.JPG

IDF soldiers at Yom Hazikaron ceremony, 2007

File:Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Flags for the Fallen.jpg

An IDF officer places new flags on the graves of IDF soldiers for Yom Hazikaron.

Yom Hazikaron

From Wikipedia,

Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l’Chalalei Ma’arachot Yisrael ul’Nifgaei Peulot Ha’eivah Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎; lit. “Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”)[1] is Israel’s officialMemorial Day,[2] enacted into law in 1963.[3] While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of political violence,[4] Palestinian political violence,[5] and terrorism in general Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / The medieval rabbi who put Aristotle before God passes on

Haaretz
Quoth Levi ben Gerson, also known as Gersonides: ‘The Law cannot prevent us from considering to be true that which our reason urges us to believe.’.

This Day in Jewish History / With the land groaning in crisis, the Jews of Lisbon are massacred

Haaretz
As disease and drought racked Portugal, murders of New Christians who denied a Catholic’s vision of Jesus spread to the Jews. By David B. Green …

This Day in Jewish History / Not profound, but adored: ‘Greatest American novelist’ dies

Haaretz
On April 16, 1968, the novelist and playwright Edna Ferber died, at her home in New York.Today Ferber may be best known for the popular films that …

Edna Ferber – Long Distance

12.12.2014
Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical), Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).

Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper and his Milwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Jacob Charles and Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where she graduated from high school and briefly attended Lawrence University. She took newspaper jobs at the Appleton Daily Crescent and the Milwaukee Journal before publishing her first novel. She covered the 1920 Republican National Convention and 1920 Democratic National Convention for the United Press Association.

Ferber’s novels generally featured strong female protagonists, along with a rich and diverse collection of supporting characters. She usually highlighted at least one strong secondary character who faced discrimination ethnically or for other reasons; through this technique, Ferber demonstrated her belief that people are people and that the not-so-pretty persons have the best character. Several theatrical and film productions have been based on her works, including Show Boat, Giant, Ice Palace, Saratoga Trunk, Cimarron (which won an Oscar) and the 1960 remake. Three of these works – Show Boat, Saratoga Trunk and Giant – have been developed into musicals.

When composer Jerome Kern proposed turning the very serious Show Boat into a musical, Ferber was shocked, thinking it would be transformed into a typical light entertainment of the 1920s. It was not until Kern explained that he and Oscar Hammerstein II wanted to create a different type of musical that Ferber granted him the rights. Saratoga, based on Saratoga Trunk, was written at a much later date, after serious plots had become acceptable in stage musicals. In 1925, she won the Pulitzer Prize for her book So Big, which was made into a silent film starring Colleen Moore that same year. An early talkie movie remake followed, in 1932, starring Barbara Stanwyck and George Brent, with Bette Davis in a supporting role. A 1953 remake of So Big starred Jane Wyman in the Stanwyck role, and is the version most often seen today.

Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885[1] – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical),Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).
Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper, Jacob Charles Ferber, and hisMilwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin,……Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

This Day in Jewish History / ‘Apostle to friends, secular pope to enemies’ is born

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / ‘Apostle to friends, secular pope to enemies’ is born … This did not mean, however, that Durkheim (who dropped the name …

File:Emile Durkheim.jpgÉmile Durkheim

From Wikipedia

David Émile Durkheim (French: [emil dyʁkɛm] or [dyʁkajm];[1] April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and — with Karl Marx and Max Weber — is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology.,,,,,

Emile Durkheim was born in Épinal in Lorraine, coming from a long line of devout French Jews; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had been rabbis.[8] He began his education in a rabbinical school, but at an early age, he decided not to follow in his family’s footsteps and switched schools.[8][9] Durkheim led a completely secular life. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

 

This Day in Jewish History / Its author safely dead, ‘Nathan the Wise’ premiers in Berlin

Sociological Theory: Emile Durkhiem and Social Solidarity

Conceptual art and historical imagery vivifies a discussion of Emile Durkhiem’s Division of Labour in Society. The video focuses upon differences between traditional “mechanical” solidarity and modern “organic” solidarity.

Haaretz
Yet Lessing was probably the most important figure in the German theater of his day, and he remains influential today, as much for his work as a ..
clip-Nathan

 

Nathan the Wise

From Wikipedia

Nathan the Wise (original German title: Nathan der Weise) is a play published by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in 1779. It is a fervent plea for religious tolerance. Its performance was forbidden by the church during Lessing’s lifetime; it was first performed in 1783 inBerlin. In 1922 it was adapted into a silent film of the same title.

Set in Jerusalem during the Third Crusade, it describes how the wise Jewish merchant Nathan, the enlightened sultan Saladin, and the (initially anonymous) Templar bridge their gaps between Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Its major themes are friendship, tolerance, relativism of God, a rejection of miracles and a need for communication.

File:Gottlieb-Recha Welcoming Her Father 1877.jpg

 

Recha Welcoming Her Father. From an incomplete series of illustrations for the play Nathan the Wise. Photo by Wikipedia  

 

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Nathan the Wise by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (This Week in Jewish History)

In August of 1778, the non-Jewish writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing wrote to his brother of a new literary project designed to further tolerance of Jews in German society. The result was Nathan the Wise, a sensation that was initially banned by the Church and heavily criticized by antisemites of the day.

This Day in Jewish History / Einstein’s ’embarrassing granddaughter’ dies

Haaretz
Hire put the baby up for adoption, and at the age of eight days, Evelyn was taken into the family of Hans Albert Einstein and his wife, the former Frieda …

Evelyn Einstein

From Wikipedia,

Evelyn Einstein (28 March 1941 – 13 April 2011) was the adopted daughter of Hans Albert Einstein, the son of Albert Einstein

Einstein was born in Chicago; after her birth she was adopted by Hans Albert Einstein. She obtained a Master’s degree in Medieval literature at University of California, Berkeley. She was married to Grover Krantz for 13 years. She then worked briefly as an animal control officer, as a cult deprogrammer and as a Berkeley, California reserve police officer.Read More Button--orange

 

This Day in Jewish History / Lawyer couple invent new Internet ‘service’ – spamming

Haaretz
In today’s terms, the numbers of individuals reached would probably appear puny, but the transmission was quickly dubbed “spam,” the term used to …
File:BYwork-cropped.jpg

Eliezer Ben-Yehuda

From Wikipedia,

Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (Hebrew: אליעזר בן־יהודה‎‎ pronounced [ɛli’ʕɛzeʁ bɛn jɛhu’da]; 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Litvaklexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era.

Eliezer Ben-Yehuda was born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman[citation needed] (Yiddish אליעזר יצחק פערלמאן), in Luzhki (Belarusian Лужкі (Lužki), PolishŁużki), Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus). He attended cheder where he studied Hebrew and the Bible from the age of three,[citation needed] as was customary among the Jews of Eastern Europe.  Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

Revival of Hebrew

While Hebrew had remained the language of study and prayer, it had not been a spoken language for centuries. Few believed it could again become a tongue of everyday speech, but one man did, and dedicated his life to reviving Hebrew. His name was Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.

Please visit http://www.Zionism101.org for more videos on Zionist history.

The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 1 of 5

The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 2 of 5

The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 3 of 5

The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 4 of 5

The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 5 of 5

This Day in Jewish History / First boy to be raised speaking modern Hebrew dies

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / First boy to be raised speaking modern Hebrew dies. Itamar Ben-Avi was son of Eliezer Ben Yehuda, the founder of the …

File:Itamar Ben-Avi 1933.jpgItamar Ben-Avi

From Wikipedia,

Itamar Ben-Avi (Also Ittamar, Hebrew: איתמר בן אב”י‎; born Ben-Zion Ben-Yehuda, בן-ציון בן-יהודה on 31 July 1882, died 8 April 1943) was the son of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda. Eliezer is credited with reviving the Hebrew language and brought up Itamar to be the first native speaker of what would become Modern Hebrew. Ben-Avi worked as a journalist (starting with his father’s newspaper HaZvi), and as a Zionist activist.

Ben-Zion grew up speaking modern Hebrew with his parents, making him the first native speaker of the Hebrew language in over a thousand years. When he was very young,  Photo by Wikipedia  Read More Button--orange

 

This Day in Jewish History / Pivotal figure in sensationalist US journalism is born

Haaretz
This Day in Jewish History / Pivotal figure in sensationalist U.S. journalism is born. Walter Winchell’s name may have been forgotten but he attracted …
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