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This Day in Jewish History / Marvin Minsky, who foresaw artificial intelligence before computers …
This Day in Jewish History / Marvin Minsky, who foresaw artificial … that the day will come when a human brain can be integrated into a robot, thus ..
Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy
Marvin Lee Minsky was born in New York City to an eye surgeon and a Jewish activist, where he attended The Fieldston School and the Bronx High School of Science. He later attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He served in the US Navy from 1944 to 1945. He holds a BA in mathematics from Harvard (1950) and a PhD in mathematics from Princeton (1954). He has been on the MIT faculty since 1958. In 1959 he and John McCarthy founded what is now known as the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He is currently the Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, and Professor of electrical engineering and computer science. foto Wikipedia read more…https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marvin_Minsky
Dr. Marvin Minsky — Immortal minds are a matter of time
Dr. Marvin Minsky — A.I. Pioneer & Mind Theorist. Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, MIT, Media Labhttp://GF2045.com/speakers.
Widely recognized as one of the world’s foremost experts and pioneers of Artificial Intelligence. Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, and Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at M.I.T. His research led to advances in mathematics, neural and computer science, physics, psychology, computer graphics, symbolic mathematical computation, neural networks, knowledge representation, computational semantics, machine perception, symbolic learning and connectionist learning.
In this video Dr. Marvin Minsky discusses the future of human minds, possibility of overcoming death and invites participants to the second international Global Future 2045 congress (June 2013)http://www.GF2045.com.
“Everything is made of atoms, and so if you make a machine, in some sense it’s made of the same kinds of material as brains are made, but organized, maybe either in very different ways, or fundamentally the same ways. No one knows very much about how the brain represents knowledge and does reasoning at the moment, so it’s hard to predict how long it will take to do things like that. At some point, when we understand how brains work, then we should be able to make functional copies out of other materials.”
“When will all these great things happen, of overcoming death and making people more intelligent and turning ourselves into machines with replaceable parts, so that suffering and that sort of thing will disappear? It’s very hard to predict, but my impression is that progress has been slowing down rather rapidly in the last few decades, and that in the early days of cybernetics, from 1940 to 1980, we were learning more and more about the brain very rapidly, and contrary to many current opinions, I think we’re learning less and less in recent years.” says Dr. Marvin Minsky
For more information about the GF2045 congress, please visit http://www.GF2045.com
This Day in Jewish History / Ultimate ‘court Jew’ to the king of Austria dies
This Day in Jewish History / Ultimate ‘court Jew’ to the king of Austria dies. Samson Wertheimer may have been known as the ‘Jewish emperor’ but he …
Samson Wertheimer (January 17, 1658 – August 6, 1724) was chief rabbi of Hungary and Moravia, and rabbi of Eisenstadt. He was also an Austrian financier, court Jew and Shtadlan to Austrian Emperor Leopold I.
Wertheimer was born in Worms, the son of Joseph Josel Wertheimer (1626 – May 2, 1713), and received his education at the yeshivas ofWorms and Frankfurt am Main.
He arrived in Vienna on December 2, 1684, and associated himself with the banker Samuel Oppenheimer, sharing the latter’s privilege of residence. During the absence of Oppenheimer, Wertheimer represented him in transactions with the Austrian government. Wertheimer soon gained the confidence of EmperorLeopold I, who presented a portrait of himself to Wertheimer and his son Wolf, and on December 15, 1701, followed this gift with another of 1,000 ducats for the financier’s success in obtaining for the daughter of the King of Poland a dowry of 1,000,000 florins from her father upon her marriage to Leopold’s brother-in-law Duke Charles Philip. foto Wikipedia read more…
This Day in Jewish History: The girl who rattled the rabbi grows up, joins Supreme Court
This Day in Jewish History: The girl who rattled the rabbi grows up, joins … Kagan was certainly not the first Jewish justice of the high court – she’s …
You don’t need to believe in God to believe in Judaism
Elena Kagan (pronounced /ˈkeɪɡən/; born April 28, 1960) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kagan is the Court’s 112th justice and fourth female justice.
Kagan was born and raised in New York City. After attending Princeton, Oxford, and Harvard Law School, she completed federal Court of Appeals and Supreme Court clerkships. She began her career as a professor at the University of Chicago Law School, leaving to serve as Associate White House Counsel, and later as policy adviser, under President Clinton. After a nomination to the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, which expired without action, she became a professor at Harvard Law School and was later named its first female dean. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
Kagan and her family lived in a third-floor apartment at West End Avenue and 75th Street and attended Lincoln Square Synagogue. Kagan was independent and strong-willed in her youth and, according to a former law partner, clashed with her Orthodox rabbi over aspects of her bat mitzvah. ”
,,,,,,,,,, foto wikipedia read more… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elena_Kagan
President Obama Nominates Elena Kagan for Supreme Court Credit www whitehouse gov
President Obama Nominates Elena Kagan for Supreme Court; May 10th 2010
Credit: www whitehouse gov
Elena Kagan “You know, like a good Jew, I was probably at a Chinese restaurant.”.mp4
Lindsey Graham chose to make the Senate hearings of the confirmation of Elena Kagan a joke. He asked her where she was on “Christmas Day.” NOTICE how Kagan turns a [fake] cackle into an abrupt snear. It turns my stomach. She is a communist, check out her background. She’s surrounded herself with socialists and communists. I NEVER thought I’d see the day.
This Day in Jewish History: Amos Kenan, iconoclast, peacenik, and would-be assassin dies
This Day in Jewish History: Amos Kenan, iconoclast, peacenik, and … state with a pre-Judaic ‘Hebrew’ identity rather than a religious ‘Jewish’ one.
Amos Kenan (Hebrew: עמוס קינן), also Amos Keinan, (May 2, 1927 – August 4, 2009) was an Israeli columnist, painter, sculptor, playwright and novelist
Amos Kenan was born Amos Levine in south Tel Aviv in 1927. His parents were secular socialists. His father was a Gdud HaAvoda veteran and a former construction worker who became a clerk after a work accident. He was a member of Hashomer Hatzair youth movement. In 1946 he met the poet Yonatan Ratosh and joined Ratosh’s Canaanite movement, which he remained identified with until the early 1950s. He was
עמוס קינן – וזאת לתעודה | Amos Kenan – Vezot Lateuda
עמוס קינן – מארש לרגל אחת | Amos Kenan – Marsh for One Leg
Allied Victory In Europe (Scene from About Face: Jewish Refugee Soldiers film)
One-time Jewish refugees from Germany: Eric Boehm, John Brunswick (born Hans Braunschweig, and Karl Goldsmith recall their triumphal return to their native Germany as Allied soldiers.
About Face: The Story of the Jewish Refugee Soldiers of WWII
Director: Steve Karras
co-director Rosemarie Lizarraga
Original Score by John Cale
Narrated by Peter Coyote
Treblinka extermination camp
Treblinka (pronounced [trɛˈblʲinka]) was an extermination camp,[b] built by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II. It was located near the village of Treblinka north-east of Warsaw in what is now the Masovian Voivodeship. The camp operated between 23 July 1942 and 19 October 1943 as part of Operation Reinhard, the most deadly phase of the Final Solution. During this time, it is estimated that between 700,000 and 900,000 Jews were killed in its gas chambers, along with 2,000 Romani people. More Jews were killed at Treblinka than at any other Nazi extermination camp apart from Auschwitz. READ MORE ..https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Treblinka_-_Rail_tracks.JPG
The symbolic “remains” of the railroad in Treblinka
Nazi Concentration Camps – Film shown at Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
This Day in Jewish History: Israel enacts the symbolic ‘Jerusalem, Capital of Israel’ law
East Jerusalem was never actually annexed, but in 1980, Tehiya’s Geula Cohen decided to protect ‘the integrity and unity of greater Jerusalem,’ to the …
East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem (Arabic: القدس الشرقية, Hebrew: מזרח ירושלים) is the sector of Jerusalem that was not part of Israeli-held West Jerusalem at the end of the 1948-1949 Arab–Israeli War. Israeli and Palestinian definitions of it differ; the Palestinian official position is based on the 1949-1967 post-armistice situation, while the Israeli position is mainly based on the current municipality boundaries of Jerusalem, which resulted from a series of administrative enlargements decided by Israeli municipal authorities since 1967. Despite its name, East Jerusalem includes neighborhoods to the north, east and south of the Old City, and in the wider definition of the term even on all these sides of West Jerusalem.
Geulah Cohen (Hebrew: גאולה כהן, born 25 December 1925) is an Israeli former Irgun and Lehi member, politician, and journalist.
Geulah Cohen was born in Tel Aviv during the Mandate era. She studied at the Levinsky Teachers Seminary, and earned a master’s degree in Jewish Studies, Philosophy, Literature and Bible at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
In 1942 she joined the Irgun, and moved to Lehi the following year. A radio announcer for the group, she was arrested by the British authorities in 1946. She was imprisoned in Bethlehem, but escaped from jail in 1947. She was also editor of the Lehi newspaper Youth Front. After Israeli independence in 1948, she contributed to Sulam, a monthly magazine published by former Lehi leader Israel Eldad.
read more… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geulah_Cohen
גאולה כהן בראיון על מנחם בגין
בראיון מספרת כהן על פרשת השילומים, על צניעותו, מאבק השילומים, בגין כמנהיג ומפקד האצ”ל, ועל כך שמנע מלחמת אחים והאמין באהבת ישראל.
Geula Cohen, former MK and Deputy-Minister, reminisces on the Reparations episode, Begin’s modesty, Begin as a leader and Irgun commander, how he prevented civil war and his belief in the love of Israel.
This Day in Jewish History: The first post-WWII Jewish wedding in Berlin is held
The names of the bride and groom are lost to history, but not that of the … This count includes not only people in hiding, but also Jews of mixed .
Berlin, Gedenkstein für jüdische Opfer
Zentralbild/Zühlsdorf 9.11.1960 Berlin: Gedenkstein für jüdische Opfer des Faschismus enthüllt In einer Feierstunde am 9.11.1960, dem 22. Jahrestag der von den Faschisten 1938 veranstalteten “Kristallnacht”, wurde an der Stätte des ehemaligen jüdischen Altersheimes in der Grossen Hamburger Strasse ein Gedenkstein enthüllt. Während der Feierstunde ergriffen Hans Seigewasser, Vizepräsident des Nationalrats der Nationalen Front, und Rabbiner Martin Riesenburger das Wort. UBz.: Der Gedenkstein wird enthüllt. Rechts: Hans Seigewasser.Martin Riesenburger (* 14. Mai 1896 in Berlin; – 14. April 1965 ebenda) war ein deutscher Rabbiner.
Nach dem Abitur studierte Riesenburger zunächst Zahnmedizin, brach das Studium während des Ersten Weltkriegs jedoch ab. Nach 1918 absolvierte er an der Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin ein Studium der Religionsphilosophie. Daneben studierte er auch Musik und ließ sich zum Konzertpianisten ausbilden.
Riesenburgers offizieller Dienst in der Berliner Jüdischen Gemeinde begann am 1. Juni 1933 bereits unter dem drohenden Vorzeichen des Nationalsozialismus. Er war Prediger und Seelsorger im Jüdischen Altersheim in der Großen Hamburger Straße und in dem angeschlossenen Jüdischen Krankenhaus. Die NS-Instanzen verhafteten ihn 1942 für kurze Zeit; aufgrund seiner christlichen Ehefrau (die aber zum Judentum übergetreten war) wurde er dann zwar entlassen, stand jedoch unter polizeilicher Meldepflicht.
Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History: The most famous director you never heard of dies – This Day … – Haaretz
Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck on a Vespa. Photo by Wikimedia Commons. related articles. This Day in Jewish History / A brilliant actor who was …
William Wyler (July 1, 1902 – July 27, 1981) was a German-born American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works included Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Mrs. Miniver (1942), all of which won Wyler Academy Awards for Best Director, as well as Best Picture in their respective years, making him the only director of three Best Picture winners. Wyler received his first Oscar nomination for directing Dodsworth in 1936, starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton and Mary Astor, “sparking a 20-year run of almost unbroken greatness.”
Wyler was born to a Jewish family in Mulhouse, Alsace (then part of the German Empire). His Swiss father, Leopold, started as a traveling salesman which he later turned into a thriving haberdashery business in Mulhouse. His mother, Melanie (née Auerbach; died February 13, 1955, Los Angeles, aged 77), was German, and a cousin of Carl Laemmle, founder of Universal Pictures.
Photo by Wikipedia read more….. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wyler
William Wyler Accepts the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1976
In 1976, director, producer and writer William Wyler accepted the 4th AFI Life Achievement Award. Some of his most well known films include BEN-HUR, THE BEST YEARS OF OUR LIVES, ROMAN HOLIDAY and FUNNY GIRL. In this video clip from the 1976 televised award ceremony Wyler discusses his career in his acceptance speech.
קליפ מרגש עד דמעות שוואקי שמע ישראל
Tisha B’Av – Special Clip
Rabbi Wein teaches about Tisha B’Av
Top 10 Peter Sellers Performances
He has been hailed as the best British comedian since Charlie Chaplin. Join http://www.WatchMojo.com as we count down our top 10 favorite Peter Sellers Performances.
This Day in Jewish History / Irgun blows up British headquarters at King David Hotel
The Irgun, headed by Menachem Begin, tried to warn the British to evacuate the King David in advance. But nobody listened, and 91 people died.
King David Hotel bombing
The King David Hotel bombing was an terrorist attack carried out on Monday July 22, 1946 by the militant Zionist underground organization, the Irgun, on the British administrative headquarters for Palestine, which was housed in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. 91 people of various nationalities were killed and 46 were injured.
The hotel was the site of the central offices of the British Mandatory authorities of Palestine, principally the Secretariat of the Government of Palestine and the Headquarters of the British Armed Forces in Palestine and Transjordan. The attack initially had the approval of the Haganah (the principal Jewish paramilitary group in Palestine). It was conceived as a response to Operation Agatha (a series of widespread raids, including one on the Jewish Agency, conducted by the British authorities) and was the deadliest directed at the British during the Mandate era (1920–1948)
Photo by Wikipedia read more… https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_David_Hotel_bombing
Palestine 1946: King David Hotel Bomb Warning Controversy
The King David Hotel bombing (July 22, 1946) was a bomb attack against the British Mandate government of Palestine and its armed forces by members of the Irgun, a militant Zionist organization, which was led at the time by Menachem Begin, a future Prime Minister of Israel.
Members of the Irgun, commanded by Yosef Avni and Yisrael Levi  and dressed as ‘Arabs’ and as the Hotel’s distinctive Sudanese waiters, planted a bomb in the basement of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, part of which was being used as the base for the Mandate Secretariat, the British military headquarters and a branch of the police Criminal Investigation Division. The ensuing explosion caused the collapse of the south-western corner of the southern wing of the hotel. 91 people were killed, most of them staff of the secretariat and the hotel: 28 British, 41 Arab, 17 Jewish, and 5 others. Around 45 people were injured. Some of the deaths and injuries occurred in the road outside the hotel and in adjacent buildings.
The attack on the hotel was the deadliest attack against the British in the history of the Mandate and is often credited as being a major factor in the British decision to relinquish the Mandate. If classed as terrorism, the attack was the most cowardly & deadliest of that kind anywhere in the world.
Prime Minister Clement Attlee commented on the attack to the House of Commons:
Hon. Members will have learned with horror of the brutal and murderous crime committed yesterday in Jerusalem. Of all the outrages which have occurred in Palestine against the Arabs, and they have been many and horrible in the last few months, this is the worst. By this insane act of terrorism 93 innocent people have been killed or are missing in the ruins. The latest figures of casualties are 41 dead, 52 missing and 53 injured. I have no further information at present beyond what is contained in the following official report received from Jerusalem:
“It appears that after exploding a bomb in the street, presumably as a diversionary measure — this did virtually no damage — a lorry drove up to the tradesmen’s entrance of the King David Hotel and the occupants, after holding up the staff at pistol point, entered the kitchen premises carrying a number of milk cans. At some stage of the proceedings, they shot and seriously wounded a British soldier who attempted to interfere with them. All available information so far is to the effect that they were Jews. Somewhere in the basement of the hotel they planted bombs which went off shortly afterwards. They appear to have made good their escape.”
The Zionist Irgun issued an initial statement accepting responsibility for the attack, blaming the British for the deaths due to failure to respond to the warning and mourning only the Jewish victims. A year later, on July 22, 1947, they issued a new statement saying that they were acting on instructions from “a letter from the headquarters of the United Resistance, demanding that we carry out an attack on the British at the King David Hotel as soon as possible.”
In July 2006, Israelis including former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and former members of Irgun attended a 60th anniversary celebration of the bombing, which was organized by the Menachem Begin Centre. The British Ambassador in Tel Aviv and the Consul-General in Jerusalem dissented, saying “We do not think that it is right for an act of terrorism, which led to the loss of so many lives, to be commemorated.” They also protested against an Israeli plaque that claims that people died because the British ignored warning calls, saying it was untrue and “did not absolve those who planted the bomb.” The plaque read “For reasons known only to the British, the hotel was not evacuated.” City officials agreed to amend the wording on the plaque?
This Day in Jewish History / Russia releases ‘counter-revolutionary’ Lubavitcher Rebbe … – Haaretz
Yosef Schneersohn was born on June 21, 1880, in the town of Lyubavichi, in what is todaythe Smolensk oblast of Russia. He was the only son of …
Yosef Yitzchak (Joseph Isaac) Schneersohn (Hebrew: יוסף יצחק שניאורסאהן) was an Orthodox rabbi and the sixth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement. He is also known as the Frierdiker Rebbe (Yiddish for “Previous Rebbe”), the Rebbe RaYYaTz, or the Rebbe Rayatz (an acronym for Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak). After many years of fighting to keep Orthodox Judaism alive from within the Soviet Union, he was forced to leave; he continued to conduct the struggle from Latvia, and then Poland, and eventually the United States, where he spent the last ten years of his life.Photo by Wikipedia
Who Was Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson? Jewish Biography as History
Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson, also known as “Der Frierdiker Rebbe” (The Earlier Rebbe) to distinguish him from his successor, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, was the sixth leader of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement. Living in tumultuous times, he shifted the center of the movement from its Eastern European origins to its current headquarters in the United States. Part of the Jewish Biography as History Series, more available at http://www.henryabramson.com.
This Day in Jewish History / A rabbi too shocking for Bavaria delivers his last sermon … – Haaretz
Einhorn was something of a revolutionary in his readiness to re-imagine Jewish theology and law for a new age and a young country, with a vision that …
Serge Klarsfeld (born 17 September 1935) and Beate Klarsfeld (née Künzel, born 13 February 1939) are activists known for documenting the Holocaust in order to establish the record and to enable the prosecution of war criminals. Since the 1960s, they have been famous Nazi hunters, have made notable efforts to commemorate the Jewish victims from France of the Occupation, and have been supporters of Israel.Photo by Wikipedia
Serge and Beate Klarsfeld publish memoirs of Nazi-hunting years
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FOCUS : Serge and Beate Klarsfeld are France’s most famous Nazi hunters. They have just published their memoirs, recounting their decades spent tracking down Hitler’s henchmen and dragging them out of hiding into the public glare. Serge Klarsfeld is a Romanian-born Jew whose father was killed at Auschwitz and Beate is the daughter of a former German soldier.
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The Seventeenth of Tammuz (Hebrew: שבעה עשר בתמוז, Shiv’ah Asar b’Tammuz) is a Jewish fast day commemorating the breach of the walls of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Second Temple. It falls on the 17th day of the Hebrew month of Tammuz and marks the beginning of the three-week mourning period leading up to Tisha B’Av.
This day also commemorates the destruction of the Twin Tablets of the Ten Commandments. The Seventeenth of Tammuz occurs forty days after the Jewish holiday of Shavuot. Moses ascended Mount Sinai on Shavuot and remained there for forty days. The Children of Israel made the Golden Calf on the afternoon of the sixteenth of Tammuz when it seemed that Moses was not coming down when promised. Moses descended the next day (forty days by his count), saw that the Israelites were violating many of the laws he had received from God, and smashed the tablets.Photo by Wikipedia
הרשל”צ הרה”ג יצחק יוסף שליט”א ימי בין המיצרים Av Bein Hametzarim התשע”ד
This Day in Jewish History / A Russian who founded a Yiddish newspaper in America is born – This …
Abraham Cahan was born in Podberez’ye, a village outside Vilna — today in Lithuania. His father, Scharkne Cahan, was a teacher of Hebrew and ..
Abraham Cahan, half-length portrait, looking down at printed material on desk / World Telegram & Sun photo.
Abraham “Abe” Cahan (July 7, 1860 – August 31, 1951) was a Belarusian-born Jewish-American socialist newspaper editor, novelist, and politician.,,,
Abraham Cahan was born July 7, 1860, in Podberezhie in Belarus (at the time in Vilnius Governorate, Russian Empire), into an orthodox Litvak family. His grandfather was a rabbi in Vidz, Vitebsk, his father a teacher of Hebrew language and the Talmud. The devoutly religious family moved in 1866 to Vilnius, where the young Cahan received the usual Jewish preparatory education for the rabbinate. He, however, was attracted by secular knowledge and clandestinely studied the Russian language, ultimately prevailing on his parents to allow him to enter the Teachers Institute of Vilnius, from which he was graduated in 1881. He was appointed teacher in a Jewish government school in Velizh, Vitebsk, in the same year. Photo by Wikipedia
Abe Cahan Exhibit
We had the opportunity to check out the Forward’s exhibit of its founder Abe Cahan. It is an amazing exhibit showcasing the beginning of The Forward. During his years of activity, Cahan was either originator, collaborator, or editor of almost all the earlier socialist periodicals published in that language in the United States.Abraham Cahan in his later years. From 1903 until 1946, Cahan ran the Jewish Daily Forward (Forverts), a socialist Yiddish-language daily in New York. In 1906 he introduced an advice column named A Bintel Brief. As a rule, Cahan was one of the more temperate voices in the Socialist Party of America, respecting his readers’ religious beliefs and preaching an increasingly moderate version of the socialist gospel as time progressed. By 1924 Forverts had over a quarter of a million readers, making it the most successful non-English-language newspaper in the U.S. and the leading Yiddish paper in the world. Cahan quickly mastered the English language, and four years after his arrival in New York taught immigrants in one of the evening schools. Later he began to contribute articles to the Sun and other newspapers printed in English, and was for several years employed in a literary capacity by the Commercial Advertiser, where we was a regular contributor.
All About Ab (Cahan)
Grateful Dead in 1970. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh.
The Grateful Dead are an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California. Ranging from quintet to septet, the band was known for its unique and eclectic style, which fused elements of country, folk, bluegrass, blues, reggae, rock, improvisational jazz, psychedelia, space rock, for live performances of lengthy instrumental jams, and for their devoted fan base, known as “Deadheads”. “Their music,” writes Lenny Kaye, “touches on ground that most other groups don’t even know exists.” These various influences were distilled into a diverse and psychedelic whole that made the Grateful Dead “the pioneering Godfathers of the jam band world”. They were ranked 57th in the issue The Greatest Artists of all Time by Rolling Stone magazine. Photo by Wikipedia
The Grateful Dead – American Beauty (Álbum Completo) [Full Album]
This Day in Jewish History / Israel enacts a law welcoming all Jews – This Day in Jewish … – Haaretz
The Law of Return (Hebrew: חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת, ḥok ha-shvūt) is Israeli legislation, passed on 5 July 1950, that gives Jews the right of return and the right to live in Israel and to gain citizenship. In 1970, the right of entry and settlement was extended to people of Jewish ancestry, and their spouses.
The Law of Return 5710-1950 was enacted by the Knesset, Israel’s Parliament, on July 5, 1950. The Law declares the right of Jews to come to Israel: “Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh.” Follow-up legislation on immigration matters was contained in the Nationality Law of 1952. The Law of Return was modified in 1970 to extend the right of return to non-Jews with a Jewish grandparent, and their spouses.
Professor Michael Sandel “The Law of Return and the Right of Return”
http://www.makomisrael.org Professor Michael Sandel “The Law of Return and the Right of Return” Jerusalem June 25th, 2012
Global Jewish Forum: A Free People In Our Land?
Exploring Liberalism and Zionism
Youth Aliyah (Hebrew: עלית הנוער, Aliyat Hano’ar) is a Jewish organization that rescued thousands of Jewish children from the Nazis during the Third Reich. Youth Aliyah arranged for their resettlement in Palestine in kibbutzim and youth villages that became both home and school.
Recha Freier, a rabbi’s wife, founded Youth Aliyah in Berlin on the same day that Adolf Hitler took power, Monday 30 January 1933. The organisation was founded to protect German Jewish youth from the impending Holocaust by sending them to pioneer training programs in Palestine after completing elementary school. The idea was supported by the World Zionist Organization. Freier supervised the organization’s activities in Germany, and Henrietta Szold in Jerusalem.
Israeli postage stamps celebrating Youth Aliyah
Youth Aliyah by ship
Youth Aliyah by plane (“Flying Carpet”)
Szold was skeptical about the merits of Freier’s proposal because, as the person responsible for social services by the Jewish Agency for all of Palestine, she was extremely pressed for funds and loath to take on a new untried program for German Jewish children.
Popular Aliyah & Jewish Agency for Israel videos ▶ ▶ ▶more videos in this playlist
This Day in Jewish History / The great provocateur of Montreal dies – This Day in Jewish … – Haaretz
Mordecai Richler, CC (January 27, 1931 – July 3, 2001) was a Canadian writer. His best known works are The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1959) and Barney’s Version (1997); his 1989 novel Solomon Gursky Was Here was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize in 1990. He was also well known for the Jacob Two-Two children’s stories.
The son of Lily (née Rosenberg) and Moses Isaac Richler, a Jewish scrap yard dealer, Richler was born on January 27, 1931 and raised on St. Urbain Street in the Mile End area of Montreal. He learned Yiddish and English, and graduated from Baron Byng High School. Richler enrolled in Sir George Williams College (now Concordia University) to study English but dropped out before completing his degree. Years later, Richler’s mother published an autobiography, The Errand Runner: Memoirs of a Rabbi’s Daughter (1981), which discusses Mordecai’s birth and upbringing, and the sometimes difficult relationship between them.Photo by Wikipedia
Mordecai Richler ▶ ▶ ▶more videos in this playlist
17 Tamuz, Rav Sherki – Eng subtitles
The fast of the 17th of Tammuz occurred this year on July 15. The five tragic events listed in the Talmud as having happened on this day can be seen as representing concentric circles, each one at a greater distance from the center of holiness. We pray that with Divine guidance we will be privileged to rebuild what we have lost.
Moshé Pinchas Feldenkrais (Hebrew: משה פנחס פלדנקרייז, May 6, 1904 – July 1, 1984) was an Israeli physicist and the founder of the Feldenkrais Method, designed to improve human functioning by increasing self-awareness through movement.
Feldenkrais was born in the Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine) city of Slavuta. In 1918, he left his family, then living in Baranovichi, Belarus, to emigrate to Palestine. There he worked as a laborer before obtaining his high-school diploma in 1925. After graduation, he worked as a cartographer for the British survey office. During his time in Palestine he began his studies of self-defense, including Ju-Jitsu. A soccer injury in 1929 would later figure into the development of his method. Photo by Wikipedia
The Feldenkrais Institute of NY
http://www.feldenkraisinstitute.com This was filmed at David Zemach-Bersin’s Feldenkrais Training Program in Montclair, NJ in 2001. The Feldenkrais Institute of NY (in Manhattan) is the largest center in North America devoted to the work of Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais.
Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais
Dr. Moshe Feldenkrais beschrieb seine Arbeit so: “Wie kann das Unmögliche möglich, das Mögliche leicht und das Leichte angenehm und elegant werden”. In den Kursen und Einzelstunden finden Sie einen wohlwollenden und guten Kontakt mit sich. In dieser Aufmerksamkeit erforschen wir unsere Bewegungsmöglichkeiten, Einschränkungen und manchmal auch Schmerzen. In einem bewussten Prozess des Spielens mit Bewegungsvariationen entsteht organisches Lernen. d.h. Bewegungsmuster die zu Verspannung und Schmerz führen werden erkannt und neue leichte, angenehme Formen der Bewegung und des Handels entwickelt.
Today is the birthday of the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn of Lubavitch (1880-1950).
This is also the day on which he was liberated from exile to the Soviet 47 years later.Living Torah
Yosef Yitzchak (Joseph Isaac) Schneersohn (Hebrew: יוסף יצחק שניאורסאהן) was an Orthodox rabbi and the sixth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement. He is also known as the Frierdiker Rebbe (Yiddish for “Previous Rebbe”), the Rebbe RaYYaTz, or the Rebbe Rayatz (an acronym for Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak). After many years of fighting to keep Orthodox Judaism alive from within the Soviet Union, he was forced to leave; he continued to conduct the struggle from Latvia, and then Poland, and eventually the United States, where he spent the last ten years of his life.
Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn was born in Lyubavichi, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Smolensk Oblast, Russia), the only son of Rabbi Sholom Dovber Schneersohn (the Rebbe Rashab), the fifth Rebbe of Chabad. He was appointed as his father’s personal secretary at the age of fifteen; in that year, he represented his father in the conference of communal leaders in Kovno. The following year (1896) he participated in the Vilna Conference, where Rabbis and community leaders discussed issues such as: genuine Jewish education; permission for Jewish children not to attend public school on Shabbat; the creation of a united Jewish organization for the purpose of strengthening Judaism. He participated in this conference again in 1908. Preceded by Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Rebbe of Lubavitch 1920–1950 Succeeded by Menachem Mendel Schneerson
America Is No Different
An excerpt from a new JEM film featuring the films of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, the sixth Rebbe, with original commentary and first-hand interviews.
9 Adar II, 5700 — March 19, 1940
From Living Torah Volume 124 Program 496
This Day in Jewish History / The rabbi who saved the Dachau survivors passes away
On June 28, 2007, Abraham J. Klausner, the rabbi who in the days and years following the liberation of Dachau did so much to assist the survivors .
Abraham Judah Klausner (April 27, 1915 – June 28, 2007) was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.
Following ordination, Klausner joined the army and served as a chaplain at the Lawson General Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia. Klausner eventually shipped out to Germany and was assigned to join the 116th Evacuation Hospital, which had just entered Dachau. The 116th Evacuation Hospital arrived at Dachau, which was 10 miles northwest of Munich, in May 1945, three weeks after the camp had been liberated on April 29, 1945. While Rabbi Eli Bohnen was the first Jewish chaplain in the United States Army to arrive at the Dachau concentration camp after its liberation, Bohnen’s unit remained only a short time. Rabbi Klausner arrived soon after.
Interview No. (119)4A5 – Klausner, Abraham (קלאוזנר, אברהם)
Interviewer: Grobman, Alex (גרובמן, אלכס)
Interviewee: Klausner, Abraham (קלאוזנר, אברהם)
This Day in Jewish History / A Yiddish writer dies, not that his widow told anybody – This … – Haaretz
Chaim Grade on Yiddish Literature
Chaim Grade on the significance of modern Yiddish literature in Jewish History. From a lecture held at the Jewish Public Library of Montreal, December 7th, 1958.
חײם גראַדע רעדט איבער דעם באַטײַט פֿון דער מאָדערנער ייִדישער ליטעראַטור װי אַ טײל פֿון דער ייִדישער געשיכטע. די רעקאָרדירונג איז אַן אױסצוג פֿון אַ רעפֿעראַט געהאַלטן בײַ דער ייִדישער פֿאָלקס-ביבליאָטעק פֿון מאָנטרעאַל, דעם 7סטן דעצעמבער 1958
Chaim Grades Legacy Continue’s
Yiddish WritersTribute:Chaim Grade & Isaac Bashives Singer.Prof.David Fishman Part #1.
Yiddish WritersTribute:Chaim Grade & Isaac Bashives Singer.Prof.David Fishman Part #2.
Chaim Grade (April 4, 1910, in Vilnius, Lithuania (at the time occupied by the Russian Empire) – April 26, 1982, Los Angeles, California, buried in Riverside Cemetery, Saddle Brook, NJ ) was one of the leading Yiddish writers of the twentieth century.
Grade was raised Orthodox-leaning, and he studied in yeshiva as a teenager, but ended up secular, in part from his poetic ambitions. Losing his family in the Holocaust, he resettled in New York, and increasingly took to fiction, writing in Yiddish. Initially he was reluctant to have his work translated.
He was praised by Elie Wiesel as “one of the great—if not the greatest—of living Yiddish novelists.
Theodor Herzl: Founder of Modern Zionism Jewish History Lecture by Dr. Henry Abramson
Theodor Herzl (Hebrew: תאודור הֶרְצֵל, Theodor Hertzel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904), born Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב הֶרְצֵל, also known in Hebrew as חוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה, Khozeh HaMedinah, lit. “Visionary of the State”) was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, politic
al activist, and writer. He was one of the fathers of modern political Zionism. Herzl formed the World Zionist Organization and promoted Jewish migration to Palestine in an effort to form a Jewish state (Israel).
He was born in Pest, the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (now Hungary), to a secular Jewish family originally from Zimony (today Zemun, Serbia). He was the second child of Jeanette and Jakob Herzl, who were German-speaking, assimilated Jews.
Walther Rathenau (September 29, 1867 – June 24, 1922) was a German industrialist, politician, writer, and statesman who served as Foreign Minister of Germany during the Weimar Republic. He was assassinated on June 24, 1922, two months after the signing of the Treaty of Rapallo.
Rathenau was born in Berlin. His parents were Emil Rathenau and Mathilde Nachmann. His father, Emil Rathenau was a prominent Jewish businessman and founder of the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG), an electrical engineering company.
He studied physics, chemistry, and philosophy in Berlin and Strasbourg. His German Jewish heritage and his wealth were both factors in establishing his deeply divisive reputation in German politics at a time of antisemitism. Photos by Wikipedia
Part 6 of 10 — The Kahn Family: Lili Deutsch and Walther Rathenau
Coda: The Kahn Family
Antoine-Amédée-Marie-Vincent Manca Amat de Vallombrosa, Marquis de Morès et de Montemaggiore (June 14, 1858 – June 9, 1896), commonly known as the Marquis de Morès, was a famous duelist, frontier ranchman in the Badlands of Dakota Territory during the final years of the American Old West era, a railroad pioneer in Vietnam, and an anti-Semitic politician in his native France.
This Day in Jewish History / The Altalena arms ship reaches Israel – and is attacked with friendly fire
Speech by PM Netanyahu at Memorial for Victims of the Altalena
נאום ראש הממשלה בנימין נתניהו בטקס האזכרה לחללי אלטלנה
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speech at the memorial ceremony for the victims of the Altalena
וידאו: רועי אברהם, לע”מ
סאונד: איתמר בוטון, לע”מ
June 1948. The ship Altalena on fire after being shelled near Tel-Aviv. Altalena was a ship of the right wing zionist organisation “Irgoun”, which tried to give weapons to the fighters of irgoun in Isel. The Israeli government refused the existence of weapons furnitures without the control of IDF, and fight against the boat.
Crew members of the Altalena. Bottom row center is Captain Monroe Fein
The Altalena Affair was a violent confrontation that took place in June 1948 by the newly created Israel Defense Forces against theIrgun (also known as IZL), one of the Jewish paramilitary groups that were in the process of merging to form the IDF. The confrontation involved a cargo ship, Altalena, captained by Monroe Fein and led by senior IZL commander Eliyahu Lankin, which had been loaded with weapons and fighters by the independent Irgun but arrived during the murky period of the Irgun’s absorption into the IDF Photos by Wikipedia
Isadore Blumenfeld (September 8, 1900 – June 21, 1981), commonly known as Kid Cann, was a Jewish-American organized crime figure based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, for over four decades and remains the most notorious mobster in the history of Minnesota. The power and influence he held in Minneapolis were often compared to that of Al Capone in Chicago and were associated with several high-profile crimes in the city’s history, including his alleged involvement in the 1924 murder of cab driver Charles Goldberg, the attempted murder of police officer James H. Trepanier, and the December 1935 killing of newspapermanWalter Liggett. He is also thought to have participated in the fraudulently dismantling of the Twin City Rapid Transit street railway during the early 1950s. Photo by Wikipedia
Yelena Bonner (Russian: Елена Георгиевна Боннэр; 15 February 1923 – 18 June 2011) was a human rights activist in the former Soviet Union and wife of the noted physicist Andrei Sakharov. During her decades as a dissident, Bonner was noted for her characteristic blunt honesty and courage
Bonner was born Lusik Georgievna Alikhanova in Merv, Turkmen SSR, USSR (now Mary, Turkmenistan). Her father, Georgy Alikhanov (Armenian name Gevork Alikhanyan),  was an Armenian who founded the Soviet Armenian Communist Party, and was a highly placed member of the Comintern; her mother, Ruf, (Ruth Bonner), was a Jewish Communist activist. She had a younger brother, Igor, who became a career naval officer. Her family had a summer dacha in Sestroretsk and Bonner had fond memories there Photo by youtube
Elena Bonner – Internal Exile in the Soviet Union
Elena Bonner speaks at Oslo Freedom Forum 2009
Internal Exile in the Soviet Union
Kerkor “Kirk” Kerkorian (June 6, 1917 – June 15, 2015) was an American businessman. He was the president/CEO of Tracinda Corporation, his private holding company based in Beverly Hills, California. Kerkorian is known as one of the important figures in shaping Las Vegas and, with architect Martin Stern, Jr. the “father of the mega-resort”. He built the world’s largest hotel in Las Vegas three times: the International Hotel (opened in 1969), the MGM Grand Hotel (1973) and the MGM Grand (1993).
Kirk Kerkorian, Billionaire and Las Vegas Casino Mogul, Dies
Billionaire Kirk Kerkorian, an eighth-grade dropout who built Las Vegas’ biggest hotels, tried to take over Chrysler and bought and sold MGM at a profit three times, has died. He was 98. He died Monday night in Beverly Hills. The reserved, unpretentious Kerkorian spent much of his life trying to stay out of the spotlight and rarely gave interviews. He called himself a “small-town boy who got lucky.” He shunned glitzy Hollywood parties and movie premieres in favor of making deals. He also gave back, forming The Lincy Foundation at UNLV in 1989 to support Armenian causes. After shutting down in 2011, his assets went to The Dream Fund at the University of California, Los Angeles, that supports research and charitable projects.
KIRK KERKORIAN BIOGRAPHY
Pictures slide show
Le Procope /Cafe Procope
Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt (June 17, 1802 – April 26, 1866) was a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a painter, but after attending a lecture by the famous French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier turned to astronomy. His discovery of the asteroid Lutetia in 1852 was followed by further findings and by 1861 Goldschmidt had discovered 14 asteroids. He received the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1861 for having discovered more asteroids than any other person up to that time. He died from complications of diabetes. Photo by Wikipedia
(Newport, Rhode Island, June 16, 1775 – New Orleans, January 19, 1854) was an American businessman and philanthropist.,,,
His father, Isaac Touro of Holland, was chosen in 1762 as the hazzan at the Touro Synagogue, a Portuguese Sephardiccongregation in Newport. After the British captured Newport, Isaac and his family moved to New York in 1780, and then in 1782 to Kingston, Jamaica. In 1783 Isaac died and his wife, Reyna, moved the family to Boston, to live with her brother, Moses Michael Hays. Reyna Touro died in 1787, and Judah and his siblings were raised by his uncle, a merchant who helped found Boston’s firstbank. ,,,,,,
Judah Touro’s lasting fame, however, was as a philanthropist. He contributed $40,000—an immense sum at the time—to the Jewish cemetery at Newport, and bought the Old Stone Mill there, at that time thought to have been built by Norsemen, giving it to the city. The park surrounding it is still known as Touro Park.,,,,,
The Jewish-American Hall of Fame-Part 1
Features Columbus, Haym Salomon, Emma Lazarus, Levi Strauss, Touro Synagogue, Gershom Seixas, Rebecca Gratz, Uriah P. Levy, Adolph Ochs and Judah Magnes. Visit our web site http://www.amuseum.org/jahf.
Daniel Barenboim (German: [baːrənboim], Hebrew: דניאל ברנבוים; born 15 November 1942) is an Argentine pianist and conductor. Currently, he is general music director of La Scala in Milan, the Berlin State Opera, and the Staatskapelle Berlin; he previously served as Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Orchestre de Paris. Barenboim is also known for his work with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, a Seville-based orchestra of young Arab and Israeli musicians, and as a resolute critic of theIsraeli occupation of Palestinian territories. ,,,,,,,,
Daniel Barenboim was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to parents of Russian Jewish descent, Aida (née Schuster) and Enrique Barenboim. He started piano lessons at the age of five with his mother, continuing to study with his father, who remained his only teacher. On 19 August 1950, at the age of seven, he gave his first formal concert in his hometown, Buenos Aires…….
Jacqueline du Pre – Kol nidrei (orchestral version)
Jacqueline du Pre & Daniel Barenboim ▶ ▶ selection videos in this playlist
Jacqueline Mary du Pré, OBE (26 January 1945 – 19 October 1987) was an English cellist. At a young age, she achieved enduring mainstream popularity unusual for a classical performer. Despite her short career, she is regarded as one of the more uniquely talented cellists of the second half of the twentieth century.
Du Pré is most famous for her iconic recording of Elgar’s Cello Concerto in E Minor, her interpretation of which has been described as “definitive” and “legendary”
Du Pré was born in Oxford, England, the second child of Iris Greep and Derek du Pré. Derek was born in Jersey, where his family had lived for generations. After working as an accountant at Lloyds Bank in St Helier and London, he became assistant editor and later editor of The Accountant. Iris was a talented concert pianist who taught at the Royal Academy of Music.Photo by Wikipedia
Barney Barnato (21 February 1851 – 14 June 1897), born Barnet Isaacs, was a British Randlord, one of the entrepreneurs who gained control of diamond mining, and later gold mining, in South Africa from the 1870s. He is perhaps best remembered as being a rival of Cecil Rhodes.
Barney Barnato claimed he had the same birthday as Cecil Rhodes (5 July 1853). Most biographies give his date of birth as 5 July 1852. However, his birth certificate (supported by census data) shows he was born Barnet Isaacs in Aldgate, London on 21 February 1851, the son of Isaac and Leah Isaacs. He was educated by Moses Angel at the Jews’ Free School.Photo by Wikipedia
BARNEY BARNATO (TV Drama series) Barnato & Rhodes
Africa Travel Channel 24
Diamond Fields Tourism – South Africa Travel Channel 24
Casale Monferrato Synagogue in Piedmont, Italy, May 18, 2008
I gave two concerts in this synagogue, in 2007 and 2008 – it’s known to some as the most beautiful
synagogue in the world, and is more than 400 years old.
Owner and Camera: Alex Jacobowitz
Milton visiting Galileo when a prisoner of the Inquisition. Oil painting by Solomon Alexander Hart, 1847.
Solomon Alexander Hart (April 1806 – 11 June 1881) was a British painter and engraver. He was the first Jewish member of theRoyal Academy in London and was probably the most important Jewish artist working in England in the 19th century.
He was born at Plymouth, the son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. He remained an observant Jew all his life. He served as an engraver’s apprentice in London where he studied at the Royal Academy, and excelled in miniature painting. Hart became celebrated as a painter of historical scenes and characters, and in 1854 was appointed professor of Painting in the Royal Academy, and subsequently librarian.
Al Schwimmer – 1917-2011
Al (Adolph) Schwimmer, one of the founders of the Israel Air Force and the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), and an Israel Prize laureate, died, Friday. He was 94.
Schwimmer, an American citizen, was born in New York in 1917. An aeronautics graduate and a licensed pilot, he served in the US Air Force during WWII, and was awarded a medal of valor.
In 1947 he volunteered to help the Haganah paramilitary group to acquire aircraft. Schwimmer formed an aviation company, purchased war surpluses and smuggled them to Israel via then-Czechoslovakia.
In 1950, however, he was convicted by US authorities of violating the UN imposed embargo for smuggling the planes. He was stripped of his rights, but not imprisoned. In 2001 he was pardoned by then President Bill Clinton.
“Ordered” by Israeli PM, David Ben-Gurion to leave the USA and start an aircraft overhauling facility in Israel, Schwimmer came to Israel and founded ‘Bedek National Aviation Institute’ – later to become the IAI.
He served as the technological advisor to the prime minister in two different governments in the 1970s, and founded the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering at the Israel Institute of Technology.
In 2006 he was awarded the Israel Prize for his contributions to Israeli society.
Adolph William “Al” Schwimmer (Hebrew: אל שווימר; 10 June 1917 – 10 June 2011) was an American-born Israeli engineer and businessman. He was the founder and first CEO of Israel Aerospace Industries.
Schwimmer was born in New York in 1917 to Jewish parents who had emigrated to the United States from Eastern Europe. He never used his given birth name of Adolph, preferring the nickname “Al”.
In 1939, Schwimmer began his aerospace career at Lockheed Corporation as an engineer and also received his civilian pilot license. During World War II, he worked for TWA and assisted the U.S. Air Transport Command as a flight engineer.Photo by Wikipedia
An Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir C2 at the Muzeyon Heyl ha-Avir (Israeli Air Force Museum), Hatzerim Air Base, Israel, in 2006.
Israel Aerospace Industries BEDEK
Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל ha-ta’asiya ha-avirit le-yisra’el) or IAI (תע”א) is Israel’s primeaerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. It has 16,000 employees as of 2013. IAI is wholly owned by the government of Israel.
In addition to local construction of fighter aircraft, IAI also designs and builds civil aircraft (including for Gulfstream with aircraft such as the G100/G150 and G200/G250 mid-sized business jets) and performs local maintenance and reconfiguration of foreign-built military and civilian aircraft. In addition, the company works on a number of missile, avionics, and space-based systems.
Although IAI’s main focus is aviation and high-tech electronics, it also manufactures military systems for ground and naval forces. Many of these products are specially suited for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) needs, while others are also marketed to foreign militaries. Photo by Wikipedia
Samuel Nathaniel Behrman (June 9, 1893 – September 9, 1973) was an American playwright, screenwriter, biographer, and longtime writer for for The New Yorker. Behrman’s family immigrated from what is now Lithuania to the United States, where Samuel Nathaniel Behrman was born, the youngest of three sons, in a tenement in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1893. His parents spoke little English, and his father was a Talmudic scholar. (Though known for his sophisticated comedies and worldly characters, Behrman fondly dramatized his family-centered, impoverished childhood in one of his last plays, the 1958 The Cold Wind and the Warm, an autobiographical drama starring Eli Wallach, Maureen Stapleton, and Morris Carnovsky.) His own path, however, took him far from the Orthodox world of his parents. Photo by Wikipedia
‘No Time for Comedy’
Princeton Summer Theater will perform S.N. Behrman’s “No Time for Comedy” through Aug. 2 at the Hamilton Murray Theater as part of a series of student productions.
Baroness Franziska “Fanny” von Arnstein, born Vögele Itzig (September 29, 1758, Berlin – June 8, 1818, near Vienna) was a leader of society in Vienna.
Fanny Arnstein was born the daughter of Daniel Itzig, and was a member of the extensive and influential JewishItzig family.
She married the banker Nathan Adam von Arnstein, a partner in the firm of Arnstein and Eskeles; her sister Caecilie (Zipperche) was married to the other partner, Bernhard von Eskeles. They brought the social influences of Berlin to Vienna, notably the concept of the intellectual salon, to the Vienna of Joseph II. The Arnstein mansion at Vienna and her villas at Schönbrunn and Baden bei Wien were regularly used for hospitality. She was also involved in charitable
Baroness Fanny von Arnstein
Image of the Jewish Cemetery in the Viennese district Währing and Döbling (Israelitischer Friedhof Währing). Parts of it were destroyed by the Nazis between 1938-45, the cemetery lay neglected as of September 2005.
לוח זיכרון המוקדש למרדכי גבירטיג, שהוצבה בעת פסטיבל התרבות היהודי השלישי בקרקוב (14 ביוני 1992) על קיר ביתו של גבירטיג ברח’ ברק יוסלביץ’ מס’ 5 בקרקוב.
בלוח תבליט דיוקנו, שעליו מצוין “מרדכי גבירטיג: נגר, משורר, זמר”; על פני הקשתות שמעל הדיוקן מתנוססות מילות הפואמה שלו “בלייב געזונט מיר, קראקע!” (ובפולנית: “Bądź zdrów mój Kraokwie”) – “היי לי בריאה, קרקוב”, או במשמעות האירונית של השיר: “היי שלום” [או “שלום ולא להתראות”], קרקוב”.
This Day in Jewish History / A man of the people who sang of fire is murdered by Nazis
A German soldier shot down folk hero Mordechai Gebirtig and his wife in Krakow Ghetto as Jews were boarding a train for deportation to the east.Photo by Wikipedia
Mordechai Gebirtig, born Mordecai Bertig (Yiddish: מרדכי געבירטיג, b. 4 May 1877, Kraków, Austria Hungary; d. 4 June 1942, Kraków Ghetto, General Government) was an influential Yiddish poet and songwriter.
Mordecai Gebirtig (1877–1942) was born in Krakow and lived in its Jewish working-class quarter all his life, one which was ended by a Nazi bullet in the Kraków Ghetto on the infamous “Bloody Thursday” of June 4, 1942. He is the preeminent “folk” artist in Yiddish literature and song. Gebirtig served for five years in the Austro-Hungarian army. He was self-taught in music, played the shepherd’s pipe well, and tapped out tunes on the piano with one finger. He earned his livelihood as a furniture worker; music and theater were avocations.
Yakov Sverdlov ☭
Yakov Sverdlov, Bolshevik activist.
“AN IMPERIOUS CHAIRMAN
Sverdlov had to preside a great deal. He was Chairman of many bodies and at many meetings. He was an imperious Chairman. Not in the sense that he shut off discussion, or curbed the speakers, and so on. Not at all. On the contrary, he never quibbled or insisted on formalities. His imperiousness as Chairman consisted in this, that he always knew exactly what practical decision was before the body; he understood who would speak, what would be said, and why; he was quite familiar with the backstage aspects of the issue — and every big and complex issue has its own backstage; he was adept at giving the floor in time to speakers who were needed; he knew how to put the proposition to a vote in time; he knew what could be carried and he was able to carry what he wanted. These traits of his as Chairman were bound up indissolubly with all his qualities as a practical leader, with his ability to appraise people in the flesh, realistically, with his inexhaustible inventiveness in the field of organizational and personnel combinations.
During stormy sessions he was adept at permitting the assembly to become noisy and let off steam; and then at the proper moment he would intervene to restore order with a firm hand and a metallic voice.
Sverdlov was of medium height, of dark complexion, thin and gaunt; his face, lean; his features, angular. His powerful and even mighty voice might have seemed out of consonance with his physique. To an even greater degree this might be said of his character. But such an impression could be only fleeting. And then the physical image became fused with the spiritual. Nor is this all, for this gaunt figure with its calm unconquerable and inflexible will and with its powerful but not flexible voice would then stand forth as a finished image.
“Nichevo,” Valdimir Ilyich would sometimes say in a difficult situation. “Sverdlov will tell them about it in his Sverdlovian bass and the matter will be settled …”
In these words there was affectionate irony.
In the initial post-October period the Communists were, as is well-known, called “leatherites,” by our enemies, because of the way in which we dressed. I believe that Sverdlov”s example played a major role in introducing the leather “uniform” among us. At all events he invariably walked around encased in leather from head to toe, from his leather cap to his leather boots. This costume, which somehow corresponded with the character of those days, radiated far and wide from him, as the central organizational figure.
Comrades who knew Sverdlov in the underground days remember a different Sverdlov. But in my memory Sverdlov remains clothed in leather as in an armor grown black under the blows of the first years of the Civil War.
We were gathered at a session of the Political Bureau when Sverdlov, who was burning up with fever at home, took a turn for the worse. E.D. Stassova, the then Secretary of the Central Committee, came in during the session. She had come from Sverdlov”s apartment. Her face was unrecognizable.
“Jacob Mikhailovich feels poorly, very poorly,” she said. A glance at her sufficed to understand that there was no hope. We cut the session short. Vladimir Ilyich went to Sverdlov”s apartment, and I left for the Commissariat to prepare to depart immediately to the front. In about 15 minutes a phone call came from Lenin, who said in that special muted voice which meant great strain: “He is gone.” “He is gone.” “He is gone.” For a while each of us held the receiver in our hands and each could feel the silence at the other end. Then we hung up. There was nothing more to say. Jacob Mikhailovich was gone. Sverdlov was no longer among us.”
March 13, 1925
Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov (Russian: Я́ков Миха́йлович Свердло́в; IPA: [ˈjakəf mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ svʲɪrdˈlof]; known under pseudonyms “Andrei”, “Mikhalych”, “Max”, “Smirnov”, “Permyakov”; 3 June [O.S. 22 May] 1885 – 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik party leader and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee.
Sverdlov was born in Nizhny Novgorod as Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov to Jewish parents Mikhail Izrailevich Sverdlov and Elizaveta Solomonova. His father was a politically active engraver who eventually went into forgery, and arms storage and dealing partially to support his family. The Sverdlov family had six children
Shoah-Part 2: Interview with Raul Hilberg
Director Claude Lanzmann interviews Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg about the train schedules that represent the deaths of thousands of Jews, calling into question Walter Stier’s and other Germans’ claims that they knew nothing about the Final Solution.
Raul Hilberg (June 2, 1926 – August 4, 2007) was an Austrian-born American political scientist and historian. He was widely considered to be the world’s preeminent scholar of the Holocaust, and his three-volume, 1,273-page magnum opus, The Destruction of the European Jews, is regarded as a seminal study of the Nazi Final Solution.
Hilberg was born to a Polish–Romanian Jewish family in Vienna, Austria.
Hilberg was very much a loner, pursuing solitary hobbies such as geography, music and train spotting. Though his parents attended synagogue on occasion, he personally found the irrationality of religion repellent and developed an allergy to it. He did however attend a Zionist school in Vienna, which inculcated the necessity of defending against, rather than surrendering to, the rising menace of Nazism .Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Enigmatic ‘living work of art’ and savior of German Jews shot down by …
Trailer: Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero
Trailer of the new film: “Wilfrid Israel – The Savior from Berlin – The Story of a Forgotten Hero”. Learn more at http://www.wilfridisraelfilm.org.
Currently the film runs in its Hebrew version with English subtitles.
Soon enough, the English version, and a bit later the German version will be available.
Wilfrid Berthold Jacob Israel (11 July 1899 – 1 June 1943) was an Anglo-German businessman and philanthropist, born into a wealthy Anglo-German Jewish family, who was active in the rescue of Jews from Nazi Germany, and who played an important role in the Kindertransport.
Described as “gentle and courageous” and “intensely secretive”, Wilfrid Israel avoided public office and shunned publicity, but had, according to his biographer Naomi Shepherd, an “almost hypnotic” ability to influence friends and colleagues. Martin Buber described him as “a man of great moral stature, dedicated to the service of others”.
He was killed when his civilian passenger plane, en route from Lisbon to Bristol, was shot down by a Luftwaffe fighter patrol over the Bay of Biscay.Photo by Wikipedia
This is the essence:
to have compassion
upon all beings
~ Moshe Cordovero (neohasid.org )
Moses ben Jacob Cordovero (Hebrew: משה קורדובירו; 1522–1570), was a central figure in the historical development of Kabbalah, leader of a mystical school in 16th-century Safed, Israel. He is known by the acronym the Ramak.
After the Medieval flourishing of Kabbalah, centered on the Zohar, attempts were made to give a complete intellectual system to its theology, such as by Meir ibn Gabbai. Influenced by the earlier success of Jewish philosophy in articulating a rational study of Jewish thought, Moshe Cordovero produced the first full integration of the previous differing schools in Kabbalistic interpretation. While he was a mystic inspired by the opaque imagery of the Zohar Photo by Wikipedia
Rabbi Moshe Cordovero and the Tomer Devorah Dr. Henry Abramson
This video concentrates on the life and work of Rabbi Moshe Cordovero (1522-1570), a prominent Kabbalist of Safed, Israel. This lecture was originally delivered at Young Israel of Bal Harbour but technical difficulties rendered the audio portion inaudible (which is the point of audio, after all) so this is a replacement lecture. Delivered by Dr. Henry Abramson of Touro College South.
Madonna: Driven (2001) Part 3 of 7
Madonna moves to New York to pursue her dreams of becoming a professional dancer. Also covers her brief time in Paris as a back singer/dancer for the Patrick Hernandez Revue and the nude modeling she did to support herself during this time. Includes interviews with: Pearl Lang, Stephen Bray, and painter/photographer Anthony Panzera.
MADONNA DRIVEN 2001 television special on Madonna’s early years and her drive to succeed: from her childhood in Detroit, to her days as a struggling dancer in New York and the beginnings of her music career.
Pearl Lang (May 29, 1921 – February 24, 2009) was an American dancer, choreographer and teacher renowned as an interpreter and propagator of the choreography style of Martha Graham, and also for her own longtime dance company, the Pearl Lang Dance Theater
A native of Chicago, Lang began her dance training as a child and studied acting at the Goodman Theatre Her dance teacher was Frances Allis who taught movement for actors as well as her own modern dance technique which has many similarities to Graham’s. Lang studied Allis technique and performed with her company in Chicago. In 1938, at the age of 17, she enrolled in a program for gifted students at the University of Chicago, where she remained until 1941, the year of her move to New York. Born Pearl Lack, she adopted the stage name, “Pearl Lang”, s Photo by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / A biologist who decided that capitalism is environmentally disastrous is …
Barry Commoner (May 28, 1917 – September 30, 2012) was an American biologist, college professor, and politician. He was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement. He ran for president of the United States in the1980 U.S. presidential election on the Citizens Party ticket. He served as editor of Science Illustrated magazine.
Commoner was born in Brooklyn, New York, on May 28, 1917, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia. He received hisbachelor’s degree in zoology from Columbia University in 1937 and his master’s and doctoral degrees from Harvard University in 1938 and 1941, respectively.Photo by Wikipedia
Barry Commoner – Scientist, Candidate and Planet Earth’s Lifeguard
Herman Wouk (/ˈwoʊk/; born May 27, 1915) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author whose novels include The Caine Mutiny,The Winds of War and War and Remembrance.
Herman Wouk was the son of Esther (née Levine) and Abraham Isaac Wouk. His family was Jewish and had emigrated fromRussia. After a childhood and adolescence in the Bronx and a high school diploma from Townsend Harris High School, he earned aB.A. from Columbia University in 1934, where he was a member of the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity Photo by Wikipedia Herman Wouk in Jerusalem, 1955
Readings by Herman Wouk
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Herman Wouk presents A Short Ramble Through a Long Literary Life, readings from his works. Wouk won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1952 for The Caine Mutiny. Among his other best-selling novels are The Winds of War (1971), War and Remembrance (1978) and Marjorie Morningstar (1955). [9/2001] [Humanities] [Show ID: 5824]
What’s My Line? – Herman Wouk; Van Heflin (Oct 23, 1955)
Herman Wouk, author of “The Caine Mutiny”, appears as the first mystery guest. Wouk got his start as a professional writer on the staff of Fred Allen’s radio show.
This Day in Jewish History / The town of Blois kills its Jews
The murders in 1171 were the first case of blood libel in continental Europe — though no crime had been reported, let alone associated with the Jews.
Jews in the Medieval Economy (Essential Lectures in Jewish History) by Dr. Henry Abramson
An introductory lecture on the role of Jews in the medieval European economy. Part of the Essential Lectures in Jewish History series. More available at http://www.henryabramson.com.
French Jews of the Middle Ages. From the 1901-1906 Jewish Ecyclopedia.
The history of Jews in the Middle Ages spans the timeframe of approximately 500 CE to 1750 CE. This article covers the medieval history of Jews in the Christian-dominated Western European region. See the History of the Jews in the Byzantine Empire forEastern Europe. The other two themes that comprise the history of Jews during the Middle Ages include Jewish history in MuslimArab lands, mainly Islamic Spain, and the Jewish history in North Africa.
From the fall of Rome to the Late Middle Ages (500-1500)
Historically, Jews are believed to have originated from the Israelite tribes of the Land of Israel. Their first migration to Europe began when large amounts of them moved to Italy, France, and Germany in the early 4th century. Afterwards, due to various pogroms that took place during the early Middle Ages, they fled mostly to Poland and Lithuania, and from there spread over the rest of Eastern Europe. These European Jews later came to be known as Ashkenazi Jews. Photos by Wikipedia
This was meant to be uploaded for John’s birthday but it is probably a little too sad for that. However it is a celebration of his wonderful, underappreciated talent, showcased best when playing down-to-earth, yet troubled characters. I don’t really know what else to say, except that in the few films of his I’ve seen, I have been consistently impressed. I think it’s terrible that he died so young and was so ruined by the McCarthy witch-hunts. On the bright side, he’s still quite valued today and a few of his films are very well remembered. He’s not my favourite actor, but he certainly is one of the best.
The Postman Always Rings Twice
He Ran All The Way
Music is the title theme from ‘Midnight Cowboy’
John Garfield (March 4, 1913 – May 21, 1952) was an American actor adept at playing brooding, rebellious, working-class characters. He grew up in poverty in Depression-era New York City and in the early 1930s became an important member of theGroup Theater. In 1937, he moved to Hollywood, eventually becoming one of Warner Bros.’ major stars. Called to testify before the U.S. Congressional House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he denied Communist affiliation and refused to “name names,” effectively ending his film career,,,,,,
Garfield was born Jacob Julius Garfinkle in a small apartment on Rivington Street in Manhattan’sLower East Side, to David and Hannah Garfinkle, Russian Jewish immigrants Photos by Wikipedia
Cropped screenshot of John Garfield from the trailer for the film Gentleman’s Agreement.
Top 10 Bob Dylan Songs
Bob Dylan (/ˈdɪlən/; born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist, and writer. He has been influential in popular music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when his songs chronicled social unrest, although Dylan repudiated suggestions from journalists that he was a spokesman for his generation. Nevertheless, early songs such as “Blowin’ in the Wind” and “The Times They Are a-Changin'” became anthems for the American civil rights and anti-war movements ………..
Bob Dylan and the Band touring in Chicago, 1974
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman (Hebrew name שבתאי זיסל בן אברהם [Shabtai Zisl ben Avraham]) in St Mary’s Hospital on May 24, 1941, the first of two boys, inDuluth, Minnesota, and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior. Dylan’s paternal grandparents, Zigman and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa in the Russian Empire now Ukraine, Photos by Wikipedia
Secret World of Hasidism
An in depth documentary on the world of Hasidism, ,,,,
It explains what Hasidism is, and how it differs to contemporary Judaism. It covers the laws of Judaism, Kosher food, weddings and those who have embraced and left Judaism. It features Luzer Twersky and Jewish author Simon Jacobson.
Esriel Hildesheimer (also Azriel and Israel, Yiddish: עזריאל הילדעסהיימער; May 20 1820 – July 12 1899) was a German rabbi and leader ofOrthodox Judaism. He is regarded as a pioneering moderniser of Orthodox Judaism in Germany and as a founder of Modern Orthodox Judaism.
Hildesheimer was born in Halberstadt, Province of Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia, the son of Rabbi Löb Glee Hildesheimer, a native ofHildesheim, Electorate of Hanover, a city near Hanover. He attended the Hasharat Zvi school in Halberstadt, and, from age seventeen, theYeshiva of Rabbi Jacob Ettlinger in Altona; Chacham Isaac Bernays was one of his teachers and his model as a preacher. While studying in yeshiva Hildesheimer also studied classical languages. In 1840 he returned to Halberstad Photos by Wikipedia
Abraham Pais (May 19, 1918 – July 28, 2000) was a Dutch-born American physicist and science historian. Pais earned his Ph.D. from University of Utrecht just prior to a Nazi ban on Jewish participation in Dutch universities during World War II. When the Nazis began the forced relocation of Dutch Jews, he went into hiding, but was later arrested and saved only by the end of the war. He then served as an assistant to Niels Bohr in Denmark and was later a colleague of Albert Einstein at the Institute for Advanced Studyin Princeton, New Jersey. Pais wrote books documenting the lives of these two great physicists and the contributions they and others made to modern physics. He was a physics professor at Rockefeller University until his retirement. Photos by Wikipedia
American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary)
American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) American Experience – The Trials of J. Robert Oppenheimer (PBS Documentary) Ameri.
Eli Cohen tried and executed as Israeli spy in 1965.
In the early 1960’s Eli Cohen became a spy for Israel. Posing as a wealthy Arabic businessman, he gained the confidence of many prominent government officials in Syria. Cohen learned many military secrets before he was caught, tortured and executed in 1965. Two years later during the Six Day War, Israel used Cohen’s information to easily defeat the overconfident Syrian army. One of his brilliant feats was to recommended that trees be planted to shade the soldiers’ outposts. The Israeli army then knew the exact location of every one of them because of the trees. To this day his body is still in Syria. His widow has been campaigning for its release and return but stated that it should not in exchange for freeing terrorists. This Jewish History Moment was brought to you by Israel National Radio. For more news and politics on Israel and the Jewish world visit http://www.IsraelNationalRadio.com for free streaming a audio and podcasts.
Israel, Syria and The Bible~The Eli Cohen Story
The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie
The Impossible Spy 1987 John Shea Eli Wallach Full Length Movie
Director: Jim Goddard
Stars: John Shea, Eli Wallach, Sasson Gabai
Eliahu (Eli) ben Shaoul Cohen (Hebrew: אֱלִיָּהוּ בֵּן שָׁאוּל כֹּהֵן, 16 December 1924 – 18 May 1965) (Arabic:ايلي كوهين) was an Israelispy. He is best known for his espionage work in 1961 – 1965 in Syria, where he developed close relationships with the political andmilitary hierarchy there and became the Chief Adviser to the Minister of Defense. Syrian counter-intelligence authorities eventually uncovered a spy conspiracy, tried and convicted Cohen under pre-war ‘martial law’ to death penalty in 1965. The intelligence he gathered is claimed to have been an important factor in Israel’s success in the Six Day War.
Eli Cohen was born in Alexandria to a devout Jewish and Zionist family in 1924. His father had moved there from Aleppo in 1914. In January 1947, he chose to enlist in theEgyptian Army as an alternative to paying the prescribed sum all young Jews were supposed to pay, but was declared ineligible on grounds of questionable loyalty. Later that year, he left university and began studying at home after facing harassment by the Muslim Brotherhood. In the years following the creation of Israel, many Jewish families left Egypt. Though his parents and three brothers left for Israel in 1949 Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / An actress so moving that anti-Semites pelted her — with flowers — is …
YIDDISH THEATRE, New York…memories
Bertha Kalich, (also spelled Kalish) (17 May 17, 1874 – 18 April 1939) was a Jewish actress, born in Lemberg, Galicia (now Lviv,Ukraine). Though she was well-established as an entertainer in Eastern Europe, she is best remembered as one of the several “larger-than-life” figures that dominated New York stages during the “Golden Age” of American Yiddish Theatre during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Historians estimate that, during her career, Kalich performed more than 125 different roles in seven different languages.
Kalich was born Beylke Kalakh in what was then Austria-Hungary, the only child of Solomon Kalakh, a poor brush manufacturer and amateur violinist. Photos by Wikipedia
Images from Jerusalem right after the war in 1967. The kotel, Western Wall, being reopened to Jews.
Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu et Yerushalaim – Givat Hatakhmoshet
This is a compilation of short clips about Jerusalem Day.
Jerusalem Day – Yom Yerushalayim – יום ירושלים – Sisu Et Yerushalayim – Givat Hatachmoshet – Har HaBait Beyadenu – Am Israel Chai
ריקוד דגלים- Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day
ריקוד הדגלים ביום ירושלים
Dancing with Israeli flags on the Jerusalem day
סלפי ירושלמי – יום ירושלים Jerusalem Day
Jerusalem Day (Hebrew: יום ירושלים, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalemand the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War. The day is officially marked by state ceremonies and memorial services. The Chief Rabbinate of Israel declared Jerusalem Day a minor religious holiday to mark the regaining of access to the Western Wall. While the day has lost its significance for most secular Israelis, the day is still very much celebrated by Israel’s Religious Zionist community with parades and additional prayers in the synagogue.Under International Law, in the San Remo agreement in 1920, Jerusalem and Israel was given to the Jews for a homeland and is therefor still legally Jewish land . Under the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which proposed the establishment of two states in the British Mandate of Palestine—a Jewish state and an Arab state—Jerusalem was to be an international city, neither exclusively Arab nor Jewish for a period of ten years Photos by Wikipedia
Hayyim Selig Slonimski (Hebrew: חיים זעליג סלונימסקי, also known by his acronym CHaZaS) (1810-1904) was a Hebrew publisher,astronomer, inventor, and science author
Hayyim Selig Slonimski was born in Białystok, in the Grodno Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Poland) on March 31, 1810.
He pioneered the education of Jews in Eastern Europe in science; to do this, he introduced a vocabulary of technical terms created partly by himself into the Hebrew language. His reputation as a strictly orthodox rabbi assured fellow Jews that his scientific teachings would not undermine religion. . Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board…
This Day in Jewish History / Ocean liner leaves Germany with fleeing Jews on board… …Yet of the 937 passengers, nearly a third wound up …
When Canada Said No: The Abandoned Jews of the MS St. Louis
In May 1939, the oceanliner MS St. Louis departed Hamburg, Germany carrying Jewish refugees desperate to flee Nazi Germany.
They tried to escape any way they could.
But the world did not want them.
This is their story.
▶ ▶ ▶ Holocaust Task Force
The MS St. Louis was a German ocean liner most notable for a single voyage in 1939, in which her captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for 915 Jewish refugees from Germany, after they were denied entry to Cuba, the United Statesand Canada, until finally accepted in various European countries, which were later engulfed in World War II. Historians have estimated that, after their return to Europe, approximately a quarter of the ship’s passengers died in concentration camps. The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. It was adapted for a 1976 American film of the same title. Photos by Wikipedia
Wysinfo Docuwebs: Yigael Yadin on the Dead Sea History
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
CAVE OF LETTERS: JEWS vs. ROMANS (AMAZING ANCIENT HISTORY DOCUMENTARY)
Follow an expedition to a remote cave in the Judean desert, first excavated by the famed Israeli archeologist Yigael Yadin in 1960-61. Yadin uncovered a cache of ancient documents, human skulls, and artifacts that shed light on a legendary revolt by Jews against the Roman Empire in the year 132. The uprising, led by Jewish patriot Shimon Bar-Kokhba, is said to have resulted in the Roman slaughter of 580,000 Jews. Explore t
The Temple Scroll
A description of the Temple Scroll one of the longest of the scrolls purchased by Professor Igael Yadin
Yigael Yadin (Hebrew: יִגָּאֵל יָדִין, born Yigael Sukenik (Hebrew: יגאל סוקניק) 20 March 1917 – 28 June 1984) was an Israeliarcheologist, politician, and the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
Yadin was born in 1917 to noted archeologist Eleazar S ukenik and educationalist and women’s rights activist Hasya Feinsod Sukenik. He joined the Haganah at age 15, and served there in a variety of different capacities. In 1946, however, he left the Haganah following an argument with its commander Yitzhak Sadeh over the inclusion of a machine gun as part of standard squad equipment. Photos by Wikipedia The Israeli delegation to the 1949 Armistice Agreements talks. Left to right: Commanders Yehoshafat Harkabi, Aryeh Simon, Yigael Yadin, and Yitzhak Rabin(1949)
A Tribute to Artist Menashe Kadishman
Iconic Israeli painter and sculpture Kadishman died at the age of 82
Popular Jewish Museum, Berlin & Menashe Kadishman videos
Menashe Kadishman (August 21, 1932 – May 8, 2015) (Hebrew: מנשה קדישמן;) was an Israeli sculptor and painter.
Kadishman artworks are presented in central locations in Israel, such as Habima Square and his paintings can be found in many different galleries in Israel. He is most famous for his metallic sculptors and colorful sheep paintings.
From 1947 to 1950, Kadishman studied with the Israeli sculptor Moshe Sternschuss at the Avni Institute of Art and Design in Tel Aviv, and in 1954 with the Israeli sculptor Rudi Lehmann in Jerusalem.
In 1959, he moved to London, where he attended Saint Martin’s School of Art and the Slade School of Art. During 1959 and 1960 he also studied with Anthony Caro and Reg Butler. He remained here until 1972; he had his first one-man show there in 1965 at theGrosvenor Gallery. . Photos by Wikipedia
NASA | Theodore von Kármán and the Creation of JPL [HD]
The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Theodore Von Karman’s death. Born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary in 1881, Von Karman emigrated to the United States in 1930, joining the faculty of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech, where he remained until 1944. He then gradually moved to Washington, DC., to head the Air Force’s Scientific Advisory Group. He was ultimately awarded the first Medal of Science by President Kennedy in 1963. Von Karman was also the first director of JPL. This talk will tell the story of Von Karman’s role in founding rocketry at Caltech, and Caltech’s role in developing rocket weapons for the U.S. Military during World War II.
Theodore von Kármán (Hungarian: Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor; May 11, 1881 – May 6, 1963) was a Hungarian-Americanmathematician, aerospace engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics. He is responsible for many key advances in aerodynamics, notably his work on supersonic and hypersonic airflow characterization. He is regarded as the outstanding aerodynamic theoretician of the twentieth century
Von Kármán was born into a Jewish family in Budapest, Austria-Hungary as Kármán Tódor. One of his ancestors was RabbiJudah Loew ben Bezalel. He studied engineering at the city’s Royal Joseph Technical University, known today as Budapest University of Technology and Economics. . Photos by Wikipedia
The Jews in Poland-Lithuania and Russia: 1350 to the Present Day
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Moses Schorr, Polish: Mojżesz Schorr (May 10, 1874 – July 8, 1941) was a rabbi, Polish historian, politician, Bible scholar,assyriologist and orientalist. Schorr was one of the top experts on the history of the Jews in Poland. He was the first Jewish researcher of Polish archives, historical sources, and pinkasim. The president of the 13th district B’nai B’rith Poland, he was a humanist and modern rabbi who ministered the central synagogue of Poland during its last years before the Holocaust. Photos by Wikipedia
H. Robert Horvitz (MIT/HHMI): When Stockholm Called
Lecture Summary: Have you ever wondered how scientists react when they discover that they have been awarded a Nobel Prize? Horvitz, one of the winners of the 2002 Prize for Medicine or Physiology, tells us where he was and what he did when he found out he had won.
Howard Robert Horvitz (born May 8, 1947) is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode wormCaenorhabditis elegans.
Horvitz was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Mary R. (Savit), a school teacher, and Oscar Freedom Horvitz, a GAO accountant.He did his undergraduate studies at MIT in 1968, where he joined Alpha Epsilon Pi. He obtained his PhD in Biology from Harvard University in 1974. Photos by youtube
MGM 90th Anniversary – Official® [HD]
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) announced today a yearlong global campaign to honor the studio’s storied 90-year legacy. Founded in 1924 when theater magnate Marcus Loew bought and merged Metro Pictures Corp. with Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer Productions, MGM and its legendary roaring lion logo signify the golden era of Hollywood to film lovers around the world. Since its inception, the company has led the industry in creating some of Hollywood’s greatest stars and is home to over 175 Academy Award-winning films, including 14 Best Pictures.
The celebration of 90 extraordinary years kicks off today, as the MGM icon, Leo the Lion, is immortalized with a paw print ceremony at the world famous TCL Chinese Theater in Hollywood, cementing his place in Hollywood history. Sylvester Stallone, writer and star of Rocky (1976), one of MGM’s most iconic and enduring characters, is also on hand to commemorate the special occasion.
MGM is debuting a special 90th anniversary trailer which will play in theaters, on MGM channels including MGM’s 24/7 movie network, MGM HD its action-themed VOD channel, Impact and its premiere multicast programming service dedicated to movies, THIS TV as well as on DVD products and across social media. The trailer includes a tapestry of iconic images and scenes from films in MGM’s library, evoking a deep emotional connection and celebrating the company’s extensive contributions to the entertainment world.
Additionally, several of MGM’s signature films including Rocky, Rain Man, Fargo, RoboCop and The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, have been meticulously restored in 4K resolution (four times the clarity of HD) and will be presented on Blu-ra for a high-definition home viewing experience. These re-releases will be issued through MGMs home entertainment partner, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, and are now available for pre-order on Amazon.
Other initiatives to mark the companys 90th anniversary include:
– MGM will complement its already vast collection of films currently available on Blu-ray by releasing new titles across all genres throughout the year. Upcoming titles for release include In the Heat of the Night, A Chorus Line, and The Birdcage.
– MGM has created a one-of-a-kind collector’s book and bonus video disc companion commemorating 90 amazing years, featuring interviews from award-winning filmmakers, directors, and actors discussing the significance of their contributions to MGM’s legacy. The book and video highlight the evolution and history of the legendary studio and provide an extensive look into the studio’s golden years, classics, iconic franchises and much more. Interviews include Sylvester Stallone on Rocky, Clint Eastwood on The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis on Thelma and Louise, and Walter Mirisch on The Pink Panther. The bonus disc will also be available accompanying select DVD offerings.
– Fans can also relive their favorite film moments at MGM90th.com, a unique Tumblr website and the first Tumblr integration to feature a studios full library. The MGM 90th Tumblr site’s dynamic design encourages fans to explore and immerse themselves into rich content celebrating 90 years of MGM filmmaking. As fans integrate socially with the yearlong celebration, the Tumblr site will serve as an active aggregator showcasing all of the current sharing and postings.
Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loews Theatres and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).
Marcus Loew was born into a poor Polish Jewish family who had emigrated to the U.S. And settled in New York City just a year before. He was forced by circumstances to work at a very young age and had little formal education. Nevertheless, beginning with a small investment from money saved from menial jobs, he bought into the penny arcade business. Shortly after, in partnership withAdolph Zukor and others, Loew acquired a nickelodeon and over time he turned Loew’s Theatres into a leading chain of vaudeville and movie theaters in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Vom Wiener Lehrling zum Friedensnobelpreisträger
(c) Andreas H. Landl für friedensnews.at:
AK Präsident Herbert Tumpel erwies Wiens Friedensnobelpreisträger die Ehre. Tumpels Vater war Esperantist und ein Mann er Lettern, sprich gelernter Drucker wie der Friedensnobelpreisträger. Tumpel ist ein Anliegen, dass die von den Nazis verbrannten Bücher der Pazifisten in Österreich wieder zugänglich gemacht werden. Denn was nicht gedruckt vorliegt ist nicht zugänglich und kann tot geschwiegen werden. Ab jetzt wir “zurückgedruckt”, denn:
Im Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten schaffte ein Bursche aus elendigen Verhältnissen eine Karriere mit Lehre. Er wurde der einzige Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger. Bis 2006 war das in Wien kaum jemandem bekannt. Denn der war Freidenker aus einer jüdischen Familie, Pazifist, Gewerkschafter, Friedensjournalist, Internationalist und Freimauerer. Soviel Friedensengagement war natürlich für die Militaristen im deutschsprachigen Raum ab 1914 zuviel des Guten. Fried und seine Werke wurden bekämpft. Er musste zweimal fliehen. Einmal aus Österreich und einmal aus Bayern. Rechtsextreme aller Couleur säuberten die Bibliotheken in vier Wellen von seinen Werken. So kam es, dass selbst Friedensbeweger wie ich oder Herbert Tumpel der Präsident der Arbeiterkammer bis 2006 nichts über den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger wussten. Walter Göhring stieß bei der Recherche über Ferdinand Hanusch auf den Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger und macht erstmals 2006 breiter publik, was fast vollkommen verdrängt war.
Am 11.04.2012 18:00 Uhr gab es eine hochkarätige Veranstaltung des
Instituts für Gewerkschafts- und AK Geschichte und derAlfred Hermann Fried Gesellschaft Löcker Verlag in der AK Bibiliothek in Wien.
“Zwei Mal in der Geschichte ging der begehrte Friedensnobelpreis auch an ÖsterreicherInnen:
1905 an Bertha von Suttner (1843-1914) und 1911 an
Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921).
Die Leistungen des Friedensnobelpreisträgers Alfred Hermann Fried standen lange Zeit im Schatten Bertha von Suttners. Vielfach unbekannt ist, dass Fried
* als Buchhandelslehrling eine Jugendgewerkschaft gründete, die in die Gewerkschaft der Kaufmännischen Angestellten mündete, eine der Vorläufer organisationen der heutigen GPA-djp.
* Ab 1892 gab er gemeinsam mit Bertha von Suttner die pazifistische Zeitschrift „Die Waffen nieder!” heraus, in der er u.a. seine pazifistischen Ideen artikulierte.
Dass Fried damit zu den Vorkämpfern der europäischen Friedensbewegung gehörte, ist heute ebenfalls vielfach vergessen: mit seiner
Zeitschrift “Die Friedenswarte”
schuf Fried ein Organ, in dem die Ideen für ein neues demokratisch geeintes Europa ihren Niederschlag fanden.
Der Zeithistoriker Walter Göhring hat sich in Archiven und Bibliotheken in der Schweiz, in den USA, den Niederlanden, Ungarn, der Slowakei und Österreich auf die Spuren Alfred Hermann Frieds begeben. Ergebnis dieser Spurensuche sind Publikationen und Beiträge sowie eine Ausstellung über Alfred Hermann Fried, der mit seinen Arbeiten bis in die Gründung der UNO und der Europäischen Union hineingewirkt hat.
Sein Werk ist heute aktueller denn je.”
Entfetzung für Wiener Friedensnobelpreisträger Alfred Hermann Fried nach 100 Jahren
Wien – 1911 vor 100 Jahren erhielt der Wiener Pazifist Alfred Hermann Fried den Friedensnobelpreis. Der revolutionäre Pazifist, Friedensforscher und erste Friedensjournalist von Weltrang erhielt nun gestern nach fast 100 Jahren seine 1. Gedenktafel in Wien.
Vor Widerhofergasse 5 wo Fried 1911 wohnte versammelten sich am 25.5.2011 abends über 200 Menschen und nahmen am Festakt teil.
Klaus Maria Brandauer enthüllte die Gedenktafel während der Brunnenchor
Kayra Silo (Mandingo/En: The Way of Peace)
Hevenu Shalom (Wir haben Euch Frieden gebracht) sang.
Alfred Hermann Fried (11 November 1864 – 5 May 1921) was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.
Born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a bookshop. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a bookshop of his own in 1887. Following the publication by Bertha von Suttner of Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms) in 1889, he and von Suttner began in 1892 to print a magazine of the same name. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hetty Goldman wanted to write novels but thought she had ‘nothing to say.’ Then she discovered human history – and war. And found she had something to say.
Hetty Goldman (December 19, 1881 – May 4, 1972) was an American archaeologist. She was the first woman faculty member at the Institute for Advanced Study and one of the first female archaeologists to undertake excavations in Greece and the Middle East.
Israeli players mark Holocaust Remembrance Day at Prague tournament
And the personal history of two of the players made the tour especially … to legend, the famous Maharal of Prague created a golem to protect the Jews. … Slovakia, so it is possible that the teammates’ ancestors met during this period.
La biographie du Maharal de Prague
Sinai, Purim & The MaHaRaL of Prague
Le Maharal de Prague sur Pourim: La force de la pensée
Prague Maharal Synagogue
CEMENTERIO JUDIO DE PRAGA
El cementerio judío se ubica en el distrito de Josefor de Praga y se creó en 1439. El poeta y erudito Avigdor Karo fue la primera persona enterrada en este lugar. El cementerio estuvo activo hasta 1787, cuando fue clausurado definitivamente con la tumba de Moses Beck. Debido a la falta de espacio los cuerpos se enterraban unos encima de otros llegando a más de 11 capas de enterramientos. Cientos de nombres célebres descansan en este lugar, como el sabio del Renacimiento, historiador, matemático y astrónomo David Gans (d.1613), o el erudito e historiador José Salomón Delmedigo (d.1655), y el rabino y coleccionista de manuscritos y libros impresos en hebreo David Oppenheim (m. 1736). Aunque sin duda el más conocido de todos es el gran erudito y maestro religioso Judá Loew ben Bezalel, conocido como el rabino Loew (d. 1609), que se asocia con la leyenda del Golem, un muñeco de barro creado por Loew para defender a los judíos de Praga, pero que enloqueció y no pudo cumplir su tarea.A día de hoy se pueden ver más de 12.000 lápidas y se estima que puede haber enterradas unas 100.000 personas
Maharal of Prague’s Netivot Olam w/R. Daniel Kohn
Judah Loew ben Bezalel, alt. Loewe, Löwe, or Levai, (c. 1520 – 17 September 1609) widely known to scholars of Judaism as the Maharal of Prague, or simply The MaHaRaL, the Hebrew acronym of the initials of “Moreinu Ha-Rav Loew,” (“Our Teacher, Rabbi Loew”) was an important Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic, and philosopher who, for most of his life, served as a leadingrabbi in the cities of Mikulov in Moravia and Prague in Bohemia.
Within the world of Torah and Talmudic scholarship, he is known for his works on Jewish philosophy and Jewish mysticism and his work Gur Aryeh al HaTorah, a supercommentary on Rashi’s Torah commentary.
The Maharal is the subject of a nineteenth-century legend that he created The Golem of Prague, an animate being fashioned from clay. Photos by Wikipedia
This Day in Jewish History / Benjamin Franklin helps save floundering Philly synagogue
This led to large numbers of Jews seeking refuge in Philadelphia. Among … The letter included a brief history of the synagogue, and explained that the …
Congregation Mikveh Israel, Mikveh Israel synagogue, officially called Kahal Kadosh Mikveh Israel (Hebrew: קהל קדוש מקוה ישראל, which translates as “Holy Community of the Hope of Israel”, is a synagogue founded in the 1740s inPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania. Established by Spanish and Portuguese Jews, the congregation practices according to theSpanish and Portuguese rite. The congregation conducts daily, Sabbath, and Jewish holy day services. The synagogue will host the Abrams Hebrew Academy Center City Jewish elementary day school beginning in September 2014. The congregation is also responsible for Mikveh Israel Cemetery, the second oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in the United States. Photos by Wikipedia
Miles Davis’ All Blues performed at ‘Jazz in the Sukkah” in Philly in America’s oldest synagogue
America’s oldest synagogue, Congregation Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia, founded in 1740, hosts a Jazz Night to celebrate the Jewish holiday Sukkot. A six piece band entertains the crowd, lead by the temple’s talented maintenance man. Here’s the jam on a legendary Miles Davis song. An amazing celebration of cultures and community.
Congregation Mikveh Israel
Congregation Mikveh Israel’s Second Cemetery Philadelphia, PA
Uriah P. Levy Statue Dedication – Mikveh Israel
This Day in Jewish History / A polyglot cultural mongrel who would take Paris and Piaf by storm is …
Georges Moustaki : Les Mères Juives
Georges Moustaki (born Giuseppe Mustacchi; (May 3, 1934 – May 23, 2013) was an Egyptian-French singer-songwriter ofItalo-Greek origin, best known for the poetic rhythm and simplicity of the romantic songs he composed and often sang. Moustaki gave France some of its best-loved music by writing about 300 songs for some of the most popular singers in that country, such asÉdith Piaf, Dalida, Françoise Hardy, Yves Montand, Barbara, Brigitte Fontaine, Herbert Pagani, France Gall, Cindy Daniel, Juliette Greco, Pia Colombo, and Tino Rossi, as well as for himself.
Georges Moustaki was born Giuseppe Mustacchi in Alexandria, Egypt on May 3, 1934. His parents, Sarah and Nessim Mustacchi, were Francophile, Italo-Greek Sephardic Jews from the island of Corfu, Greece. They moved to Egypt, where their young child first learned French. They owned the Cité du livre – one of the finest book shops in the Middle East – in the cosmopolitan city ofAlexandria where many ethnic communities lived together.
Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS
VIDEO: The Universe Of Art – Avigdor Arikha PAINTINGS;
Graphics: Th3Mirr0r [& crediting other artists]
Music: Song: “Moon Phases – New Moon, Third Quarter, Full Moon”
/ Album: “Eclipse” ©Th3Mirr0r
Avigdor Arikha was born to German-speaking Jewish parents in Rădăuţi, but grew up in Czernowitz in Bukovina, Romania (now inUkraine). His family faced forced deportation in 1941 to the Romanian-run concentration camps of Transnistria, where his father died. He survived thanks to the drawings he made of deportation scenes, which were shown to delegates of the International Red Cross.
Arikha emigrated to Palestine in 1944, together with his sister. Until 1948, he lived in Kibbutz Ma’ale HaHamisha. In 1948 he was severely wounded in Israel’s War of Independence. From 1946 to 1949, he attended the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem Photos by Wikipedia
Red Auerbach’s last interview (from ‘Basketball Man’)
NBA giant Red Auerbach gave his last filmed interview to Burt Kearns & Brett Hudson of Frozen Pictures for inclusion in the documentary feature, Basketball Man, about the life and legacy of basketball’s inventor, Dr. James Naismith (on DVD in February).
This clip is but a small portion of the complete, comprehensive, interview, which will be featured as a bonus extra on the DVD set.
Larry Bird, Red Auerbach & The Boston Celtics – Winning Basketball (COMPLETE )
VHS – Released in 1987.
“You play as you practice” (Mr. ‘Red’ Auerbach)
“It’s about whether you win or lose, not about how you play the game” (Mr. Larry Bird)
9/1/2012: Thanks to http://www.celticslife.com for sharing this video on their website:
Arnold Jacob “Red” Auerbach (September 20, 1917 – October 28, 2006) was an American basketball coach of theWashington Capitols, the Tri-Cities Blackhawks and the Boston Celtics. After he retired from coaching, he served as president and front office executive of the Celtics until his death. As a coach, he won 938 games (a record at his retirement) and nine National Basketball Association (NBA) championships in ten years (a number surpassed only by Phil Jackson, who won 11 in twenty years). As general manager and team president of the Celtics, he won an additional seven NBA titles, for a grand total of 16 in a span of 29 years, making him one of the most successful team officials in the history of North American professional sports.
Arnold Jacob Auerbach was one of the four children of Marie and Hyman Auerbach. Hyman was a Russian Jewish immigrant from Minsk, Belarus, and Marie Auerbach, Photos by Wikipedia
Kurt Waldheim, a commission of enquiry parts 1-9
These nine films are part of a much larger programme that was aired in 1988 which looks into allegations that the recently elected president of Austria Kurt Waldheim was a Nazi war criminal. Waldheim had previously been the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981. I do not possess any more of this programme which I ‘rediscovered’ in 2008 on a VHS cassette used some 20 years earlier.
Waldheim had unsuccessfully sought election as President of Austria in 1971, but his second attempt on 8 June 1986 proved successful. During his campaign for the presidency in 1985, the events started that marked the beginning of what became known internationally as the “Waldheim Affair”. Before the presidential elections, Alfred Worm revealed in the Austrian weekly news magazine Profil that there had been several omissions about Waldheim’s life between 1938 and 1945 in his recently-published autobiography. A short time later, the World Jewish Congress alleged that Waldheim had lied about his service as an officer in the mounted corps of the SA, and his time as an ordnance officer for Army Group E in Saloniki, Greece, from 1942 to 1943 based in files from the United Nations War Crimes Commission. Waldheim called the allegations “pure lies and malicious acts”. Nevertheless he admitted that he had known about German reprisals against partisans: “Yes, I knew. I was horrified. But what could I do? I had either to continue to serve or be executed.” He said that he had never fired a shot or even seen a partisan. His former immediate superior at the time stated that Waldheim had “remained confined to a desk”.
Part of the reason for the controversy was Austria’s refusal to address its national role in the Holocaust – which was the home not only of Adolf Hitler but also many other leading Nazis. Austria refused to pay compensation to Nazi victims and from 1970 onwards refused to investigate Austrian citizens who were senior Nazis.
Because the revelations leading to the Waldheim affair came shortly before the presidential election there has been speculation about the background of the affair.
Declassified CIA documents show that the CIA had been aware of his war time past since 1945. Some sources report information about Waldheim’s wartime past was also previously published by a right wing Austrian newspaper during the 1971 presidential election campaign – including the claim of an SS membership.
Kurt Josef Waldheim (German pronunciation: [ˈkʊɐ̯t ˈvaldhaɪm]; 21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and the ninth President ofAustria from 1986 to 1992. While he was running for president in Austria in 1985, his service as an intelligence officer in theWehrmacht during World War II raised international controversy. Photos by Wikipedia
Hatikva at Bergen-Belsen
In rare and moving footage dated to April 20th 1945, inmates at Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp sing the anthem of hope ‘Hatikva.’
Memorial stone at the entrance to the historical camp area
Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp, in 1943, parts of it became a concentration camp. Initially this was an “exchange camp”, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. The camp was later expanded to accommodate Jews from other concentration camps.
The Liberation of Bergen-belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945
Cheerful women inmates collect their bread ration from one of the five camp cookhouses.
After 1945, the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp. From 1941 to 1945, almost 20,000 Soviet prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there, with up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945, shortly before and after the liberation Photos by Wikipedia
|At Bergen-Belsen, where tens of thousands perished… and others began their lives|
|REPORTER’S NOTEBOOK Ahead of the 70th anniversary of its liberation, a visit to the German camp with what is Europe’s largest Jewish cemetery, accompanied by some of the ‘babies’ born in the DP camp after the war|
By RENEE GHERT-ZAND
EDDIE STRAIGHT – BELSEN LIBERATOR TTTV
Eddie Straight age 94 of Saltburn, a former Company Sgt. Major of the 11th Armoured Division, recalls liberating Bergen-Belsen on the 70th anniversary.
Bergen Belsen Liberation
Bergen-Belsen was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Between 1943 and the war’s end, an estimated 50,000 Russian Prisoners of War and a further 50,000 inmates died there,up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945.
The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945 by the British 11th Armoured Division.60,000 prisoners were found inside, most of them seriously ill, and another 13,000 corpses lay around the camp unburied.When the British and Canadians advanced on Bergen-Belsen in 1945, the German army negotiated a truce and exclusion zone around the camp to prevent the spread of typhus. Under the agreement, Hungarian and regular German troops guarding the camp returned to German lines when Allied troops liberated the camp on April 15, 1945.
(Uploader note: Ripped from youtube, comments were disabled – not sure why. Video’s like this must be commented and be reflected so that we can never forget history, otherwise we are condemned to relive this.)
Belsen Nazi Concentration Camp Footage – stock footage – http://www.PublicDomainFootage.com
Eva Kor speaks about Auschwitz, medical experiments, and forgiveness
At the age of 10, Eva and her twin sister Miriam were taken to Auschwitz, the concentration camp where Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele used them for medical experiments.
Nazi Experiment Survivor Eva Mozes Kor Speaks at Clarkson University
Auschwitz survivor Eva Mozes Kor delivered a powerful message of forgiveness on October 8 at Clarkson University, while speaking before a large audience of students, faculty, staff and community members.
When she was about 10 years old, Kor and her family were taken by the Nazis to the Auschwitz slave labor and extermination camp, where her parents and two older sisters were quickly sent to the gas chambers.
Kor and her sister, Miriam, were twins, so they were of chilling interest to Dr. Josef Mengele, who subjected them to a series of heinous human experiments.
Her talk, “The Journey from Auschwitz & Mengele to Forgiveness,” told the amazing story of what she endured and how she eventually came to forgive Mengele and the Nazis.
Sheila Faith Weiss, professor of history in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson, arranged for Kor to share her story.
“I received a $277,000 National Science Foundation grant to write a biography of Dr. Mengele’s mentor, the German human geneticist Baron Otmar von Verschuer, and I had been in contact with Eva Mozes Kor,” Weiss says. “Because I am teaching a seminar on the Holocaust this semester, I asked Eva whether she might be willing to give a lecture at Clarkson. Normally, she would have charged more for her talk, but generously agreed to accept significantly less so we could bring her here. Her message is especially important for our students to hear.”
Trained in German history and the history of biology, Weiss has written a book which explores the background that led to the kind of bestial human experimentation Kor was subjected to in Auschwitz. The Nazi Symbiosis, Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010) raises compelling questions about medicine and ethics.
Forgiving Dr. Mengele
Eva Mozes Kor, who survived Josef Mengele’s cruel twin experiments in the Auschwitz concentration camp, shocks other Holocaust survivors when she decides to forgive the perpetrators as a way of self-healing.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, a former Foreign Minister of Poland, noted historian, journalist, …
Władysław Bartoszewski [vwaˈdɨswaf bartɔˈʂɛfskʲi] ( listen) (19 February 1922 – 24 April 2015) was a Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer, and historian. He was born in Warsaw.
He was a former Auschwitz concentration camp prisoner. He was a World War II Resistance fighter and Polish undergroundactivist. Bartoszewski participated in the Warsaw Uprising. He was wrongly convicted as a spy and was imprisoned for some years before being released due to medical problems and for being wrongly convicted during the 1950s.
Bartoszewski served twice as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from March through December 1999 and again from 2000 to 2001. He was also an ambassador and a member Photo by Wikipedia
Władysław Bartoszewski nie żyje
Nie żyje Władysław Bartoszewski, działacz społeczny, historyk, więzień Auschwitz i żołnierz Armii Krajowej. Profesor Bartoszewski odszedł w wieku 93 lat. Wspominają Go nie tylko media polskie, ale i zagraniczne, bo Bartoszewski znany był świetnie poza granicami kraju. Odejście Władysława Bartoszewskiego to wielka strata, a w naszej pamięci Profesor zapisze się jako jeden z największych Polaków.
Trauer um WLADYSLAW BARTOSZEWSKI – Ehemaliger POLNISCHER Außenminister gestorben – 25.04.2015
Er kämpfte im polnischen Widerstand, wurde 1940 ins KZ Auschwitz verschleppt – und machte sich später um die Aussöhnung mit Deutschland verdient: Polens Ex-Außenminister Bartoszewski, der nun im Alter von 93 Jahren gestorben ist.
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski war ein äußerst engagierter, manchmal gar impulsiver Politiker und trotzdem ein großartiger Diplomat. Er war kein Polterer – vielmehr einer, der seine Zuhörer zum Nachdenken zwang.
Sein Motto lautete: Es lohnt sich, anständig zu sein. “Neun Mal habe ich meinen Geburtstag in verschiedenen Gefängnissen und Lagern erlebt. Aber ich bin stets optimistisch geblieben. Meine Haft hat weder Hitler noch Stalin geholfen. Und mir hat sie nicht geschadet – ich bin weiterhin derselbe geblieben.”
Widerstand gegen deutsche Besatzer
Wladyslaw Bartoszewski wurde im Februar 1922 in Warschau als Sohn einer polnischen Beamtenfamilie geboren. Eigentlich wollte er Journalist werden. Doch der Zweite Weltkrieg machte seine Zukunftspläne zunichte. Im polnischen Widerstand kämpfte er gegen die deutschen Besatzer, wurde 1940 verhaftet und ins Konzentrationslager Auschwitz verschleppt.
Trotz oder vielleicht doch eher wegen der Erfahrungen des Krieges wurde Bartoszewski zu einem hervorragenden Anwalt der Aussöhnung mit Deutschland: “Eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in meinem Leben war der Kriegsausbruch 1939. Dann kam das Kriegsende und das Gefühl der großen Verluste und der brennenden Ungerechtigkeit, die unser Vaterland getroffen haben. Das nächste wichtige Ereignis für mich war das Jahr 1989 – die politische Wende, die etwa anderthalb Jahre dauerte. Ich meine damit den Umbruch in Europa, den Fall der Berliner Mauer und die Emanzipation Polens.”
Geduld und Gelassenheit
Zur Geschichte gehöre immer auch Geduld und die Gelassenheit, pflegte Bartoszewski zu sagen. Missstimmungen in bilateralen Beziehungen sollte man daher nicht allzu viel Gewicht einräumen. “Wenn es um die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen geht: Was erwarten wir eigentlich noch von ihnen? 250 Millionen Mal wird die Oder-Neiße-Grenze in beide Richtungen überschritten und zwar ohne jegliche Zwischenfälle. Die Deutschen denken in sehr rationalen Kategorien. Und wir Polen sollten uns nicht das Recht nehmen, über die Gedanken der Deutschen mehr wissen zu wollen, als sie selbst.”
Bartoszewski fühlte sich in seinem politischen Leben nie einer Partei verpflichtet. Im Vordergrund stand für ihn immer das Wohl des Landes. Welcher Regierung er als Außenminister nach der Wende diente, war für den ehemaligen Solidarnosc-Mitstreiter unerheblich.
Außenpolitischer Berater noch im hohen Alter
Nach den Wahlen 2007 berief Premierminister Donald Tusk den damals 85-Jährigen zum außenpolitischen Berater. Sein Alter spielte keine Rolle. Gefragt war vielmehr sein Verhandlungsgeschick, um auf europäischer Ebene die Scherben wegzuräumen, die die abgewählte Kaczynski-Regierung hinterlassen hatte.
Nur in einem Punkt, da fiel es Bartoszewski schwer, Contenance zu bewahren: beim Thema Erika Steinbach. Seiner Mission schadete das aber nie. Wenn die Deutschen heute Polen aus einer ganz anderen Perspektive betrachten, dann ist das auch sein Verdienst.
Genau dafür erhielt Wladyslaw Bartoszewski 1986 den Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels – eine Auszeichnung, die er mit dem Satz kommentierte: “Es scheint das Wichtigste zu sein, all das zu unterstützen, was die Menschen verbindet, und sich all dem zu widersetzen, was die Menschen gegen ihren Willen trennt.”
Exodus 1947 Documentary Trailer
Exodus 1947 Documentary Film narrated by Morley Safer. Filmmakers: Elizabeth Rodgers & Robby Henson. PBS broadcast.
To buy the DVD, please go to http://www.exodus1947.com
After World War II, a group of private American citizens banded together in a clandestine effort to transport Holocaust survivors to Palestine.
On July 11, 1947, in the port of Sête, France, 4,500 Jewish refugees were crammed into the hull of a decrepit steamship, later named Exodus 1947.
A British blockade intercepted Exodus 1947 in international waters off the coast of Palestine. The tense standoff culminated in a direct attack by military personnel against the unarmed civilians on the Exodus 1947. This highly publicized international incident heavily influenced the United Nations resolution authorizing the partitioning of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Thus, the Exodus 1947 voyage acted as a catalyst in forming a new nation. The program focuses on clandestine and illegal American efforts to finance and crew the most infamous of ten American ships that attempted to bring Jewish refugees to Palestine.
EXODUS 1947 is a one hour documentary narrated by Morley Safer with a score by Ilan Rechtman. The film is a richly layered program, constructed with first person accounts to recall events that shaped world history.
Yossi Harel (Hebrew: יוסי הראל) (January 4, 1918 – April 26, 2008), born Yosef Hamburger, was the supervisor of the Exodus 1947 operation and a leading member of theIsraeli intelligence community.
Yossi Harel was born in Jerusalem in 1918. He was a sixth generation Jerusalemite. At the age of 15, he joined the Haganah. Later, he fought under Orde Wingate. Between 1945 and 1948, he played a leading role in the clandestine immigration enterprise in Palestine, commanding four Aliyah Bet ships: Knesset Israel, the Exodus, Atzma’ut and Kibbutz Galuyot. After the establishment of the State of Israel Harel studied mechanical engineering at M.I.T in the United States. Just before he finished his studies, Moshe Dayan, as Chief of Staff, called him back to Israel to investigate the Lavon Affair and made him head of Unit 131, an Israel Defense Forces intelligence unit.Photo by Wikipedia
Beauty Queens: Estée Lauder
A Film by Eila Hershon and Roberto Guerra
Subtitles: DE, FR
What’s New at Estee Lauder
Estée Lauder (/ˈɛsteɪ ˈlɔːdər/; July 1, 1908 – April 24, 2004) was an American businesswoman. She was the co-founder, along with her husband, Joseph Lauter (later Lauder), of Estée Lauder Companies, her eponymous cosmetics company. Lauder was the only woman on Time magazine’s 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of thePresidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988.Photos by Wikipedia
Israel celebrates 67th Independence Day
PM Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Greeting for Independence Day 2015
Israel Independence Day Fireworks 2015
David Ben-Gurion declaring independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl, founder of modern Zionism
Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות Yōm hā-ʿAṣmāʾūṯ lit. “Independence Day”) is the national day of Israel, commemorating theIsraeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated either on the 5th of Iyar, according to the Hebrew calendar, or on one of the preceding or following days, depending on which day of the week this date falls on. Yom Ha’atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day.
The Israeli Declaration of Independence (Hebrew: הכרזת העצמאות, Hakhrazat HaAtzma’ut or Hebrew: מגילת העצמאות Megilat HaAtzma’ut), formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) byDavid Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.It declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel, which would come into effect on termination of the British Mandate at midnight that day. The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Ha’atzmaut (Hebrew: יום העצמאות, lit. Independence Day) on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar.Photos by Wikipedia
Large celebratory crowd outside the Dizengoff House (now called Independence Hall) to hear the declaration and signing of Israel’s Declaration of Independence, dated May 14, 1948.
The original document of Israel’s Declaration of Independence
Francisco Lopes Suasso, second Baron d’Avernas le Gras (ca. 1657 – 22 April 1710) was a banker and financier of theDutch Republic. He was also known within the Sephardic community as Abraham Israel Suasso.
After being expelled from the Iberian Peninsula, most of the Sephardic Jews settled in trading cities such as London andAntwerp. By the late sixteenth century they were arriving in Amsterdam and The Hague. The Lopes Suassos were a rich old Sephardic family of Marranos, or Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity under pressure from the Portuguese Inquisition, but once in Amsterdam they openly returned to their true religion, Judaism.Photo by Wikipedia
Aharon Lichtenstein (May 24, 1933 – April 20, 2015) was a noted Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva. He was an authority inJewish law (“Halacha”).
Rabbi Lichtenstein was born in Paris, France, but grew up in the United States, studied in Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin under RabbiYitzchok Hutner. He earned a BA and semicha (“rabbinic ordination”) at Yeshiva University and a PhD in English Literature atHarvard University, where he studied under Photo by Wikipedia
<h1Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein: Love of the Torah and Love to a Fellow Jew
Interview with Rabbi Moshe Taragin, Yeshivat Har Etzion
Shock and Emptiness – Students Eulogize Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein
A Hesped on Rabbi Ahron Lichtenstein by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader
Baruch Dayan Emet. One of the greatest has left us. This is a Hesped said by Rabbi Yochanan Schrader, in the Beit Midrash of Akiva Hebrew day school in Southfield Michigan.
The photo is from a Shiur that Rav Lichtenstein gave in the Beit Midrash of the Hesder Yeshivah of Yerucham
Rav Aaron Lichtenstein zt”l
Toaff with Oscar Luigi Scalfaro in 2007.
Elio Toaff (30 April 1915 – 19 April 2015) was the Chief Rabbi of Rome from 1951 to 2002.
In 1947 Toaff served as a rabbi in Venice and in 1951 became the Chief Rabbi of Rome.
One of his children is Israeli-Italian professor Ariel Toaff.
On 17 May 2012 he was awarded the Prize Culturae within the Italian National Festival of Cultures in Pisa.
Toaff died on 19 April 2015, 11 days before his 100th birthday.Photo by Wikipedia
Elio Toaff, l’addio del Ghetto romano al suo rabbino
Il Papa ricorda il rabbino Toaff uomo di pace e dialogo
Esprimo le mie sentite condoglianze per la scomparsa, ieri sera, del Rabbino Elio Toaff, già Rabbino Capo di Roma. Sono vicino con la preghiera al Rabbino Capo Riccardo di Segni – che avrebbe dovuto essere qui con noi – e all’intera comunità ebraica di Roma, nel ricordo riconoscente di quest’uomo di pace e di dialogo, che accolse il Papa Giovanni Paolo II nella storica visita al Tempio Maggiore.
Papa Francesco ricorda così la figura del Rabbino Toaff nell’incontro con la delegazione della Conferenza dei Rabbini europei. Sottolinea poi i progressi fatti e l’amicizia che lega la Chiesa Cattolica e le Comunità ebraiche a 50 anni dalla Dichiarazione conciliare Nostra aetate. Il Ponte …
Addio a Elio Toaff, la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in Italia dal secondo dopoguerr
Fra pochi giorni avrebbe compiuto 100 anni. Parliamo dell’addio a Elio Toaff, rabbino emerito di Roma considerato la massima autorità spirituale e morale ebraica in italia dal secondo dopoguerra. Dalle 11 di oggi, 20 aprile 2015, il feretro esposto sotto il colonnato del tempio maggiore di Roma per l’ultimo saluto
Da Giorgio Napolitano a Laura Boldrini, da Emma Bonino a Marco Pannella, da Ignazio Marino a Pierferdinando Casini, in tanti sono venuti al Ghetto per rendere omaggio al rabbino emerito Elio Toaff
Remembering Israel’s fallen soldiers and victims of terror.
Yom Hazikaron (Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה, lit. Day of Remembrance for Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism) is Israel’s official Memorial Day. The national observance was enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of the ongoing armed dispute.
IDF soldiers at Yom Hazikaron ceremony, 2007
An IDF officer places new flags on the graves of IDF soldiers for Yom Hazikaron.
Yom Hazikaron (in full Yom Hazikaron l’Chalalei Ma’arachot Yisrael ul’Nifgaei Peulot Ha’eivah Hebrew: יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה; lit. “Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”) is Israel’s officialMemorial Day, enacted into law in 1963. While Yom Hazikaron has been traditionally dedicated to fallen soldiers, commemoration has now been extended to civilian victims of political violence, Palestinian political violence, and terrorism in general Photo by Wikipedia
Edna Ferber – Long Distance
Edna Ferber (August 15, 1885 – April 16, 1968) was an American novelist, short story writer and playwright. Her novels were especially popular and included the Pulitzer Prize-winning So Big (1924), Show Boat (1926; made into the celebrated 1927 musical), Cimarron (1929; made into the 1931 film which won the Academy Award for Best Picture), and Giant (1952; made into the 1956 Hollywood movie).
Ferber was born August 15, 1885, in Kalamazoo, Michigan, to a Hungarian-born Jewish storekeeper and his Milwaukee, Wisconsin-born wife, Jacob Charles and Julia (Neumann) Ferber. After living in Chicago, Illinois, and Ottumwa, Iowa, at the age of 12 Ferber and her family moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where she graduated from high school and briefly attended Lawrence University. She took newspaper jobs at the Appleton Daily Crescent and the Milwaukee Journal before publishing her first novel. She covered the 1920 Republican National Convention and 1920 Democratic National Convention for the United Press Association.
Ferber’s novels generally featured strong female protagonists, along with a rich and diverse collection of supporting characters. She usually highlighted at least one strong secondary character who faced discrimination ethnically or for other reasons; through this technique, Ferber demonstrated her belief that people are people and that the not-so-pretty persons have the best character. Several theatrical and film productions have been based on her works, including Show Boat, Giant, Ice Palace, Saratoga Trunk, Cimarron (which won an Oscar) and the 1960 remake. Three of these works – Show Boat, Saratoga Trunk and Giant – have been developed into musicals.
When composer Jerome Kern proposed turning the very serious Show Boat into a musical, Ferber was shocked, thinking it would be transformed into a typical light entertainment of the 1920s. It was not until Kern explained that he and Oscar Hammerstein II wanted to create a different type of musical that Ferber granted him the rights. Saratoga, based on Saratoga Trunk, was written at a much later date, after serious plots had become acceptable in stage musicals. In 1925, she won the Pulitzer Prize for her book So Big, which was made into a silent film starring Colleen Moore that same year. An early talkie movie remake followed, in 1932, starring Barbara Stanwyck and George Brent, with Bette Davis in a supporting role. A 1953 remake of So Big starred Jane Wyman in the Stanwyck role, and is the version most often seen today.
David Émile Durkheim (French: [emil dyʁkɛm] or [dyʁkajm]; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and — with Karl Marx and Max Weber — is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology.,,,,,
Emile Durkheim was born in Épinal in Lorraine, coming from a long line of devout French Jews; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had been rabbis. He began his education in a rabbinical school, but at an early age, he decided not to follow in his family’s footsteps and switched schools. Durkheim led a completely secular life. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.Photo by Wikipedia
Sociological Theory: Emile Durkhiem and Social Solidarity
Conceptual art and historical imagery vivifies a discussion of Emile Durkhiem’s Division of Labour in Society. The video focuses upon differences between traditional “mechanical” solidarity and modern “organic” solidarity.
Nathan the Wise (original German title: Nathan der Weise) is a play published by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in 1779. It is a fervent plea for religious tolerance. Its performance was forbidden by the church during Lessing’s lifetime; it was first performed in 1783 inBerlin. In 1922 it was adapted into a silent film of the same title.
Set in Jerusalem during the Third Crusade, it describes how the wise Jewish merchant Nathan, the enlightened sultan Saladin, and the (initially anonymous) Templar bridge their gaps between Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Its major themes are friendship, tolerance, relativism of God, a rejection of miracles and a need for communication.
Recha Welcoming Her Father. From an incomplete series of illustrations for the play Nathan the Wise. Photo by Wikipedia
Nathan the Wise by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (This Week in Jewish History)
In August of 1778, the non-Jewish writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing wrote to his brother of a new literary project designed to further tolerance of Jews in German society. The result was Nathan the Wise, a sensation that was initially banned by the Church and heavily criticized by antisemites of the day.
Evelyn Einstein (28 March 1941 – 13 April 2011) was the adopted daughter of Hans Albert Einstein, the son of Albert Einstein
Einstein was born in Chicago; after her birth she was adopted by Hans Albert Einstein. She obtained a Master’s degree in Medieval literature at University of California, Berkeley. She was married to Grover Krantz for 13 years. She then worked briefly as an animal control officer, as a cult deprogrammer and as a Berkeley, California reserve police officer.
Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (Hebrew: אליעזר בן־יהודה pronounced [ɛli’ʕɛzeʁ bɛn jɛhu’da]; 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Litvaklexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era.
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda was born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman (Yiddish אליעזר יצחק פערלמאן), in Luzhki (Belarusian Лужкі (Lužki), PolishŁużki), Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus). He attended cheder where he studied Hebrew and the Bible from the age of three, as was customary among the Jews of Eastern Europe. Photo by Wikipedia
Revival of Hebrew
While Hebrew had remained the language of study and prayer, it had not been a spoken language for centuries. Few believed it could again become a tongue of everyday speech, but one man did, and dedicated his life to reviving Hebrew. His name was Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.
Please visit http://www.Zionism101.org for more videos on Zionist history.
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 1 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 2 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 3 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 4 of 5
The Story of Eliezer Ben Yehuda Part 5 of 5
Itamar Ben-Avi (Also Ittamar, Hebrew: איתמר בן אב”י; born Ben-Zion Ben-Yehuda, בן-ציון בן-יהודה on 31 July 1882, died 8 April 1943) was the son of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda. Eliezer is credited with reviving the Hebrew language and brought up Itamar to be the first native speaker of what would become Modern Hebrew. Ben-Avi worked as a journalist (starting with his father’s newspaper HaZvi), and as a Zionist activist.
Ben-Zion grew up speaking modern Hebrew with his parents, making him the first native speaker of the Hebrew language in over a thousand years. When he was very young, Photo by Wikipedia